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In order to share files and folders on a Windows 11 PC with other computers or devices in a same network, you need to first turn on the “network discovery and file sharing” option in Windows 11. This short guide will show you how to enable the network discovery and file sharing setting for any network profile in Windows 11.
This guide covers only the method to turn on the network discovery and file sharing options. If you have already turned on the settings and want to learn how to share folders in Windows 11, go to: How to Share Folder in Windows 11 Local Network Without Password.How to turn on Network Discovery and File Sharing in Windows 11
Network Discovery and File Sharing are two different settings which can be turned on or off individually. If you want to share files or printers from a Windows 11 computer, you need to first turn on both “network discovery” and “file and printer sharing” on that particular PC. Here’s how to do so.
Then, search for and open “Advanced sharing settings“.
From here, you can turn on or off the network discovery and file sharing options for different network profiles.
We recommend to turn on the sharing options only for Private network profile, and then change your local network to Private if it’s not already set to Private. Read more about this below.What are Network Discovery and File Sharing?
Turning on the “network discovery” setting will allow the computer to see other computers and devices in the same network. It also allow the computer to be visible to other computers in the same network.
On the other hand, turning on “file and printer sharing” setting will allow other computers or devices to access to the files, folders or printers you have shared from this particular computer.Which network profile should I turn on the settings for?
To answer the question, first you have to know the basic difference between a public and a private network.
Private networks are trusted networks such as your home network or work network. Public networks, on the other hand, are networks anyone can access, for example, WiFi networks found in a cafe, airport, shopping center, etc.
In most cases, turning on network discovery and file sharing for Public network is not recommended as it might put your PC at risk on a network anyone can connect to.
If you want to share files or printers only in trusted home or work networks, you should turn on the sharing options for Private network only.
Though Windows would usually be able to tell what network profile a network should be and automatically set it for you, you can also manually change the network profile of a network to be either Private or Public.How to change a network from Public to Private in Windows 11
After turning on the network discovery and file sharing options for private network, the next step is to make sure the network you are connected to, assuming it is a network you trust, is set as a private network.
To change the network profile of a connected network in Windows 11, follow the steps below.
Next, under “Network profile type”, select Private to change the network to Private.
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Network Protocol missing in Windows 10/11 [FULL GUIDE]
Any network consists of at least two computers that are linked in order to share resources. This simple definition of networking applies to any OS and any OS version, thus Windows 10 makes no exception.
If protocols do not work as intended or worse if they’re missing, there is not much left to do with the network. Introducing one of the most annoying network related errors: Network Protocol missing.
Not only does this pesky error hinder the sharing process, but in some cases it can also prevent computers from accessing the internet altogether. As inconvenient as it may sound, there are ways to fix this and we have gathered the best possible solutions in the article below.
Eager to know more about Windows 10 errors and how to solve them? Find out everything there is to know in our dedicated section.
Networking is a huge part of the Windows 10 experience, and one of the most annoying network problems is the one where Network Protocols are missing. This error sounds serious, so let’s see if there’s a way to fix it.
Users report that they are unable to share files between network computers, and some are even unable to access the internet. As you can see, this problem can cause a lot of inconveniences, but there are a few solutions available.How can I fix Network Protocol missing error in Windows 10?
Besides the Network protocol missing error, there are a few other issues that could be caused by the same culprits. For example:
Windows sockets registry entries required for network connectivity are missing
One or more network protocols are missing on this computer
Could not add the requested feature
Network protocols missing error Windows 10
One or more network protocols are missing on this computer WiFi
So, no matter the error code, you can apply the solutions from below, and (hopefully), you’ll solve the problem.
Table of contents:Solution 1 – Temporarily disable your antivirus software
Although it’s not a good idea to disable your antivirus software, some users report that after disabling Kaspersky Internet Security their issues have been resolved.
So if you are using Kaspersky Internet Security, you might consider disabling it temporarily or switching to a different antivirus software. In addition, reinstalling antivirus software could also be helpful.
