Trending February 2024 # Report: The Bay Area Isn’t Bleeding Tech Workers After All # Suggested March 2024 # Top 7 Popular

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In 2024, a worker in the San Francisco Bay Area earning $100,000 a year would need to put their entire post-tax salary into renting a three-bedroom apartment. The popular tech destination is infamous for that extreme cost of living, which has worsened in recent years. Areas such as Oakland and San Francisco saw rent increases as high as 40 percent between 2024 and 2023.

Plenty of workers have had enough: In the final quarter of 2023, according to real estate company Redfin, more residents left San Francisco than any other major U.S. city.

You’d be forgiven, then, for assuming the city is seeing a net loss of tech workers. But, you’d be wrong, according to a new report out from LinkedIn. Here’s a look at the most interesting facts surrounding the tech industry’s biggest stronghold, what they mean, and what those in the industry have to say about what’s keeping tech workers in the area.

The Bay Area Workforce: Holding Steady

LinkedIn’s April report on the state of the U.S. workforce leans on data collected from over 146 million U.S. users and the over 3 million job positions the professional network fields each month. And, as it turns out, reports of Silicon Valley’s destination demise have been greatly exaggerated.

“Despite its steep housing costs and long commutes,” the report notes, “San Francisco is still a net attracter of talent: our data shows that the number of people moving to the San Francisco Bay Area continues to outweigh the number departing for greener (less expensive) pastures.”

In short, while workers are leaving, they’re more than replaced by the incoming crowd. Cities across America’s heartland continue to see a trickle of workers leaving for the Bay Area, too. The report name-drops Chicago, Pittsburgh, Detroit, Minneapolis, St. Louis, and Cleveland-Akron in particular.

San Francisco Skills Gap

The LinkedIn report does note that the number of those moving into San Francisco has dropped by 41.7 percent since February 2023, an indication that the influx is slowing, even while it hasn’t entirely stopped.

The impact can be seen in the skills gap  — the San Francisco Bay Area has the largest skills gap among the locations covered by LinkedIn’s report, meaning that supply isn’t keeping up with demand. The Bay Area also ranks number one in skills scarcity.

Seattle Gains Techies

While former San Francisco residents could head anywhere in the world — and many countries offer a cost of living even better than the U.S. — their final destinations understandably tend to meet a more familiar template. Workers are seeking destinations that are large, tech-friendly, on the rise, and — of course — have a lower cost of living, even if not a particularly low one.

So, which city wins out from this magic formula? Seattle steps up as the top destination, though Denver and Austin sit at fourth and fifth place on the list and also fit the description of a bustling tech city.

One interesting note: Seattle may be a top destination for tech workers looking for the next San Francisco, but that means Seattle’s less wealthy residents are taking their own leave. According to the Redfin report, Seattle was seventh on the list of most abandoned U.S. cities in the final quarter of 2023, with 10.4 percent of the service’s local users actively searching for a new residence elsewhere.

Keeping it Cali

Those who can’t divorce themselves entirely from the much-hyped Bay Area opt for nearby towns that will let them commute: Sacramento is the third most popular location for ex-San Francisco residents, while Stockton is tenth, Modesto is eleventh, Fresno is thirteenth, and Salinas is fourteenth. After, it’s a balancing act for many in the industry, who rely on the same location that’s pricing them out.

“It is inconvenient and the parking is very difficult to find, but along with peers who also drive this long commute; we have to do it because the area is too congested to be able to live in full time,” Sacramento marketer Christina tells me.

“It would be very difficult to live in San Francisco but it would also be difficult if I didn’t commute there to work, since I am in the tech industry.”

But Who’s Leaving?

Nevertheless, concerns about the shifting demographics in the Bay Area shouldn’t be ignored. Some are leaving and others are entering — so the question is, who’s leaving, and how essential were they to Silicon Valley culture?

