Trending December 2023 # Undervalued: Shrapnel Operators, Thousand Ether Homepage, Letswalk, And More # Suggested January 2024 # Top 12 Popular

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Traversing the world of non-fungibles is a daunting task. With so many new NFT projects, artists, and large-scale collections cropping up weekly, it has become nearly impossible to keep up with all the new and exciting happenings.

Previously, all that was needed to find the latest NFT craze was a simple browse through OpenSea. But things have changed drastically since the 2023 NFT boom. Now, NFT enthusiasts have to be really mindful of what and where they collect.

To aid in the unearthing of awe-inspiring NFT endeavors both new and old nft now presents Undervalued: a weekly column highlighting innovative projects, collections, and artists pushing the NFT space forward.

Shrapnel Operators

Shrapnel Operators, launched June 7, 2023, is a new large-supply PFP collection that ties into the Shrapnel gaming ecosystem. Featuring 10,000 NFTs that each depict one of five characters in Shrapnel’s upcoming comic book series, the collection exists as a unique facet of the metaverse gaming market.

Although Shrapnel Operators was created to represent characters from an upcoming comic book series, the project at its core links directly back to Shrapnel, an extraction-themed first-person-shooter video game powered by community-driven tools. As one of the latest gaming endeavors built on the blockchain, Shrapnel is the brainchild of Neon, a Seattle-based independent video game studio and publisher.

With a slew of gaming and tech industry veterans actively building out the Shrapnel universe, Neon hopes to play a key role in the changing world of gaming, first by incentivizing true creation, ownership, and community participation as a norm with Shrapnel Operators.

Thousand Ether Homepage, launched in the fall of 2023, is a legacy NFT collection that resurfaced during the 2023 NFT boom. As one of the earliest projects deployed on the Ethereum blockchain, the contents of the collection were wrapped for use on OpenSea and now live as a prominent historical facet of the NFT ecosystem.

Boasting past support from influential crypto investors like Balaji Srinivasan and Alexis Ohanian, the idea of Thousand Ether Homepage was to be the first blockchain-based, fully decentralized ad platform. Now that all of the real estate has been claimed on the project’s original website, Thousand Ether Homepage is only available via secondary sales on trading platforms like OpenSea and LooksRare.

LetsWalk, launched in March 2023, is a small-batch collection created by acclaimed animator DeeKay Kwon. Employing his signature style, Kwon set out to create 100 hand-crafted, individually designed, and animated walk-cycles, each accompanied by a unique character.

Although set to be capped at 100 total NFTs, each LetsWalk release is dropped as an edition piece, allowing multiple collectors to own a segment of the slowly growing collection. As Kwon has continued to grow as both an artist and collector (not to mention the auction winner of Jim Carrey’s genesis NFT), LetsWalk has remained a staple of his catalog and provides an interesting use case for the low growth of a personalized project that is also tied to the reputation of an independent creator.

Although the floor prices for Loot NFTs continue to fluctuate, the project has achieved a sort of prestige within the NFT space as the catalyst of the free-to-mint NFT craze. Although not the originator of the free-to-mint or free-to-claim NFT drop methodology, Hofmann’s focus on incentivizing his community to navigate smart contracts and build upon his initial project has garnered much support and imitation.

Degenz Access Pass (DAP), launched June 15, 2023, is the re-imagining of the Degenz and Regenz communities created by former Wall Street trader turned NFT enthusiast OSF. Set up as a sort of token-gated, membership-based community, those who own a DAP receive access to market reports created by a team of analysts with expertise in trading, hedge fund management, entrepreneurship, and more.

Originally launched in the summer of 2023 as a PFP collection, Degenz was met with both widespread support and criticism throughout the NFT community. Hailed by some as a low-quality cash grab, OSF quickly made clear his desire to create a robust community surrounding the project, regardless of opposition. Degenz now exists as a unique use case for the reformatting and transformation of an NFT project to become more accessible and profitable.

