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One of the many features that users of the Windows operating system might come across but not fully understand is the “Print to File” function. This option, often found in the printer dialogue box, may seem puzzling. If you’ve ever wondered about this function, how to use it, or why it’s even there, this article is for you. We’ll explore what “Print to File” is and how to use it effectively in Windows 11 and Windows 10.

Also see: How to Check Print History in Windows 11

When you create a document in a program, such as Microsoft Word, Adobe Reader, or even web browsers like Google Chrome, and you choose to print it, a print dialogue box materializes. This box contains a list of available printers and a range of settings for your print job. An option within this list labeled “Print to File” might catch your attention.

This feature, contrary to its name, does not result in the physical printing of your document. Instead, it generates a .prn file (print file). This file essentially captures the entire dataset required to print the document just as you’ve designed it, including the precise layout, fonts, images, and more.

Why might this be useful? Consider a scenario where you’re working on a computer that does not have the necessary printer available. “Print to File” allows you to create a .prn file that can be transferred to another computer that has the appropriate printer. You can then print your document from that machine, maintaining all its original formatting and features.

Useful tip: How to AirPrint From iOS to Windows 11/10 Shared Printer

Using the “Print to File” function in Windows 10 and 11 is a straightforward process, though it can be slightly different based on the application you’re working with. Here are the general steps:

From the dropdown list, select “Print”. This action will prompt the print dialogue box to appear.

Within the print dialogue box, you’ll find an option for “Print to File”. Select this option.

Upon selecting “Print” again, the system will ask you to designate a location to save your newly created .prn file.

Choose your desired location and save the .prn file.

Recommended guide: How to Clean Print Head in Windows 11

A .prn file isn’t meant to be opened and viewed like a standard document file. Instead, it’s used for printing purposes. To print a .prn file on a Windows computer, follow these steps:

Transfer the .prn file to the computer that has a connection to the appropriate printer.

In the Command Prompt, you need to change the CMD’s directory to the location of your .prn file. You can do this using the cd command. For example, if your file resides on your C: drive, you would type the following and hit Enter. cd C:

Once you’re in the correct directory, use the following command to print the .prn file: copy /b chúng tôi \computernameprintername

Alternatively, you can specify the local printer port instead of the network path:

copy /b chúng tôi LPT1:

Press Enter to execute the command. The .prn file will be sent to the printer, and it should start printing.

Note: Make sure the printer is turned on, connected to the computer, and properly installed with the necessary drivers. Also, ensure that you have the appropriate permissions to access the printer.

Remember to adjust the commands according to your specific file name, printer, and setup.

This process allows you to leverage the .prn file to print your document on another system with the correct printer. However, remember that the same printer driver must be installed on both computers, as a .prn file generated for one printer type might not be compatible with a different printer.

Related resource: Using a PowerShell Script to Add a Printer Driver by IP

Problems with printing a .prn file can often be traced back to the role of the printer driver in the “Print to File” process. A common question that arises when discussing the feature and .prn files is whether the printer driver plays a role in the process. The answer is a definitive yes.

When you opt to “Print to File”, the resultant .prn file is formatted explicitly for the printer selected during the creation of the file. This is because the .prn file contains comprehensive data about the document, inclusive of particular printing instructions such as details about layout, color settings, paper size, and more.

The translation and execution of these instructions rest on the printer driver, the software that forms the communication bridge between your computer and the printer. Given that different printer models have varying capabilities and features, their corresponding drivers interpret and handle the printing instructions differently.

Consequently, if you generate a .prn file using one printer driver and then attempt to print that .prn file on a different printer with another driver, the document may not print correctly. This discrepancy occurs because the second printer may fail to understand certain instructions in the .prn file, or it might interpret them differently. This miscommunication could lead to formatting changes, color reproduction issues, and in some instances, the document may not print at all.

Therefore, when using the “Print to File” function with the intention of printing the document on a different computer, it’s crucial to have the same printer driver installed on both systems.

