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Also referred to as micturition, urination is the release of urine from the human body. Urine is a waste material produced in the body and is excreted by the process of urination. The human excretory system functions in the removal of wastes from the body that are nitrogenous in nature. A pair of kidneys, ureters, urethra and the urinary bladder are parts that make up the excretory system.

Why is Urination Important?

Just like intaking food is important for our body to function properly, the removal of waste materials is as equally as important. This is done through the process of urination.

Urination helps in many ways −

It removes waste materials in the form of urine

Urine does not allow harmful or toxic compounds to reside in the body

Helps to maintain a balanced ionic or salt and sugar concentration in the body

Urine is a waste material that is usually the colour of straw or yellowish. The colour of urine depends on the amount of water a person drinks. This helps to dilute the wastes in the body and makes excretion easier by not making the waste concentrated.

On an average, a human being urinates at least 6 to 7 times in an entire day. Urinating 10 times a day is also considered healthy since a person may urinate more if he or she consumes a lot of water or any other fluid. Problems may arise when frequent urination is observed.

The Problem of Dysuria

Sometimes a human being may experience painful urination or a burning sensation when peeing. This can indicate some kind of infection or can be caused due to some diseases related to the urinary or excretory system.

Dysuria or painful urination in common terms is a feeling of discomfort or burning sensation when urinating. Dysuria isn’t a disease by itself but rather a symptom.

Males and females of any age category can go through painful urination. Dysuria is more commonly experienced by women. It can further cause urinary tract infections. This is why women are diagnosed with urinary tract infections more than men.

Pregnant women, people diagnosed with diabetes, and those suffering from bladder disorders have higher risks of dysuria.

Symptoms of Dysuria

Common symptoms experienced by men and women having dysuria are −

A feeling of burning while urinating

Pain before, after, or during urination


Pain in urination may indicate certain conditions. For instance, a person experiencing pain at the beginning of urination may indicate infections of the urinary tract whereas a person suffering from pain after urination may indicate problems related to the prostate or bladder.

How Does Dysuria Occur?

Painful urination is a symptom that indicates certain health conditions a person must be suffering from.

A person may suffer from −

Cystitis − Mostly due to bladder infections, cystitis is the inflammation of the urinary bladder.

Urinary tract infections − It indicates infection of the kidney, bladder, urethra, or the ureters of the excretory system.

Endometritis − Endometritis refers to the inflammation of the lining of the uterus.

Diverticulosis − This is when the production of small sac-like structures takes place on the lining of the digestive tract.

Diverticulitis − Diverticulitis is when the sac-like structures in diverticulosis become inflamed or the structures have contracted an infection.

Vaginal infections −Vaginal infections are very common in women and have dysuria as a symptom.

Urethritis −Urethritis is when the urethra is inflamed or swollen making it difficult to urinate.

Sexually transmitted diseases − Certain sexually transmitted diseases are known to have dysuria as a symptom since the microorganism can cause infection.

Diabetes mellitus − Patients suffering from diabetes mellitus experience frequent urinations.

Pregnancy − Pregnant women are often at risk of getting infected with urinary tract infections; hence, can experience painful urination.

How Can One Prevent Painful Urination?

Some points you may consider understanding to prevent painful urination −

Water Regular Hygiene

Regular hygiene is important to avoid the chances of infections of the urinary tract. Simple habits such as changing undergarments, and taking a regular bath are some basic tips one may follow to avoid the risks of dysuria.

Vaginal Hygiene Pee Often

Holding the bladder is also one of the major reasons why people experience painful or burning urination. This is because when our urinary bladder holds urine for a longer duration, the urine gets concentrated and may cause infections of the bladder and excretory system.

Avoid the use of harsh chemicals

Genitals when in contact with chemicals like soap, perfumes, or bathing products that have fragrances act as irritants and cause inflammation or allergic reaction to the sensitive areas.

Treatment and Medications

Treatment for dysuria generally includes ones used for treating urinary tract infections. These are basically antibiotics that are prescribed by physicians. Also, if needed, a patient must consider undergoing a full-body examination to determine the underlying cause of dysuria. Several over-the-counter drugs can be taken such as AZO, and uristat.

Some other reasons for painful urination are as follows −

UTIs are a common cause of urination pain and can cause a burning or stinging sensation during urination.

Irritation of the bladder or urethra can cause pain during urination. This can be caused by certain soaps, creams, or other irritants.