You're reading Undervalued: Shrapnel Operators, Thousand Ether Homepage, Letswalk, And More

Undervalued: My Pet Hooligan, Cosmopolity, Brotchain, And More

Traversing the world of non-fungibles is a daunting task. With so many new NFT projects, artists, and large-scale collections cropping up weekly, it has become nearly impossible to keep up with all the new and exciting happenings.

Previously, all that was needed to find the latest NFT craze was a simple browse through OpenSea. But things have changed drastically since the 2023 NFT boom. Now, NFT enthusiasts have to be really mindful of what and where they collect.

To aid in the unearthing of awe-inspiring NFT endeavors both new and old, nft now presents Undervalued: a weekly column highlighting innovative projects, collections, and artists pushing the NFT space forward.

My Pet Hooligan, launched in December 2023, is a collection of 8,888 3D rabbit-themed NFTs created by AMGI Studios — an animation team headed by the former chief animator for Pixar’s Toy Story franchise. With the goal of reshaping the animation landscape in entertainment, gaming, and interactive AR/VR environments, AMGI is possibly one of the most robust studios innovating in the PFP FNT market.

Although we’ve seen many projects fall short of their roadmap promises in the past, in just over half a year My Pet Hooligan has rolled out a variety of unique experiences and incentives for collectors. By owning a Hooligan, collectors receive access to the AMGI Studios’ suite of animation products as well as a unique 3D avatar that will be playable within AMGI’s forthcoming play-to-earn metaverse game, The Rabbit Hole.

Shitty Emojis is a collection of 314 poorly drawn portraits of people, anime characters, memes, and more created by influential digital artist YungJake in April 2023. The project was born during the early 2023 NFT boom when creators of iconic memes had begun finding new ways to monetize their intellectual property via NFTs.

YungJake’s emoji art has been going viral for years, with his highly-detailed portraits of celebrities and superstars garnering millions of views and shares. Although he had previously minted a variety of more sophisticated 1/1 pieces, Shitty Emojis was Jake’s first true NFT collection and was created as a way to both bootstrap a community and bring a more casual version of his unique and culturally relevant style of art to the blockchain.

Cosmopolity, launched in October 2023, is an NFT project centered around blockchain tech and user-generated art. At its core, Cosmopolity is a collection of planets, moons, and stars that are all born (minted) utilizing NFTs owned by the minter.

Created by influential collector, investor, and developer chúng tôi the project is said to be an experiment in NFT programmability and auto-derivation that is intended to question the idea of “ownership” in digital art. Each foundational color and pattern that make up the celestial NFTs are created in the image of a real planet or moon from our solar system.

Differing from other NFT projects, Cosmopolity allows collectors to purchase a clean slate of an NFT planet that they can modify at any time — repainting it in the artistic style of any other work of NFT art that they currently own.

At first glance, Brotchain may seem similar to the various other generative NFT collections living on the Ethereum blockchain. Yet, the project, launched in August 2023, is a unique art endeavor that features art created entirely within an Ethereum smart contract.

Brotchain features bitmaps (images made up of coded pixels) that are generated and rendered entirely on the blockchain. “Brots,” the NFTs, are generated from the Mandelbrot and related Mandelbar, Multibrot, and Burning Ship fractals. There are 512 edition NFTs within the Brotchain collection.

The project’s creators say it’s “about as pure as you can get for an NFT” as each token has no inputs, no externalities, and no rendering dependencies. Because of the fact that the project is 100 percent created by the Solidity coding language, Brotchain is said not to be an on-chain project, but one that is “in-chain”.

Woodies is a PFP project, launched in September 2023, that was created by a community of highly-regarded artists and developers. The collection features 9,739 NFTs and boasts a unique use case of building a rich storyline illustrated by PFP NFTs.

Ingenio’s Ether Now Out Of Beta

Ingenio’s Ether Now Out of Beta

Think “life coaches,” attorneys, therapists, financial counselors and anybody else who might sell expertise in person or over the phone.

