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When NASA’s Saturn V rocket launched humans to the moon a half-century ago, each blast-off amazed onlookers with its power. Flames from the launch dazzled. Its explosive liftoff was thunderously loud. It captured the imaginations of many around the world, and still holds a place in spaceflight lore.
Some tales of Saturn V’s power dramatize the acoustic potency of that explosive moment. Allegedly, the sound of the launch melted concrete and set nearby grass on fire.
Aeroacousticians have new calculations that confirm that any such effects were certainly not caused by the sound of the launch, described in a new paper published August 23 in The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. But, they say, the roars of really big rockets like the Saturn V are increasingly important to understand. NASA’s latest rocket—its biggest ever, the Space Launch System (SLS)—will launch the Artemis I mission as early as Monday. Meanwhile, government and commercial spaceflight endeavors are rapidly expanding around the globe.
[Related: What we learn from noisy signals from deep space]
And with spaceports cropping up in new places across the globe, Lubert says, noise pollution from launches is a growing concern for surrounding communities and wildlife.
New calculations to predict how noisy a launch will be are in order. Many of the ideas about the acoustical power of rocket launches is based on noise research that was done leading up to NASA’s Apollo program in the 1960, Gee says. And some of that older information was based on observations rather than directly recorded data. Determining the actual impact of the Saturn V launch allows engineers to draw direct comparisons between that lunar launch and the upcoming ones.
When Gee and colleagues were investigating the historical records of rocket launch acoustics, he found that the reports about Saturn V’s launch sound levels varied dramatically. Some reports suggested that the sound levels of a Saturn V launch were as low as 180 decibels, while others reported as high as 235 decibels. (For context, commercial jet engines range from about 120 to 160 decibels.) And, because that is a logarithmic measure, every 10 decibels is an order of magnitude increase.
“Putting that in the perspective of a lightbulb, that’s like saying that a 10-watt lightbulb and a mega-watt lightbulb are the same thing,” Gee says. “People really didn’t have a good understanding of what the levels were and what they were saying about those levels.”
The Saturn V launch for the Apollo 11 mission produced immense thrust and intense soundwaves. Project Apollo Archive
Part of the challenge when evaluating sound, Gee explains, is that there are two different things measured in decibels: sound power and sound pressure. Sound power, he says, refers to the total amount of sound energy produced by the rocket. Sound pressure, on the other hand, is the amount of sound that reaches a given distance. The farther away from the source of a noise, the quieter it is and therefore the less sound pressure at that point.
It’s likely that some of the reports of lower decibels emitted from a Saturn V launch come from measures of sound pressure rather than sound power, he says.
[Related: NASA recorded a black hole’s song, and you can listen to it]
When Gee and his team made a computer model of the sound power of a Saturn V launch based on the rocket’s thrust and other characteristics, they found that it would have produced about 203 decibels of sound power. That’s really, really loud—but not loud enough to melt concrete or start a grass fire. “Mankind has not produced a sound source that would be capable of that, purely from the sound waves,” Gee says. For a comparison, he says, the acoustics of a Saturn V launch would be the same amount of sound as about 700 military aircraft flying simultaneously.
Gee and his team expect the SLS launch of Artemis I to produce a similar amount of sound power to the Saturn V, perhaps one decibel higher. “There’s a little bit more thrust and a little bit more power produced by the rocket as it launches, we would use that and the modeling that we’ve done previously,” he says, “we would take that same approach and that would suggest that the SLS will be a little bit louder than the Saturn V.”
But it’s also possible that SLS ends up being more muffled due to NASA’s modern noise-suppression system, Lubert says. “We’ve done other things to compensate [in the half a decade since the Saturn V launched],” she says. “There’s so much variability and a lot of uncertainty in predicting vibroacoustic load.”
On Monday, when the SLS is slated to launch Artemis I, Gee and his team will be nearby. They’ve set up sensors at strategic points selected based on their Saturn V research, ready to check whether NASA’s most powerful rocket yet will also be its noisiest.