Don’t expose yourself to unnecessary risks. Find out why Windows Defender is the only malware barrier you need!Solution 2 – Restore network protocols to default settings
Another thing we’re going to try is resetting network protocols to default settings. We’re going to do this by resetting the TCP/IP stack. In case you’re not sure how to do that, just follow the instructions:
Open Command Prompt as administrator.
When Command Prompt opens enter the following lines:
netsh int ip set dns
netsh winsock reset
Close Command Prompt and check if the issue is resolved.
If you’re having trouble accessing Command Prompt as an admin, then you better take a closer look at this guide.Solution 3 – Disable NetBIOS
Highlight IP v4 (TCP/IP) and choose Properties.
Next go to the WINS tab, and in NetBIOS settings section select Disable NetBIOS over TCP/IP.
Some users also claim that this issue is resolved by using obtaining IP address automatically instead of using a static IP. To change this setting just follow the first three steps from this solution.
As soon as you open IPv4(TCP/IP) Properties you should see the option that allows you select whether you want to use static IP address or to obtain one automatically.
You can’t open Control Panel? Take a look at this step-by-step guide to find a solution.
Can’t access IPv4 proprieties on Windows 10? Check out this guide and solve the problem in no time.Solution 4 – Use Command Prompt
When Command Prompt starts, type netcfg -d and press Enter to run it.
Wait for the process to complete. After the process has been completed your computer should restart and the issue should be resolved.
In addition, some users suggest using the netsh int ipv4 install command. Just start the Command Prompt as administrator like in Step 1, type netsh int ipv4 install into Command Prompt and press Enter to run it.
After that, restart your computer and see if the issue is fixed.Solution 5 – Use Command Prompt and sc.exe
This is a temporary solution, and you might have to revert the changes after a new Windows 10 update, if the problems start occurring. Here’s what you need to do:
Open Command Prompt as administrator.
Type the following lines, and after each line press Enter to execute it:
sc.exe config lanmanworkstation depend= bowser/mrxsmb10/nsi
sc.exe config mrxsmb20 start= disabled
After entering these lines into Command Prompt, the issue should be resolved. If you start to have troubles after a Windows 10 update, you might want to restore the default settings. To do so, follow these instructions:
Open Command Prompt as administrator.
Enter these lines and after each line press Enter to run it:
sc.exe config lanmanworkstation depend= bowser/mrxsmb10/mrxsmb20/nsi
sc.exe config mrxsmb20 start= autoSolution 6 – Import Winsock keys from a different computer
On the working Windows open Registry Editor and find the following keys:
Export these keys and move them to a USB flash drive.
Switch to a Windows 10 computer that has issues with Network Protocols.
Uninstall network driver.
Open Registry Editor and find the following keys:
You can export them, in case you need backup. After exporting them, delete both keys.
Restart your computer.
When your computer restarts insert the USB with Winsock keys from a different computer.
Go to Registry Editor again.
Go to the location where those keys were (HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESystemCurrentControlSetServices)
If Winsock2 key is back, delete it again.
Import the following keys from your USB:
Close Registry Editor.
Open Command Prompt as administrator and run netsh winsock reset command.
Restart your computer.
If you can’t edit your Windows 10’s registry, read this handy guide and find the quickest solutions to the issue.
Can’t access the Registry Editor? Things aren’t as scary as they seem. Check out this guide and solve the issue quickly.Solution 7 – Restore your router and check the cable
If none of the steps above managed to solve the problem, try resetting your router. Turn it off first, and then switch it back on after a few minutes.
Additionally, you can use a different LAN cable to connect your computer to the router.
And finally, reset your router to factory settings by pressing the small button on the back (actually, the position of the reset button depends on your router).Solution 8 – Reinstall your Network Adapter
After completing the steps from above, you might as well want to reinstall your Network Adapters. Here’s how to do that:
Hold the Windows Key and press R.
Reinstall your network adapter using the driver accompanying the hardware.
