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What is SAP Business Suite?

Business Suite in SAP is collection of fully integrated applications such as SAP customer relationship management (CRM), SAP Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), SAP product lifecycle management (PLM), SAP supplier relationship management (SRM), and SAP supply chain management (SCM) modules.

Most people relate SAP with its ERP offering. But SAP ERP Business suite now offers variety of products to address varied needs of an organization. Lets have a look at various SAP ERP business Suite applications.

SAP Business Suite applications SAP HANA

Also Check: SAP HANA Training Tutorials for Beginners

SAP Convergent Charging

SAP Convergent Charging provides a rating and charging solution for high-volume processing in service industries. It delivers pricing design capabilities, high performance rating and convergent balance management.

Customer Relationship Management

Unlike other CRM software, the SAP Customer Relationship Management (SAP CRM) application, part of the Business Suite in SAP, not only helps you address your short-term imperatives – to reduce cost and increase your decision-making ability – but can also help your company achieve differentiated capabilities in order to compete effectively over the long term.

Enterprise Resource Planning

A sound foundation is necessary to compete and win in the global marketplace. The SAP ERP application supports the essential functions of your business processes and operations efficiently and are tailored to specific needs of your industry like SAP ERP Financials, SAP ERP Human capital management,SAP ERP Operations,SAP ERP corporate services.

SAP Environment, Health, and Safety Management

It supports environmental, occupational and product safety processes, regulatory compliance, and corporate responsibility. This is accomplished by embedding corporate policies, compliance, and environmental, health and safety capabilities with global business processes for human resources, logistics, production and finance.

SAP Global Batch Traceability

It allows you to completely trace tracked objects, for example, a batch, across both SAP systems and non-SAP systems. In the event of a recall or withdrawal, SAP GBT ensures the timely compliance with legal reporting timelines. Furthermore, it helps you to minimize cost and corporate risk exposure. You can also analyze multiple objects, for example, batches, in one run.

SAP Product Life Cycle Management

To survive in an ever-changing global environment, creating and delivering innovative and market differentiating products and services is what distinguishes your company from the competition. The SAP Product Lifecycle Management (SAP PLM) application provides you with a 360-degree-support for all product-related processes – from the first product idea, through manufacturing to product service

SAP Supplier Life Cycle Management

SAP Supplier Lifecycle Management is a holistic approach to managing supplier relationships. It deals with the supply base as a whole to constantly determine the right mix of suppliers. It covers the lifecycle of individual suppliers ? from onboarding to a continuous development.

Supply Chain Management

You face enormous pressure to reduce costs while increasing innovation and improving customer service and responsiveness. SAP Supply Chain Management (SAP SCM) enables collaboration, planning, execution, and coordination of the entire supply network, empowering you to adapt your supply chain processes to an ever-changing competitive environment.

Supplier Relationship Management

With SAP SRM you can examine and forecast purchasing behavior, shorten procurement cycles, and work with your partners in real time. This allows you to develop long-term relationships with all those suppliers that have proven themselves to be reliable partners.

Governance, Risk and Compliance

Risk is unavoidable, but it can be managed. With governance, risk, and compliance (GRC), businesses can strategically balance risk and opportunity.

Sales and operations planning

SAP Sales and Operations Planning enables you to optimally and profitably meet long-term future demand. Typically, this process repeats every month and involves many participants including Sales, Marketing, Finance, Demand Planning, and Supply Chain Planning.

SAP Transportation Management

It supports you in all activities connected with the physical transportation of goods from one location to another.

Extended Warehouse Management

SAP Extended Warehouse Management gives you the option of mapping your entire warehouse complex in detail in the system, down to the storage bin level. Not only does this give you an overview of the total quantity of a product in the warehouse, but you can also always see exactly where a specific product is, at any time, in your warehouse complex. With EWM, you can optimize the use of various storage bins and stock movements, and can combine the storage of stocks from several plants in randomly-managed warehouses.

Mobile Apps

Mobile devices can also access SAP system.

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Sap Mm: Inventory Management And Movement Types In Sap

Inventory Management is used to manage the inventory for the goods. It is based on several key processes. Definition of movement types, reservations, goods issue and goods receipt.