Small stones that form in the kidneys can cause pain during urination as they pass through the urinary tract.

Inflammation of the prostate gland can cause pain during urination in men.

Interstitial cystitis this condition, also known as painful bladder syndrome, can cause chronic pain during urination.

An enlarged prostate can cause discomfort and pain during urination in older men.

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What Does Web Presence Mean?

With more and more people spending more time online and most people using the internet to find new businesses, your business’s web presence is more important than ever. But what exactly makes up your business’s web presence? Here’s a hint: It’s a lot more than just your website.

In this post, we’ll talk about:

What your web presence is.

Why you need a web presence.

How to create a great web presence.

What Makes Up Your Web Presence?

Your business’s web presence is anything and everything about your business that lives online. This can be assets that you create, like your website or social media profiles, or it can be what others say about you online, like user-generated content on social media or reviews on local listings sites.

No matter what type of content it is or who created it, it’s important that you have a handle on the full scope of your business’s web presence. When you take the reins on how your business is presented online, you have the ability to influence consumer behavior positively.

Let’s take a closer look at your business’s web presence, why it matters, and how to create one that works for you.

Why Do You Need a Web Presence?

Even without the stats to back it up, you can probably envision all on your own why it’s so important to have a web presence these days. Think about the last product or service you considered buying. What’s the first thing you did when looking for a solution to your problem?

Maybe you went onto Google and typed in a query, asking where you could find the item you need at a store nearby. Perhaps you turned to Facebook to ask friends for recommendations of their favorite local service provider. Or you might have visited Yelp to read through reviews from strangers.

No matter what approach you took, it’s likely that at least some of your research happened online. And the numbers bear that out. In fact, 88% of today’s consumers do research online before making a purchase, either online or in person. And that percentage may even be higher right now when fewer people are able to make in-person purchases.

If your business doesn’t have a sizable footprint online, allowing you to appear on platforms where consumers may be searching, you’re missing out on the opportunity to capture consumer attention, build trust, and ultimately make the sale.

Your Web Presence Serves You Throughout the Customer Journey

A great business web presence isn’t just about getting discovered. It’s about making sure you’re present for consumers throughout their customer journey.

Different facets of your web presence can help you achieve different marketing goals. Your website, for example, is the heart of your web presence. It’s the place where you should have information that suits consumers across the customer journey ““ from basic information on your homepage for those who are just discovering you, to content that builds trust and authority, to a seamless way for people to contact your sales team or make a purchase online when they’re ready.

How to Create an Effective Web Presence

The process of creating a complete web presence for your business might feel daunting. Establishing a presence on multiple platforms can feel like a lot of work, and in truth, it’s not something you can accomplish overnight.

But if you set out clear goals to develop your web presence, it’s possible to do so in a systematic way. Once you begin ticking things off your to-do list, you’ll feel a lot better about the progress you’re making!

Want to know how your web presence looks right now? Reach out for a free health check!

A strong web presence starts with a well-designed, mobile-friendly site. Of course you want to have helpful content, snazzy visuals, and compelling storytelling, but you also need to make sure your site is mobile-friendly. Google and other search engines consider mobile-friendliness a major factor when determining how to show sites, and if your site is clunky on mobile devices, you’ll lose out on SEO.

Next, you’ll want to make sure you’re present where your audience hangs out online. Target the social media platforms that make the most sense for you.

For example, a B2B brand should definitely be on LinkedIn, whereas an Instagram presence might not be as vital. Once you’re there, build out a profile with consistent branding, so people can clearly make the connection between your profile page and your brand’s larger online footprint.

Establish a presence on local listings sites. Just about every business should be on the big ones — like Yelp and Google My Business — but depending on your field or industry, there might be additional directories specific to your niche that you should consider. Many consumers beeline right to local listings sites to find local solutions, bypassing search or social media, so it’s important you’re present on these platforms.

Finally, make sure you’re creating shareable content. This content can help you bridge the gap between the various facets of your online presence. For example, you post a video on your YouTube channel, embed it on your website, and share it across your social channels. This encourages consumers to move across the various sides of your online presence to learn even more about you.

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Stephanie Heitman

Stephanie is the Associate Director of Content for LocaliQ and WordStream. She has over 10 years of experience in content and social media marketing and loves writing about all things digital marketing. When she’s not researching the latest and greatest marketing news and updates, she’s probably watching reality TV with her husband, reading, or playing with her two pups.