There might be some legal issues in some cases, where state-regulated professionals cross state lines in practicing (e.g., lawyers, therapists). There are also some potentially new consumer behaviors here that represent minor hurdles to adoption. Regardless, it’s pretty interesting and gives services a way (although earlier versions of this have existed in the past) to participate in e-commerce.

It’s also interesting as an alternative way to monetize blogs for those who have a following.

Press Release from Ingenio’s Ether:

Ingenio, Inc. today announced Ether(TM), a new voice-commerce application that enables the sale of services over the Internet. The announcement was made at the Supernova 2006 Conference, where Ether was selected from hundreds of companies to participate in the Connected Innovators program due to its extraordinary potential to create new markets and shape the connected future of distributed computing, communications, media and business.

By combining today’s most powerful communications tools — the Internet and the telephone — Ether empowers people to sell what they say. With Ether, anyone with something valuable to say can make money from live phone conversations with their customers. Traditional service providers like computer consultants, therapists, and accountants, as well as online personalities, such as bloggers and celebrities, can use Ether to monetize their web presence and engage audiences in a meaningful way.

As a distributed technology, Ether facilitates connections where sellers have already established trust with their audience, such as blogs, websites or talk-radio shows. Sellers earn money while Ether takes care of the rest, managing the scheduling, communication, billing and payments between sellers and their customers.

How Ether Works

Sellers visit chúng tôi to get an Ether Phone Number (1-888-MY-ETHER with a unique extension, such as 1234). The seller sets a rate that a customer must first pay before the call is forwarded to the seller’s actual phone number, be it a cell, work, home, or SkypeIn number. Ether offers the only billing system that allows sellers the ability to charge for blocks of time spent on the phone — such as $75 per hour — as opposed to a per-minute pricing structure. The seller can also set a schedule of availability to ensure calls only come in during specified times.

Sellers are then free to embed their Ether Phone Numbers on their websites, blogs or business cards. The numbers can be broadcasted virtually anywhere — on radio or television shows, book jackets, or newspaper classifieds. If multiple buyers call a seller at the same time, the buyers are placed in a queue and will receive callbacks from the seller when it is their turn.

Ether Phone Numbers are free. Sellers only pay a 15 percent commission after transactions successfully occur. Ether’s commission covers all functionality, long-distance costs, and credit-card processing fees. There are no setup fees or monthly service charges.

Ether also includes “Pay-to-View” functionality, which enables people to sell and deliver digital content such as documents, photos, computer code, podcasts or video. “Pay-to-View” combines both payment and product delivery; buyers can read a description of the digital content for sale on a website, but only view it after paying the seller’s specified price.

Ingenio Voice-Commerce

Though they address different market needs, all Ingenio applications capitalize on the voice-based commerce (v-commerce) opportunity by turning a phone call into a revenue-generating event.

“In this day and age of Skype and Vonage, we’re seeing the price of a phone call — basic telephone connectivity — going to zero,” said Faber. “The next era in communications will be to add value to a phone conversation by transforming simple pipes into meaningful, targeted connections with actual monetary worth.”

Ingenio V-Commerce Applications include:

Ingenio Live!Advice(TM) Directories: These Ingenio-powered e-commerce marketplaces enable individual sellers and businesses to earn revenue by selling expertise online via real-time phone conversations. With Live!Advice, Ingenio sources consumer traffic through its own online directories.

Ether(TM): The newest addition to the Ingenio family, Ether turns the Live!Advice model “inside out” by enabling individuals with their own online traffic to connect with their audiences by phone and sell what they say.

The Ingenio v-commerce platform is designed to work with traditional phone lines, but is also compatible with VOIP, thus enabling 100 percent of the market to use Ingenio’s voice commerce applications regardless of telecom infrastructure.

Seo Is More Important And More Needed Than Ever Before

The moment there is an update in the search engine algorithms, the pessimists in the SEO industry (and the ones who do not understand the true meaning of SEO) do not miss an opportunity to declare SEO as dead. The last few algorithmic updates have raised the same kind of false alarm by some from the SEO industry.