We have already done basic goods receipt process in the purchase order topic, referencing it to a PO.

There are a number of functions and transactions used in the Inventory management processes, and we will cover the most important in this tutorial.

What is Movement Type in SAP?

Movement Types are used as indicators of what is the purpose of the goods movement (e.g. from storage location to a storage location, receipt from purchase order, issue for the delivery, receipt from production).

Movement types in SAP – Examples

A movement type is a three-digit identification key for a goods movement such as 101, 201,311,321.

Also, you could use the same movement type for different processes if you use movement indicators properly. For example, movement type 101 with movement indicator B is used for goods receipt from purchase order. The same movement type 101 with movement indicator F is used for production order goods receipt.

You can see on the next screen how the movement type maintenance screen looks.

Huge number of options are available to set up the movement type properly, and it’s access by the OMJJ transaction code.

Execute OMJJ transaction, and on the initial screen choose Movement type, on the next screen enter the movement type range you wish to chúng tôi will be presented a screen that looks like the next screen.

You can see a dialog structure on the left. These options are used for setting up our movement types according to our needs.

When you select any of the options the details screen on the right is updated with settings for that node.

This is not in a scope of this tutorial, as configuring the movement type requires extremely deep knowledge of the processes in MM module (inventory management component).

You just need to understand for now what does the movement type, and movement indicator represent.

Feel free to take a tour around the OMJJ transaction to get a bit more insight on the actual setting that can be made on movement type, and movement type/movement indicator level.

To summarize the lesson, movement types are used for distinction how the goods will be moved in our inventory.

For example,

We will set up our movement type 101 to be used for goods receipt.

Movement type 311 to be used for stock transfer from one storage location to another in one step.

Movement type 601 for goods issue for outbound delivery..

When you create a material document you are actually moving stock quantity in a certain way as defined by movement type.

If movement type 311 is stated in the material document, material will be transferred from one location to another (transfer process). If it’s 101, material document will not have a source storage location but will have a destination (receipt process). If it’s movement type 601, material document will only have source storage location but will not have a destination (issue process).

Goods Receipt Scenarios

As I said in the previous topic, goods receipt can be done referencing a purchase order, production order, inbound delivery or without reference for other kinds of receipt processes.

We can set up our movement types behavior according to a movement indicator.

I mentioned in the previous topic that there are several indicators that can be used to specify the referencing document type, and create settings for every one of them in combination with movement type.

B – purchase order

F – production order

L – inbound delivery

Blank – no reference

Other – not that significant for now

Underlining Fabrics: Definition And Meaning

It’s common to be perplexed by the distinctions between lining, underlining, and interlining because sewing terminology can be difficult to understand. You’ve probably stitched a standard lining before. It is a layer that sits between the main fabric and your skin, conceals seams, makes your body look smooth, and is sewn into sleeve and neck openings to give the garment a flawless interior finish. It usually hangs loosely at the hem.

On the other hand, underlining is a fabric layer that is attached to your fashion cloth using basting to make both layers function as one. You still have raw seams that need to be completed in some fashion because they don’t cover or conceal anything. An underlining does not take the place of a lining, and for the majority of applications, a lining is still necessary to produce a neat finish. Similar to an underlining, an interlining is used primarily to give warmth.

What is Underlining Fabrics?

An underlying is a layer of cloth that you treat as if it were the main fabric. You effectively make your own 2-ply fabric with underlining. You have more control over textiles and usage options with this versatile approach. Prior to construction, the underlining is attached and cut from the same pattern pieces as the fashion cloth. The underlying and fashion fabrics are then handled as a single unit during the construction of the garment. Underlining is typically cut from silk organza, light- to medium-weight cotton broadcloth, or fine cotton batiste. But you may also use a range of additional materials to highlight a trendy fabric.

In a garment, underlining serves a variety of purposes. It allows you to use a fabric that might be too flimsy on its own for the garment you have in mind because it gives lightweight materials structure and strength and lessens wrinkling. Seam allowances cannot be seen in white or pastel textiles thanks to underlining, which lessens their transparency. It can cover panty lines and take away the shadow from a vividly coloured shirt tucked into a pair of light-colored slacks. Additionally, underlining stabilises loosely woven fabrics and hides hand stitching because it is the only material that captures the hand stitches and not the fashion fabric.