Other posts by Stephanie Heitman

What Does Resolution Mean When Buying A Tv Or Monitor?

Buying a new screen is exciting, but the jargon-heavy spec sheets can make you feel overwhelmed. One of the primary specifications that defines your viewing experience is the screen’s resolution.

If you’ve tinkered with your Windows display settings in the past, you’ve probably come across the word resolution. Changing the resolution can help If you have an overscan issue when using your HDTV as a monitor or want to improve your display quality. But what does resolution mean?

Table of Contents

Visual comparison between different TV resolution sizes

What Does Screen Resolution Mean?

Resolution is a measure that describes the clarity of an image displayed by the screen. The term is used for both hardware components like screens (TVs, monitors, and mobile screens), and software components like images. 

Screen resolution is expressed as the number of pixels that a screen produces horizontally and vertically (i.e., width x height).

Instead of writing the resolution as width x height, most spec sheets use terms like 720p (HD), 1080p (Full HD), and 4K. These are the most commonly used resolutions, at least currently, though there are several other resolutions like 1440p, 2K, and 8K, as well. 

480p: 640 x 480 pixels (SD)

720p: 1280 x 720 pixels (HD)

1080p: 1920 x 1080 pixels (Full HD)

2K: 2048 x 1080 pixels

1440p: 2560 x 1440 pixels

4K: 3840 x 2160 pixels

8K: 7680 x 4320 pixels

We’ll circle back to resolution, but let’s first talk about what pixels are.

What Are Pixels?

A pixel is a dot on your screen. Collectively, all the pixels on your screen make up the images that you see on your TV or monitor. If you look real close, you can see each pixel as tiny dots on the screen.

The more pixels there are on your screen, the better the quality of the image. This is why a higher resolution translates to better, crisper images. 

For instance, a 4K resolution screen has 3840 pixels from left to right, and 2160 pixels from top to the bottom. This means the ratio of horizontal to vertical pixels (i.e., aspect ratio) is 16:9. 

Almost all screen resolutions (except a few like 4K Ultra HD) have an aspect ratio of 16:9. This ensures uniformity so the images on your screen don’t appear stretched or distorted, or have any padding around the border.

Most Common Resolutions

720p, 1080p, and 4K are currently the most common screen resolutions today. Knowing a little about these resolutions is helpful when you’re trying to make an informed decision about your new screen.

What is 720p resolution?

A 720p (i.e., high definition) screen has 1280 x 720 pixels, which means it has a total of 921,600 pixels. 720p was the industry standard about a decade ago, but has since been replaced by 1080p. However, 720p is still used in a lot of small-sized screens.

What is 1080p resolution?

A 1080p (i.e., Full HD) screen has 1920 x 1080 pixels, which translates to 2,073,600 pixels. That’s over twice as many as on a 720p screen. If you’re confused between 720p and 1080p, it’s best to pick 1080p. It’s currently the dominant resolution in which most of the online and TV content is produced.

What is 4K resolution?

A 4K screen has 3840 x 2160 pixels or a total of 8,294,400 pixels. That’s 4x the pixels on a 1080p screen, or 9x the pixels on a 720p screen. However, 4K screens can also be Ultra HD, which is different from 4K. 

4K screens have been around for a while, but have only recently entered the mainstream. This is because they used to be fairly pricey, but they’re now available at a much more pocket-friendly price.

Things to Consider When Choosing a Resolution

Now that you know what resolution means, you may be curious as to what factors you should consider when choosing a screen resolution. The two primary things you should consider are your screen’s size and your viewing distance from the screen.

Screen Size

If you’re buying a small screen, say 24 inches, anything beyond 1080p won’t make a significant difference. If you’re buying a 65-inch screen though, you should choose 4K as a minimum.

The reason? Pixel density. 

Pixel density is the number of pixels packed in one inch of the screen, and is measured using a metric called pixels per inch (PPI). It’s important for a large screen to have higher resolution, so the pixel density is high enough to display good quality images. 

resolution screen pixel density of ppi, the ppi vector

For instance, a 65-inch TV with 4K resolution has a ppi of about 67. Compare that with a 24-inch TV with 1080p resolution, which has a higher ppi of about 91. Even though the 65-inch TV has a higher resolution, the images will appear crisper on the 24-inch TV because of higher pixel density.

