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Introduction To Java Testing Interview Questions And Answers

Due to its platform-independent nature, nowadays Java is mainly used in all kinds of daily life applications such as Windows-based Application, Complex Web Applications, Mobile Applications (Android), ATM Machines, Servers, Kernel Level Applications and so on. Java is a high-level language Software Engineer who uses Java to build many frameworks related to testing automation.

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Below are the 10 important 2023 Java Testing Interview Questions and Answers:

To start knowing about Java, we also can get to know about the concept of Object-Oriented Programming, Class and its accessible Objects, Encapsulation, Polymorphism, Inheritance, Interface, Abstract Class, Java Threading, Collection Framework and so on. Before starting to know about Java, we need to know about JVM (Java Virtual Machine), JRE (Java Runtime Environment) and JDK (Java Development Kit). When we install JRE or JDK in our System to run Java, JVM also gets installed. JVM contains Java Compiler with it that compiles the Java classes that mean .java files to Byte Code Converted files that mean .class files. These .class files are platform-independent in nature.

Java has been designed by James Gosling and developed by Sun Microsystems but now by Oracle Corporation. To run Java in the System on Java Runtime Environment needs to be installed in the target System. Most of the Automation systems use Java as their development language. One of the Java Automation testing tools is known as Selenium Automation Testing. Unit tests also performed in Java using JUnit. Developers can write application-specific Junit test cases using Java. There are different types of automation frameworks available like Hybrid Testing Framework, Data-Driven Testing Framework, Keyword Driven Testing Framework, Modular Testing Framework, and Behavior-Driven Development Framework and so on.

Finally, it comes to know that Java is an Object-Oriented Programming Language that provides all kinds of solutions in real life. It provides a solution to build applications for Desktop, Web, Mobile and also helps to create Kernel level applications, Servers and so on. Not only this, but it also provided solutions to write down the various test cases using JUnit. And to execute or perform those test cases, many Java-based Automation testing tools are available like Selenium, QTP (Quick Test Professional) and so on.

If you are looking for a job that is related to Java Testing, you need to prepare for the 2023 Java Testing Interview Questions. Though every interview is different and the scope of a job is also different, we can help you out with the top Java Testing Interview Questions with answers, which will help you take the leap and get your success in your interview. These questions are divided into parts are as follows:

Part 1 – Java Testing Interview Questions (Basic)

This first part covers basic Java Testing Interview Questions and Answers

1. What do you know about Framework?

The framework is nothing but a set of rules that we must follow in a systematic way to achieve the desired goal. In Java, there are many frameworks available, such as MVC Frameworks, to develop applications, build up the unit test cases, and perform the automation testing.

2. What is the Test Automation Frameworks?

There are the basic Java Testing Interview Questions asked in an interview. Below are some popular Test Automation Frameworks:

Modular Testing Framework.

Keyword Driven Testing Framework.

Hybrid Testing Framework.

Data-Driven Testing Framework.

3. Why did you want to use Framework?

In Test Automation Framework, we need to handle many files. To organize those files and systemically complete all tasks and achieve the goal successfully, we have to support any Framework.

Let us move to the next Java Testing Interview Questions.

Automation Testing is faster and better than Manual Testing. So using Test Automation Framework, it saves time as well as money.

In Automation Testing, the probability of getting work test results after execution of any test cases is very low compared to Manual Testing. So it is more reliable.

We can get the test report automatically after the execution of test cases. No manual intervention required for the same.

Minimal manual intervention required in Test Automation Framework.

5. Which Framework you have used in your Selenium Project?

In the Selenium Project, we mostly use Java language to develop. Though Selenium supports multi-languages to develop Java with Selenium is the best match. Selenium Project that we have worked upon basically used Data-Driven Testing Framework where Page Object Model design pattern has been used along with Page Factory.

Part 2 – Java Testing Interview Questions (Advanced) 6. Where do you apply Object-Oriented Programming concepts in Test Automation Framework? 7. What do you mean by Automation Testing?

Automation testing is a software testing process where minimal manual intervention is required, which is used for software testing by executing some test cases to find out the defects and share the automated test result after execution. Many tools are available to perform this automation testing, like Selenium Web Driver, Appium, Cucumber, Test Studio, RSpec, etc.