There are numerous ways that underlining may improve your sewing work. Underlining serves a variety of functions, including helping to give loosely woven fabrics body and stability, as well as adding structure to fabrics that may be too light or drapey for the intended use. It also helps to make transparent fabrics opaque or change the colour of the fashion fabric depending on the colour of the underlining fabric, as well as helping to conceal “show through” of seam allowances, seam lines, and other construction details. It provides a layer to secure hand stitching so that these stitches are invisible from the right side of the garment (i.e., catch stitching seam allowances in place), it minimises wrinkling since the fabric is bulked up, it can add warmth to garments by introducing a second layer, it adds strength, and it acts as a base for all construction marks so you don’t need to mark your fashion fabric.

How is it Different from Lining?

Underlining is a layer of fabric that is applied to the interior of the garment; it is not created independently, hangs rigidly, or encloses any inner construction. Lining differs from underlining. In order for the two fabrics to function as one throughout the manufacturing process and for the duration of the life of the garment, underlining is simply the linking of each piece of your fashion fabric with a “backing” fabric while it is still flat. Since the two fabrics end up interacting as if they were one, the underlining does not enclose or conceal the construction features. If you wanted a neat enclosed finish inside, you would still need to add a lining to something that has been underlined, just like you would to any other garment.

Types of Underlining Materials

To emphasize, a variety of textiles can be used; the one you choose will be determined by the task. Generally speaking, you want something that is a little bit lighter than your fabric, and you need to make sure that the colour matches or doesn’t show through your fashion fabric. The most typical varieties are listed below

Silk Organza Flannel

Flannel is a terrific choice to provide warmth to a garment or a soft layer to your fashion fabric because it is soft and cuddly (great for drapey fabrics like silk).

Cotton Batiste

It is a fantastic standard option for the majority of underlying applications because it is lightweight, soft, and semi-sheer.

Cotton Broadcloth or Muslin

It is a little stiffer than batiste, making it ideal for garments that require a more structured shape, like a jacket, or that need to conceal interior construction features, like boning. You can technically use the muslin you used for your toile as your underlining if you used a properly weighted muslin fabric, but you can only do this if you don’t intend to make the garment again.

Crepe de Chine

It helps in enhancing sheer, light, or drapey materials, which is beneficial.


To sum up, an underlying structure can give a garment body by changing how the fabric functions. Clothes with underlining are stronger and last longer. Underlining strengthens, lessens wrinkles, and assists in absorbing sweat. It can increase warmth, keep materials from being handled excessively while being constructed, and make a mediocre cloth appear and stitch like an expensive fabric. By adding an underlining, you can give your fabric more of the qualities you love about other fabrics while also improving the comfort, appearance, and lifespan of your clothing.

Universal Copyright Convention: Definition And Application

Universal Copyright Convention, (1952), was a convention that was adopted at Geneva by an international conference and was convened under the auspices of UNESCO. For several years prior to the conference, UNESCO had been consulting with copyright experts from a variety of countries. 1955 was the year that the convention officially began to be implemented.

What were the main features of the UCC?

The following were the main features of UCC:

No signatory nation should accord its domestic authors more favourable copyright treatment than the authors of other signatory nations, though there is no minimum protection stipulated for either domestic or foreign authors.

A formal copyright notice must appear in all copies of a work and consist of the symbol, the name of the copyright owner, and the year of first publication; a signatory nation, however, might require further formalities, provided such formalities are consistent with other signatory nations’ requirements.

The minimum term of copyright in member nations must be the life of the author plus 25 years (with the exception of photographic works and works of applied art, which have a 10-year term)

All adhering nations are required to grant an exclusive right of translation for a period of seven years, subject to a compulsory licence under certain circumstances for the balance of the term of copyright.

The term of protection for works of photographic art and works of applied art is ten years.

Brief History of Universal Copyright Convention

The Universal Copyright Convention, also known as the UCC, is a piece of international legislation that was drafted in the year 1952 under the auspices of UNESCO.

