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Install Appium

The following article provides an outline for How To Install Appium. Appium is an automation test tool framework for testing applications on different platforms. Appium is open-source and cross-platform. It is mainly used for automating native and hybrid applications for IOS and Android. In Appium, the test code can be written in any language like Java, C#, Ruby, etc. Appium is open source and can efficiently run on multiple devices and emulators for testing the applications.

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The process of installing Appium Step 1: Installation of the Java Development Kit

The individual has to install JDK in a system.

Please use the following link to download and install the JDK.

Step 2: Setting up the Java Environmental Path

After installing JDK, the user must set the environmental path for JAVA_Home.

Pop up window will appear to choose the Environmental variable under the Advanced tab.

In the system variable, select new and enter the variable name and path of JDK.

Step 3: Install the Android SDK and Packages

It is the tool that is used for developing applications for mobile devices.

Step 4: Set Up the Android Variable

Pop up window will appear to choose the Environmental variable under the Advanced tab.

In the system variable, select new and enter the variable name and path of JDK.

Step 5: Install Node.Js Step 6: Installation of .Net Framework

You can download and install the latest version of the Microsoft .net framework from the following link.

Step 7: Download and Install Appium

To download the Appium, please use the following link

Step 8: Enable Developer Options on the Phone

After that, you have to enable the developer option in a phone to check and test the applications for that phone configuration and OS.

Step 9: Install PdaNet

Download and install it with the help of the exe .file and run the installer. Complete the installation.

Step 10: Install Eclipse IDE Step 11: Add Appium Project in Eclipse

To continue testing mobile automation projects with the Appium script, one must download and add the JAR files below to the IDE project. GSON jar file, Selenium web driver client and Jar file, and Java client to project.

Benefits of Using Appium

The following benefits are given below:

As Appium is platform-independent, there is no need to change the programming language with change as a platform. The same things can be used across the platforms.

It can be used for any application like web, hybrid, and native apps.

It is fast and quick to pick up the web drivers.

It does not require an extra agent to test the apps automatically.


The Appium tests mobile applications integrated with other tools like Selenium. The scaling up in this tool is the most concerning part while testing the applications. It is minimal. Appium mainly works in running test cases on the device and listens to the proxy commands from the Appium server. It proxies the command to the Appium UI automation script running on the device for IOS or Android. The script controller sends the instruction to the client, and the bootstrap installed on the device will send the output to the client and then to the server to make sure whether the test has been passed or failed. It is a reliable tool for testing mobile applications for different platforms.

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How To Install Windows Subsystem For Linux On Windows 11

Did you ever imagine that you can update or install Windows Subsystem for Linux with a single command line? It is now officially available, using which you can install WSL easily on your Windows 11.

How to install Windows Subsystem for Linux on Windows 11

Earlier, the process to install Windows Subsystem for Linux is too complicated, involving many packages. You need to work around multiple settings and install WSL on your PC. Microsoft has now eased the process, and it is just a command away.

You can just enter a command and let the command take care of the entire process of installing Windows Subsystem for Linux on your PC. All you need to have is an account with administrative privileges, joined in the Windows Insiders Program on Windows 11.

To install Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) on Windows 11,

Run Command Prompt as an administrator

copy/paste the command chúng tôi –install and press Enter

Restart your PC to make the installation ready for use.

To get started, open Command Prompt with administrative privileges from the Start menu and enter the following command, and press Enter.

wsl --install

Now, the command will enable the WSL and Virtual Machine Platform components on your PC, eliminating all the manual steps that will install WSL. Then, it will download and install the latest version of the Linux kernel and then Linux distribution. You will see the status on Command Prompt window. When it is done, restart your PC with Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), read to use.

It will take a few minutes to open the WSL for a time after the installation as it needs to decompress files and store it on your PC. When the process is completed, create a user account for your WSL. After that, you would be able to open it in a jiffy.

How to see a list of available Linux distributions

In addition to the command to install Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) on your PC, there are a couple more commands that let you see the complete list of Linux distributions that are available to install on your PC.