Let us move to the next Java Testing Interview Questions.

8. What type of Test Cases did you prefer to be automated?

The test cases I preferred to be automated are as below:

Sanity Test Cases

Regression Test Cases

Smoke Test Cases

9. Why do you like to use Selenium?

These are the frequently asked Java Testing Interview Questions asked in an interview. I would like to use the Selenium Automation Testing tool for the below reasons.

Selenium is free to download and use and also open source.

Cross-browser compatibility supports by Selenium.

Multi-language support and very easy compatibility with Java.

A large no of users are using Selenium as a Test Automation tool; that’s why the help communities are larger compared to the other test Automation tools.

10. What type of test cases you would not prefer to be automated?

Based on Project Stability, the test cases that change frequently or the test cases that I need to run rarely or only one time, I would not pick up those to be automated.

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This has been a guide to the List Of Java Testing Interview Questions and Answers so that the candidate can crackdown these Java Testing Interview Questions easily. Here in this post, we have studied about top Java Testing Interview Questions, which are often asked in interviews. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –

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Top 10 Java Servlet Interview Questions And Answers {Updated For 2023}

Introduction to Java Servlet Interview Questions and Answers

Web development, programming languages, Software testing & others

Now, if you are looking for a job that is related to Java Servlet then you need to prepare for the 2023 Java Servlet Interview Questions. It is true that every interview is different as per the different job profiles. Here, we have prepared the important Java Servlet Interview Questions and Answers which will help you get success in your interview.

In this 2023 Java Servlet Interview Questions article, we shall present 10 most important and frequently asked Java Servlet interview questions. These 2023 Java Servlet interview questions are divided into two parts are as follows:

Part 1 – Java Servlet Interview Questions (Basic)

This first part covers basic Interview Questions and Answers.

Q1. What is a Java Servlet?

A Java Servlet is a web component in which its lifecycle is managed by a servlet container present in a web server. A Servlet is nothing but a simple Java class that extends the features of a Servlet interface by implementing the Java Servlet API by conforming and complying with the Java EE standards. A servlet could establish communication in the form of a client-server protocol. A Servlet is a javax. servlet package which can be used by adding as a dependency or in a library to utilize its functionalities or features.

Q2. What are the features of Servlet?

This is the basic Interview Questions asked in an interview. The different features of a Servlet are –

It has a dependency on the Java Standard Edition version 5 i.e., J2SE 5.0.

It supports annotations features that reduce the code complexity and enables loose coupling in code.

It helps in loading the class using chúng tôi i.e. called Deployment Descriptor.

It is portable and easy to use and implement.

It is robust, efficient and scalable.

It has different features such as exception handling, garbage collection, security mechanism, etc.,

It is less prone to memory leaks and memory management faults.

Q3. What are the different phases of Java Servlet Life Cycle?

Initialization: In this stage, init() method of the servlet will be called and executed to initialize the servlet.

Service: In this stage, the service() method of the servlet is called to process the request and return the response to the client through a web server.

Destroy: In this stage, the destroy() method is called, which is the last phase of the Servlet where the servlet instance or the object will be destroyed and finally it will be garbage collected.

Q4. What are the different functionalities of the Servlet Container?

This is the basic Java Servlet Interview Questions asked in an interview. The below is the list of few functionalities of Servlet Container but are not exhausted :

It handles the life cycle management of a servlet.

It supports the communication mechanism between a web browser and the servlet.

It supports multithreading which in turn supports in the execution of the multiple servlets.

It has declarative inbuilt security features, JSP (Java Server pages) support.

It implements java enterprise architecture.

It supports concurrency, security, transaction, deployment, lifecycle management, automatic garbage collection, and a few other services.

Q5. Explain the architecture of the Servlet Life Cycle? Part 2 – Java Servlet Interview Questions (Advanced) Q6. What is HTTP Servlet? Q7. What is a Servlet Filter?

