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Tesla complains to Congress over fatal Autopilot crash investigation
Tesla has been removed as a party to the NTSB’s investigation into a fatal Model X crash, with the agency taking issue with the automaker’s premature public release of Autopilot information. The crash, on March 23, saw a Model X SUV collide with a barrier on the highway in Mountain View, California, killing the driver.
Shortly after, Tesla confirmed that the car had been operating on Autopilot, its adaptive cruise control system which also handles lane-keeping. Autopilot had warned the driver with both visual and audible notifications that he was to retake the wheel, Tesla said, having sifted through the car’s logs from the time of the crash. When the electric SUV collided with the barrier, the driver’s hands had been off the wheel for six seconds.
That eagerness to share information has now landed the automaker into hot water. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has announced today that Tesla has been removed as a so-called “party” to the investigation, “because Tesla violated the party agreement by releasing investigative information before it was vetted and confirmed by the NTSB.” The agency said that it had informed Tesla CEO Elon Musk the previous evening by phone call.
The party system is designed to augment the NTSB’s limited number of employees, designating third-party organizations or corporations as officially assisting with the investigation. “Only those organizations or corporations that can provide expertise to the investigation are granted party status and only those persons who can provide the Board with needed technical or specialized expertise are permitted to serve on the investigation,” the NTSB says
“Such releases of incomplete information often lead to speculation and incorrect assumptions about the probable cause of a crash,” the agency points out, “which does a disservice to the investigative process and the traveling public.” It’s not the first time Tesla has prematurely released information in this manner, either, a fact that NTSB chairman Robert L. Sumwalt, III highlights in his letter to Musk confirming this week’s decision.
Tesla’s argument is that it believes the NTSB process is simply too slow, and said that it chose to pull out of the party agreement. In a statement given to SlashGear, a spokesperson from the automaker accused the agency of being “more concerned with press headlines than actually promoting safety” and of being selective in what information it releases publicly. As a result, Tesla will be making an official complaint to Congress.
“Last week, in a conversation with the NTSB, we were told that if we made additional statements before their 12-24 month investigative process is complete, we would no longer be a party to the investigation agreement. On Tuesday, we chose to withdraw from the agreement and issued a statement to correct misleading claims that had been made about Autopilot — claims which made it seem as though Autopilot creates safety problems when the opposite is true. In the US, there is one automotive fatality every 86 million miles across all vehicles. For Tesla, there is one fatality, including known pedestrian fatalities, every 320 million miles in vehicles equipped with Autopilot hardware. If you are driving a Tesla equipped with Autopilot hardware, you are 3.7 times less likely to be involved in a fatal accident and this continues to improve.
It’s been clear in our conversations with the NTSB that they’re more concerned with press headlines than actually promoting safety. Among other things, they repeatedly released partial bits of incomplete information to the media in violation of their own rules, at the same time that they were trying to prevent us from telling all the facts. We don’t believe this is right and we will be making an official complaint to Congress. We will also be issuing a Freedom Of Information Act request to understand the reasoning behind their focus on the safest cars in America while they ignore the cars that are the least safe. Perhaps there is a sound rationale for this, but we cannot imagine what that could possibly be.
When tested by NHTSA, Model S and Model X each received five stars not only overall but in every sub-category. This was the only time an SUV had ever scored that well. Moreover, of all the cars that NHTSA has ever tested, Model S and Model X scored as the two cars with the lowest probability of injury. There is no company that cares more about safety and the evidence speaks for itself.” Tesla spokesperson
It’s clear that Tesla and the NTSB differ in their view of what comprises public disclosure. “Transparency in the investigative process is achieved through the public release of on-scene information, preliminary reports, and the public docket,” the agency counters, “as well as through board meetings that are open to the public.”
Tesla remains a party to other ongoing investigations the NTSB is running, including a Model X crash in August 2023, and a Model S crash in January of this year.