To see them, open Command Prompt with administrator privileges and type the following command and press Enter:

wsl --list --online

It will show you the list out of which you can choose a version to install using the following command, where you have to replace the distribution name with the one you see in the list.

This command will stop installing the default version of Linux distribution and start installing the selected one. It can also be used to install additional Linux distributions to the existing installation. To see the Windows Subsystem for Linux status with general information of the configuration, distribution type, default distribution, kernel version, you can use the following command.

wsl --status

It will display all the information about the WSL on your PC.

How to manually update Windows Subsystem for Linux

There are commands available that can be used to update your WSL Linux kernel or roll back and update to the previous one.

To manually update the Windows Subsystem for Linux, type the following command in the Command Prompt and press Enter.

wsl --update How to rollback Windows Subsystem for Linux

To roll back an update to the previous version, use the following command.

wsl --update rollback

These are the various commands which can be used to install Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) on your PC, see the list of available Linux distributions, update or roll back the updated WSL.

These commands are usable not only on Windows 11 but if you are on the Windows Insiders Program and have a preview build of Windows 10 OS (build 20262 or higher), you can use the commands to get all the above functionalities on your Windows 10 PC.

What can I do with Windows Subsystem for Linux?

With Windows Subsystem for Linux installed on your PC, you can use command-line Linux tools and apps along with the existing Windows tools. You can access all the files from the WSL using commands.

How do I manually install WSL?

You can install WSL on Windows 11/10 in two ways. The good-old method where you have to download all the installation packages, enable Virtual Machine Platform components on your pc, etc. Now, if you are on the Windows Insider Program and are in line with the latest builds of Windows 11/10, you can install using a command.

Related read: How to install Windows Subsystem for Linux 2 on Windows.

Safari For Windows 10: How To Get And Install It

If you use a Mac or an iPhone, it’s hard to pick a different browser over Safari. It’s incredibly fast, uses minimal resources, and respects user privacy. But if you also use a PC, you won’t have the luxury of installing Apple’s flagship browser on Windows since the Cupertino-based tech giant does not develop Safari for the Windows PC. That’s a major issue when your gear consists of cross-platform products.

Table of Contents

Download and Install Safari on Your Windows PC

Regardless, the steps below will walk you through downloading and installing Safari on your Windows 10/11 PC. But unless you just want to have a feel of how Safari looked almost a decade earlier, we recommend you stay away from it.

1. Download the Safari installer from a software download portal such as Uptodown, Filehippo, or TechSpot. It weighs in at 36.7MB. Unfortunately, Apple no longer supports Safari for Windows, so you can’t get it from an official source.

3. Select Next on the Safari Setup’s Welcome screen.

4. Accept the license agreement and select Next.

5. Specify if you want to add Safari as a desktop shortcut or not. Also, decide if you prefer it as the default browser on your computer (we recommend you don’t select this option). Select Next to continue.

6. Pick an install directory (or leave the default folder path) and select Install.

7. Wait for the Safari installer to finish installing Safari on your computer. Then, select Finish.

Despite being almost ten years old, Safari for Windows doesn’t look too out of place. To the top, you have the familiar URL bar (you can’t use it to perform searches, however), a Bookmarks strip underneath, and a dedicated Search bar on the left corner. By default, new tabs display frequently visiting sites in thumbnail format—you can use the Top Sites and History tabs to switch them and your browsing history. 

Selecting the cog-shaped icon at the right corner of the screen reveals the Safari menu, where you can choose to customize the toolbar, access your browsing history, launch a private browsing window, and so on. 

Selecting Preferences opens the Preferences pane, which provides options to modify the homepage, pick a default search engine, adjust privacy settings, manage extensions (although extensions support is non-existent), etc.

What the browser does not allow is to sign in with an Apple ID. That makes it impossible to sync your browsing data from an iPhone or Mac. Even if the functionality were present previously, Apple probably would’ve stopped you from signing in to it by now.

During our Safari tests on Windows, the browser started showing its age. Most websites took a long time to load, while web apps (such as YouTube and Google Maps) simply failed or prompted us to switch to a compatible browser. Other than for basic web browsing, it was practically useless. 