Before I start to write why SEO is more important and more needed than ever before – Let me assertively affirm that SEO is very much alive and in fact gained more life energies and SEO will remain alive as long as people use search engines to search for quality information for the quest of knowledge.

Google lately has been penalizing sites which have low-quality content, spammy and bought links or have used other methods which go against their norms and hamper the display of quality search results. This has affected the rankings of many sites and the blogosphere is full of posts on how they have been affected especially by the Google Panda Update.

This has been taken negatively by some and people have come to the conclusion that SEO is no longer going to work. But I am of the opinion that if the shift in the rankings is causing such a stir in everyone’s mind, then it only proves that organic search has got a very important place in the whole online marketing scenario. In order to rank in the organic search your site needs to be optimized. Hence SEO is very much needed.

The following study conducted in Jan. 2011 proves that yet people give more importance to organic search:

Google has raised the quality standards for SERPs – hence only sites which did not meet their quality ranking factors were affected; the rest remain unaffected or were marginally affected for some keywords.

When Google started integrating social results with search, as people are sharing an interaction platform via micro blogging on Twitter and Facebook , again the death of SEO was predicted and announced by some who also predicted that social media is replacing search but again to just go in vain.

The search is getting supplemented by social and not getting replaced by search. As social media and all the user generated content is adding the opinions and voice to the topics which are being searched.

Hence it can be said that your optimized site says what you want to say about yourself and company but social media is what the people say about you. When both the versions are in sync, the credibility is established.

The search engines continuously work on the quality of search results – hence the weight given to ranking factors keeps changing.

SEO means adapting your site to the norms and ranking factors of the search engines in order to be found in the search engines. Hence SEO is all the more in demand.

SEO is not dead but yes, it is getting more challenging and has started to gain its true place on the online marketing scenario. SEO is not dead but it has matured, evolved and now demands a quality web presence along with a quality content-rich website.

Case Styles In Coding (Camelcase, Snake_Case, And More)

Case Styles in Programming

Developing software at scale requires you to write code that is easy to manage. One of the main ways to enforce manageable code is by writing code that is easy to read. The easiest way to write readable code is by naming objects logically and carefully.

For example, you don’t want to use names like this:

myfavcol = "Blue" alcons = 10

Instead, you should use complete words for easier understandability.

myfavoritecolor = "Blue" allowedconnections = 10

But this gives rise to a new problem. Long multi-word literals look messy too. In some cases, the above object names can look overwhelming and be less readable. This all happens because programming languages don’t let you use blank spaces when naming objects. To overcome this issue, you can apply a case style for compound words to make them more readable.

In programming, the most common case styles are:

Camel case. In the camel case, compound words start with a capital first letter. Only the first word in the chain starts with a small first letter. This makes the multi-word names easier to read.

Snake case. In the snake case, compound words are separated by underscores. This adds a clear separator between words to make names more readable.

Pascal case. In the Pascal case, compound words start with a capital first letter. Unlike in the camel case, the first word also starts with a capital letter.

# Camel case myFavoriteColor = "Blue" allowedConnections = 10 # Snake case my_favorite_color = "Blue" allowed_connections = 10 # Pascal case MyFavoriteColor = "Blue" AllowedConnections = 10

Also, in web development, URLs and path names commonly use kebab case, in which words are separated by dashes.

Why Use a Case Style?

Notice that using a particular case style is not mandatory. Your program code runs whether you use case styles or not. But if you choose to use a case style, you should stick with it throughout the project.

With case styles, you can make your code more readable and concise. This is because you are not allowed to use blank spaces when naming objects in your code. So instead of using spaces, you can visually separate words from one another by using different case styles, such as camel case or snake case.

4 Popular Case Styles in Programming

Let’s take a more detailed look at the 4 popular case styles in programming.

Camel case

Snake case

Pascal case

Kebab case

Besides, you’ll see some examples and common use cases for these case styles.

1. Camel Case (camelCase)

In the camel case, each compound word starts with a capital letter—except for the very first letter of the first word.