If you’re buying a TV, a ppi of 90-110 is considered the sweet spot. For a monitor, you should aim for a higher ppi of about 200-250 or more, depending on your viewing distance. You can use an online ppi calculator for comparing screens with different sizes and resolutions.

Viewing Distance

Another factor you should consider is the viewing distance, which depends on what you use the screen for. If you’re buying a TV, you’ll probably view it from a greater distance than a monitor. This means you can opt for a slightly lower ppi. 

However, if you’re buying a computer monitor, your viewing distance from the screen will be relatively less. A higher ppi will make sure that you don’t see pixels on your screen while you’re using it.

Ready for an Upgrade?

If you’ve had your screen for a while, and it’s time for an upgrade, aim for 1080p as a bare minimum. If you don’t have a budget constraint and are buying a medium or large screen, consider investing in a 4K screen.

What Does @Hide Mean In The Android Source Code?

What is the meaning of the keyword ?

Keywords are the unique words which are present in android source code to add a specific action for a function within an android application. Keywords are already defined with a certain set of actions to it. When we add a keyword in front of any function it will help to specify the action to it. There are different types of keywords used within android source code such as @hide, @findViewByID, public, private, @hide and many more.

In this article we will specifically take a look at the @hide keyword within our android application.

What does @hide mean in Android source code?

@hide is a keyword which is used in android source code that denotes a piece of code or a class that should not be the part of the public API. When an application uses this keyword, the code or a class is hidden from the public. It means that only this class can be accessed by the application that uses it. This keyword can be used by developers who want to limit the access to a certain feature of their application. This keyword was introduced in Android 2.3 (API level 9). It is used to hide the certain classes, fields as well as some methods from the public API and can be accessed by the application that uses it.

The @hide keyword is used for various reasons. For example, developers can use it to hide the code or classes that are still in development and not ready to be used publicly. It can also be used to hide the code that is specific to a particular device, such as code related to a specific hardware feature. Along with hiding code from the public API, @hide keyword can be used to hide certain features from Android Debug Bridge (ADB).

Where can we use @hide annotation in android?

The @hide annotation in Android is a powerful tool that can be used to hide a class, field, or method from the Android framework. It is especially useful when writing applications that need to interact with the Android framework but don’t want to expose all of the internals of the code. One example of this is hiding certain classes or methods from the Android SDK that the application is using, or even hiding certain elements from the Android operating system itself. By using the @hide annotation, developers can easily restrict access to certain parts of the code while allowing other parts to remain open. This allows developers to create more secure applications that are more difficult to hack or tamper with.

Additionally, @hide can be used to improve performance by not having to include unnecessary code in the application. Ultimately, the @hide annotation is an invaluable tool for any Android developer looking to increase security and performance of their applications.

How to use the @hide keyword in Android Source Code?

The @hide keyword is a powerful tool for Android developers and can be used to ensure that internal APIs remain exclusive and are not exposed to the end user. This can be especially useful when developing highly complex applications and when using certain libraries that need to be hidden from the world. In order to use the @hide keyword, developers must first add the keyword to the API that they wish to keep hidden and then rebuild the application. This can be done either manually or through the use of the Gradle build system. Once the application is rebuilt, the API will be hidden from the end user and will remain exclusive to the developer.

In summary, the @hide keyword is an extremely useful tool for Android developers and can be used to ensure that internal APIs are kept exclusive and are not exposed to the end user. By using this keyword, developers can ensure that their applications remain secure and that no unauthorized access is gained.

Below is the example code snippet on How to use @hide keyword in Android Source Code

private @hide String imageUri = "";

Explanation – In the above code we are adding @hide annotation in front of the string variable named imageUri which will hide the access of this variable from other classes.


The annotation @hide in Android source code is a powerful tool for developers to use when creating apps for the Android platform. By using @hide, developers can indicate to the Android system that certain aspects of their app should be hidden from the user. This allows developers to create apps that are more secure and private by creating features that are not accessible to the user. Additionally, developers can use @hide to prevent the system from recognizing certain aspects of the app, such as permissions or activities. This can help to prevent malicious apps from gaining access to sensitive user data or services. By using @hide, developers can make sure that only the right parts of their app are visible to the user. This can help to create an experience that is both secure and enjoyable.

What Does “Print To File” Mean In Windows 11/10?