Writing in March, the New York Times’ Kevin Roose had an answer that will hit Bay Area-bound tech workers where it hurts: Their wallets. According to Roose, investors and other power players are reconsidering their home city.

“In recent months,” Roose writes, “a growing number of tech leaders have been flirting with the idea of leaving Silicon Valley. Some cite the exorbitant cost of living in San Francisco and its suburbs, where even a million-dollar salary can feel middle class. Others complain about local criticism of the tech industry and a left-wing echo chamber that stifles opposing views. And yet others feel that better innovation is happening elsewhere.”

The less influential are leaving even faster than the larger players: Under-40 renters in California are more than three times more likely to leave than those over 40, according to a poll covering the entire Bay Area-wide and conducted by the Bay Area News Group and the Silicon Valley Leadership Group. Part of that lost “innovation” that is leading to the area’s lost luster may be tied to the younger up-and-coming crowd leaving the area.

What’s in the Future?

While it’s no cause for celebration when any group of workers takes flight, the loss of the movers and shakers who have defined Silicon Valley’s recent history would be the true game-changer. If they leave, they take their massive influence and venture funds with them.

The Bay Area is holding strong population-wise, but that isn’t the only metric to consider. In a few more years, the area may well hold less esteem and carry less clout in the tech industry, even while it remains as populated as ever.

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The Importance Of Teaching All Students About Tech Accessibility Features

Although many see accessibility features as solely for users with disabilities, a wide variety of students can benefit from them.

Traditionally, accessibility features have been perceived as tools that only benefit specific learners. For example, if you have a student with dyslexia, you might help that student learn how to use the text-to-speech and speech-to-text features of their device when reading and writing. However, accessibility features (while essential for some learners) can also be beneficial to other learners.

If we view accessibility features through the lens of Universal Design for Learning, then we realize that accessibility features are one way to promote access and minimize barriers for the wide variety of learners in our classrooms. 

For example, text-to-speech tools are beneficial not only for students with dyslexia but also for students who are learning a new language, students who are proofreading their essays and want to catch errors easily, and students with limited time who want to complete readings while they are in transit. In addition, text-to-speech tools allow for multimodal learning opportunities.

iPad Accessibility Features

In my work with K–12 schools and universities, a key area of focus has been helping educators explore how they can enhance teaching and learning with the iPad.  There are dozens of incredible accessibility features built into Apple devices, some of which are listed in the accessibility settings and others that are embedded features of particular apps. Below are seven iPad features that I think are helpful for students.

Google and Microsoft Accessibility Features 

There are helpful accessibility features built into Google and Microsoft tools as well. Below are a few examples.

Google features

Students can use Voice Typing in Google Docs and Google Slides to convert their speech into text. 

They can translate Google Docs from one language to another.

Students can also enable captions when presenting in Google Slides. 

Microsoft features

Teaching Students About Accessibility Features

There are three important questions we should address when teaching students about accessibility features:

What are the accessibility features of this device/tool?

How do I use them?

When should I use them?

Students also need opportunities to practice using the accessibility features in different contexts; this can not only help them develop greater fluency with the features but also help them transfer their knowledge to new situations. 

Teaching students about accessibility features need not be a time-consuming or cumbersome process. In her book Transform Your Teaching with Universal Design for Learning, Jennifer L. Pusateri suggests a strategy called “5-Minute Feature,” where each week, you take five minutes to share a helpful feature.

As we work to help students become creators rather than just consumers of technology, teaching them about accessibility features can also help them ensure that the content they create is accessible to others. For example, by learning about the importance of captioning, students can ensure that the presentations they deliver and videos they create are proactively designed with accessibility in mind.

By taking the time to explicitly teach students about accessibility features, we can ensure that our students have the opportunity to personalize their learning and demonstrate their understanding in ways that acknowledge learner variability and promote student agency. We can also equip them with tools to make the content they create more accessible to others.