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Tesla Autopilot is getting aggression settings
Tesla plans to allow drivers to make Autopilot more aggressive on the road, Elon Musk has revealed, even if doing so also dials up the risk of accidents. Musk confirmed the upcoming setting at the Tesla Autonomy Day, the automaker’s first public deep-dive into the work it has been putting into creating self-driving vehicles.
Tesla’s approach to autonomous driving has certainly been controversial. The automaker has arguably been the most aggressive in pushing out driver-assistance technologies for public use, delivering new Autopilot features via over-the-air updates to EVs while testing its fully-autonomous algorithms in so-called “shadow mode” in the background.
One such update delivered the ability for Tesla cars with Autopilot to automatically change lanes. Initially, that required the driver to initiate the lane change, by indicating. More recently, however, Navigate on Autopilot has added the ability to decide to change lane and carry that process out, without first running it past the driver. Now, Tesla says, it’s seeing over 100,000 automated lane changes carried out successfully every day, with zero accidents so far.
That’s great in theory but, as one attendee at the analyst and investor event today pointed out, it doesn’t necessarily work so well depending on how aggressive other drivers are on the road at the time. If you’re trying to deal with particularly competitive highways – such as those in Los Angeles – then other human drivers may not allow the sort of spaces the current Autopilot system decides it requires to safely switch lanes.
In the future, however, Tesla plans to address that with more flexibility over how the AI drives. “We’ll offer more aggressive options over time that users can specify,” Musk said.
“We’ve been conservative,” Musk explained of Tesla’s approach so far. However as the automaker gets confident in the resilience of its algorithms, it’s planning to let Autopilot get more ambitious. What’s interesting is that those changes will, to at least some extent, be left up to owners to decide how far to implement.
That will include a decision that could see the likelihood of accidents increase. “In the more aggressive modes in traffic there is the slight chance of a fender-bender,” Musk conceded. The outspoken CEO laughed as he described it as “Mad Max Plus” mode. “You can just dial the setting up. Be more aggressive, be less aggressive. Chill mode, aggressive.”
It’s not the first time we’ve seen talk of more human-like driving habits being required, if autonomous technologies are to ever be practical in the real world. One argument has been that, if self-driving vehicles are too perfect, they’ll actually prove to be uncomfortable for riders and incompatible with other road users.
What remains to be seen is how Tesla’s decision might impact liability. Currently, Autopilot – despite its capabilities – is still considered a driver-assistance system. As such Tesla owners are still expected to be monitoring the system and ready to take over should something go wrong. If that driver has dialed up the aggressiveness of Autopilot, it’s uncertain how that could play into the legal implications of that potential “fender-bender” when insurers, police, investigators, and others get involved.
If your VPN is causing your computer to crash or freeze, then this post will help fix the issue. It’s frustrating to have the PC crash or freeze when you’re in the middle of something important. A VPN may cause Windows to crash due to several reasons. An improperly configured VPN, a buggy VPN client, traffic overload, poor internet connection, and a faulty driver can all trigger a VPN to crash or freeze Windows.
A few Windows users have also experienced the Blue Screen of Death while using a VPN.VPN causes computer to crash or freeze
If VPN causes your Windows computer to crash or freeze, then here are some of the fixes you can try to resolve the issue:
Change your system settings to allow incoming VPN connections.
Update network drivers.
Run a malware scan.
Troubleshoot in Clean Boot State.
Before you begin, ensure that you have not misconfigured your VPN software. It is best to start with its default settings.1] Change your system settings to allow incoming VPN connections
One possibility that your computer freezes up while using a VPN is that your computer’s security settings are too high. If that’s the case, they may prevent all incoming connections, including connections from the VPN, from causing Windows to freeze or crash. To fix this, change your security settings to allow incoming VPN traffic.2] Update network drivers
Another possibility could be a software issue, such as an outdated driver. Some VPNs install additional drivers with them, which may cause the entire system to crash if not updated to the latest version. Try updating the network drivers and see if it fixes the issue.