Windows can’t automatically find a driver for your network adapter? Count on us to solve the problem.Solution 9 – Use Network Troubleshooter
If you’re running Windows 10 Creators Update (or later), you have a new troubleshooting tool, provided by Microsoft. This troubleshooting tool is designed to deal with various issues within the Windows operating system, including various network errors.
If you don’t know how to run this troubleshooter, just follow these instructions:
Go to Settings
Choose Internet Connections
Follow further on-screen instructions, and wait for the wizard to finish the process
Restart your computer
If the problem remains unresolved, you can try with the Network Adapter option, instead of Internet Connections.
If you’re having trouble opening the Setting app, take a look at this article to solve the issue.
If the Troubleshooter stops before completing the process, fix it with the help of this complete guide.Solution 10 – Restore network components
You can also try with resetting the following network components:
Open Command Prompt as administrator.
When Command Prompt starts, enter the following commands, and press Enter after typing each command:
If you can’t flush the DNS, take a look at this step-by-step guide to solve the problem quickly.
And finally, some users reported that updating BIOS actually solves the problem. But before you go all in and flash your BIOS, we have to warn you that it could be a risky action, as one wrong move can render your motherboard unusable.
Only do it if you know what you’re doing.
Updating BIOS seems scary? Make things way easier with the help of this handy guide.
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NTFS (New Technology File System), was introduced by Microsoft with the release of Windows NT 3.1; and till now NTFS is still the major file system format used in Windows systems.
The NTFS_FILE_SYSTEM bug check has a value of 0x00000024. This indicates a problem occurred in chúng tôi , the driver file that allows the system to read and write to NTFS drives.
There could be other potential causes too:
Virus or malware infection.
System memory is running out of space.
Damaged or removed system files.
Damaged hard drive.Fix NTFS_FILE_SYSTEM Blue Screen
If you’re faced with this issue, you can try our recommended solutions below in no particular order and see if that helps to resolve the issue.
Run the Blue Screen Online Troubleshooter
Run antivirus scan
Run Driver Verifier
Perform Startup Repair
Rebuild Boot Manager
Update Hard Drive driver
Run SFC scan
Run DISM scan
Replace Hard Drive.
Let’s take a look at the description of the process involved concerning each of the listed solutions. Before you begin, update your Windows 10, as Microsoft has released a fix for this. If it helps, good; else read on.
NOTE: If you can log in normally, good; else you will have to boot into Safe Mode, enter the Advanced Startup options screen, or use the Installation Media to boot to be able to carry out these instructions.1] Run CHKDSK
Using CHKDSK is one solution that has proved to be most effective to fix this BSOD error.
To run CHKDSK, do the following:
Press Windows key + R to invoke the Run dialog.
In the Run dialog box, type cmd and then press CTRL + SHIFT + ENTER to open Command Prompt in elevated mode.
In the command prompt window, type the command below and hit Enter.chkdsk /x /f /r
You will receive the following message:
CHKDSK cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N).
Press the Y key on the keyboard and then reboot your computer to let CHKDSK to check and fix the errors on the computer hard drive.
After CHKDSK completes, check to see if the issue is resolved.
This should normally fix your issue. If it doesn’t, try the other suggestions.2] Run the Blue Screen Online Troubleshooter
The Blue Screen Online Troubleshooter from Microsoft more often than not will fix BSOD errors.3] Run antivirus scan
This solution requires you to run a full system antivirus scan with Windows Defender or any reputable third-party AV product. Also, in severe cases, you can run perform Windows Defender Offline Scan at boot time or use bootable AntiVirus Rescue Media to recover your system.4] Run Driver Verifier
Run Driver Verifier on your Windows 10 device. You will get a message about the status of each driver – follow the onscreen instructions to fix the problem.5] Perform Startup Repair
Perform Windows 10 Startup Repair and see if that helps6] Rebuild Boot Manager
Maybe you could rebuild the Boot Configuration Data (BCD) and see if that works for you.7] Update Hard Drive driver
Corrupted hard disk drivers could be the culprit for the NTFS_FILE_SYSTEM Blue Screen error. In this case, you can either update your drivers manually via the Device Manager, or you can get the driver updates on the Optional Updates section under Windows Update. You may also automatically update your drivers or you can download the latest version of the driver from the hard disk manufacturer’s website.8] Run SFC scan
This solution requires you to run an SFC scan and see if that helps.9] Run DISM scan
You can run the DISM scan and see if that helps.10] Replace Hard Drive
As a last option, you may need to replace your hard drive and clean install Windows 10. But before you do, you need to determine if the hard drive has failed or disk failure is imminent by running a S.M.A.R.T check.