Camel case is one of the most commonly used naming conventions in coding. In the camel case, compound words start with a capital letter. This helps visually differentiate words from one another when there are many words.

Notice that in the camel case, the first letter of the very first word starts with a lowercase letter.

Common Use Cases

Many programming languages use camel case to declare variables.

Let’s take a look at a Python example:

myAccountBalance = 100 distanceToMoon = 3.844e8 2. Pascal Case (PascalCase)

In the Pascal case, each compound word starts with a capital letter.

Pascal case is sometimes called the upper camel case. The only difference between the Pascal case and the camel case is that the very first letter is also capitalized in the Pascal case.

In other words, in the Pascal case, all compound words start with a capital letter. This helps distinguish words from one another in name literals of multiple words.

Common Use Cases

Pascal case originates from the Pascal programming language. But it has spread out to be a popular naming convention in other programming languages too.

The most common use case for the pascal case is for naming classes.

For example:

class MainViewController: UIViewController { ... } 3. Snake Case (snake_case)

In the snake case, words are separated by underscores.

Snake case is a case style where each compound word is separated by an underscore. This greatly improves the readability of values with long multi-word names.

Common Use Cases

Snake case is a really common naming convention in Python programming language.

my_age = 26 date_today = "2023-09-15"

It’s also common to see database fields labeled with snake-cased names.

As an example:

{ first_seen: "2023-07-02", last_modified: "2023-09-15" }

Sometimes, when declaring constant values, you might use capitalized snake case where each letter is capitalized.


This variation of snake case is sometimes called the macro case or screaming snake case. But more often than not developers call it the capital snake case or just the snake case.

4. Kebab Case (kebab-case)

In the kebab case, words are separated by a dash.

In the kebab case, you separate words with a dash. This is reminiscent of the snake case where you separate words with an underscore.

But the kebab case is not commonly used in programming languages. This is because your typical coding language doesn’t allow adding dashes between words that make up the names of the objects.

Common Use Cases

You typically use a kebab case when creating URLs.

For example:

In URLs, you typically don’t see capital letters. This is because the URLs shouldn’t look like they are yelling at you. Thus, the Pascal case and camel case are not good options for visually separating compound words in a URL slug. This is why the kebab case is commonly used. Instead of capitalizing the letters, they are separated by dashes.

What Is the Best Case Style?

When it comes to case styles, there is no agreed answer as to what is the best one for them. Each case style serves the same purpose—to improve the readability of compound words.

To choose a case style, you need to keep in mind:

Language-specific best practices.

Team-level conventions.

Your personal preferences.

In many languages, the case style you “should” use depends on the type of object you are naming. It’s typical to name variables, functions, and class definitions all using different case styles!

Let me show you a demonstrative example in Swift, the iOS development language.

Example: Case Styles in Swift

In Swift, you commonly see the following case styling best practices in use:

Name variables, constants, functions, and methods using camel case.

Name class definitions using the Pascal case.

class MainViewController { ... } let allowedConnections = 10 var numberOfStudents = 100

Also, sometimes you see developers naming constants in snake case with all characters in upper case.

let ALLOWED_CONNECTIONS = 10 Mind Your Team Preferences

Using a “wrong” case style convention doesn’t crash your code. But you need to mind your teammates when writing code. After all, the case style must be consistent across the different code files of the project.

If (and when) your development team has specified team-specific case-styling guidelines, you should follow them. Usually, these best practices follow language-specific conventions. But this is not always the case. For example, if you are part of the math-heavy code base, you will probably use snake cases more often than not.

Wrap Up

Today you learned about the case styles of coding languages.

The case styles are used to make code more readable and understandable. The reason why case styles are needed is that you cannot use blank spaces when separating words in object names. To help make the distinction between words, case styles, such as the camel case can help.

In coding, there are three case styles that you see frequently:

Camel case

Snake case

Pascal case

In web development, you see paths and URLs using the kebab case. In the kebab case, compound words are separated by dashes.