A Servlet Filter is used to filter the requests and responses of the client in a Servlet Container. This can be implemented by using filter elements in the Deployment Descriptor i.e., chúng tôi of the web application. It also performs some form of post-processing after filtering the request of the client. Servlet filters are portable and can be easily integrated with the Servlet components which are a kind of pluggable. Filters can be in multiple numbers with to filter the servlet requests and responses. The Servlet Filter lifecycle method are init(), doFilter() and destroy() which are similar to Servlet except the Service() method where the servlet will be initialized, performs filtering operations and destroys the filter instance or object.

Q8. What are the different Servlet Filters?

The different Servlet filters available are Data compression Filters, Authentication Filters, Filters which triggers the resources access events, Encryption Filters, Logging, Auditing Filters, Tokenizing Filters, and  Image Conversion Filters.

Q9. What is a Session in Servlet?

This is the popular Java Servlet Interview Questions asked in an interview. A Session is a period of an interval in which the state of the Servlet is maintained in the Servlet Container. This process is called Session Management in the Servlet. Session tracking can also be maintained in Servlet by tracking the state of a user. As HTTP Servlet is stateless, Session can be used along with HttpServlet to maintain HTTP Session.

Q10. What are the different protocols supported by HttpServlet?

The different protocols supported by HTTPServlet are HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol)and HTTPS (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure).

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50+ Top Automation Testing Interview Questions And Answers

1) What is Automation testing?

Here are Automation Testing interview questions and answers for fresher and experienced candidates to get their dream job.

Automation Testing uses an automation tool to execute test cases. The main goal of Automation Testing is to reduce the number of test cases to be run manually and not eliminate Manual Testing.

2) When will you automate a test?

Automation is preferred in the following cases

Repetitive Tasks.

Regression Testing

Smoke and Sanity Tests.

Test with multiple data sets.

Testing is not recommended for one-off test cases. Usually, the decision on which test cases to automate is based on the ROI (Return on Investment). The more times the automated test is executed, the better the ROI.

3) When will you not Automate testing?

One should not automate in the following cases

When the Application Under Test changes frequently

One-time test cases

Adhoc – Random Testing

Exploratory Testing

Usability tests that generally need manual intervention to check the test results

Test cases with detailed setup requirements to be done before each execution

Test cases that return unpredicted test results

Exclude unplanned test case

4) What are the steps involved in the Automation Process?

In the automation process, the steps involved are

Selecting the Test tool

Define the scope of automation

Planning, design, and development

Test execution


5) What are the points covered while planning the phase of automation?

During the planning phase of automation, things that must be taken into concern are:

Selection of the “right” Automation tool

Selection Automation Framework, if any.

List of in-scope and out-of-scope items for automation.

Test Environment Setup.

Preparing Gantt Chart of Project timelines for test script development & execution.

Identify Test Deliverables.

6) In what condition you can’t use automation testing for the Agile method?

Automation testing is not helpful for agile methods in the following conditions:

When user stories are constantly changing

When an exhaustive level of documentation is required in Agile.

Only suitable for regression tests during agile testing, like continuous integration.

Learn more about Agile Testing.

7) What is a test script?

A test script is a code to perform a set of instructions on an application. It is used to verify whether the application is functioning as per the software requirements.

When you run your script, it gives the test results as a pass or fails, which is determined by whether the application works as per the expectations.

8) How to select a good test automation tool?

Wide Test Environment support

Easy to use

Good debugging facility

Robust object identification

Record and Playback

Supports common programming languages for test script creation, for example, Java

Image testing abilities

Testing of database


Support multiple automation frameworks

Type of support is available for the tools like documentation, tutorials, training, etc

Cost and budget

Good reporting system

9) Can you tell me some good coding practices while automation?

Here are good automation practices:

You should identify the reusable methods and write them in a separate file.

Must follow the language-specific coding conventions.

Store the test data in a separate file.

Run your scripts regularly.

10) What is a Modular Testing framework?

Modular Testing framework is built on the concept of abstraction. In this type of framework, the tester creates scripts for all the application modules under test, and then these scripts are combined in a hierarchical order to create test cases.

11) Data-Driven Testing framework

In Data driven testing framework, the input and expected output data corresponding to the input data is stored in a file or database.

The automated script runs the same test steps for multiple data sets. It also allows you to run multiple test cases where only the input data differs, but the steps of execution remain the same.

12) What version control systems do you use?