If aligning printer drivers on different systems is not feasible, an alternative solution can be adopted. Using a universal printer driver or a universally recognized file format like PDF (Print to PDF instead) can help maintain consistent formatting across different devices and printers, bypassing the need for matching printer drivers. These options are designed to be versatile and can provide consistent results, regardless of the printer model or brand.

The “Print to File” function is a convenient, albeit somewhat antiquated, feature that can be useful in specific circumstances. While not often used due to the rise of cloud-based printing and email, it can be a handy tool to have in your tech arsenal when faced with certain printing challenges. As Windows continues to evolve with new versions like Windows 11 and 10, this feature may eventually be phased out.

The primary benefit of using “Print to File” is the flexibility it offers for printing documents from any computer to any printer, regardless of their physical locations. For instance, you might generate a .prn file at home, take it to the office, and print it from a computer that’s connected to the office printer. This function also lets you ensure that the formatting of a document remains intact when moving it from one computer to another for printing.

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What Does Web Presence Mean?

With more and more people spending more time online and most people using the internet to find new businesses, your business’s web presence is more important than ever. But what exactly makes up your business’s web presence? Here’s a hint: It’s a lot more than just your website.

In this post, we’ll talk about:

What your web presence is.

Why you need a web presence.

How to create a great web presence.

What Makes Up Your Web Presence?

Your business’s web presence is anything and everything about your business that lives online. This can be assets that you create, like your website or social media profiles, or it can be what others say about you online, like user-generated content on social media or reviews on local listings sites.

No matter what type of content it is or who created it, it’s important that you have a handle on the full scope of your business’s web presence. When you take the reins on how your business is presented online, you have the ability to influence consumer behavior positively.

Let’s take a closer look at your business’s web presence, why it matters, and how to create one that works for you.

Why Do You Need a Web Presence?

Even without the stats to back it up, you can probably envision all on your own why it’s so important to have a web presence these days. Think about the last product or service you considered buying. What’s the first thing you did when looking for a solution to your problem?

Maybe you went onto Google and typed in a query, asking where you could find the item you need at a store nearby. Perhaps you turned to Facebook to ask friends for recommendations of their favorite local service provider. Or you might have visited Yelp to read through reviews from strangers.

No matter what approach you took, it’s likely that at least some of your research happened online. And the numbers bear that out. In fact, 88% of today’s consumers do research online before making a purchase, either online or in person. And that percentage may even be higher right now when fewer people are able to make in-person purchases.

If your business doesn’t have a sizable footprint online, allowing you to appear on platforms where consumers may be searching, you’re missing out on the opportunity to capture consumer attention, build trust, and ultimately make the sale.

Your Web Presence Serves You Throughout the Customer Journey

A great business web presence isn’t just about getting discovered. It’s about making sure you’re present for consumers throughout their customer journey.

Different facets of your web presence can help you achieve different marketing goals. Your website, for example, is the heart of your web presence. It’s the place where you should have information that suits consumers across the customer journey ““ from basic information on your homepage for those who are just discovering you, to content that builds trust and authority, to a seamless way for people to contact your sales team or make a purchase online when they’re ready.

How to Create an Effective Web Presence

The process of creating a complete web presence for your business might feel daunting. Establishing a presence on multiple platforms can feel like a lot of work, and in truth, it’s not something you can accomplish overnight.

But if you set out clear goals to develop your web presence, it’s possible to do so in a systematic way. Once you begin ticking things off your to-do list, you’ll feel a lot better about the progress you’re making!

Want to know how your web presence looks right now? Reach out for a free health check!

A strong web presence starts with a well-designed, mobile-friendly site. Of course you want to have helpful content, snazzy visuals, and compelling storytelling, but you also need to make sure your site is mobile-friendly. Google and other search engines consider mobile-friendliness a major factor when determining how to show sites, and if your site is clunky on mobile devices, you’ll lose out on SEO.

Next, you’ll want to make sure you’re present where your audience hangs out online. Target the social media platforms that make the most sense for you.

For example, a B2B brand should definitely be on LinkedIn, whereas an Instagram presence might not be as vital. Once you’re there, build out a profile with consistent branding, so people can clearly make the connection between your profile page and your brand’s larger online footprint.