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Apple designers are known for choosing function over form. Macs offer decent cooling performance despite being thin and sleek. However, sometimes the MacBook fan starts making a loud noise. A noisy fan running for a long duration is a telltale sign that something might be wrong.
We have curated the best ways to stop your Mac fan from running loud.Why is my Mac fan so loud?
There are multiple reasons. Sometimes it could be faulty hardware or other issues like decreased airflow. Typically, the fans start whirring whenever you are running graphics-intensive tasks like video editing, gaming, and more. Besides, if your Mac fan turns on only during intense tasks, it is nothing to worry about.
The problem starts when the Mac fan keeps going for a longer duration. In certain cases, the fan fails to switch off even after the temperature goes down.
Many users Mac Studio users have complained about a loud whining noise emanating from Mac Studio. It is not unusual for a Mac fan to start whirring now and then. However, it is not something you expect from a brand new Mac Studio. Interestingly the problem is unique to Mac Studios powered by M1 Max.
How to fix Mac Studio’s high-pitched fan noise
The high pitch sound has rattled Mac Studio users. Its intensity is so high that it is hard to ignore. Furthermore, the frequency of sound changes concerning fan speed. A possible explanation is that Mac Studio powered by M1 Ultra is equipped with a larger heat sink instead of the M1 Max variant.
Facing loud fan noise on Mac Studio? It is very little we can do until Apple fixes the issue. Consider replacing the machine if it is within the return period. Else document the loud noise and take your Mac Studio to the Apple service center. Follow the steps detailed in this article and see if it makes any difference.
The steps below will help identify the reason for the loud Mac fan.
1. Use Activity Monitor to check CPU usage
Chrome browser is notorious for sapping computing resources. Furthermore, scores of open browser tabs add to the problem. I suggest reducing multitasking. Most importantly, you can close other apps using graphic-intensive apps like Lightroom CS5 or Final Cut.
Identify resource-hogging apps using Activity Monitor.
Open Activity Monitor → Select CPU Column.
Ideally, the fan noise should die out in minutes; if not, proceed to the next step. Please note that fans run for a relatively long time when Spotlight indexes your hard drive.
2. Check if your Mac is overheating
Overheating is a probable cause of loud fan noise. Since Mac is overheating, the fan does its best to dissipate heat. The fan will run at high speeds for a longer duration on the flip side.
I suggest using free tools like CoconutBattery. It shows the internal temperature and notifies when your Mac battery is overheating. That said, none of the tools measure case temperature.
3. Inadequate air circulation
One sunny afternoon I had left my Mac in my car. I was in for a rude shock; my MacBook Air refused to start and was as hot as fire.
I quickly kept it under shade. Thankfully, the laptop started working after a while. Apparently, the machine refused to start due to the high-temperature fail-safe mechanism.
Avoid keeping your Mac on pillows, sofas, or places with limited air circulation. Mac tends to heat up in the absence of external airflow. Also, use your Mac on a stable surface or consider using a laptop stand.
4. Ambient temperature should be within operating range
Surface temperature or outside temperature matters a lot. Mac complies with temperatures prescribed by international safety standards.
Talking numbers, you should use Mac where the ambient/external temperature is between 50° and 95°. Meanwhile, the humidity level should fall between 0% and 95%. If you live in a region with excessive temperature, consider air conditioning.
5. Dirty air vents
Vents are airways designed to help dissipate heat. Blocking them will cause the temperature to rise, and eventually, your Mac will overheat. The vents are used to push out hot air. The placement of vents depends on your MacBook model. A majority of Macs feature an air opening near the monitor hinge.
The latest M1-powered Macs come equipped with a passive cooling system. Thus, there is no fan or vents. All you need to do is restart M1 Mac.
6. Using a fake Apple adapter
Third-party power adapters might be cheap. But in the long run, they do more damage than good. Make sure you use a genuine Apple adapter or MFI-certified accessory. Counterfeit adapters could lead to overheating, motherboard damage, and faster battery degradation.