Does Coinbase Report To Irs? All You Need To Know

It’s now established that virtual currencies have acquired mainstream status since you both users and companies use them to exchange goods and services. Although still relatively new, cryptocurrency now counts toward your assets, and the transactions you make with them (at least, in the US) incur taxes. 

If you perform most of your crypto activity on Coinbase, you must be wondering whether any of your transactions are reported to the IRS and whether you need to file a return for the taxes you’ve incurred. In this post, we’ll help you understand what taxes you owe when receiving or selling crypto, what Coinbase reports to the IRS, and how to access all of your crypto activity from Coinbase. 

Do you owe crypto taxes?

The IRS treats any virtual (crypto) currency as a property for Federal income tax purposes and in many ways, it’s viewed in the same aspect as that of stocks, capital assets, and bonds. Depending on the money you’ve gained from crypto, you will be charged tax in two ways – income and capital gains.

When crypto is taxed as income, you will have to pay a federal tax on the total money you’ve earned over the course of a year. When your crypto is taxed as capital gains, it will be charged on the account you’ve gained as profits from selling various assets. 

You will owe crypto taxes only for transactions that qualify as taxable events like when selling your crypto for cash, converting it to another cryptocurrency, or exchanging it for goods and services. You won’t need to report your gains if you still hold the original shares. We’ll talk more about what qualifies as a taxable event in a section later in this post. 

Does Coinbase report to the IRS?

Yes, but for those accounts that are eligible as per IRS’ Forms 1099-MISC. Coinbase will only send you Form 1099-MISC if:

You’re a crypto trader in the US. 

You accounted to $600 or more from rewards, profile, or staking crypto in the past tax year.  

When you fulfill the above conditions, Coinbase, like other exchanges, will generate two copies of your crypto tax report – one that will be sent to you and another to the IRS. This means, if you have received Form 1099-MISC from Coinbase, the IRS has almost certainly received the same. In that case, you must furnish your crypto income and file taxes on it. 

What information does Coinbase share with the IRS?

Now that we’ve established that Coinbase sends Form 1099-MISC to both you and the IRS, you may wonder what information is actually shared on this form. Coinbase will only report miscellaneous income” to the IRS but not your overall gains or losses. However, this doesn’t mean that you don’t need to report your capital gains or losses. 

By receiving Form 1099-MISC from Coinbase, IRS will be notified that you are actively using the crypto exchange and have made transactions other than staking and rewards that you need to report to the tax agency. When this form is sent to you and the IRS, Coinbase will only report your total income from transactions you’ve made over the past tax year. Besides your total income, Coinbase itself won’t report your individual transactions to the IRS. 

Your total income will be compiled from all of your taxable transactions including:

Selling your crypto for dollars

Spending crypto on goods and services

Converting your crypto into another crypto 

Mining crypto as business

Receiving crypto as paycheck

Getting crypto when selling goods and services

Receiving staking rewards and incentives in crypto

Getting returns from when you hold a crypto 

Receiving free crypto from a company as part of giveaway

Will Coinbase send you any tax forms? 

As we explained above, Coinbase will send you Form 1099-MISC showing a total income from all of your transactions. This form will be sent to you if your total income from Coinbase amounts to $600 or more and the same form will be sent to the IRS to signal them that you are actively using Coinbase to make crypto transactions. 

If you don’t receive a Form 1099-MISC from Coinbase but you still earned rewards or staking in the platform and are well within the $600 limit, you’re still required to report your crypto income when filing your tax return. 

While Coinbase only sends Form 1099-MISC to its users, you may receive other forms that may need to be submitted to the IRS if you make transactions on other crypto exchanges. 

Although Coinbase doesn’t report you individual transactions, it provides you a way to look at every transaction that you have done on its exchange platform that may have resulted in capital gains or losses. These transactions can be anything from selling crypto, spending it, or converting it to another cryptocurrency. The company has acknowledged that your gains or losses from the 2023 tax year won’t be reported to the IRS. 

When does Coinbase not report to the IRS?