Safari for Windows also hasn’t received security updates in almost a decade, so we recommend that you don’t attempt to use it for any sensitive activities such as banking or shopping.

Sync Safari Browsing Data via iCloud for Windows

With iCloud for Windows up and running, open the iCloud app and check the boxes next to Passwords and Bookmarks. You can also activate additional iCloud services such as Photos and Drive if you want.

Follow that by installing the iCloud Passwords on Google Chrome or Microsoft Edge. The former lets you insert and save passwords to the iCloud Keychain. You can also use the iCloud Passwords app (which installs automatically alongside iCloud for Windows) to manage your passwords in Windows. On the other hand, the iCloud Bookmarks extension syncs passwords between Chrome/Firefox and Safari.

Download: iCloud Passwords (Chrome)

Download: iCloud Bookmarks (Chrome)

Download: iCloud Passwords (Edge)

Download: iCloud Bookmarks (Firefox)

Run Safari via a macOS Virtual Machine

If you want to use the most recent version of Safari on your PC (perhaps to test a feature or extension), the only way you can do that is by running macOS via virtualization software. However, the procedure is not convenient. For starters, Mac’s operating system is not natively supported by most VM software, so installation generally relies on workarounds relying on additional software. Also, it requires lots of free disk space and uses up system resources, not to mention that virtual machine guests generally run sluggishly compared to the host operating system.

If you still want to go ahead and install macOS, the easiest way to do that is by following the instructions within this macOS Virtualbox project on GitHub. It lets you install macOS Catalina as a virtual machine via a Bash script. We’ve condensed it into the following steps:

1. Download and install Oracle VM VirtualBox on your PC (it’s free).

2. Download and install Cygwin with the following dependencies (you can select them during installation).








3. Download the chúng tôi bash script from GitHub.

4. Open the Cygwin Terminal. Then, drag and drop the bash script and press Enter.

5. Follow the on-screen instructions to set up macOS as a virtual machine on your PC. 

iCloud for Windows Is the Most Convenient

Although it’s possible to download and install Safari on your Windows 10/11 computer, we recommend you stray away from it. The security risks alone make it impractical, and it’s not like you can use it for any serious web browsing anyway due to compatibility issues. 

Download And Install Windows Essentials On Windows 10

How to download and install Windows Essentials on Windows 10




We saw all sorts of great tools from Microsoft over the years, and one of these tools is Windows Essentials.

Windows Essentials worked great on previous versions of Windows, and since this is such widely used set of tools, we decided to make a small guide on how to install Windows Essentials on Windows 10.

Windows Essentials is a collection of Microsoft’s applications and it was first released in 2006.

Over the years Windows Essentials went through various changes with some tools added and others removed from the suite.

Regarding updates, the last update for Windows Essentials was released in 2012, and since Microsoft isn’t actively working on Windows Essentials, many are concerned whether will Windows Essentials run on Windows 10.

We’re pleased to inform you that Windows Essentials can be installed on Windows 10, and that many of its applications work perfectly.

The customer support period ended in January 2023, so it is not available for Windows 10. Currently, Windows Essentials can’t be downloaded from Microsoft Store.

If you need something similar to this product, you may try Microsoft Photos app, where you can create and edit videos with text, music, animations, filters, and 3D effects.

You can also download Windows Essential from third party websites, but on your own risk.

How can I install Windows Essentials on Windows 10?

Installing Windows Essentials on Windows 10 is rather simple, and you can install it by following these steps:

Download Windows Essentials.

Run the setup file.

If you’re not familiar with Windows Essentials, we’ll give you a short guide on what does each application do.

First on our list of tools is OneDrive. As you know, Windows 10 comes with OneDrive preinstalled, therefore you cannot install it using Windows Essentials.

If you want to know what is OneDrive and how it works on Windows 10, we wrote an article about it, so be sure to check it out.

Next on our list is Windows Live Mail. This is a popular email client and direct successor to Outlook Express. If you’re planning to use this client, bear in mind that Windows Live Mail doesn’t work with Outlook anymore.

If you want to download and use Windows Live Mail on Windows 10, check out this guide.