7. Check for Mac virus and malware
Some Mac viruses and malware cause overheating. Cryptojackers use deception to install a code. Once done, the code uses your Mac’s hardware to mine cryptocurrency. In other words, the malware steals your CPU resources. Here is how you can get rid of Mac viruses and malware.
8. Didn’t reset SMC in a long time (For Intel-powered MacBook)
SMC is designed to control low-level system functions. Apple suggests resetting the SMC (System Management Controller) to resolve issues related to battery and fans. Here is how you can reset SMC on Intel-based Macs. The step is not valid for M1 Mac as it features a passive cooling system.Fix the Mac fan running so loud
Previous steps in the article help identify why Mac fan is loud. This section will talk about how you can fix loud fan noise on Mac.
1. Manually control and check the cooling system
Furthermore, you can also increase or decrease fan RMP corresponding to the temperature sensor. Avoid setting fan start at high temperature. It could cause overheating and damage the machine.
2. Troubleshoot using Apple diagnostics
Apple Diagnostics is a great way to identify Mac hardware issues. The built-in tool checks every aspect of your Mac for faults and issues.
It runs a test on logic board, RAM, power controller, and wireless modules. Once done, Apple diagnostic flashes an error code. For more details, check out our detailed guide on using Apple Diagnostic.
3. Get your Mac checked
If the Mac issue fails to resolve, it could be a hardware problem. The best course of action would be to get it checked at the Apple service center. You can also consider visiting Apple Independent Repair shops. Get the problem fixed on priority. Loud fans and overheating could cause severe damage to your Mac.
Mahit is an engineer by Education with a corporate stint to his name. He ditched the corporate boardroom wars in favor of the technology battleground. For the better part of a decade, he has worked for popular publishing outlets, including Dennis Publishing, BGR India, AppStorm, MakeUseOf, and iPhonehacks.
Is An Unlocked iPhone Really That Great?
Apple’s iPhone 5 is now available unlocked for those who don’t want to even think about being stuck with a carrier. However, the unlocked handset won’t come cheap – the device ships for a starting price of $699 for a 16GB option, and quickly goes up to $899 for the 64GB chúng tôi put that into perspective, Apple’s iPhone 5 ships for a starting price of $199 for those customers that are willing to be caught in the grips of a major carrier, like AT&T or Verizon. The top-of-the-line 64GB model goes for $399 when it’s locked down.
For years now, I’ve been hearing my tech-obsessed friends that unlocked phones are awesome. They tell me as often as I’ll listen that buying an unlocked handset means freedom and in some cases, could save you some cash on an otherwise expensive phone.
Plus, they say, “do you really want to be forced into a relationship with AT&T or Verizon? I mean, come on!”
I can say with utmost honesty that I really don’t care about being locked into a carrier relationship. Every two years, I dutifully recycle my iPhone for a new one. And when I do so, I don’t wait for the unlocked handset so I can proclaim my desire to be free; I go to a carrier store and buy a locked-down device.
Call me crazy, but I find far more value in saving $500 on a smartphone than feeling the freedom of unlocking a smartphone. And as troublesome as I know carriers can be, I don’t think they’re so bad that I would need to go to the extreme decision of buying an unlocked iPhone to show them just how mad I am. Do you think carriers, with tens of millions of customers, really care?
[aquote]The steep savings are few and far between[/aquote]
Now, for those who travel abroad and spend a lot of time overseas, I can definitely see the reasoning behind buying an unlocked iPhone. I’ll also acknowledge that there are some cases in which an unlocked handset is a lot cheaper for customers. However, we should point out that in many cases, the steep savings are few and far between.
From what I’ve found, getting locked into a carrier relationship, while not ideal, really isn’t the end of the world. Sure, I pay a significant sum every month just to have smartphones running in my home, but at the end of the day, all I really want is a nice phone that will let me place calls, play with apps, use the Web, and make some video calls from time to time. Having an unlocked phone that lets me pick a carrier just seems like an extra headache I don’t need.