The Convention not only needed to acknowledge that copyright is a human right, but it also needed to function as a kind of bridge between the various legal and social systems that exist around the world in order for it to live up to the claim that its title makes about its universality.

Before the Second World War, steps had already been taken to remedy the paradoxical situation in which the United States was cut off, legally speaking, from the countries of Europe and Asia which since 1886 had become signatories to the Berne Convention – the International Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. These countries had all become signatories to the convention in an effort to protect literary and artistic works from piracy. However, the United States was not one of these countries.

Under the law of the United States, authors could only be protected if they completed certain administrative formalities, such as registering their work with the US Copyright Office. This was one of the requirements for protection. This law was similar to others that dealt with intellectual property, such as the one that stated that an inventor’s rights could only be recognised if his or her invention was officially registered.

The United States was unable to accede to the Berne Convention due to this requirement. The Berne Convention enshrines the principle that a work is protected solely by virtue of the fact that it was created, and this requirement prevented the United States from doing so.

Because of this, there was no legal mechanism by which a work originating in the United States could be protected in Japan or in the countries of Western Europe, nor was there any legal mechanism by which a work originating in the aforementioned countries could be protected in the United States other than by complying with the requirements of American law.

The Universal Copyright Convention that took place in 1952 offers a straightforward and ingenious solution to this issue. It prescribes that the formalities required by the national law of a contracting state shall be considered to be satisfied if all of the copies of a work that originated in another contracting state carry the symbol, accompanied by the name of the copyright owner and the year of the first publication. This will be considered to be in compliance with the formalities that are required by the national law of the contracting state.

The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods has been ratified by almost all of the states that are parties to the Berne Convention, including the United States of America. As a result, the UCC has been able to fulfil its mission of facilitating communication between different legal systems while simultaneously enhancing the protection of intellectual works on a global scale.

Why was it necessary to hold the Convention?

There were certain articles in the Berne Convention that a number of countries took issue with, and as a result, those countries were unwilling to sign on to the convention’s terms.

Most notably, the United States, which at the time only offered protection in the form of a fixed-term registration through the Library of Congress and demanded that all copyrighted works display the symbol at all times. Because of this, the United States was required to revise a number of its statutes in order to bring them into conformity with the Berne Convention.

The United States finally ratified the Berne Convention on March 1, 1989, and as a result, the country only requires registration for works that were initially published in the United States by citizens of that country.

Even in nations that would not ratify the Berne Convention, the UCC made certain that authors would still have access to the protections afforded by the international legal system. Countries that are parties to the Berne Convention have also ratified the Uniform Computer Code (UCC) in order to guarantee that the work produced by their citizens will be protected in countries that are not parties to the Berne Convention.

Parties to the Convention

Berne Convention states were worried that the existence of the UCC would encourage parties to the Berne Convention to leave that convention and adopt the UCC instead.

As a result, the UCC included a clause that stated that parties which were also parties to the Berne Convention did not need to apply the provisions of the Convention to any former Berne Convention state that renounced their membership in the Berne Convention after 1951.

This clause was included because the UCC was ratified after the Berne Convention. Therefore, any state that adopts the Berne Convention and then decides to renounce it and use the UCC protections instead is penalised, as its copyrights may no longer exist in states that have adopted the Berne Convention. This is because the UCC protects copyrights in a more comprehensive manner.

Difference Between Berne Convention and Universal Copyright Convention (UCC)

The following table illustrates the major differences between Berne Convention and Universal Copyright Convention:

Berne Convention Universal Copyright Convention

It was the most important historical treaty for the protection of literary and artistic work It was the second treaty regarding the copyright protection of literary and Artistic work.

Held in berne, Switzerland in 1886. Held in Geneva in 1952.

US did not sign the berne convention. US signed this convention.

Conclusion FAQs

Q1. When and Where UCC was held?

Ans. The Universal Copyright Convention was held in 1952 in Geneva.

Q2. When UCC and Berne Convention together got revised?

Ans. The Universal Copyright Convention and Berne Convention, both were revised in 1971.

Q3. What was the purpose of the UCC?