Establish a presence on local listings sites. Just about every business should be on the big ones — like Yelp and Google My Business — but depending on your field or industry, there might be additional directories specific to your niche that you should consider. Many consumers beeline right to local listings sites to find local solutions, bypassing search or social media, so it’s important you’re present on these platforms.

Finally, make sure you’re creating shareable content. This content can help you bridge the gap between the various facets of your online presence. For example, you post a video on your YouTube channel, embed it on your website, and share it across your social channels. This encourages consumers to move across the various sides of your online presence to learn even more about you.

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Stephanie Heitman

Stephanie is the Associate Director of Content for LocaliQ and WordStream. She has over 10 years of experience in content and social media marketing and loves writing about all things digital marketing. When she’s not researching the latest and greatest marketing news and updates, she’s probably watching reality TV with her husband, reading, or playing with her two pups.

Other posts by Stephanie Heitman

What Is A Pps File? How To Convert Pps To Pdf In Windows 11/10?

In this article, we are going to discuss what is a PPS file and how you can convert a PPS file to a PDF document format on your Windows 11/10. PPS is a presentation file native to Microsoft PowerPoint. Let us discuss this file format in detail!

What is a PPS file?

PPS which stands for PowerPoint Slide Show is a file format that saves PowerPoint presentations in a slideshow format. It is mainly a file format originally used in Microsoft PowerPoint 97-2003 version. The newer version of PPS is PPSX that is used in the latest Microsoft PowerPoint version. Both PPS and PPSX files are used to directly open the presentation in slideshow mode. PPS files are especially useful for lecturers, teachers, and speakers as it directly opens up the presentation in slideshow mode.

Now, if you have a PPS file and you want to convert it to a PDF document, how to do that? Here, we are going to show you different ways to convert PPS to PDF on your Windows 11/10 PC.

How to convert PPS to PDF in Windows 11/10?

Here are the methods to convert PPS to PDF in Windows 11/10:

Convert PPS to PDF using Microsoft Powerpoint.

Use the LibreOffice software to convert PPS to PDF.

Use a free online service to convert PPS to PDF.

Let us now elaborate on these methods!

1] Convert PPS to PDF using Microsoft Powerpoint

You can convert a PPS file to a PDF document using the Microsoft Powerpoint app. As we mentioned earlier, PPS is one of the native file formats of Powerpoint. You can create, edit, and convert PPS files in PowerPoint. Here are the main steps to do so:

Launch Microsoft PowerPoint.

Import a PPS file.

Enable the editing mode.

Edit the PPS file, if needed.

Set save as format to PDF.

Provide output folder location and filename and press the Save button.

Now, if you want, you can edit the content of the PPS file using available presentation designing tools. You can add more slides, remove existing content, change the formatting, add media files, and do a lot more. Skip this step if you don’t want to edit the source PPS file.

Similarly, you can convert PPS to other file formats like PPT, PPTX, ODP, Animated GIF, etc.

Read: How to open DMG files in Windows.

2] Use the LibreOffice software to convert PPS to PDF

You can also use third-party software that enables you to convert PPS to PDF. Here, we will be using LibreOffice to convert PPS to PDF.

LibreOffice is a free and open-source office suite for Windows 11/10 and other operating systems. It provides a LibreOffice Impress app that is basically used for designing presentations. Using it, you can also convert PPS to PDF. Let us check out how!

How to convert PPS to PDF in LibreOffice on Windows 11/10

Here are the basic steps to convert PPS to PDF in LibreOffice software:

Download and install LibreOffice.

Launch its LibreOffice Impress app.

Import a PPS file.

Exit the slideshow mode and open the file in editing mode.

Firstly, download and install LibreOffice on your Windows 11/10 PC. Then, launch its presentation application called LibreOffice Impress.

3] Use an online service to convert PPS to PDF

If you prefer using a web service to perform a task, you can convert PPS to PDF using an online tool. To further help you, here are some of the better websites that allow you to perform PPS to PDF conversion:


1] AnyConv

Using this web service, you can also convert other types of files including images, videos, audio, eBooks, and more.

