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Download Corporate Valuation, Investment Banking, Accounting, CFA Calculator & othersStock Dividend
The distribution of Profit to Equity shareholders is known as Dividends. The dividend is of two types namely:
In simple words, the dividend which is paid in the form of equity or shares instead of Cash is known as Stock Dividend. Now the question comes why the Company pays a dividend in Equity Form. There are some reasons for distributing Stock dividends by the company. Below are the main reasons for stock dividends:
The company doesn’t have sufficient cash to pay the dividend.
To increase the Issued shares of the Company.
To give the Tax benefit to the shareholder, which means that when a dividend is paid in Cash it is Taxable as Income, but when paid in the equity shares, it will be taxable only when the shareholder sells the shares. Hence, Investors will get tax benefits.
Advantages of Stock Dividend:
Increase the Liquidity of Cash,
Increases the Liquidity of Shares in the market
Increases the investor interest in the company by giving Tax Benefits.Stock Split
To understand it better let’s take an example, Mr. A is holding 10000 Shares of Company XYZ Limited having a face value of Rs. 100 and market value Rs. 150. Now, company XYZ Limited declares the Stock Split in the ratio of 2 for 1 which means that for every 1 share, a shareholder will get 1 more share. In this example, Mr. A is holding 10000 Shares, after the stock split his shareholding will increase to 20000 shares. Be noted that the price of the share due to stock split will go down and no. of shares will increase.
When the Board of Directors of the company thinks that the market price of the share is overpriced. Hence, to reduce the price of share.
To increase the liquidity of shares.
Due to the reduction of Price, it allows more investors to buy the shares.Head to Head Comparison between Stock Dividend vs Stock Split(Infographics)
Below is the top 6 difference between Stock Dividend vs Stock SplitKey Differences between Stock Dividend vs Stock Split
Let us discuss some of the major differences between Stock Dividend vs Stock Split:
A stock dividend means dividend which is paid in the form of additional shares whereas stock split is a division of issues shares in the ratio as decided by Company.
In the Stock dividend, additional shares are given to shareholders whereas in stock split already issued shares are split in an agreed ratio. No additional shares are allotted
The main reason for the stock dividend is due to the shortage of cash flow in the company whereas the main purpose for the stock split is for reducing the market price of the shares
There is a Journal Entry passed for Stock Dividend i.e debiting the Reserves (Retained Earnings) and crediting the Issued Share Capital, whereas no Journal Entry is passed in case of Stock Split only the details are mentioned in issued share capital.
In a stock dividend, existing shareholders are allotted additional shares whereas the shares which are already held are divided.Stock Dividend vs Stock Split Comparison Table
Let’s look at the top 6 Comparison Between Stock Dividend vs Stock Split
The Basis of Comparison
Meaning Dividend in the form of Equity Shares Division of Equity Shares
Purpose When there is no Cash Liquidity with the company To reduce the market price of Share
Issued from Issued from the Free Reserves Only increase In the no. of shares, no change in Value of Issued Shares.
Shares Additional Shares are allotted to existing shares Holder Already Held Shares are divided
Accounting Whereas no Journal Entry is passed in
Type No type Two types of Stock Split:
Forward Stock Split
Reverse Stock SplitConclusion
Stock Dividend vs Stock Split is both Corporate Action terms. Both have similarities but these are not similar. The Purpose of both Stock dividends vs Stock Splits is totally different from each other. Whenever these terms are used, one should not treat them as the same should be careful.Recommended Articles
This has been a guide to the Top difference between Stock Dividend vs Stock Split. Here we also discuss the stock Dividend vs Stock Split key differences with Infographics and Comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –
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Bambi Francisco at CBS MarketWatch put together an excellent historical timeline of search engines going for the gold in the search commerce field.
(all IPOs are split-adjusted prices. Source: Dealogic)
Jan. 1996: Google founders collaborate on search engine called BackRub
April 1, 1996: Lycos goes public at $4 a share
April 4, 1996: Excite goes public at $8.50 a share
April 11, 1996: Yahoo prices at $1.83.