Select Device Manager.3] Reinstall VPN
An outdated, buggy or poorly configured VPN may sometimes cause Windows to crash. A simple fix to this is to completely uninstall the VPN through the Control Panel, then remove all its associated files (registry entries) using a reliable third-party software uninstaller, and then reinstall the VPN again.
Type ‘control panel’ and then select it from the search results.
Use a trustworthy third-party uninstaller to scan and remove all residual VPN client files, directories, and registry entries.
Download and reinstall the VPN afterward.4] Run a malware scan
There may be chances that your PC or the VPN client you’re using is being affected by malicious software. In that case, running a malware scan could potentially fix the issue. We recommend performing a full scan or an offline scan using the Windows Security app.5] Troubleshoot in Clean Boot State
Clean Boot State launches the Windows OS with limited applications and features, allowing administrators to identify and fix issues occurring in the system. It helps detect malware exploits, corrupt software, and other programs that cause serious system conflicts. Launch Windows in Clean Boot State and see if the VPN freezes your system this time. If not, then you need to manually identify the 3rd-party offender and disable the process.
If nothing helps, you should uninstall and then fresh install your VPN software.
Read: Windows keeps freezing or crashing
If the problem persists, it’s time for you to switch to a more reliable VPN. In the case of a low-quality VPN service, the VPN server may fail to handle the amount of traffic you are trying to send through the client, causing your computer to crash or freeze up as it tries to process the data.Is VPN safe for PC?
Yes, of course! A paid VPN is often more secure than a free VPN. However, no VPN can guarantee to keep you safe in all scenarios, even if it tends to come at a premium cost. So if you are concerned about the safety of a VPN, it’s better to opt for a trustworthy VPN service.What is the best VPN for PC?
ExpressVPN, and NordVPN are some of the better paid VPN services being offered. Some also offer VPN browser extensions for Chrome, Edge, and Firefox. PrivadoVPN Free offers 10GB free traffic every month and so it’s worth checking out too.
Read Next: Common VPN error codes and solutions for Windows.
For years, scientists have attempted to uncover a civilization in which men did not dominate women in terms of overt political authority and monetary wealth. Although many have heard stories of nations where women outnumber males, none have been documented in the literature. The quest has led feminist anthropologists to the conclusion that such civilizations do not exist. Of course, society’s degree of social and economic disparity between the sexes varies.What is Conflict over Access to Resources?
Conflict over access to resources is common when individuals or groups compete to control or use a limited resource. These include natural resources such as water, land, and minerals and social and economic resources such as jobs, power, and influence. Historical complaints, political volatility, economic inequality, and environmental degradation can all be fundamental causes of resource disputes. Conflict often occurs because various groups have different requirements, values, and priorities regarding resource use in an issue.
Resource conflicts can severely affect people and groups, including death, displacement, and fiscal hardship. They can also have far-reaching regional or global consequences, such as igniting civil conflicts or adding to environmental degradation. Addressing resource disputes necessitates a multifaceted strategy that considers the root reasons for the conflict and the viewpoints of all parties involved. Negotiation, mediation, or legal action may be used, as well as attempts to support long-term sustainability.Conflict over Resources between Sexes
However, the assumption that males prefer to wield authority and control resources should not mask that women contribute significantly to accumulating economic resources in practically every society. Women, for example, supply 60 to 80 percent of the calories in hunter-gatherer communities by obtaining food from plants. Furthermore, women frequently wield significant power through various means, such as preferential mate selection, divorce under certain conditions, controlling or regulating men’s access to their sexuality, and influencing their sons, lovers, fathers, husbands, sisters, mothers, and grandchildren. It is undeniable that males frequently utilize riches to dominate or influence women. If males have the resources that women require, they can utilize those riches to exert control over women.