We use GitHub. Version control helps you to track code changes. It controls the test script source code with a recorded history of changes to simplify the modification process. You may also revert to previous code versions if you make a mistake.

13) What are XPath Axes? Name some of them.

XPath is a syntax that manipulates XML (Extensible Markup Language) data. They help to locate nodes related to those on the tree. Some important XPath Axes are ancestor, child, namespace, parent, etc.

14) How can you speed up an auto test suite?

Applications that require UI testing that interacts with multiple elements can slow down the testing process. It’s better to create a simple test script that speeds up test execution.

15) Is documentation necessary in Automation Testing?

Documentation plays a vital role in Test Automation. You should document all the methods and procedures to ensure their repeatability. Test specifications, designs, code changes, test cases, automation plans, bug reports

16) What types of frameworks are used in software automation testing?

Four types of frameworks used are

Data-driven automation framework

Keyword-driven automation framework

Modular automation framework

Hybrid automation framework

Learn more about automation frameworks

17) Is it possible to achieve 100% automation?

No, it is not possible to automate everything. Achieving 100% automation is difficult as there are some scenarios where a registration page has a captcha or some test cases we don’t execute often. Moreover, automating these test cases will not add value to the automation or bring positive ROI.

18) What is the average number of test cases you have automated per day?

The answer depends on the length and complexity of the test scenario. Generally, a QA tester can automate 2-4 test scenarios daily when the complexity is limited. However, sometimes it might reduce to 1-2 when the complexity is high.

19) What is the scripting standard while performing automation testing?

While writing the scripts for automation, you must consider the following things:

Uniform naming convention.

Adequate indentation.

Robust error handling and recovery scenario.

Use of Frameworks wherever possible.

20) What are the most popular tools for automation testing?

The most popular test tool for automation testing are:



Rational Robot.

Here is a complete list of automation testing tools.

21) How can you measure the success of automation testing?

Following criteria can map the success of automation testing:

Defect Detection Ratio

Automation execution time and time savings to release the product

Reduction in Labour & other costs

Manual testing requires more time and more resources.


Executing the same test case repeatedly is error-prone and tedious.

It is impractical to do manual testing on very large and time-bound projects.

23) What are the differences between open-source tools, vendor tools, & in-house tools in automation testing?

Here are the differences between all:

Open-Source Tools: They are free tools with source code available on the internet. Example: Selenium

Vendor Tools: These testing tools are developed by companies, and you need to purchase their licenses. Example: Microfocus UFT.

In-house Tools: It is built by companies for their use.

24) What are the Prerequisites of Automation Testing?

A few important pre-requisites of Automation Testing are:

A stable build

Functionalities to be tested

Test cases for automated Testing

25) Can you do automation without a framework?

Frameworks are guidelines and not mandatory to create and execute automation scripts. So, yes, we can automate without a framework. Enhancing and maintaining test scripts would be easy if we created and followed a framework.

26) Tell me what you know about Selenium

Selenium is a free (open source) test automation suite. It is used to automate Web and Mobile environments. It consists of the following.

Selenium IDE (Browser Addon–Record and Playback Tool)

Selenium WebDriver

Selenium Grid (Distributed Testing)

Selenium supports scripting in languages like Java, C#, Python, Ruby, PHP, Perl, and JavaScript.

27) Tell me about QTP

QTP (Quick Test Professional) is now known as Microfocus UFT. It is a commercial automation tool and supports an extensive range of test environments: Web, Desktop, SAP, Delphi, Net, ActiveX, Flex, Java, Oracle, Mobile, PeopleSoft, PowerBuilder, Siebel, Stingray, and Visual Basic, amongst others.

The scripting language is VBScript. The tool gels well with ALM (Test Management Tool) and LoadRunner (Performance Testing Tool).

Salient features of QTP include Business Process Testing, keyword-driven framework, XML support, robust checkpoints, and test results.

28) What is SikuliX?

SikuliX is a tool that uses the “Visual Image Match” method to automate the graphical user interface. All the web elements in SikuliX should be taken as an image and stored inside the project.

SikuliX is comprised of

SikuliX Script

Visual Scripting API for Jython

SikuliX IDE

Practical uses of SikuliX are:

It can automate window-based applications and anything you see on screen without using internal API support.