After that, go to its Preferences section and configure output PDF options like compression, view options, security options, layout, and header and footer options. Set up these options as per your requirement and then press the Convert button. It will process the uploaded PPS files and convert them all to PDF in some time. The output PDFs will be directly downloaded.

You can also use this online tool for the conversion of images, Word, Excel, and other PowerPoint presentations to PDF documents. It lets you perform batch file to PDF conversion.

When the process is done, you will be able to download the output PDF or directly upload it to Dropbox or Google Drive. You can also download all converted PDF files at once in a ZIP folder.

What program opens PPS files?

PPS files can be opened and viewed in Microsoft PowerPoint. Alternately, you can use some free third-party software to open PPS files. Some free programs that let you open PPS files are LibreOffice, WPS Office, and OpenOffice.

How do I create a PPS?

You can also create a PPS file with LibreOffice.

What is the difference between PPT and PPS?

Both PPT and PPS are PowerPoint file formats. The difference between the two formats is that PPT opens in editing mode, while PPS files directly open up in slideshow mode to give a presentation.

How do I save a PowerPoint as a PPS file?

That’s it!

Now read: How to convert OneNote to Word or PDF in Windows 10

What Does @Hide Mean In The Android Source Code?

What is the meaning of the keyword ?

Keywords are the unique words which are present in android source code to add a specific action for a function within an android application. Keywords are already defined with a certain set of actions to it. When we add a keyword in front of any function it will help to specify the action to it. There are different types of keywords used within android source code such as @hide, @findViewByID, public, private, @hide and many more.

In this article we will specifically take a look at the @hide keyword within our android application.

What does @hide mean in Android source code?

@hide is a keyword which is used in android source code that denotes a piece of code or a class that should not be the part of the public API. When an application uses this keyword, the code or a class is hidden from the public. It means that only this class can be accessed by the application that uses it. This keyword can be used by developers who want to limit the access to a certain feature of their application. This keyword was introduced in Android 2.3 (API level 9). It is used to hide the certain classes, fields as well as some methods from the public API and can be accessed by the application that uses it.

The @hide keyword is used for various reasons. For example, developers can use it to hide the code or classes that are still in development and not ready to be used publicly. It can also be used to hide the code that is specific to a particular device, such as code related to a specific hardware feature. Along with hiding code from the public API, @hide keyword can be used to hide certain features from Android Debug Bridge (ADB).

Where can we use @hide annotation in android?

The @hide annotation in Android is a powerful tool that can be used to hide a class, field, or method from the Android framework. It is especially useful when writing applications that need to interact with the Android framework but don’t want to expose all of the internals of the code. One example of this is hiding certain classes or methods from the Android SDK that the application is using, or even hiding certain elements from the Android operating system itself. By using the @hide annotation, developers can easily restrict access to certain parts of the code while allowing other parts to remain open. This allows developers to create more secure applications that are more difficult to hack or tamper with.

Additionally, @hide can be used to improve performance by not having to include unnecessary code in the application. Ultimately, the @hide annotation is an invaluable tool for any Android developer looking to increase security and performance of their applications.

How to use the @hide keyword in Android Source Code?

The @hide keyword is a powerful tool for Android developers and can be used to ensure that internal APIs remain exclusive and are not exposed to the end user. This can be especially useful when developing highly complex applications and when using certain libraries that need to be hidden from the world. In order to use the @hide keyword, developers must first add the keyword to the API that they wish to keep hidden and then rebuild the application. This can be done either manually or through the use of the Gradle build system. Once the application is rebuilt, the API will be hidden from the end user and will remain exclusive to the developer.

In summary, the @hide keyword is an extremely useful tool for Android developers and can be used to ensure that internal APIs are kept exclusive and are not exposed to the end user. By using this keyword, developers can ensure that their applications remain secure and that no unauthorized access is gained.

Below is the example code snippet on How to use @hide keyword in Android Source Code

private @hide String imageUri = "";

Explanation – In the above code we are adding @hide annotation in front of the string variable named imageUri which will hide the access of this variable from other classes.