One of the many features that users of the Windows operating system might come across but not fully understand is the “Print to File” function. This option, often found in the printer dialogue box, may seem puzzling. If you’ve ever wondered about this function, how to use it, or why it’s even there, this article is for you. We’ll explore what “Print to File” is and how to use it effectively in Windows 11 and Windows 10.

Also see: How to Check Print History in Windows 11

When you create a document in a program, such as Microsoft Word, Adobe Reader, or even web browsers like Google Chrome, and you choose to print it, a print dialogue box materializes. This box contains a list of available printers and a range of settings for your print job. An option within this list labeled “Print to File” might catch your attention.

This feature, contrary to its name, does not result in the physical printing of your document. Instead, it generates a .prn file (print file). This file essentially captures the entire dataset required to print the document just as you’ve designed it, including the precise layout, fonts, images, and more.

Why might this be useful? Consider a scenario where you’re working on a computer that does not have the necessary printer available. “Print to File” allows you to create a .prn file that can be transferred to another computer that has the appropriate printer. You can then print your document from that machine, maintaining all its original formatting and features.

Useful tip: How to AirPrint From iOS to Windows 11/10 Shared Printer

Using the “Print to File” function in Windows 10 and 11 is a straightforward process, though it can be slightly different based on the application you’re working with. Here are the general steps:

From the dropdown list, select “Print”. This action will prompt the print dialogue box to appear.

Within the print dialogue box, you’ll find an option for “Print to File”. Select this option.

Upon selecting “Print” again, the system will ask you to designate a location to save your newly created .prn file.

Choose your desired location and save the .prn file.

Recommended guide: How to Clean Print Head in Windows 11

A .prn file isn’t meant to be opened and viewed like a standard document file. Instead, it’s used for printing purposes. To print a .prn file on a Windows computer, follow these steps:

Transfer the .prn file to the computer that has a connection to the appropriate printer.

In the Command Prompt, you need to change the CMD’s directory to the location of your .prn file. You can do this using the cd command. For example, if your file resides on your C: drive, you would type the following and hit Enter. cd C:

Once you’re in the correct directory, use the following command to print the .prn file: copy /b chúng tôi \computernameprintername

Alternatively, you can specify the local printer port instead of the network path:

copy /b chúng tôi LPT1:

Press Enter to execute the command. The .prn file will be sent to the printer, and it should start printing.

Note: Make sure the printer is turned on, connected to the computer, and properly installed with the necessary drivers. Also, ensure that you have the appropriate permissions to access the printer.

Remember to adjust the commands according to your specific file name, printer, and setup.

This process allows you to leverage the .prn file to print your document on another system with the correct printer. However, remember that the same printer driver must be installed on both computers, as a .prn file generated for one printer type might not be compatible with a different printer.

Related resource: Using a PowerShell Script to Add a Printer Driver by IP

Problems with printing a .prn file can often be traced back to the role of the printer driver in the “Print to File” process. A common question that arises when discussing the feature and .prn files is whether the printer driver plays a role in the process. The answer is a definitive yes.

When you opt to “Print to File”, the resultant .prn file is formatted explicitly for the printer selected during the creation of the file. This is because the .prn file contains comprehensive data about the document, inclusive of particular printing instructions such as details about layout, color settings, paper size, and more.

The translation and execution of these instructions rest on the printer driver, the software that forms the communication bridge between your computer and the printer. Given that different printer models have varying capabilities and features, their corresponding drivers interpret and handle the printing instructions differently.

Consequently, if you generate a .prn file using one printer driver and then attempt to print that .prn file on a different printer with another driver, the document may not print correctly. This discrepancy occurs because the second printer may fail to understand certain instructions in the .prn file, or it might interpret them differently. This miscommunication could lead to formatting changes, color reproduction issues, and in some instances, the document may not print at all.

Therefore, when using the “Print to File” function with the intention of printing the document on a different computer, it’s crucial to have the same printer driver installed on both systems.

If aligning printer drivers on different systems is not feasible, an alternative solution can be adopted. Using a universal printer driver or a universally recognized file format like PDF (Print to PDF instead) can help maintain consistent formatting across different devices and printers, bypassing the need for matching printer drivers. These options are designed to be versatile and can provide consistent results, regardless of the printer model or brand.