Ans. The purpose of the UCC was twofold: first, it was an effort to devise a legal common denominator that would promote respect for the rights of creators; second, it was an attempt to encourage the international circulation of literary, scientific, and artistic works; and third, it was a combination of the two.

Business In 2023: What Are The Ins And Out?

Business is based on people’s choices, preferences, and tastes. To start your venture, you need to understand these demands and plan your actions accordingly. If you want to create your own project but can’t chalk out what will be your action plan, read the article and get the input.

Each year comes with new demand, and its keeps on changing. Entrepreneurs need to sense the changing mind of the buyers as the behavioral psychology of people, buying influence and many parameters never stay static. So, your ability to accommodate yourself with their modified buying decision must be the first priority.

Let’s know what you should keep in mind in 2023 if you already plan to start your own venture.

Understand the Parameters

There are a couple of measures you must keep in mind when starting your business in this aspect.

Your Product/Service

Your product or service selection is crucial in 2023 because the world has already witnessed a pandemic, worldwide recession, and uncertain economy. So, when you try to sell your product or service, it must fall under the necessary commodity, or it will take time to increase your revenue.

Your USP

After the product or service selection, you need to decide on your USP (Unique Selling Point), and you need vigorous market research. Your USP can place you to stand ahead of your competitors if you have the excellent market knowledge and understand the pulse of the buyers.

Understand your Specialization

How to reach out to your buyers is a necessary skill. So, understand your specialization and start focusing on that aspect. Your growth will eventually be secured.

Build your Business Website

Whether you want to grab the local market or go offshore, you need a website to showcase your business profile to your buyers and investors.

Manage your Customers

If you want to fetch good returns, you must know how to manage customers, keep them with your products and offer them the best buying experience so that they return to you.

These are the measures you must calculate before jumping into your venture. However, your interactions with others, how good you’re at the sale, and how much you demand what you offer also play a vital role.

Let’s check out which businesses have a possible bright start this year.

List of the Businesses that May Do Good in 2023 Digital Marketing

Since online business sets a new era, digital marketing has become the ultimate way to reach maximum customers. It’s a comprehensive marketing module in which marketers utilize social media platforms to grab the market. Under digital marketing, there are various modules you can try that include −

SEO − In SEO or Search Engine Optimization, you will learn how to build links among sites. How to generate traffic and how to increase sales. In online business, SEO plays a significant role.

Website Developer − Online presence is mandatory nowadays, and website developers are doing well. Small, medium, or large size, a website can explain the business better than any other means of elaboration.

Social Media Marketer − It’s another good business in 2023 since social media became the best medium for socializing. Marketers can earn good profits for their clients and fast growth.

There are more than 40+ modules that come under the digital marketing umbrella, which can give you kick-start your career. Digital marketing course fees are economical, so you can learn 2 to 3 modules and offer your service; even you can join a job to understand how the industry works.

Food Delivery

Since cloud kitchens are doing great serving food at the customers’ doorstep, you can try your career as a food delivery manager. You need vehicles, a delivery agent, and knowledge about your locality. Medium-scale investment is required to start the business, and it has high return possibilities within 4 to 5 months.

Personal Coach (for Mental & Physical well-being)

Post covid people are suffering from various mental issues, and it could be another epidemic in the coming years. If you have a specialized degree and experience to manage mentally down and broken people, treat them and help them get back to their normal life, you can start Personal Coaching. You can begin to do it online and slowly open your own clinic when you develop a good client base. Personal coaching doesn’t consider a business; instead, it’s an emergency service you’re offering. If you recommend therapy work, you can earn well. Here, investment is low to medium, and a high return is expected.

App Development

Applications make our life easier. In every aspect, you search for an application if it’s available on Google play or the Apple store. If you have a marvelous idea to sort out issues, your solution can come as an application. Develop an app, place it on Google or Apple store, and ask users to use it. Here, you need great marketing to outreach to the users. Investment is comparatively high, but you’ll get a good return.