The annotation @hide in Android source code is a powerful tool for developers to use when creating apps for the Android platform. By using @hide, developers can indicate to the Android system that certain aspects of their app should be hidden from the user. This allows developers to create apps that are more secure and private by creating features that are not accessible to the user. Additionally, developers can use @hide to prevent the system from recognizing certain aspects of the app, such as permissions or activities. This can help to prevent malicious apps from gaining access to sensitive user data or services. By using @hide, developers can make sure that only the right parts of their app are visible to the user. This can help to create an experience that is both secure and enjoyable.

What Is A Fit File? How To View And Convert It In Windows 11/10?

In this article, I am going to talk about what is a FIT file and how you can view and convert it on your Windows 11/10 PC. FIT, an acronym for Flexible and Interoperable Data Transfer, is a proprietary GIS file format developed by Garmin Ltd. This file format is basically used to store distance, date, time, location, burned calories, heart rate, speed, and other details when using a GPS device during activities like running, bike racing, cycling, swimming, etc. These files are basically generated with Garmin Training Center software which is available for Windows and macOS.

Now, the question arises of how you can view files in FIT format. And then, how you can convert it to some other format if needed? Check out this article if you are looking for a solution to how to view and convert FIT files in Windows 11/10.

How to view and convert FIT files in Windows 11/10?

To view or convert a FIT file on Windows, you can use a free web service or dedicated software. There are not many applications to view this type of file. So, you will have to search a lot to find one. To help you out, I am going to mention two free FIT file viewer software to open and view FIT files. You can simply download and install the software and start viewing FIT and other GPS files. Additionally, you can also convert FIT files to some other formats using these software.

These are the two FIT file viewer and converter software:


Garmin BaseCamp

Let’s find out the details of these tools.

1] GPXSee

GPXSee is a free and open-source GPS file viewer software for Windows 10. Using it, you can import and view FIT files. It also lets you view KML, GPX, TCX, LOC, and more GPS files.

As you open a FIT file, it shows and highlights tracks, routes, and waypoints on a map. By default, it uses a map from the 4UMaps service. If you want, you can change the map service to some other as per your preference, like Open Street Map, Open Topo Map, Antarctica, USGS Imaginary, etc. On hovering the mouse over the track, you can view details like distance, moving time, total time, date, etc.

It also displays speed, heart rate, and cadence graphs for better analysis of FIT file data. You can view a graph against distance or time.

You can also choose the data you want to view on screen, such as show tracks, show routes, show waypoints, show waypoint labels, position info, and more. It also lets you customize the coordinate format, map display, POI radius, etc.

Now, talking about FIT file conversion, you can convert FIT files through GPXSee. It lets you export a FIT file to formats including PDF and PNG. In the output, you get the map with graphs and details saved in a FIT file.

GPXSee is a nice and clean free software to view and convert FIT files on Windows PC. Download it from

Read: How to convert DXF to GCode in Windows 11/10.

2] Garmin BaseCamp

It lets you various statistics and data from a FIT file that include time, speed, heart rate, cadence, etc. Plus, it shows a list of all waypoints present on the track with respective leg distance, leg time, leg speed, position, heart rate, etc.

Furthermore, you can view heart rate, speed, and cadence graphs, notes, and references attached with a FIT file.

So, these are the two free software you can use to view, analyze, edit, and convert FIT files on Windows 11/10 PC. These also let you view other GPS files.

Related: How to view VCF file in Windows 11/10.

What Does Burning Or Painful Urination Mean?

Also referred to as micturition, urination is the release of urine from the human body. Urine is a waste material produced in the body and is excreted by the process of urination. The human excretory system functions in the removal of wastes from the body that are nitrogenous in nature. A pair of kidneys, ureters, urethra and the urinary bladder are parts that make up the excretory system.

Why is Urination Important?

Just like intaking food is important for our body to function properly, the removal of waste materials is as equally as important. This is done through the process of urination.

Urination helps in many ways −

It removes waste materials in the form of urine

Urine does not allow harmful or toxic compounds to reside in the body

Helps to maintain a balanced ionic or salt and sugar concentration in the body

Urine is a waste material that is usually the colour of straw or yellowish. The colour of urine depends on the amount of water a person drinks. This helps to dilute the wastes in the body and makes excretion easier by not making the waste concentrated.