Any of these solutions should work for you!
Related: Fix chúng tôi Failed BSOD Error.
PayPal Holdings Inc. is looking to acquire social media company Pinterest Inc. for $45 billion, according to reports from both Reuters and Bloomberg (each of whom cites anonymous people familiar with the matter).
The pandemic and resultant acceleration of ecommerce adoption have left PayPal in a position to finance the deal “mostly with stock,” their sources say.
PayPal stock is up 36% in the last 12 months, giving the O.G. fintech brand a market cap of almost $320 billion.
Pinterest has grown its audience to over 400 million monthly active users.
That audience could prove incredibly lucrative for PayPal, given that Pinterest’s userbase is more than 60% female and consists of 45% of people in the U.S. with an annual household income over $100,000.
Pinterest reports that members who visit Pinterest weekly outspend non-Pinners by 2x every month and have an 85% larger basket size.
Pinterest had already been dipping its toes in the ecommerce pond; in fact, the visual social network made clear that it intends to provide online sellers a storefront.
In its launch announcement of a slate of new features released today, Pinterest said,
“Pinterest is deliberately designing a product rooted in inspiration, inclusivity and positivity for Pinners, creators and brands.
These latest features address the changing needs and expectations of creators and consumers online, and they enable everyone to inspire, build and reach new audiences; engage with a community around shared passions; earn money with original content and become a storefront for merchants.”Rumors Coincide With Launch Of More Shoppable Idea Pins & Creator Rewards
News of the potential acquisition broke just as Pinterest announced the launch of:
A redesigned home feed with Browse and Watch tabs.
Takes, a new engagement tool available on iOS and Android for Pinners and creators worldwide.
Creator Rewards, Pinterest’s first in-product monetization program for creators.
Augmented reality integration for Idea Pins, via AR Try on.
Creator Originals, a new content series of 100 episodes featuring 10 different Pinners.
Amazon Associates Program product tagging for U.S. Pinners, who are now able to add affiliate links from Amazon and earn commission on qualifying purchases.Pinterest Adds Visual Search to Video Content
Of its new Idea Pins AR integration, Pinterest said,
“…creators now have the option to make their Idea Pins automatically shoppable by enabling shopping recommendations on their Idea Pins. The ‘shop similar’ feature uses Pinterest’s visual search technology to recommend Product Pins that are visually similar to the content within the Pin, giving Pinners the ability to shop what they see.”
And of Creator Rewards, Pinterest explained,
“The new program is Pinterest’s latest initiative to pay creators for sharing their passions and inspiring meaningful engagement through their content.
Access to Creator Rewards is available in the U.S., through an all-new global Creator Hub, where creators can manage their Pinterest presence with tools, tips and insights.”
Pinterest’s new features start rolling out on iOS, Android, web, and desktop today.
Even in a record-breaking year for M&As, this is certainly one to watch.
Editor’s Note: PayPal said in a one-sentence statement to Reuters on October 25 that it is not pursuing an acquisition of Pinterest, sending the social platform’s stock tumbling over 12%.
Featured Image: joklinghero/Shutterstock
One of the many features that users of the Windows operating system might come across but not fully understand is the “Print to File” function. This option, often found in the printer dialogue box, may seem puzzling. If you’ve ever wondered about this function, how to use it, or why it’s even there, this article is for you. We’ll explore what “Print to File” is and how to use it effectively in Windows 11 and Windows 10.