1998 and 1999: New batch of search engines go public and Google is born
1998: Google opens its doors (answers 10,000 search queries Oct. 7, 1998)
June 1998: Inktomi goes public at $4.15 (market cap at IPO was $370 million)
December 1998: InfoSpace (INSP) goes public at $15
May 1999: Excite merges with At Home for $6.5 billion
June 1999: chúng tôi goes public at $15. Company changes name eventually to Overture Services.
June 1999: Ask Jeeves (ASKJ) goes public at $14
August 1999: LookSmart (LOOK) goes public at $12
August 1999: CMGI buys 83 percent of Alta Vista for $2.3 billion in stock, plus bonds
2000 and 2001: More consolidation and bankruptcy
Oct. 30, 2000: Terra Networks (TRLY) buys Lycos for $46.40 per share, or $5.1 billion.
Sept. 28, 2001: ExciteAtHome goes bankrupt. See story.
2002: Back to search roots
Nov. 13, 2002: Alta Vista relaunches its search site.
December 2002: Yahoo says it’ll buy Inktomi for $233 million in cash.
2003: Google accelerates position and portal expansion; Microsoft launches Web crawler; Search gets deeper
March 2003: Google surpasses Yahoo in searches with 1.1 million searches. (source: comScore)
March 4, 2003: Ask Jeeves says it’s buying Interactive Search Holdings for $343 million. See full story.
March 11, 2003: Yahoo’s maps meet Yellow Pages See Yahoo local
March 29, 2003: Google’s Froogle launched See Google’s Froogle.
April 7, 2003: Yahoo revamps its search functionalities. See Yahoo returns to search roots.
April 21, 2003: Ask Jeeves unveils its new look. See Ask Jeeves’ search gets smarter.
April 28, 2003: Overture completes purchase of Alta Vista for $106 million stock and cash
June 19, 2003: Microsoft tests its own Web crawler. See full story.
July 1, 2003: MSN to recast search to make algorithmic searches more prominent. See MSN to recast search.
Oct. 7, 2003: Yahoo completes purchase of Overture for $2.2 bln in stock and cash.
2004: Google’s long awaited IPO
April 29, 2004: Google announces it’ll try to raise $2.7 billion through an IPO, offering shares in a Dutch auction. See full story.
Any blogger knows that scouring through Commons for the right image is a real time suck.
While it’s the cheapest way to go, it can be painfully unproductive and put you at higher risk for copyright infringement. Let’s face it. It may be time to consider subscribing to a photo agency once and for all.
In this post, I want to compare some of the better known stock image sites out there and see if we can zero in on one that excels in price, selection and user interface.Finding The Best Stock Image Site
Photo sharing agencies have come a long way in the past few years and new ones are rising into the limelight all the time. However, in 2013, it’s hard to go wrong with any of these. Note: All prices are subscription based.Shutterstock
One of the first companies to come to mind was New York-based Shutterstock. Their reputation precedes them as one that is on top of the stock photography game. Its founder, Jon Oringer, founded the company in 2003 by uploading 30,000 of his own images.
28 Million Photos
$6.54 per day
Founded in 2005 in New York City, Fotolia offers a tremendous variety of high quality, royalty-free images, vectors and videos. Fotolia pretty much has it all.
23 Million Photos
$6.46 per day
123RF are the new kids on the block. They are based in Hong Kong and have one of the most exciting site designs in the industry. They offer a competitive price for access to their royalty-free stock images, and they make finding the right image really easy.
21 Million Photos
$5.37 per day
Since it’s inception in 2000, Dreamstime has grown to be a major player in the microstock market. In 2005, Microsoft came along and wanted to buy them out. Dreamstime declined that offer. They boast the lowest subscription price of any of the big players. Cool company.
18 Million Photos
$4.82 per day
InexpensiveThinkstock by Getty Images
Getty Images, a stock photography powerhouse in Seattle, was the first company to begin licencing images and have continued to shape and drive the industry forward since it was founded in 1995. Some of the world’s most influential media look to Getty for their premium images, footage and music. Their most affordable plan is with Thinkstock, a sister company.