On an average, a human being urinates at least 6 to 7 times in an entire day. Urinating 10 times a day is also considered healthy since a person may urinate more if he or she consumes a lot of water or any other fluid. Problems may arise when frequent urination is observed.

The Problem of Dysuria

Sometimes a human being may experience painful urination or a burning sensation when peeing. This can indicate some kind of infection or can be caused due to some diseases related to the urinary or excretory system.

Dysuria or painful urination in common terms is a feeling of discomfort or burning sensation when urinating. Dysuria isn’t a disease by itself but rather a symptom.

Males and females of any age category can go through painful urination. Dysuria is more commonly experienced by women. It can further cause urinary tract infections. This is why women are diagnosed with urinary tract infections more than men.

Pregnant women, people diagnosed with diabetes, and those suffering from bladder disorders have higher risks of dysuria.

Symptoms of Dysuria

Common symptoms experienced by men and women having dysuria are −

A feeling of burning while urinating

Pain before, after, or during urination


Pain in urination may indicate certain conditions. For instance, a person experiencing pain at the beginning of urination may indicate infections of the urinary tract whereas a person suffering from pain after urination may indicate problems related to the prostate or bladder.

How Does Dysuria Occur?

Painful urination is a symptom that indicates certain health conditions a person must be suffering from.

A person may suffer from −

Cystitis − Mostly due to bladder infections, cystitis is the inflammation of the urinary bladder.

Urinary tract infections − It indicates infection of the kidney, bladder, urethra, or the ureters of the excretory system.

Endometritis − Endometritis refers to the inflammation of the lining of the uterus.

Diverticulosis − This is when the production of small sac-like structures takes place on the lining of the digestive tract.

Diverticulitis − Diverticulitis is when the sac-like structures in diverticulosis become inflamed or the structures have contracted an infection.

Vaginal infections −Vaginal infections are very common in women and have dysuria as a symptom.

Urethritis −Urethritis is when the urethra is inflamed or swollen making it difficult to urinate.

Sexually transmitted diseases − Certain sexually transmitted diseases are known to have dysuria as a symptom since the microorganism can cause infection.

Diabetes mellitus − Patients suffering from diabetes mellitus experience frequent urinations.

Pregnancy − Pregnant women are often at risk of getting infected with urinary tract infections; hence, can experience painful urination.

How Can One Prevent Painful Urination?

Some points you may consider understanding to prevent painful urination −

Water Regular Hygiene

Regular hygiene is important to avoid the chances of infections of the urinary tract. Simple habits such as changing undergarments, and taking a regular bath are some basic tips one may follow to avoid the risks of dysuria.

Vaginal Hygiene Pee Often

Holding the bladder is also one of the major reasons why people experience painful or burning urination. This is because when our urinary bladder holds urine for a longer duration, the urine gets concentrated and may cause infections of the bladder and excretory system.

Avoid the use of harsh chemicals

Genitals when in contact with chemicals like soap, perfumes, or bathing products that have fragrances act as irritants and cause inflammation or allergic reaction to the sensitive areas.

Treatment and Medications

Treatment for dysuria generally includes ones used for treating urinary tract infections. These are basically antibiotics that are prescribed by physicians. Also, if needed, a patient must consider undergoing a full-body examination to determine the underlying cause of dysuria. Several over-the-counter drugs can be taken such as AZO, and uristat.

Some other reasons for painful urination are as follows −

UTIs are a common cause of urination pain and can cause a burning or stinging sensation during urination.

Irritation of the bladder or urethra can cause pain during urination. This can be caused by certain soaps, creams, or other irritants.

Small stones that form in the kidneys can cause pain during urination as they pass through the urinary tract.

Inflammation of the prostate gland can cause pain during urination in men.

Interstitial cystitis this condition, also known as painful bladder syndrome, can cause chronic pain during urination.

An enlarged prostate can cause discomfort and pain during urination in older men.

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