Photo Gallery is an image viewer with a simple to use interface. In addition to viewing images, this tool allows you to edit images, apply different effects to them and share them online.

If you want to download and install Photo Gallery on Windows 10, follow the simple steps from this guide.

Photo Gallery not working on Windows 10? Don’t worry, we’ve got the right solution for you.

Movie Maker is a popular video editing software, and many older users will probably remember that this tool was a part of older versions of Windows.

Microsoft did some changes, and Movie Maker is now a part of Windows Essentials, and it works perfectly on Windows 10.

Movie Maker has stopped working? Check out this guide and solve the problem in no time.

Windows Live Writer is a blogging client and it allows you to access several major blogging services such as WordPress, SharePoint and many others.

By using this tool you can easily write blog posts right from your desktop, without using the blog’s web interface.

We should also mention Windows Live Messenger. As you remember, we choose not to install this tool because Windows Live Messenger service was discontinued in 2013.

Since Messenger service was canceled, all of its users switched to Skype.

As you can see, Windows Essentials worked great on Windows 10, and you could install it and use it without any problems.


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Is Your Windows 7 Install Illegal?

Microsoft issued a friendly reminder in a blog post earlier this week that if you installed Windows 7 on a blank hard drive using an upgrade disc, your Windows installation is illegal. Well, maybe… but I’ll get to that in a second.

Redmond’s post was a response to a host of blogs and other Web sites that explain how you can perform a clean install of the new OS on any hard drive using the Windows 7 upgrade disc instead of purchasing a full version of the new operating system. That’s a tricky move since it will save you at least eighty bucks, but Microsoft says it’s a no-no.

How to Be a Pirate Customer

When you use a piece of software on your computer you are required to abide by its end-user license agreement (EULA). You know what the EULA is don’t you? It’s that big chunk of text you see above the “I Accept” button you see when you’re installing new software.

Anyway, part of Microsoft’s EULA for upgrade discs says that you must own a full version of a previous version of Windows if you want to use the Windows 7 upgrade disc. So, if you do a fresh install of Windows 7 using the upgrade disc, and you don’t own a previous version of Windows, congratulations: you’re a pirate customer.

Who doesn’t have a copy of Windows?

But do you really need to hack Windows 7? If you’ve owned a computer in the last 8 years, then chances are you’ve got a copy of Windows XP or Vista lying around somewhere. Not to mention that computers typically come with the OS pre-installed, so how did you end up with a blank hard drive in the first place?

But let’s say you built your own computer, picked up a Linux-based system on the cheap or your first attempt at a Windows 7 upgrade failed and your hard drive is now blank. You still may not be eligible to use the upgrade disc.

Imagine, for example, you’ve got a two-year old Sony Vaio that came with Windows Vista preinstalled, but you just picked up a brand new laptop running Ubuntu. If your plan is to use your old Vista discs from Sony as a way to upgrade your laptop to Windows 7 on the Linux system, you’re on your way to piracy. Not to mention the fact that most manufacturers tweak the included Windows discs to work only with the computer brand they were intended for.

The funny thing is, as I understand it, you can’t just own a previous copy of Windows. You also have to have that older copy of Windows installed on the computer you’re upgrading to Windows 7. So if you wiped your hard drive by accident while trying to upgrade to Windows 7, technically you have to install XP or Vista first, before upgrading. It’s so easy to end up a pirate isn’t it?

Piracy or not, I’d be surprised if the upgrade disc hack becomes a particularly widespread problem. It’s just so much simpler–not to mention more common–to pick up a computer with Windows already installed on it.

How To Setup And Use Live Captions In Windows 11? – Webnots

Live Captions help to show the text transcript of the audio playing on your computer. This is an accessibility feature for those having difficulties in listening audio or understanding the video content. If you frequently watch learning videos in different language, then try Live Captions to show English transcript and level up your skills. Windows 11 comes with a default feature to enable or disable Live Captions and here is how you can do that.

Things to Understand Before Using Live Captions

By default, Live Captions option is disabled in Windows 11. Here are the things you should understand before enabling it manually.

The feature needs language files from Microsoft to be downloaded in your computer. This essentially means you do not need internet connection for getting text transcripts when the audio is playing.