After all, do we really need that extra wrinkle in our relationship with smartphones? It’s bad enough buying a smartphone, linking it up to our numbers, and ensuring all of our services have been turned on. Who would want to do that on a regular basis?
And maybe I’m cheap or something, but $699 for a freaking cell phone is expensive.
Computers just aren’t selling like they used to, and many critics, analysts, and longtime Windows users point the blame finger at one culprit in particular: Windows 8. Nobody’s using Windows 8, they say. It’s worse than New Coke, they say. PC shipments are cratering and it’s all Windows 8’s fault, they say.
But are they right?
Last Tuesday, Microsoft countered the doom-and-gloom by announcing that it has sold 100 million Windows 8 licenses to date. That rate puts the company’s newest OS on par with Windows 7 at the same point in its lifecycle, and Windows 7 is the most widely used PC operating system in the world.
“Things like that,” says Patrick Moorhead of Moor Insights, “drive PC makers into the arms of Google.”
But if global PC shipments are in free fall—IDC called the 14 percent drop in the first quarter the steepest single-quarter decline ever—how can Microsoft keep selling licenses like it’s the good ol’ days of Windows 7?
Simple: What’s good for Microsoft isn’t necessarily good for the PC industry as a whole.Dodging the downturn
To a certain degree Microsoft is insulated from a suffering PC market, says Patrick Moorhead, founder and principal analyst at Moor Insights and Strategy. The company not only sells licenses to PC makers, but also sells so-called site licenses directly to large enterprises with a huge user base, bypassing device manufacturers altogether. Microsoft also sells a smaller number of licenses directly to consumers through Windows 8 upgrades for PCs running XP, Vista, and Windows 7.
Stephen Baker, vice president of industry analysis at market research firm NPD, offers another possibility.
Selling software is great for Microsoft, but the PC industry revolves around selling hardware with Windows preinstalled
“The actual process of OEMs buying licenses is fairly opaque,” Baker said in an e-mail to PCWorld. “But one explanation could be that securing a certain amount of licenses qualifies an OEM for favorable pricing.” So PC makers might also be “warehousing” their licenses to lower the overall cost of PC production later on.
Wherever those 100 million licenses are going, the real number of Windows 8 PCs in use is believed to be very small. Last Thursday, Moorhead released estimates suggesting that 41 percent of all Windows 8 licenses sold are not actively being used.
Recent numbers from StatCounter, which measures OS market share by counting Internet users, backed up that discouraging report. Windows 8 accounted for less than four percent of global PC usage between January and March, the firm reports in its most recent estimates. At the same point in its lifecycle, Windows accounted for nearly 11 percent of all PCs in use—nearly three times better than Windows 8’s usage. StatCounterThat light blue bar represents Windows 8’s usage, according to StatCounter’s Q1 2013 stats.
Finally, Windows 8’s app attach rate—or the average number of apps per license—also suggests Windows 8 isn’t performing so well in the wild.
Windows 7 all over again?
But sagging shipments and usage percentages only tell half the story. When you look at the hard number of PC units shipped, manufacturers produced between 76 or 79 million units between January and March, depending which analyst estimate you’re reading.
Things get more interesting when you look back to the five-month anniversary of Windows 7. IDC and Gartner peg shipments from the first quarter of 2010 at 79 million and 87 million units, respectively. Basically, the PC shipments in 2010 and 2013 are fairly close unit-for-unit.
The major difference between the two years is the trends behind those numbers. In 2010, things were looking up; in 2013, not so much.
Netbooks. What were we all thinking?
“Given the fact that there were strong netbook shipments which drove the overall growth [in 2010] along with strong consumer notebook sales, I would say that the 1Q 2013 results indicated that the PC market was very weak and in declining trends,” Gartner principal research analyst Mikako Kitagawa told PCWorld via e-mail.