Coinbase reports your total income from crypto to the IRS when sending them and this total income includes all of your taxable transactions we listed above. Although these transactions are not reported individually, you still need to furnish details that explain your total income. Besides these ones, there are some transactions that won’t show up inside your total income and thus, won’t be reported to the IRS. These transactions are called non-taxable events and include:

Purchasing crypto with cash and holding it: When you don’t sell crypto, the gains you get from it are unrealized and are thus not taxed until you sell them. 

Moving crypto from one wallet to another doesn’t make it taxable unless you sell. 

Gifting someone crypto up to $15,000 per recipient without any exchange of items doesn’t yield as a taxable event. 

Donating crypto to a non-profit or a 501(c)(3) charity won’t be taxable. 

Receiving crypto as a gift yourself from someone doesn’t count as taxable income until you sell it or use it in staking. 

In all the above scenarios, Coinbase won’t include such transactions toward your total income as part of its report to the IRS. 

Can you access the transaction history and tax report on Coinbase?

In order to let you submit a complete summary of your crypto transactions, Coinbase offers you a Coinbase Taxes portal where you can view all of your crypto activity on chúng tôi learn which transactions are taxable, know your total income, and understand your capital gains and losses. This portal also hosts forms that you may need to submit to the IRS to file your crypto returns. 

Coinbase users can access their transaction history by checking out the Reports section inside chúng tôi and downloading their tax report by going to the Documents section inside Coinbase Taxes. 

Coinbase Pro users will need to go to the Statements section inside their account to access their transaction history and tax report. 

That’s all you need to know whether Coinbase reports your crypto to the IRS. 

Debunked: Your Ssd Won’t Lose Data If Left Unplugged After All

If you’re in a panic because the Internet told you that your shiny new SSD may lose data in “just a few days” when stored in a hot room, take a chill pill—it’s apparently all a huge misunderstanding.

In a conversation with Kent Smith of Seagate and Alvin Cox, the Seagate engineer who wrote the presentation that set the Internet abuzz, PCWorld was told we’re all just reading it wrong.

“People have misunderstood the data,” Smith said. 

Cox agreed, saying there’s no reason to fret. 

“I wouldn’t worry about [losing data],” Cox told PCWorld. “This all pertains to end of life. As a consumer, an SSD product or even a flash product is never going to get to the point where it’s temperature-dependent on retaining the data.”

Why this matters: Users from New York to Rio De Janiero are freaking out over the risk of losing data when their SSDs are powered off. We decided to go to the source of it all for the truth.

PCWorld

It looks like a misunderstanding of this 5-year-old PowerPoint page set the Internet ablaze

The original presentation dates back to when Cox chaired a committee for JEDEC, the industry group that blesses memory specs. It was intended to help data center and enterprise customers understand what could happen to an SSD—but only after it had reached the end of its useful life span and was then stored at abnormal temperatures. It’s not intended to be applied to an SSD in the prime of its life in either an enterprise or a consumer setting.

But that’s not how the Internet viewed it. The presentation—almost five years old now—surfaced in a forensic computing blog as an explanation for why an SSD could start to lose data in a short amount of time at high temperatures. Once media outlets jumped on the story, it spread across the globe. ”I wouldn’t worry about (losing data)” —Alvin Cox

“The standards body for the microelectronics industry has found that Solid State Drives (SSD) can start to lose their data and become corrupted if they are left without power for as little as a week,” said the International Business Times, one of the first to run a story on the blog post. From there, the Internet seemed to amplify as fact that an SSD left unplugged would lose data—all citing Cox’s JEDEC presentation.

But Cox and Smith said that’s not correct. In fact, both said, an SSD that isn’t worn out rarely experiences data errors. Data center use also subjects SSDs to far more “program/erase” cycles than a typical consumer could under any normal circumstances. Corsair

Consumer drives such as this Corsair Neutron GTX have been pushed beyond 1.1 petabytes of writes before wearing out. That’s one of the criteria you’d need to lose data.