Since the audio is processed in your system, no data is sent to Microsoft or third-parties when using Live Captions.

It is only available in English (United States) and with Windows 11 version 22H2 or later.

Update: Microsoft added 10 additional languages for Live Captions support with Windows 11 Moment 3 update in June 2023. The supported languages include regional dialects of English, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, German, French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and Danish.

Enable Live Captions in Windows 11

There are four methods to enable Live Captions in Windows 11 PC. Once enabled, you will see the text transcription showing on the Live Captions bar when the audio is playing. You can simply close the bar to disable Live Captions.

Method 1 – Using Keyboard Shortcut for Live Captions

Simply press “Windows + Control + L” shortcut keys. If this is the first time, you will be prompted to setup by downloading the language files.

Download Language Files for Live Captions

After downloading, you will see a success message showing “Speech Pack – English (United States)” is installed from Microsoft Store. You will also see the “Ready to caption” message in the top bar indicating Live Caption is turned on.

Speech Pack English Installed from Store

Now, you are ready to use Live Captions feature in your Windows 11 PC. Since I have already downloaded the language file, system will not prompt to do so in the following methods. Otherwise, you will be prompted to download the file when you use any of these methods for the first time.

Method 2 – Enable Live Captions from Quick Settings (Action Center)

The old Windows 10 Action Center is called Quick Settings in Windows 11. From this panel also you can toggle all accessibility feature.

Turn on the switch against “Live Captions” to enable it.

You will see the “Ready to caption” bar showing on the top.

Enable Live Captions from Quick Settings

Method 3 – Use Start Menu to Enable Live Captions

You can also enable Live Captions in Windows 11 right from the Start menu.

Enable Live Captions from Start Menu

Method 4 – Enable Live Captions from Settings App

You can enable or disable all accessibility features including Live Captions from Windows Settings app also.

Captions Accessibility Settings in Windows 11

You will see a sample video showing the live preview of how captions will look. Below that video, turn the switch on against “Live captions” option to enable it.

Enable Live Captions from Windows Settings App

Customize Live Captions Settings

Live Captions Settings

Position – you can change the Live Captions bar to top, bottom or make floating on the screen. It is good to keep it on top or bottom for easy visibility.

Change Live Captions Bar Position in Windows 11

Customize Caption Options

Change Live Captions Style in Windows 11Yellow on Blue Caption Style Preview

Creating Custom Live Caption Style

Name – Windows will automatically assign the name as copy of the selected style like “Yellow on blue (copy)”. Simply delete that text and enter a new name for your style.

Text – under “Text” tab, first select the text color for caption from the palette. Below the color palette, you have options to adjust the opacity, font size, font family and effects. Windows will show the live preview of caption instantly on the video. Below are the available values for the selection:

Opacity – 0%, 25%, 75% or 100%.Size – Small, Medium, Large or Extra chúng tôi – Mono serif, Proportional serif, Mono sans serif, Proportional sand serif, Casual, Cursive or Small caps.

Effects – Raised, Depressed, Uniform or Drop Shadow.

Create Custom Live Captions Style in Windows 11

Background – go to “Background” tab and select the color and opacity for caption.

Select Background Color for Live Caption

Window – finally, go to “Window” tab and select color and opacity for the live caption area.

Select Windows Background and Opacity

Now, go back to “Captions” setting and you will see the newly created style is set as your default caption style.

Using Live Captions in Windows 11

Now that you have enabled and setup Live Captions on your computer and the next step is to test how it works.

Open any audio or video file on your system. Let me open a .mp4 audio file with Windows Media Player for testing.

Press “Windows + Control + L” keys to open Live Captions.

Start playing the file and you will see the bar shows Live Captions with your selected style as the audio plays.

Check Live Captions in Windows 11

Instead of opening a file from your system, you can also open YouTube or any other website that plays audio and see the Live Captions. Windows generates live captions with very good quality only when you play the audio in US English. Otherwise, you will see the text generation takes long time with lot of mistakes in words and punctuations. This is because the Live Captions feature works only in US English and uses US English language pack for processing the audio.

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