The hot-selling item of each era greatly impacts the respective totals.
“Early 2010 data was distorted in terms of hardware sales due to the impact of the netbook, which was counted as a PC,” said NPD’s Baker. “This year the growth in the device market is in tablets, which most firms count in a different bucket than traditional PCs.”
Yep, the old “Are tablets PCs?” question rears its head again, and it’s an apt one, as tablets are in many ways the successor to netbooks.PCs wilt under mobile pressure
No matter how you count it, a slowing PC market is bad for PC manufacturers, even if per-unit shipments remain relatively flat.
“What keeps the wheel of the PC industry going round and round is growth,” says Moorhead. “Companies really only make a lot of money in PCs—outside of Apple—in growth markets. When the market starts to contract there’s a big risk of getting stuck with inventory.”
Like fruits and vegetables, Moorhead says, PCs have a limited shelf life. Prices can be slashed in a matter of months if cheaper components roll out. Aging PCs sitting in the retail pipeline risk becoming outdated as new technologies get released, reducing the price even further. As a result, PCs have to be sold at a generous clip to keep the industry running smoothly.
Microsoft’s Surface Pro shatters convention for the industry, not just for the tablet form factor.
Here’s the rub: The PC market is anything but running smoothly these days—especially as Microsoft continues to remake itself as a devices-and-services company.
Microsoft’s new Surface lineup accounted for nearly half of all Windows 8 and Windows RT tablets sold between January and March, according to IDC. At the same time that Microsoft is taking half the (admittedly small) Windows tablet market, Moorhead believes consumers are deferring the purchase of a new PC and buying Android and iOS touch devices instead. The end result is confusion and worry from traditional Windows device makers, who are now dealing with a shrinking market and competition from their primary software supplier.
“Things like that,” Moorhead says, “drive PC makers into the arms of Google.”
There are Windows alternatives waiting in the wings.
It’s no coincidence that while Microsoft is experimenting with making its own devices, device makers are experimenting with non-Microsoft operating systems such as Google’s Web-centric Chrome OS and Ubuntu Linux. PCs running alternative operating systems aren’t huge sellers, however, meaning at some point manufacturers will have to figure out how to better sell Windows 8, whether it comes loaded on a PC, a tablet, or some sort of innovative FrankenHybrid.
For now, all eyes are on the second-half of 2013 and into 2014, when some big changes could help improve Windows 8’s prospects.
Microsoft will release the much-anticipated Windows 8.1 (a.k.a. Windows Blue) refresh later in 2013. The company is also reportedly relieving the cost burden for device makers by cutting the licensing price of Windows 8 for small-screen devices, like the sub 10-inch tablets recently touted by Asus and Acer. In addition, Intel will release new Atom and Core processors expected to make Windows 8 devices leaner, longer-lasting, and more powerful.
Will the coming round of Windows 8 device and software improvements be able to spur a new round of growth for Windows-based PCs and tablets? Right now, it’s anybody’s guess—but let’s hope so, because the numbers clearly show that the PC industry can suffer even while Microsoft thrives.
POV: Is the War on Terrorism Really Winnable? 15 years after September 11, nagging questions remain
Photo by iStock/danhowl
On the 15th anniversary of the tragic attacks on the United States by a millenarian hate group determined to punish American citizens, it is hard not to return to nagging questions: Are we any safer than we were on September 10, 2001? Can we win this seemingly endless war on terror?
The United States has spent roughly a trillion dollars in its war on terrorism, since the 9/11 attacks, depending on what we include in the assessment. The figure is significantly higher if we add in the costs of the continuing military operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria, according to the Watson Institute’s Costs of War project. What has that money bought us? It is now much more difficult for foreign terrorists to get into the country than it was before 9/11, and there are numerous impediments to carrying out a 9/11-style attack. Our worst fears, immediately after 9/11, have not been realized. No nonstate enemy—ISIS or any other—poses an existential threat to the continued viability of our country.