“Millions” of Photos
$6.83 per day via Thinkstock
Access to Getty Images
Stealing Images Is Copyright Infringement
Signing up with one of these business allows you to work with photographers and not against them.
Congress recently heard pleas by leaders in the digital media sharing industry for stronger copyright protections.
One of the leaders, senior VP of Getty Images John Lapham, said his photo sharing company faces challenges with copyright infringement. He also said that Getty Images has technology that allows them to pursue pirated content [source].
It’s no secret that Getty sues companies and some individuals for copyright infringement. It’s public record. Paying proper attribution to original authors is not only the right thing to do, it may save you and your company from getting embroiled by litigation.In Summary: Two Choices
The cheap and hard way, in which you scour the scant commons for free stock photos without ever finding that perfect picture. You’re also subject to certain restrictions.
The paid and easy way, in which you have access to millions of quality images that depict exactly what you mean. You work with photo agencies, not against them.
For their awesome selection, competitive price and ability to help you get your job done the easy way, I tip my hat to Shutterstock.
This morning we received news from SENSEnews announcing a revolutionary tool from the minds that brought the web hakia semantic search. Dr. Riza Berkan, one of the world’s most imminent semantic language technology gurus, and a team of co-founders, have apparently cracked a new stock market analytical methodology. Powered by hakia search technology, Berkan and his team may have just opened new avenues for market analysis – a Pandora’s Box of stock market metrics tricks.Sense and Sensibility
SENSEnews is the brainchild of Berkan, the late imminent economist Dr. Pentti Kouri, and Prof. Onur Ozgur of the University of Montreal. The reader may recall Dr. Berkan from the so called “search engine wars” where semantic, or natural language search, threatened to upend Google’s virtual monopoly in the market.
Now Berkan’s launch of this new proprietary search/analysis tool, proves at least two things. First, Dr. Berkan and the folks at hakia have never stopped pursuing the perfect intelligent search technology. Secondly, there are far more applications of semantic technology than looking up a car dealer or YouTube video.
The details of hakia always revolved around a fantastically complicated way of indexing data. What was then termed QDEXing, or the filtering of massive data stacks by the superior methodology of Berkan & Co’s artificial intelligence, has now been applied to niche targeted practical applications. In the case of SENSEnews, using an artificial intellect to extrapolate patterns and trends etc. While this all sounds far out and complex, the end result is fairly simple – New and accurate market intelligences.
Using hakia’s semantic search technology, the SENSEnews analysis tool:
Searches all relevant news and social media postings for a stock, basically in real time
Calculates the stock’s implied valuation relative to its current price
Suggests how much of that stock should be bought or sold
Determines if the stock is a “high news risk” stock or not
Further suggests what stocks make up the best portfolio today,
And reveals which news items are driving its analysis (news risk) and recommendationsSo Fantastic It Has To Be True
I know you are already thinking; “If this works…” Well, you supposed correctly. Dr. Berkan added this realistic note to an otherwise almost unbelievable bit of news:
“No human can track, aggregate and analyze massive amounts of emerging information continuously in the way SENSEnews does. SENSEnews empowers investors to be one step ahead in valuing equities before the market adjusts prices to that information.”
What Berkan is alluding to is this very powerful data aggregator and analysis added to the arsenal big time investors already have at their disposal. Not to “sell” Riza’s product for him, but consider a scenario where other factors indicate a stock or series of stocks will head North or South. Let’s face it, news powers the market to a large degree. With up-to-the-hour accurate trending, users of SENSEnews can “tip the decision balance” – thereby increasing their odds of being correct.Never Say Never
I was first introduced to Riza Berkan 4 years ago when semantic search was all in the news every week. Many of us were deeply involved in the development of new search technologies. When the “search wars” seemingly ended once Powerset sold to Microsoft, the buzz about AI and natural language search obviously died down.