Vehicle Wash & Servicing

As people start going outside, they’re more concerned about their vehicles. You can be the savior on the highway for a family whose car broke down and is about to spoil their family outing. Even car cleaning is an excellent business option as working, or business professionals cannot manage their vehicles. For repairing and servicing, you need a good knowledge of the components and parts of cars. Investment is medium here. You need to select an excellent location to offer your service.

Motel Business

Food and lodging on the highway can be a great business idea. People who go out with their family often need night stay with fooding facilities. If you are good at managing catering, you can start it. After the pandemic, people started revisiting places. Here, the necessity of a Motel with good food and a minimum night stay facility can give you a good return on your investment. Here investment can be high, and the expected ROI is also considerable.


If you are good at 2 or 3 skills and do not want to work under the boss, you can be your own boss by starting freelancing. Freelancing is a broad subject, and you can choose anything that includes Copywriting, Content writing, Digital marketing, Online tutoring, Property agent, Policy agent, and so on. You can start it with minimal investment in your field of interest and grow your client base.

Pet Managing

If you like pets, you can look after your neighbors’ pets when they are on vacation. You can rent a place and start a kennel and keep pets whose owners are away from them for a few days. Before starting this business, you must go through a few safety measures with adequate knowledge about different animals and their behavior. Investment is low to medium, and you get the good returns you can expect.

Tailoring & Clothing

If you have stitching skills, you can start your own boutique with a sewing machine. It’s low investment business; you can start from your home and ensure you are good at cutting and stitching following the measurement your customers have given you.

Baby Care Center Conclusion

It’s unpredictable which business runs and which does not cause success. It will depend on your involvement with the venture you start, and how effectively you can interact with people and earn the credibility they want to take your service or product. However, the above-noted business has a promising future if you can run it with your skills. If you have other skills and believe you can run better, you can try and get success.

What Is Whatsapp Business? How Does It Differ From Regular Whatsapp?

What is the difference between WhatsApp and WhatsApp Business?

WhatsApp Business has various features which are not available on the regular WhatsApp app.

Opening hours

Company website

A custom message describing your business

Your business name, address, and phone number

A profile picture. This can, for example, be your company logo or an image of what you sell.

Note that you cannot use personal names for a business account. You have to use a business name, and even then, WhatsApp has strict guidelines on what words and characters are allowed and not allowed to be in that name. This can prove quite problematic if your personal name is part of your company name. A bit of creativity is required to get around this problem.

Personally connect with customers

Customers naturally like the personal touch from businesses, and messaging apps enable companies to give customers personal attention. Real people can also deal with orders and questions faster than automated bots. If you’re in a highly competitive business niche, this can make all the difference to a customer giving you repeat business in the future.

Automated messages

Busy businesses can’t always reply to messages right away. So you can set up a custom automated welcome message to let the customer know that you have received their message and you’ll get back to them as quickly as possible.

Put labels on chats to categorize each customer

If your business starts to increase, you will need a filing system to track order statuses and which customers are new. So you can set up colored labels and then tag each conversation with the correct label to keep track of where that conversation is at. Are you still waiting on a payment? Have you sent out the package yet?

Integrate a WhatsApp button into your Facebook business page

Finally, this is not strictly a WhatsApp Business feature — it is also available for regular WhatsApp as well. But if you have a Facebook business page, you can add a call button at the top of the page. This will help to encourage new customers to contact you on WhatsApp.

What is the WhatsApp Business API?

Read more: Is WhatsApp safe? How does its end-to-end encryption work?


No. You can only use one or the other. For that reason, it’s highly recommended to get a second mobile phone for your business and install the business version on that device.

The smartphone app is free of charge.

The API itself is free, but you need to pay the monthly and set-up fees charged by the communication platform you sign up with. These fees can vary considerably, so you need to do your homework to find the best deal.

Yes. You must first install the mobile app and set it up there. But afterward, logging into the desktop or web client will sync everything over.

No. WhatsApp has been very clear that sending unsolicited bulk sales messages is not allowed, and this is grounds for your account to be closed. The business app is there to personally interact one-to-one with individual customers.

If you want to build a customer community, it’s better to set up a WhatsApp group and invite people to it (making it clear that by doing so, they consent to messages being sent to them.) WhatsApp communities are a new feature that you may also want to consider.

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