The “Print to File” function is a convenient, albeit somewhat antiquated, feature that can be useful in specific circumstances. While not often used due to the rise of cloud-based printing and email, it can be a handy tool to have in your tech arsenal when faced with certain printing challenges. As Windows continues to evolve with new versions like Windows 11 and 10, this feature may eventually be phased out.

The primary benefit of using “Print to File” is the flexibility it offers for printing documents from any computer to any printer, regardless of their physical locations. For instance, you might generate a .prn file at home, take it to the office, and print it from a computer that’s connected to the office printer. This function also lets you ensure that the formatting of a document remains intact when moving it from one computer to another for printing.

What Does The Federal Budget Announcement Mean For Smes And Startups?

The Federal Budget had some hits and misses for SMEs and startups this year: here’s what you need to know.

Treasurer Jim Chalmers. Image: Getty

While the Labor Government and its supporters are celebrating a significant and deserved win today – announcing the first Federal Budget surplus ($4.2b) since 2007 – there are mixed reviews on what it means for SMEs and start-ups.

The major wins for SMEs

A $20,000 instant asset write-off for small businesses with annual turnover below $10 million will be in place from 1 July 2023 to 2024.

A new Small Business Energy Incentive will also be introduced, providing businesses with turnover less than $50 million with a bonus 20% tax deduction for eligible depreciating assets up to $100,000 for energy saving upgrades.

The Budget will also provide $23.4 million to support small businesses to build resilience to cyber threats. This includes the CyberWardens Program: a cyber awareness, education, and accreditation program designed by small businesses for small businesses.

Industry Growth Program to renew the approach and support for small to medium business to commercialise ideas and grow business.

Cashflow assistance through reducing the GDP uplift on PAYGI & GST instalments.

Government expenditure and initiatives on infrastructure, Housing, “Buy Australia Plan” and defence: provides flow on support into small business suppliers.

Additional funding to Productivity, Education and Training Fund, to support engagement and practical activities in relation to workplace reforms.

SMEs are regarded as the “lifeblood” of the Australian economy, accounting for around 99% of all enterprises, and the challenges they have faced over the past few years have been unprecedented. From a global pandemic and national lockdowns to rising cost of living pressures, high inflation and rising interest rates – the pain has been real.  

The Federal Government acknowledged the impact of cyber threats, providing a $23.4 million program to support SMEs to “build resilience” against cyber attacks.

Industry body, the Council of Small Business of Australia (COSBOA), described the place of SMEs in the budget as: “not on the sideline, not in the spotlight”. COSBOA Chair, Matthew Addison, says while the budget acknowledges the role that SMEs play in the wider economy, here is a need for “greater focus on empowering them, promoting entrepreneurship and providing enhanced reasons to commence and remain in business”.

However some businesses are critical of some Budget measures. Huon Hoogester, MD of solar company Smart Commercial Solar says the $310 million Small Business Energy Incentive “will be wasted on businesses that could already afford to spend that extra money,” as the vast majority don’t have spare cash to spend on non-core business items in the current climate.

“Forgive my skepticism…but 95% of small businesses are not the ones that have the spare cash to be spending on non-core business items at this point in time. So, this money will be wasted on businesses that could already afford to spend that extra money and who are already doing something.

“This cash won’t stimulate new markets and it’s a relatively small amount of money when you consider there are 2.4 million small businesses in Australia, most of them people in cars and utes. Even so, that equates to less than $130 each,” Hoogester said.

Thomas Fu, founder and executive director of Motor Culture was also skeptical of the level of support for business, saying “for the most part SMEs have been left to fend for themselves in a time of immense economic uncertainty”.

“The renewable energy super power scheme seems to be the only area of support for small businesses which, while encouraging from an environmental perspective, requires significant capital investment from start-ups during trying economic times,” Fu says.

COSBOA says areas for improvement in the budget include extending the eligibility for “full expensing” for equipment ordered but not yet installed, the mandating of “least cost routing” or lower debit card transaction fees, mandating e-invoicing, appointing a Small Business Commissioner to Job Skills Australia and further investing in training and skills development.

“To ensure that small businesses in Australia are not left behind and continue to thrive, it is essential that government continue its collaboration with industry associations who represent small and micro business,” Addison says.

Forbes Australia issue no.4 is out now. Tap here to secure your copy or become a member here.

Look back on the week that was with hand-picked articles from Australia and around the world. Sign up to the Forbes Australia newsletter here.

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