It provides a simple API.

It can be easily linked with tools like Selenium.

Web applications can be automated.

SikuliX offers extensive support to automate flash objects.

It can work on any technology chúng tôi Java.

29) Mention what the difference between Selenium and SikuliX is?

SikuliX Selenium

It provides extensive support to automate flash objects It cannot automate flash objects like video players or audio players.

It has a simple API It has got complicated API

It uses a visual match to find elements on the screen. So, we can automate anything we see on the screen. It uses CSS, ID, locators, and other selected to identify GUI elements

It can automate the web as well as windows application It can automate only web applications

30) What are the attributes of a good automation framework?

Here are some important attributes of a good automation framework:

Modular: It is a framework that should be adaptable to change. So that testers should be able to modify the scripts as per the environment.

Reusable: It should be reusable so that methods or utilities should be written in a common file accessible to all the scripts.

Consistent: It should be written in a consistent format.

Independent: The automation scripts should be written in such a way that they are independent of each other.

Integration: Automation Framework should be developed in such a way that it is easy to integrate with other applications.

31) What is Cross-Browser Testing?

It is a subset of browser automation testing that helps you ensure that the online application operates correctly across different browsers. Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Safari, etc.

The main aim of cross-browser testing is to check that your website or web app works correctly on different combinations of browsers and OS.

32) Which Testing can be done using the Selenium Framework?

You can use a Selenium framework for the following testing:

Load testing of web applications.

Regression testing of web applications.

Functional testing of web applications.

33) Is Automation testing white box testing or black box testing?

Automation testing is primarily black box testing.

34) What keyword is used to fetch the URL of the current page in Selenium?

Selenium WebDriver can help you find the current URL of a page with the getcurrentURL(). This method will find the URL of the open applications and result in a string.

35) Where will you maintain information like URL, login, and password?

URL, login, and password are important information used very often and change frequently. They should always be maintained in a separate file. If not done, then the automation tester must change it in every file with its reference.

36) What are the Extensions and Test Assets of QTP?

Some Important Test Assets and extensions of QTP are:

Results .xml

Recovery scenario .qrs

Test batch runner .mtb

Shared object repository .tsr

Local object repository .mtr

Test file .mts

Function library .qfl

37) What are the differences between manual testing and automation testing?

Here are some major differences between manual and automation testing:

Parameters Manual Testing Automation Testing

Time consumption More Less

STLC Follow manually Follows using tool

Cos Less expensive Expensive

Reliability Less Reliable Highly Reliable

Quality Low High

Skill Set Less skill set required High skill set is required.

38) What are the essential modules of an automation testing framework?

Here are some essential modules of the automation testing framework:

Test Assertion Tool: This testing tool will provide assert statements for assessing the expected values in the application under test. For Example, Junit, TestNG, Junit, etc.

Data Setup: Ensures that each test case takes the test data from the database, a file, or embedded in the test script.

Build Management Tool: The framework requires to be built and deployed to create test scripts.

Continuous integration tool: They are required to integrate and deploy the changes done in the framework at each iteration.

Reporting tool: It helps to generate a readable report after the test cases for a better view of the steps, failures, and results.

Logging tool: They help in better debugging of the error and bugs.

39) What is Cucumber? 40) What is Test Complete?

TestComplete is an automated UI testing tool for desktop applications, web, mobile, etc. It offers the flexibility to record a test case on one browser and run it on multiple browsers, thus supporting cross browsers testing.

41) What is Cypress?

Cypress is an open-source testing framework. It is developed in JavaScript and has lately gained popularity because of its simplicity and extensive capabilities that enable browser testing, and user manuals should be thoroughly documented.

42) How can you handle the alert popups in Selenium WebDriver?

Selenium gives alerts if there are issues while you test. The pop-up interface allows you to handle the alert by switching the control to the pop-up, pressing the OK or Cancel buttons, and turning back to the source page screen.

String srcPage = driver.getWindowHandle(); Alert pop = driver.switchTo().alert(); 43) What is a Hybrid Testing framework?

The Hybrid Testing framework develops the test cases from modular scripts by combining them in the modular testing framework.

44) Write steps to automate primary “login” functionality test cases for an application?