Berkan, who I always considered a friend, apparently dove headlong into the scientific rabbit hole of working out real AI, while the Powerset crew just basked in the artifificial light of MS’s Bing ever being truly semantic. At least this is my view. Bing is nothing more than a different way of organizing, Google already has as much “semantic” relevance as any, but now hakia appears to be doing something neither of the others is – applying these technologies to special cases – and in so doing, perhaps gaining significant “localized” value.
Put simply, using hakia to predict how stocks will changed based on news (and this is what it seems Berkan is up to) is like using a sledge hammer to persuade and ant (and a mighty job that could do). At least this is the potential. I for one hope hakia and Berkan have made this work. Now if someone would just front me the $183 per month it costs so I could test it.
Warranty may be void of your device if you follow the procedures given on this page.
You only are responsible for your device. We won’t be liable if any damage occurs to your device and/or its components.SPRINT GALAXY S5 SM-G900P OFFICIAL KITKAT 4.4.2 FIRMWARE
Before you begin with guide instructions below, make sure your android device is adequately charged — at least 50% battery of the device.STEP 0: CHECK DEVICE MODEL NO.
To make sure your device is eligible with this, you must first confirm its model no. in ‘About device’ option under Settings. Another way to confirm model no. is by looking for it on the packaging box of your device. It must be SM-G900P!
Do not use the procedures discussed here on any other Galaxy S5 (including the Galaxy S5 variant at T-Mobile, US Cellular, Verizon, AT&T and other International variants) or any other device of Samsung or any other company. You have been warned!STEP 1: BACKUP YOUR DEVICE
Back up important data and stuff before you start playing around here as there are chances you might lose your apps and app-data (app settings, game progress, etc.), and in rare case, files on the internal memory, too.
For help on Backup and Restore, check out our exclusive page on that linked right below.
► ANDROID BACK UP AND RESTORE GUIDE: APPS AND TIPSSTEP 2: INSTALL LATEST DRIVER
You must have proper and working driver installed on your windows computer to be able to successfully flash stock firmware on your Sprint Galaxy S5. In case you’re not sure, follow the link below for a definitive guide for installing driver for your Galaxy S5 on your computer.
► SAMSUNG GALAXY S5 DRIVERS INSTALLATION GUIDESTEP 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS DOWNLOADS
Download the Odin zip file and firmware file given below. Transfer both Odin and firmware file to a separate folder on your computer just to keep things tidy.ODIN ZIP FILE FIRMWARE ZIP FILE STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE
Important Note: Backup important files stored on internal SD card of your device, so that in case a situation arises requiring you to do a factory reset after flashing stock firmware, which might format internal sd card too, your files will remain safe on PC.
Extract/Unzip the Odin zip file, Latest Odin3 v3.09.zip on your computer (using 7-zip free software, preferably) to get this file: Odin3 v3.09.exe
Extract/Unzip the Firmware zip file, G900PVPU1ANCB_G900PSPT1ANCB_SPR.zip on your computer (using 7-zip free software, preferably) to get this file: G900PVPU1ANCB_G900PSPT1ANCB_G900PVPU1ANCB_HOME.tar.md5
Move the firmware file, G900PVPU1ANCB_G900PSPT1ANCB_G900PVPU1ANCB_HOME.tar.md5, in the same folder in which you extracted Latest Odin3 v3.09.zip (Just for your convenience, that is). So, now you’ll have the following files in that folder:
Disconnect the Galaxy S5 from PC if it is connected.
Boot your Sprint Galaxy S5 into Download Mode:
Power off your phone first and wait for 6-7 seconds after display is off
Press and hold these 3 buttons together until you see Warning! screen: Volume Down + Power + Home
If you don’t get the Added! message, here are some troubleshooting tips:
Make sure you have installed driver for Galaxy S5 as said above.
If you have already installed driver, then uninstall them and re-install back.
Connect using a different USB port on your PC.
Try a different USB cable. The original cable that came with your phone should work best, if not, try any other cable that’s new and of good quality.
Reboot phone and PC and then try again.