Also see: How to Check Print History in Windows 11
When you create a document in a program, such as Microsoft Word, Adobe Reader, or even web browsers like Google Chrome, and you choose to print it, a print dialogue box materializes. This box contains a list of available printers and a range of settings for your print job. An option within this list labeled “Print to File” might catch your attention.
This feature, contrary to its name, does not result in the physical printing of your document. Instead, it generates a .prn file (print file). This file essentially captures the entire dataset required to print the document just as you’ve designed it, including the precise layout, fonts, images, and more.
Why might this be useful? Consider a scenario where you’re working on a computer that does not have the necessary printer available. “Print to File” allows you to create a .prn file that can be transferred to another computer that has the appropriate printer. You can then print your document from that machine, maintaining all its original formatting and features.
Useful tip: How to AirPrint From iOS to Windows 11/10 Shared Printer
Using the “Print to File” function in Windows 10 and 11 is a straightforward process, though it can be slightly different based on the application you’re working with. Here are the general steps:
From the dropdown list, select “Print”. This action will prompt the print dialogue box to appear.
Within the print dialogue box, you’ll find an option for “Print to File”. Select this option.
Upon selecting “Print” again, the system will ask you to designate a location to save your newly created .prn file.
Choose your desired location and save the .prn file.
Recommended guide: How to Clean Print Head in Windows 11
A .prn file isn’t meant to be opened and viewed like a standard document file. Instead, it’s used for printing purposes. To print a .prn file on a Windows computer, follow these steps:
Transfer the .prn file to the computer that has a connection to the appropriate printer.
In the Command Prompt, you need to change the CMD’s directory to the location of your .prn file. You can do this using the cd command. For example, if your file resides on your C: drive, you would type the following and hit Enter. cd C:
Once you’re in the correct directory, use the following command to print the .prn file: copy /b chúng tôi \computernameprintername
Alternatively, you can specify the local printer port instead of the network path:copy /b chúng tôi LPT1:
Press Enter to execute the command. The .prn file will be sent to the printer, and it should start printing.
Note: Make sure the printer is turned on, connected to the computer, and properly installed with the necessary drivers. Also, ensure that you have the appropriate permissions to access the printer.
Remember to adjust the commands according to your specific file name, printer, and setup.
This process allows you to leverage the .prn file to print your document on another system with the correct printer. However, remember that the same printer driver must be installed on both computers, as a .prn file generated for one printer type might not be compatible with a different printer.
Related resource: Using a PowerShell Script to Add a Printer Driver by IP
Problems with printing a .prn file can often be traced back to the role of the printer driver in the “Print to File” process. A common question that arises when discussing the feature and .prn files is whether the printer driver plays a role in the process. The answer is a definitive yes.
When you opt to “Print to File”, the resultant .prn file is formatted explicitly for the printer selected during the creation of the file. This is because the .prn file contains comprehensive data about the document, inclusive of particular printing instructions such as details about layout, color settings, paper size, and more.
The translation and execution of these instructions rest on the printer driver, the software that forms the communication bridge between your computer and the printer. Given that different printer models have varying capabilities and features, their corresponding drivers interpret and handle the printing instructions differently.
Consequently, if you generate a .prn file using one printer driver and then attempt to print that .prn file on a different printer with another driver, the document may not print correctly. This discrepancy occurs because the second printer may fail to understand certain instructions in the .prn file, or it might interpret them differently. This miscommunication could lead to formatting changes, color reproduction issues, and in some instances, the document may not print at all.
Therefore, when using the “Print to File” function with the intention of printing the document on a different computer, it’s crucial to have the same printer driver installed on both systems.
If aligning printer drivers on different systems is not feasible, an alternative solution can be adopted. Using a universal printer driver or a universally recognized file format like PDF (Print to PDF instead) can help maintain consistent formatting across different devices and printers, bypassing the need for matching printer drivers. These options are designed to be versatile and can provide consistent results, regardless of the printer model or brand.