And yet, according to the sixth, and latest, annual American Values Survey, Americans are increasingly concerned about the country’s future, anxious about terrorism, and nostalgic for an imagined, more secure past. A CNN/ORC poll, conducted soon after the shootings at a nightclub in Orlando this past June, found that 71 percent of Americans think that further acts of terrorism are very or somewhat likely in the very near future; a level of concern that is higher than at any point since March 2003, when the United States invaded Iraq. Another recent survey—from June 2024—found that 41 percent of Americans believe that the terrorists are winning, an increase of 10 percentage points from 2010, six years earlier. Jihadi terrorism is among the most important issues in the upcoming presidential election, despite the fact that the risk it poses to American lives is dwarfed, for example, by lives lost to gun violence, according to a CNN tally based on data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and despite the fact that in most years, far right-wing groups kill more Americans than jihadi groups do. Unlike jihadi groups, however, these threats do not impact America’s foreign policy options.
How to explain this level of fear? It has long been observed that the things that frighten us most are often quite different from those most likely to harm us. We tend to respond to visible crises, even if the baseline rate of danger has not changed. After 9/11, terrorism suddenly rose to the top of the national agenda, although the baseline level of danger had not changed. When dangers evoke a strong sense of dread—which is elicited by the feeling that we cannot control the outcome and that all people are vulnerable—policymakers are particularly susceptible to implementing risk-reduction policies with little regard to countervailing dangers. We are especially vulnerable to the lure of lashing out at imagined enemies when we face what feels like an apocalyptic threat imposed by an enemy utterly determined to destroy us. After 9/11, our fears led to the war in Iraq, although the purported connections between the 9/11 attacks and Saddam Hussein were never established, and Colin Powell, then Secretary of State, would eventually say that the speech in which he laid out those purported links as a rationale for the war was a “blot on his record.” Ironically, that war increased terrorism in the region dramatically, and increased the kinds of sectarian tensions that led to the rise of ISIS. But it did not increase terrorism in the West.
Are we in fact safer since President George W. Bush promised to “win the war against terrorist activity” five days after the 9/11 strikes? More than 200 people died in terrorist attacks in North America and in Western Europe in 2024, a marked rise from the previous year, leading to this heightened level of anxiety. But compared with much of the rest of the world, and compared with the 9/11 attacks, these numbers are relatively small. According to the Global Terrorism Database, attacks in the West account for less than 5 percent of terrorism around the globe. The vast majority of terrorist fatalities over the last five years occurred in just a handful of countries—Iraq, Nigeria, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Syria—where governments are fragile or there is a civil war. Overall, global terrorism decreased in the last year. And while the recent high-profile attacks in the West have received a great deal of attention, previous terrorist campaigns in the West were significantly more lethal. During the eight-year-long war in Algeria, approximately 5,000 people were killed by terrorist campaigns in France. During the UK’s fight against the Irish Republican Army, more than 3,600 died in terrorist strikes.
The United States is generally far less prone to terrorism than is Europe, and even less prone to terrorism than the rest of the world. This is true even with respect to attacks inspired by ISIS. On average, terrorism kills about as many Americans per year as lightning strikes do. (Several organizations collect data on terrorism, and figures differ, but only slightly for terrorism inside the United States.)
What makes Americans feel so alarmed by terrorism, given these numbers? I have been working on the topic of terrorism since the mid-1980s. When terrorism is “available” in the way risk analysts use that term—meaning that it is in the news and in our minds—we tend to focus excessively on the topic, exaggerating its importance. When it is “unavailable,” as it was before 9/11, people tended to ignore what experts viewed as an obviously growing threat.
Terrorism is once again in the news, due to a spike in ISIS-inspired attacks in the West, among them the most recent attacks in Nice, Orlando, and San Bernadino. Compared with the 9/11 strikes, the sophistication of these strikes was low, and the death count also relatively low. But the lack of sophistication in many ways made the attacks even more frightening, making us feel that terrorists could strike at any of us, anytime, even with motor vehicles.