Men utilize their resources to attract women in the mating realm. Furthermore, while in a relationship, women with few finances frequently feel at the mercy of their partners out of fear of losing those resources. Two significant points—control of men’s resources and men’s use of resources to control women—appear to be areas where feminists and evolutionary psychologists agree. Feminist researchers frequently attribute men’s subjugation of women to patriarchy, which refers to men’s domination over women in the household and society more broadly.
A plausible scientific inquiry concerns the origins of the phenomena covered by this phrase. Although some feminists have speculated about the roots of male dominance and domination, such as linking it to the fact that males are larger and more robust than women, no consensus has been established. Most feminists accept male dominance and control as a given or starting point.Causes of Resource Inequality
According to sexual selection theory, one sex’s preferences determine the crucial parameters along which members of the other sex compete. Because prehistoric males valued women’s physical beauty, for example, attractiveness became a primary dimension along which women competed with one another. The $53 billion cosmetics business in the United States, dominated by female consumers, demonstrates the extent of this type of intrasexual rivalry among women. Similarly, women’s demands for men with resources created resource acquisition as a fundamental facet of men’s competitiveness with one another.
Contemporary men have inherited psychological processes from their forefathers that prioritize resources and status and encourage men to take risks to obtain riches and prestige. Guys who do not place a high personal priority on status and riches and who do not take calculated risks to outperform other males do not attract mates. This type of rivalry comes at a high cost in terms of male-male violence and homicide, as well as earlier mortality, on average, than women.
Women’s preferences and men’s intrasexual competition tactics coevolved, as did men’s and women’s. Males may have begun to manage resources to attract women, and women’s tastes may have followed. Women’s preferences for successful, ambitious, and resourceful mates may have chosen males for competitive tactics of risk-taking, status-seeking, and derogation of competitors along the dimensions of status and resources.
Women’s preferences may have put males under selection pressure to create coalitions to get resources and engage in individual attempts to outperform other men in acquiring the resources that women seek. Conversely, men’s competing strategies and women’s mate preferences are most likely coevolved. The entanglement of these coevolved processes established the circumstances for males to dominate in the resource domain.
This explanation of resource inequality does not rule out the possibility of other contributory factors, such as the discriminatory practice of paying men and women differently for the same task. This research also does not indicate that males will always have more control over resources. It does imply that evolutionary psychology is essential in determining the causes of resource inequality.History of Conflict over Resources
Conflicts over resources have been around as long as humans have existed. People fought over land, water, food, and other resources in ancient times. There used to be groups that tried to dominate others by the rarity of resources and skills they possessed. In the Middle Ages, wars were fought over water and land and for access to resources like exotic metals like gold, minerals, timber, and livestock. People mainly took over resources by sheer force and annexation. They then further used to exploit the minority and their resources.
Moreover, these conflicts also lead to environmental destruction, where individuals or organizations may exploit resources for their benefit, leading to environmental degradation and loss of biodiversity. In other cases, large-scale resource extraction projects may have unintended consequences, such as deforestation or destroying natural habitats. Finally, conflicts over resources can have global implications. Resource-rich regions may become battlegrounds for warring factions, leading to displacement and violence.Are All Men United to Control Women?
Feminist writers frequently depict all males as working together to oppress all women. According to evolutionary psychological assessments, men and women compete primarily against members of their sexes. Males compete for resource control at the expense and exclusion of other men. Males deny other men of resources, exclude other men from positions of power and prestige, and demean other men to make them less appealing to women.
The fact that around 70% of all homicides involve males murdering other men is only the tip of the iceberg in terms of the expenses that men face due to intrasexual rivalry.
Women are not immune to the harm done by members of their sex. Women fight for access to high-status men, have sex with other women’s husbands, and try to entice men away from their wives. Women defame and demean their opponents, particularly those who adopt short-term mating techniques. Women and men are both victims of their own sex’s sexual techniques and hence cannot be considered unified with all members of their sex for a shared purpose, such as enslaving the other sex. The only exception is when males establish alliances that serve as subgroups.