The “Print to File” function is a convenient, albeit somewhat antiquated, feature that can be useful in specific circumstances. While not often used due to the rise of cloud-based printing and email, it can be a handy tool to have in your tech arsenal when faced with certain printing challenges. As Windows continues to evolve with new versions like Windows 11 and 10, this feature may eventually be phased out.
The primary benefit of using “Print to File” is the flexibility it offers for printing documents from any computer to any printer, regardless of their physical locations. For instance, you might generate a .prn file at home, take it to the office, and print it from a computer that’s connected to the office printer. This function also lets you ensure that the formatting of a document remains intact when moving it from one computer to another for printing.
Easy Fix: Windows 10/11 cannot create the file error
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Every day we access and create all sorts of different files, but sometimes certain issues with files can appear. Users reported that they are getting Cannot create the file error message on Windows 10, and today we’re going to show you how to fix it.How to fix ‘Cannot create the file’ errors
Solution 1 – Change your registry
According to users, this error occurs when you don’t have the necessary permissions over the Temporary Internet Files folder stored on a server. Due to this problem, you won’t be able to open or save an email attachment, but you should be able to fix this problem by making certain changes to your registry.
Modifying the registry can be potentially dangerous if you don’t do it properly, therefore we recommend that you use extra caution and create a backup of your registry before making any changes. To edit your registry, do the following:
When Registry Editor opens, in the left pane navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftOffice14.0OutlookSecurity.
After making these changes, close Registry Editor and restart your PC.
After your PC restarts, check if the problem is resolved. This solution should work for all modern versions of Outlook, although the path in Step 2 might change a bit depending on the version that you’re using.
An alternative way to fix this problem is to create a new registry key for OutlookSecureTempFolder. You can do that by following these steps:
Open Registry Editor and navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftOffice14.0OutlookSecurity key in the left pane.
Locate OutlookSecureTempFolder in the right pane and rename it to OutlookSecureTempFolder__Old.
Now go to %USERPROFILE%Documents in and create the OutlookTempFiles folder there.
Restart your PC, start Outlook again and check if the problem is resolved.
READ ALSO: Outlook 2024 with dark theme reduces power consumption
Solution 2 – Empty Outlook Secure Temp folder
This problem can affect almost any version of Outlook, and in order to fix this problem, you need to remove all files from Outlook Secure Temp folder. You can do that by following these steps:
Open Registry Editor and navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftOffice15.0OutlookSecurity key in the left pane. This path might be a bit different depending on the version of Outlook that you’re using.
Open OutlookSecureTempFolder in the right pane to see its properties.
Copy the file location from Value Data field and paste it into File Explorer’s address bar.
After you open that folder, delete all files from it.
If checking the registry and removing these files is too complicated for you, you can also use tools such as OutlookTempCleaner and OutlookTools to quickly and easily empty Outlook Secure Temp folder.Fix – “Cannot create the file” when that file already exists
Users reported this error while trying to create a link using the mklink command. This command can be quite useful, but in order to use it, you need to be sure that your syntax is correct. If your syntax is wrong, you’ll most likely get Cannot create the file error message. If you’re using mklink command, be sure to use the following syntax: mklink [options] [Link] [Target].
Solution 2 – Move the files from link to the target folder
As we already explained in our previous solution, mklink syntax should look like this: mklink [options] [Link] [Target]. To fix this problem you need to move the files from the Link directory to the Target directory manually.
After that, delete the Link folder and try to run the command again. Bear in mind that deleting certain directories can lead to problems, therefore it might be better that you just rename them.
Solution 3 – Delete Tvsuinstaller directory
Users reported this error while trying to install system updates, and apparently you can fix this problem on Lenovo laptops by removing one directory. Simply go to C:ProgramDataLenovo and delete the Tvsuinstaller folder. After deleting it, try to perform system update again.
Cannot create the file error usually occurs when you try to view Outlook attachments, or if you’re making links on your PC, but as you can see, this problem can be easily solved by using one of our solutions.
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