Terrorism is highly unlikely to go away. In some countries, it is a symptom of civil war or government weakness. In the West, it can be a reaction to military strength. Ironically, civil liberties and freedoms can make us more vulnerable. We need to remember, at all times, that terrorism is a form of violent theater, played out to an audience of both sympathizers and victims. Its purpose is to bolster the morale of its supporters and demoralize and frighten the victims and their communities. Terrorists aim to make their victims overreact in fear and dread. But to make good decisions, we need to keep the risk in perspective. If we are to prevail in the war on terrorism, we need to remember that the freedoms we aspire to come with great obligations. And these obligations involve not just fighting terrorism, but also managing our own terror.
Jessica Stern, a research professor at the Pardee School of Global Studies, is a member of the Aspen Homeland Security Advisory Group, was on President Clinton’s National Security Council staff, and has written extensively about terrorism. She can be reached at [email protected].
If you see A service installation section in this INF is invalid error while installing or updating a device driver on Windows 11/10, then this post is sure to help you.What causes A service installation section in this INF is invalid error? Fix A service installation section in this INF is invalid error
To fix this error, re-download the .inf driver file to a different location and try installing it to see if it works. Here are some suggestions to help you resolve this error.
Reinstall the device driver.
Manually update the driver.
Manually install the missing driver files.
Use a third-party driver updater to automatically update your driver.
Before trying the below fixes, run an SFC scan to fix potentially corrupted or missing system files and see if the error is fixed or not. If not, you can move ahead with the below fixes.1] Reinstall the device driver
You can uninstall and then reinstall the problematic device driver to check if the error is fixed. This fix has proven to be effective for several users. So, you can try doing the same and see if the error is resolved.
When the above command is finished, you can restart your computer.
Now, connect your device to your computer and let Windows automatically install the missing device drivers. If Windows cannot download and install the drivers automatically, you can download the drivers from the official website of the device manufacturer and then install them on your system.
Read: The driver detected an internal driver error on DeviceVBoxNetLwf.2] Manually update the driver
You can also try manually updating the problematic driver via Device Manager and see if the error is fixed. Here are the steps to do that:
First, press Win+X to open up the shortcut menu and then choose Device Manager.
Now, from the appeared context menu, select the Update driver option.
After that, follow the prompted instructions like selecting the device, hardware type, etc., and complete the driver installation.
Once the driver is successfully installed, you can reconnect the device and check if the error is fixed.
See: A driver (service) for this device has been disabled (Code 32).3] Manually install the missing driver files
This error could be a result of missing driver files. Hence, if the scenario is applicable, you can manually install the missing driver files and then check if the error is fixed.
If you are facing this error with the USB drivers, it might be the case that the chúng tôi or chúng tôi file is broken or missing. So, in that case, you can install them using the below steps:
First of all, you need another computer without this error. So, go to another computer and move to the following location:C:WindowsINF
Now, locate the chúng tôi file and copy and paste it to an external drive. After that, move to the below location:
From the above location, copy the chúng tôi file to the same external drive that you used previously.
Next, connect the external drive to the problematic computer and copy both files to their respective locations. Copy and paste the chúng tôi to C:WindowsINF and the chúng tôi file to C:WindowsSystem32drivers.
You can now reconnect your device and check if the error is resolved.
Another way to install a missing driver file to fix this error is as follows:
Read: The INF file you selected does not support this method of installation4] Use a third-party driver updater to automatically update your driver
The next method to fix this error is to automatically update device drivers using third-party driver updater software. There are plenty of such software that automatically detect outdated drivers on your system and updates them. You can try WinZip Driver Updater if you want a free one.
Intel Driver Update Utility can help you install or update drivers for Intel
Update AMD Drivers with AMD Driver Autodetect
Download Dell Drivers using Dell Update utility.
I hope this helps.
Now read: Error 38, Windows cannot load the Device Driver for this hardware.
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