Wear is one of the risk factors for SSD data loss at high temperatures, but because it’s nearly impossible for an average user to wear out an SSD, the danger is very small, Cox and Smith said. Even a worn-out SSD would still go a year without data loss, according to the original presentation, and that’s while being stored at 87 degrees Fahreneit the entire time.

For the same reasons, Smith said, enterprise customers are also unlikely to suffer from heat-related dead drive issues. Besides, they’re more likely to use tape or other cheaper methods to back up data. 

That’s not to say that SSDs aren’t immune from failures and data loss. Like all electronics, there’s always the risk of failure. Our own story helps put SSD failure rates in perspective. 

Smith and Cox said the intent of the original presentation was to illustrate a worst-case scenario. What if the truck with the SSDs from the data center broke down, in the Arizona desert in July, on the way to the archiving center? How long could the truck be parked before data loss occurred from excessive heat? While that’s a scenario that could happen, it’s also highly unlikely—which is why the fear gripping SSD owners is unwarranted.

After A Year With North’S Smart Glasses, Here’S Why I’M All

If I sound overly critical of Focals, you should know that it comes from a place of love. I’ve wanted the smart glasses form-factor to exist as a consumer product – something you can go out and buy, rather than just as a sci-fi movie prop or a weird proof-of-concept – for decades. I think augmented reality is legitimately one of the most exciting segments in the industry, and I do believe that things like smart glasses are the form-factor of the (near) future.

Focals have given me addicting glimpses of how that future will work. Having a notification float into view, and responding to it with a quick voice command, can be much quicker than pulling out my phone and doing it the traditional way.

I’d worried a little that having my digital world suspended in front of my face might make it hard to pull myself away from it. The reality is, though, that I’m far less likely to go off on an internet tangent through Focals than I am on my phone. I am, it seems, singularly incapable of seeing a notification on my lock screen, opening it on my phone, reacting to it, and then putting the phone down again. Far more likely is that I deal with the notification, then get distracted with my email, or Twitter, or Instagram, or… well, you get the picture.

Focals may have a range of functionality, but it feels far more task-biased than your iPhone or Galaxy does. If I check the weather forecast on Focals, I’m not going to then segue into my inbox. You can see your Twitter mentions – and Like, Retweet, or Reply – but this really isn’t the form-factor to keep up with a fast-moving timeline. North’s app sensibly allows you to choose which of your phone notifications make it through to your eyeline, too, and automatically mutes them when it senses you’re driving.

Just as was the case with smartwatches, I think we’re still in the early, discovery days of figuring out how smart glasses fit into our overall collection of personal devices. My Apple Watch hasn’t replaced my iPhone, but it has augmented it; my smart speaker hasn’t supplanted apps, but it has proved to be a shortcut to their key functionality.

North offers a tantalizing glimpse of how digital eyewear may fit into that too. One thing I’ve particularly liked was the plurality of ways to control Focals. Unlike Google Glass’ side-mounted trackpad – which always made me feel like I was cosplaying Star Trek: TNG’s Geordi La Forge – you navigate primarily using a wireless plastic ring with a tiny joystick on top, which North calls the Loop. I’m not a ring-wearer normally, and so having the Loop on my finger felt a bit strange initially, but it turned out to be a great, unobtrusive way to move through the Focals interface.

Alternatively, there’s voice control. You can use voice-to-text to respond to messages, for example, or talk to Alexa just as you would with a smart speaker. I’m always a little self-conscious to use voice command systems out in public, but Focals’ microphone was at least sensitive enough that it could usually pick up my relatively quiet murmuring rather than demanding I bellow instructions like a marching band leader.

Even battery life was a pleasant surprise. The 700 mAh battery in Focals didn’t give me a huge amount of confidence about all-day use, but honestly it was usually my face that was the limiting factor. You charge the smart glasses – and the Loop – in the included case, which is reassuringly sturdy but also comically large.