There is no right or wrong case style. To choose the case style, check the language-specific best practices and common conventions. Also, don’t forget to check your team-specific guidelines if you are coding in a team.

Thanks for reading. Happy coding!

Read Also

Daily Authority: Ea’S Source Code Hacked, And More

According to posts on a dark web forum, someone is claiming to have obtained 780 gigabytes of data, including the source code for FIFA 21, along with EA’s Frostbite game engine, used by FIFA, Battlefield, Madden, and more EA games.

Other proprietary EA frameworks and software development kits (SDKs) were also nabbed.

Vice first reported the attack, and noted that the hackers are trying to sell the data rather than hold it to a cryptolocking ransom as we’ve seen more recently:

“Along with their forum posts the hackers shared a small selection of screenshots claiming to demonstrate their access to EA data, but did not publicly distribute any of the internal data itself. Instead, the hackers are, at least ostensibly, trying to sell the information.” 

EA said, in a statement to the outlet: “We are investigating a recent incident of intrusion into our network where a limited amount of game source code and related tools were stolen. No player data was accessed, and we have no reason to believe there is any risk to player privacy. Following the incident, we’ve already made security improvements and do not expect an impact on our games or our business. We are actively working with law enforcement officials and other experts as part of this ongoing criminal investigation.”

More and more brazen:

Last year, Nintendo, Valve, and Ubisoft alone suffered similar data breaches, while CD Projekt Red was hit by a ransomware attack this year.

But the specific data that EA has confirmed to be hacked is juicy: source code access can open up worlds of interesting scenarios for programmers, who can figure out new cheats, how to get around anti-cheat software, or less nefariously, create mods.


EA is not exactly a company many will feel sorry for, having become addicted to microtransactions for fully-owned games.

Jokes doing the rounds point out that the hackers will be able to prove once and for all that FIFA 21 is the same as FIFA 20 which is the same as FIFA 19, 18, 17… before it…

Someone on Twitter joked: “Hackers ignored the NHL series, just like EA has done for the past decade”


📺 This was teased last year, but Microsoft is now officially making Xbox video game streaming devices, and trying to bring Game Pass to any device including smart TVs: “…[w]e’re also developing standalone streaming devices that you can plug into a TV or monitor, so if you have a strong internet connection, you can stream your Xbox experience” (Android Authority).

📉 Xiaomi’s 200W charging will decrease your battery capacity pretty quickly (Android Authority).

📈 The Android 12 beta is the most popular pre-release in Android’s history ‘by far’ (Android Authority).

📉 Galaxy Tab S7 FE lands in Russia, but chip shortage might delay it globally (Android Authority).

🆕 OnePlus Nord CE was announced: it brings back the headphone jack, but with sacrifices (Android Authority).

📦 The global chip shortage is creating a new problem: Fake components (ZDNet).

🍎 Apple hires former BMW executive and a co-founder of a self-driving auto startup for its rebooted car project (Bloomberg).

📺 Netflix: The Store. Netflix and Shopify team up to sell limited-edition merch (

🐳 Underwater nuclear bomb listening devices heard secret population of blue whales hiding in Indian Ocean (Livescience).

😬 Some people can’t get an FCC subsidy because “Street” isn’t the same as “St.” (Ars Technica).

🔋 Tesla shows off the $130,000 Model S Plaid’s performance at an event last night, with 390-mile range (Engadget). Also, a Tesla game controller was in use! (The Verge).

🌞 Solar eclipse from space! See a satellite view of the moon casting its shadow on Earth (video) (Space).

Friday Fun

Ok yes this is an Android Authority newsletter but credit where it’s due: an 18-year-old developer has faithfully created iOS 4 as an iPhone app called NewOS (The Verge).

Now, Apple doesn’t exactly allow you to download the app, but Zane Kleinberg, the developer, has made it available via GitHub for Xcode, and the NewOS app is available on Apple TestFlight.

I feel like I was using this just a few years ago, but iOS 4 was first shown off 11 years ago! 

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