Here are the steps to automate basic login functionality:

Step 1) Understand the project requirement.

Step 2) Identify the Test scenarios

Step 3) Prepare a data input file with the data corresponding to each scenario

Step 4) Launch the tool from the program.

Step 5) Identify the username, password, and login buttons.

Step 6) Verify that the error message for negative scenarios is the same as the success message for positive test -scenarios.

These interview questions will also help in your viva(orals)

Top 10 Jmeter Interview Questions And Answers

Introduction To JMeter Interview Questions And Answers

Web development, programming languages, Software testing & others

This article contains the top 10 most frequently asked JMeter interview questions and answers. This will help the candidate to succeed in the interview.

Part 1 – Basic JMeter interview questions with answers 1. What is the use of the regular expression in JMeter?

Regular expressions in JMeter extract some values dynamically from the response. The values act as the intermediate results in subsequent requests to the server or save them for reporting purposes. Both pre-processors and post-processors use regular expressions.

2. Explain the flow of the Test script recorder.

HTTP(s) Test Script Recorder records all the HTTP(s) requests going to the server from the application. The following changes are made in the JMeter application to make it work.

Enter the port number to start your proxy server.

Select a workbench or add a recording controller in the test plan and select the same target for storing all recordings in one place.

Start the proxy server.

Configure the browser with manual proxy settings with port numbers the same as in the test script recorder.

Let us move to the next JMeter Interview Questions.

3. Can we run selenium scripts on JMeter? If yes, how?


4. What are the roles of the listeners in the JMeter?

The role of the listeners in the JMeter is to save the outcomes of the test after viewing the same. They are very useful in tabular and graphical analysis of the outcomes. Commonly used listeners are the aggregate graph, view results tree, an aggregate report.

5. What are the main parts of the thread group?

The main parts of the thread group in the JMeter are a controller, sampler, assertion, configuration elements, and listeners. The detailed description is as follows:

Controller: It controls the flow of the thread group.

Sampler: It sends different requests to the server.

Assertion: This is responsible for time management as it checks whether the response is there for a request within a specific time.

Configuration elements: It manages the information related to the requests integrated with the samplers.

Listener: It saves the final output of the task.

Part 2 – JMeter Interview Questions (Advanced) 6. What is a Post-processor in JMeter?

The post-processor in the JMeter is used after the accomplishment of the sampler request. That is, it takes any action in response to a request. It is simple to use to extract values from the sampler response.

7. Explain the execution order of the test elements.

Configuration elements







8. How to manage cookies and sessions in the JMeter?

We can manage cookies and sessions in the JMeter by using config elements such as HTTP cache manager which can clear the cookies in every iteration and allows users to add user-defined cookies. It also helps to clear the cache as per user requirements in the load tests, and it limits the number of elements that can be stored in the cache. These config elements can be attached to the listener.

9. What is the purpose of a workbench in JMeter?

The workbench is a storage area for storing and adding the components to the test plan as needed. The components of the workbench with the test plan are temporarily saved. It has to save as test fragments. The HTTP request test script recorder is the essential part of the workbench for storing HTTP request recordings, which later measures the performance.

10. What are the types of controllers in the JMeter?

Controllers in the JMeter control the flow of the request. Some of the controllers in the JMeter are as below:

While controller

Recording controller

Transaction controller

Simple controller

Loop controller and

Module controller

IF controller

Finally, it’s an overview of JMeter and the most frequently asked topics in the interviews. I suggest you go through the remaining concepts in addition to this article to clear the interview 100 percent. All the best for your interview.

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Top 10 Essential Google Analytics Interview Questions {Updated For 2023}

Introduction to Google Analytics Interview Questions and Answers

Hadoop, Data Science, Statistics & others

Attracting new visitors to the webpage.

Retain customers who are already using the goods and services through the website.

Increasing the dollar value/revenue for the business.

Web analytics is the core part of CRM(Customer relationship management). Here, the analysis will ease the business to understand why a given customer will revisit the website or repurchase the product. This will help to observe the customers by Geo, which can ultimately help an organization redirect their market strategies.

Google Analytics provides two types of services:

Free service

Paid service

As paid service is mostly expensive, most website owners prefer to use the free service for search engine optimization.