These alliances are occasionally utilized to access women’s sexuality, such as in a horrific gang rape or a raid to abduct women in a nearby community. Additionally, men’s coalitions can be utilized to restrict women from power, such as when exclusive men’s clubs where commerce is conducted openly prohibit women from attending. However, these same alliances are also aimed against other males and their coalitions. Men build coalitions for their gain in commerce, politics, and combat at the expense of other men’s alliances.Conclusion
Sexual selection theory suggests that women’s preferences for resourceful men have driven them to choose men with rank and riches, leading to an intrasexual rivalry between women and men. Contemporary men have inherited psychological processes from their forefathers, encouraging them to take risks to obtain riches and prestige.
Evolutionary psychology is essential in determining the causes of resource inequality caused by male-male violence and homicide and an earlier mortality rate than women. This is due to men’s preferences and women’s intrasexual competition strategies coevolving as males began to manage resources to attract women and women’s preferences for successful, ambitious, and resourceful mates. This entanglement of these coevolved processes established the circumstances for males to dominate in the resource domain.
After a crash occurs, the Pixel phone will vibrate and play an alarm sound to see if you’re alright. You can tap I’m OK or Emergency (or say “Emergency”). If you fail to respond in 60 seconds, it will automatically contact emergency services, like 911 in the US, to inform them about the crash along with your location.
It is a Pixel-exclusive feature on Android and can be toggled via the Personal Safety app on supported models. The Safety app equips other helpful features like Safety Check, emergency location sharing, SOS, and alerts about nearby crises.
You can also store your medical information inside the app. Other people can view this information without unlocking your device in an emergency.
The Crash Detection feature is available on Pixel 3, 4, and later models, listed below:
Pixel 3, 3 XL
Pixel 4, 4 XL
Pixel 4a with 5G
Pixel 5a with 5G
Pixel 6, 6 Pro
If the phone detects you’re involved in a car crash, your approximate location and car crash data may be transmitted to emergency services by Android’s Emergency Location Service.
Unfortunately, it may not be able to detect all car crashes. And you may also witness false triggers caused due to hard falls or impact activities. Lastly, your phone might not be able to call emergency services in situations when you have a weak mobile network or are on an ongoing call.
For starters, Crash Detection is available in English, French, French (Canada), Italian, Japanese, Mandarin Chinese, and Spanish in Australia, Canada, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Spain, Taiwan, the UK, and the US. It is currently not available in several regions including India:
1. Open the Safety app on your Pixel phone (from the app drawer or search).
3. Scroll down and select Car crash detection under Detection & Alerts.
4. Enable the toggle.
When asked for location permission, tap Allow while app in use. Similarly, tap Allow for microphone and physical activity prompts.
The new iPhone 14 series, Apple Watch Series 8, Watch Ultra, and Watch SE 2- all of the devices get the new Car Crash Detection feature. And unsurprisingly, Apple’s Crash Detection is very similar to the one on Google Pixel.
Google has had the feature since 2023 on its Pixel smartphones. But it’s only now that Apple not only managed to improvise the feature but also marketed it well with the recent launch.
— Mishaal Rahman (@MishaalRahman) June 28, 2023
According to recent reports, a new string of codes found in Google’s Personal Safety app suggests that Car Crash Detection may soon arrive on other Android phones. Alongside it, the non-pixel phones are also expected to get the Crisis Alert and Safety Check features.
The Personal Safety features will likely be released to non-Pixel phones via Google Play Services. However, it is unclear which devices will get it first. As of yet, it’s available on Pixel 3 and later and in limited countries.
In our search for a third-party app that offers crash detection, we stumbled upon Real Rider Crash Detection. The app claims to automatically alert the emergency responders with your location and other information upon a crash.
It’s a paid application and comes with a free 30-day trial, post which you need to pay around $4 or Rs. 330/month. We activated the app and tried mimicking accident scenarios by simulating impact on the phone. However, it didn’t seem to work for us.