Haskell Program To Calculate The Area Of Cube

This tutorial will help us in calculating the area of a cube. There are various approaches to calculating the area but the mathematical formula to calculate the area will remain the same I.e., 6*(side^2).

Method 1: Using cubeArea Function

This example defines a function cubeArea that takes a single argument, the length of the cube’s sides, and returns the area of the cube. The main function calls the cubeArea function to calculate the area. The result is then printed to the console.

Algorithm

Step 1 − The function cubeArea is being defined on the basis of simple mathematical formula i.e., 6a^2 as, cubeArea side = 6 * (side ^ 2).

Step 2 − Program execution will be started from main function. The main() function has whole control of the program. It is written as main = do.

Step 3 − A variable named, “side” is being initialized. It will contain the length of the side of the cube.

Step 4 − A variable “area” is initialized to hold the computed area value of the cube and the final resultant area value is displayed by using ‘putStrLn’ statement.

Example

In this example, we are going to calculate the area of Cube by using cubeArea function.

module Main where cubeArea side = 6 * (side ^ 2) main :: IO () main = do let side = 4 let area = cubeArea side putStrLn ("The area of the cube is: " ++ show area) Output The area of the cube is: 96.0 Method 2: Using Data.Fixed

In This method , the Data.Fixed library is used to represent the side length of the cube with a fixed precision. The Fixed E2 type is used to represent a fixed-point decimal with 2 decimal places.

The cubeArea function takes a single argument of type Fixed E2, which represents the length of the cube’s sides. It then calculates the area of the cube by multiplying the side length by 6 and raising it to the power of 2.

Algorithm

Step 1 − Data.Fixed module is imported.

Step 2 − The function cubeArea is being defined by taking a single argument of type Fixed E2, which represents the length of the cube’s sides. It then calculates the area of the cube by multiplying the side length by 6 and raising it to the power of 2.

Step 3 − Program execution will be started from main function. The main() function has whole control of the program. It is written as main = do.

Step 4 − A variable named, “side” is being initialized. It will contain the length of the side of the cube.

Step 5 − A variable “area” is initialized to hold the computed area value of the cube once the function is called and the final resultant area value is displayed by using ‘putStrLn’ statement.

Example

In this example, we are going to calculate the area of Cube by using Data.Fixed to represent the side length with a fixed precision.

import Data.Fixed cubeArea side = 6 * (side ^ 2) main :: IO () main = do let side = 4 let area = cubeArea side putStrLn ("The area of the cube is: " ++ show area) Output The area of the cube is: 96.00 Method 3: Using Pattern Matching

This method defines a data type Cube using record syntax, which has a single field side with a type of Double.

The cubeArea function takes a single argument of type Cube and uses pattern matching to extract the value of the side field. It then calculates the area of the cube by multiplying the side length by 6 and raising it to the power of 2.

Algorithm

Step 1 − A data type Cube using record syntax is defined.

Step 2 − The cubeArea function is defined by taking a single argument of type Cube and uses pattern matching to extract the value of the side field. It then calculates the area of the cube by multiplying the side length by 6 and raising it to the power of 2.

Step 3 − Program execution will be started from main function. The main() function has whole control of the program.

Step 4 − A variable named, “side” is being initialized. It will contain the length of the side of the cube.

Step 5 − A variable “area” is initialized to hold the computed area value of the cube once the function is called and the final resultant area value is displayed by using ‘putStrLn’ statement.

Example

In the following example, we are going to calculate the area of Cube by using pattern matching.

data Cube = Cube { side :: Double } cubeArea (Cube side) = 6 * (side ^ 2) main :: IO () main = do let side = 4 let area = cubeArea (Cube side) putStrLn ("The area of the cube is: " ++ show area) Output The area of the cube is: 96.0 Conclusion

There are different ways to calculate the area of a cube. In Haskell, the area of a cube can be calculated by using cubeArea function, by using Data.Fixed library or by using pattern matching.

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