Now, if you are looking for a job related to Google Analytics, you need to prepare for the 2023 Google Analytics Interview Questions. Every interview is indeed different as per the different job profiles. Here, we have prepared the important Google analytics Interview Questions and Answers, which will help you succeed in your interview.

Below are the 10 important 2023 Google analytics interview questions and answers that are frequently asked in an interview. These questions are divided into two parts are as follows:

Part 1 – Google analytics Interview Questions (Basic)

This first part covers basic Google analytics Interview Questions and Answers.

Q1. What are Google Analytics and its key benefits?

Google Analytics is a web analytics tool by Google. This helps understand the data traffic on a website so that the website could be optimized and visitors’ experience could be enhanced. Statistics of website traffic will be presented in the form of a scorecard, tables and other graphs, which will give you actionable insights.

Key benefits are:

It helps you understand customers by Geo. Geo brings you the most customers.

It helps you segment the business in a more optimized way.

It helps in understanding the behaviours of which term bringing more traffic to the website.

It helps understand the visitor’s arrival to your website through some other website or the search engine.

Q2. Role of KPI in Google Analytics? Q3. What is a Cohort in Google Analytics?

Cohort refers to customers who share the same characteristics as they have the same bought the same kind of products; they have the same purchase date, etc. It helps an organization to analyze group-wise behaviour by their metrics and revenue.

Q4. Does Google Analytics support real-time data?

Yes. With Google Analytics, we can observe the present traffic to a webpage. It can update data traffic, insights, and reactions on your web page for every moment. This can help the organization drive the promotional campaign on Twitter or any other public website.

Q5. Explain A/B testing in terms of Google Analytics.

A/B testing is a great way to identify and fix the improvements that can significantly impact your online success.

So, the decision made here is not based on intuition. Instead, it’s a fact-based decision.

This uses this A/B testing to improvise on the website content management.

Part 2 – Google analytics Interview Questions (Advanced) Q6. What do you know about the bounce rate? What’s the optimal value of the bounce rate for a website?

The bounce rate measures the number of customers who leave the website without visiting any other page. The higher the bounce rate, the negative is the response of customers.

It focuses on two things: The bounce rate of a webpage & the Bounce rate of a website.

A 30% bounce rate is considered normal. 30% to 70% is slightly worrisome. Above 70% means people are not sticking to your website, and you need to optimize your website immediately.

A high bounce rate can bring a conclusion, which is as follows:

Page quality is not that good to engage people on the website.

Purpose of a page not matching with the demand of the audience.

Visitors have not found the extent of the information that they were looking for.

Q7. Can you explain events in Google Analytics?

This is the most popular question asked in an interview. An event is a word referred to for collecting the interaction with the web page or screen load.


Flash elements

Video plays etc.

The event has 4 components:





Q8. Explain the terms: Dimensions & Metrics in Google Analytics.

The basic unit of any analytical report is comprising of dimensions and metrics.

To represent a table, dimensions are arranged in rows, and metrics are arranged in columns.

Dimensions are the data that is attributed, such as city, browser, product type, geo, country, etc. Metrics are quantitative measurement such as bounce rate, session duration, number of events, etc.

Q9. What is CTR, Session?

A set of activities that takes place on your webpage within a time frame. A single session may contain multiple page views on a website. The default time frame session expiry for Google Analytics is 30 minutes(because of inactivity) or midnight.

Q10. How to identify the top or popular pages on my website in Google Analytics?

To identify the topmost pages of a website, you need to go to google analytics’s behaviour section. By default, the top 10 trending pages of the website will be showcased.

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This has been a guide to the list of Google Analytics Interview Questions and Answers so that the candidate can crackdown these questions easily. Here in this post, we have studied top Google analytics Interview Questions, which are often asked in interviews. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –

Top 27 Sdlc Interview Questions And Answers (2023)

1) What Is SDLC?

Here are SDLC interview questions and answers for fresher as well as experienced candidates to get their dream job.

SDLC is an abbreviation of Software Development Life Cycle. SDLC is series of steps that offers a defined model for the development and lifecycle management of an application.