He not only got unconscious but also stuck inside the machine with exits blocked. Luckily, his Pixel 4 XL, which was thrown out of reach during the incident, triggered crash detection. By the time he woke, the phone had automatically contacted 911 with rescue services en route to his location.
Car Crash Detection helped him get assistance in time. He got recovered after a few weeks from the broken bones.
Similarly, Google shared an incident that involved Car Crash Detection coming to the rescue.
Chris was riding in a car with his family to grab a late lunch on a beautiful day in Gatlinburg, TN. Unfamiliar with the area, they came upon a fork in the road and suddenly were involved in a car accident. Luckily nobody was injured, and thanks to car crash detection* on Chris’s Google Pixel, his phone prompted him to call emergency services.
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Microsoft filed suit against Motorola on Tuesday after, it said, it tried unsuccessfully to get the U.S. cell phone maker to license Motorola patents that have been incorporated into international standards under “reasonable and non-discriminatory” (RAND) terms. The charge? Breach of contract.
The move comes not quite six weeks after Microsoft (NASDAQ: MSFT)sued Motorola (NYSE: MOT) for — the software maker alleges — infringing patents that it owns, which are used in Google’s Android mobile device operating system. Motorola makes smartphones based on Android.
The new suit appears to have little or nothing to do with the earlier one, however.
Whereas, the earlier suit accuses Motorola of improperly using patented technology without permission, the new one is about Motorola demanding what Microsoft feels are exorbitant royalties for patents that have been incorporated into an international video standard called H.264.
Microsoft’s new lawsuit states that Motorola has been unwilling to license the patents it provided as part of the standard at what it feels fit the norm for RAND pricing.
Additionally, Microsoft argues, in order for a patent owner to get a technology accepted for use in an international standard, the intellectual property holder is required to provide letters of assurance that any patent royalties will fit the RAND model. The idea is that no one wants to use a technology that is certified as an international standard, and then be forced to pay high royalties once the standard has been adopted.
In the filing, the points of contention circle around H.264’s use in Xbox 360 game consoles as well as some related wireless patents.
“Microsoft made its decision to provide its Xbox video game consoles with H.264 technology in reliance on, and under the assumption that, it and/or any third party supplier could avoid patent litigation and take a license to any patents that Motorola, or any other company, has disclosed to the ITU [International Telecommunications Union] under its well-publicized IPR policy,” the filing said.
However, Microsoft’s legal team appeared to signal that there is much more at stake. Microsoft has committed to use H.264 as the only video codecsupported in its upcoming Internet Explorer 9 browser. Apple (NASDAQ: AAPL) has as well.
“Microsoft made similar investments in other fields, including Windows 7 and Windows Phone 7, based upon Motorola’s representations in relation to the H.264 technology standards,” the filing added.
In a statement e-mailed to chúng tôi a Microsoft spokesperson tried to clarify the reasoning behind the lawsuit.
“Microsoft filed an action today in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington against Motorola, Inc. for breach of Motorola’s contractual commitments to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) to license identified patents related to wireless and video coding technologies under reasonable and non-discriminatory terms and conditions. Those commitments are designed to benefit all parties that rely upon these standards, and Microsoft has been harmed by Motorola’s failure to honor them in recent demand letters seeking royalties from Microsoft,” the Microsoft statement said.
Meantime, Motorola had an official response to Microsoft’s suit.
“Consistent with Motorola’s normal licensing practices, we worked with Microsoft to reach an agreement that would have allowed Microsoft to use our proprietary technologies without infringing Motorola’s patents. Unfortunately, despite a fair offer from Motorola, Microsoft was unwilling to enter into a licensing agreement,” Motorola’s statement said.
“Motorola’s patent portfolio and licensing agreements are critical to our business, and we will continue to take all necessary steps to protect the Company’s intellectual property for the benefit of all Motorola stockholders,” the statement concluded.
Stuart J. Johnston is a contributing writer at chúng tôi the news service of chúng tôi the network for technology professionals. Follow him on Twitter @stuartj1000.
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