Load the firmware file (extracted in Step 2) into Odin as instructed below:
Now in the Option section of Odin, make sure that Re-Partition box is unchecked. (Auto Reboot and F. Reset Time boxes remain checked, while all other boxes remain unchecked.)
Double check the above two steps.
If you see FAIL message instead of the PASS in Odin’s top left box, that’s a problem. Try this now: disconnect your Galaxy S5 from PC, close Odin, remove phone’s battery and put it back inside in 3-4 seconds, open Odin and then repeat from Step 6 of this guide again.
Also, If device is Stuck at setup connection or on any other process, then too, try this: disconnect your S5 from PC, close Odin, remove phone’s battery and put it back inside in 3-4 seconds, open Odin and then repeat from Step 6 of this guide again.FEEDBACK US!
Your suggestions and queries, if any, are most welcomed!
The Galaxy Camera has been launched recently, and the Android development community has already been able to root it, and will no doubt be coming up with custom ROMs and other hacks for the device, extending its functionality and maybe camera capabilities further.
But in all the time one spends tinkering around on the device, there is often a necessity to restore back to stock firmware if something messes up the device, or if someone simply wants to go back to stock in order to claim warranty or get rid of any hacks they may have applied, which is why we’ve made a simple guide that will help you flash back to a stock firmware on your Galaxy Camera if the need arises.
There’s a firmware for every country and region, so just follow the guide below and you’ll have a fully restored and working Galaxy Camera in no time.
The procedure described below is only for the Samsung Galaxy Camera, model number EK-GC100. Do not try it on any other device, not even on another model of the same device.
The methods and procedures discussed here are considered risky, so try them out at your own risk, and make sure to read each step carefully before attempting anything. We will not be held responsible if anything goes wrong.
How to Restore Galaxy Camera to Stock Firmware
Extract the file downloaded in step 3 on the computer to obtain a file with a .tar.md5 extension. The file name may also end at .tar, which is normal. This is the actual firmware file that we need to flash on the camera.
Extract the contents of the Odin3_v3.04.zip file to a folder on your computer.
Turn off the camera and wait for it to shut down completely.
Then, hold down the Volume Down + Camera + Power buttons together till the screen turns on to boot into download mode. If you get a Warning! screen instead, press theVolume Up button to boot into download mode.
Connect the camera to PC now. You should get the message “Added !!” under Odin’s message box in the bottom left.
If you don’t get this message, make sure you installed drivers correctly (using Kies or directly) as given in step 2. If it still doesn’t work, try changing to another USB port on the computer and also use the USB ports on the back if you have a desktop PC.
Important! Do not make any other changes in Odin except selecting the required files as given in step 11. Leave all other options as they are. Make sure Re-Partition check box is not selected.
What do if Odin gets stuck or doesn’t do anything: If ODIN gets stuck on setup connection or at any stage of this process after you’ve hit the Start button, and doesn’t seem to be doing anything, or if upon completion of the process you get a FAIL message (with red background) in ODIN, do this: disconnect the camera from the PC, close ODIN, remove battery for 4-5 seconds, re-insert it, turn camera on in Download mode again, and do the procedure again from Step 9.
[Important] What to do if the camera doesn’t boot: After you get the PASS message and the camera reboots, the camera might get stuck at the booting animation. If that happens, perform the following steps to make it boot. Remember that these steps will wipe your personal data like contacts, apps, messages, etc. If your canera has already booted, you can stop reading the guide here, your camera has been restored successfully:
Boot to recovery mode — for which, first power off camera (by removing battery and reinserting it), wait for 5-6 seconds, and then press and hold Volume Up + Camera + Power keys together till the screen turns on, then let them go to boot into recovery. Once you are in recovery mode, use volume keys to move the selection up and down and camera key to select the option.
Go to Wipe data/Factory Reset and select it. Select Yes on next screen.
Then, select reboot system now to reboot the camera, which will now boot properly.
If you run into any roadblocks while flashing the firmware, let us know and we’ll help you out.
Your Galaxy Camera has now been restored to stock firmware, and any changes you might have made such as rooting have now been reset.
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