2) Name five Models used in SDLC

Waterfall model

Rapid Application Development(RAD) model

Agile model

Iterative model

Spiral model

3) Explain Phases of the waterfall model

Following are the different Waterfall Model phases:

Requirements gathering




Implementation & Maintenance

4) States the importance of Design phase?

5) What are the tasks performed in Coding phase?

In the coding phase, the design document is converted into an executable programming language. The output of the coding stage is the source code which can act as input for testing and maintenance phase.

6) What is feasibility study?

Feasibility allows assessing how viable software project development will be for any organization. The software analyst does the complete study to understand the operational, economic, and technical feasibility of any project.

7) What are the Maturity levels in CMM?

Capability Maturity Model is a benchmark for analyzing the maturity of an organization’s software development process. It is a technique which is used to refine a company’s software development process. It is using to assess any company against a scale of five different levels of levels based on their Key Process Areas. It tells about the maturity of the company based on the project the company is dealing with and the clients.

Initial, Managed, Defined, Quantitatively Managed and Optimizing are five levels which determine CMM levels of any company.

8) Give some benefits of using V model?

Simple and easy to use.

Each phase has specific

V model is more successful because of the early development of test plans. This reduces the cost of bug fixes

Works most effective with small projects where requirements are small

9) What is the ‘scope’ of a project?

The scope of the project is nothing but, the goals, objectives, and expectations of the project. Software scope is a well-defined boundary, which includes all the process which are performed to develop and deliver the software product. The software scope consists of all functionalities and artifacts to be delivered to the software system. The software scope also helps to identifies what the system will do and what it will not do.

10) According to you, when should users be trained on a new system?

During the implementation phase

11) Name the phase where the performance of the new system monitored?

12) What is a computer-based information system?

It is a system in which computers perform some procedures.

13) Explain Low Level Or Detailed Design concerning SDLC

In Low-Level Design, High-Level Design is broken down into modules and programs. Logic design is developed for every program, and it will be documented as program specifications.

14) What is the use of JAD session?

JAD (Joint Application Design) session is used to gain data and information about the system

15) State the Difference Between SDLC And Stlc

SDLC involves the complete Verification and Validation of a Project. SDLC stage requires business requirement analysis, design, Development Process, Testing Process, and Maintenance.

Whereas STLC involves only Validation.

16) Who are the people involved in the phases of Waterfall Model

The people involved in the waterfall model depend upon the structure of the organization. Here, are professionals who are generally involved

Business analyst

Technical Manager or Senior Developers

Technical Lead or System Architect in Design Phase

Developers in Coding phase.

Testers in Testing Phase.

Project Manager, and Maintenance Team in the Maintenance phase

17) What is level-0 DFD?

Highest abstraction level is called Level 0 DFD (Data Flow Diagram). It is also is known as context level DFD. It gives specifications about the entire information system as one diagram which has all the details about the system.

18) Explain the team Requirement Gathering concerning SDLC

Requirement Gathering is an important SDLC phase. In this stage business requirements are gathered. The schedule and cost of the project also analyse in this phase.

19) Briefly explain Testing Phase

Different testing methodologies are practiced detecting the software bugs, which happen to take birth during the previous phases. Today, there are many types o testing tools, and methodologies are available. Few firs are also building their testing tools, which are custom made as per the need or their organizations.

20) What are problems faced in the waterfall model?

Some of the common problems face in waterfall model are

Waterfall model is not ideal for complex projects where requirements are not clear

It needs lots of time to complete every stage

There are certain bugs which never rectified in this model

21) What is the details study of the existing system is called?

The detailed study of the existing system is called System analysis

22) What is the main aim of prototyping aim?

Prototyping offers mini-model of the proposed system

23) In which step of SDLC project early termination could be done?

In the SDLC process, project termination can be performed in the feasibility study phase.

24) According to you which is most creative and challenging phase of system life cycle?

The design is one of the most challenging phases of the SDLC lifecycle.

25) Name the type of feasibility where the cost saving and additional profits will exceed the investment required.

It is known as Economic Feasibility

26) Can bug fixes also include software maintenance?

Yes, bug fixes stage also includes software maintenance

27) Cost of error correction is least in which stage of SDCL life cycle?

Cost of error correction is very less at the early stage of requirement analysis.

These interview questions will also help in your viva(orals)

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