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The one thing that almost everyone does after a system reformat is to re-install all the applications and restore the system back to its previous state. A troublesome, boring, and sometime tedious task. It can get worst if you do not have access to the Internet. Wouldn’t it be great if you can install all those applications at one go?
1. Head to Ninite for Linux.
2. Check the applications that you want (the list is rather limited now)
That’s it. As easy as that.
Note: deb file can only be used on debian based distro. Distros using rpm might have to use the “alien” script to convert the deb file to rpm format.
The only caveat at this moment is that the list of applications available for selection are just too little. You can do your part by suggesting the app (on the Ninite for Linux page) that you want them to include.
Have you tried Ninite for Linux?
Damien Oh started writing tech articles since 2007 and has over 10 years of experience in the tech industry. He is proficient in Windows, Linux, Mac, Android and iOS, and worked as a part time WordPress Developer. He is currently the owner and Editor-in-Chief of Make Tech Easier.
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If you’re an owner of multiple computers, or at the very least the user of multiple Linux distributions, you’ll no doubt be aware of how annoying it can be to have to make live USB sticks over and over. There has to be a better way, right? There is!
Introducing Linux AIO: it’s a tool that takes all current spins of popular Linux distributions (think Ubuntu and Fedora) and compiles them into one flashable ISO file. It’s not a new idea, but it’s a fascinating take on the concept none-the-less.
So, how does it work?Downloading Linux AIO
Linux AIO has many, many editions. Sad to say, there isn’t just one ISO image you can place on your drive and select from the most popular Linux flavors out of the gate. Instead, you’ll need to sift through the available editions and determine which one you want the most.
Here’s a complete list of every edition available for download: Ubuntu, Linux Mint, LMDE, Debian Live, Fedora, Zorin OS, Trisquel, SolydXK, ROSA, Tanglu, ALT Linux, Point Linux, Porteus, PCLinuxOS, and Korora.
1. Try to avoid using the torrent links when downloading, as it appears to have very little seeds and is overall very slow.
Finding p7zip is different depending on what you’re using, but it shouldn’t be too hard to find. Just open your package manager, either with terminal or a graphical tool, and search for something similar to “7zip.” After that, just install it and try extracting again.Making the live disc
Once you’ve chosen your Linux AIO ISO file and downloaded it, it’s time to make a Linux live disk. Making a Linux live disk with an ISO file can be done in several ways, but few are as easy as using Etcher. Follow our Etcher guide here to make the Linux AIO live disk and then return when everything is completed.
Note: Be sure that your USB flash drive is at least 8 GB in size, as Linux AIO takes up a lot of space.Usage
Linux AIO is largely a collection of live disks. That’s the extent of the software. When you boot your live USB disk, you’ll be prompted with a selection menu. This selection menu will show every single official flavor of whichever Linux distribution you choose.
From here it is possible to use the up and down arrows on the keyboard to select whichever spin you’d like. Once selected, the regular live disk boots as if you’d downloaded an official spin from the Linux distro’s website.
Inside the live disk you’re able to do everything you’d do in any other Linux live disk, including install it.What makes Linux AIO special?
This software makes installing Linux distributions much easier. For example: you own many computers, and each one runs a different version of Ubuntu. Your laptop runs Ubuntu Mate, your gaming PC runs traditional Ubuntu, and other family members run other various flavors of Ubuntu.
With this tool all you need is one USB stick loaded with the latest Linux AIO Ubuntu ISO. It’ll be incredibly easy to put any of the necessary versions of Ubuntu Linux on all the computers you own without the need to remake a USB stick over and over or to buy multiples.Conclusion
Making live Linux USB sticks are a pain. You have to re-format, re-download and it just gets tiring. That’s why I really am impressed with Linux AIO. It’s not perfect, and certainly has some work ahead of it, but overall it’s a refreshing tool for those who have the unlucky task of installing multiple spins of a Linux distribution.
Would you use Linux AIO in place of your current method for installing Linux? Let us know below!
Image credit: Wikimedia Commons
Derrik Diener is a freelance technology blogger.
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Did you ever imagine that you can update or install Windows Subsystem for Linux with a single command line? It is now officially available, using which you can install WSL easily on your Windows 11.How to install Windows Subsystem for Linux on Windows 11
Earlier, the process to install Windows Subsystem for Linux is too complicated, involving many packages. You need to work around multiple settings and install WSL on your PC. Microsoft has now eased the process, and it is just a command away.
You can just enter a command and let the command take care of the entire process of installing Windows Subsystem for Linux on your PC. All you need to have is an account with administrative privileges, joined in the Windows Insiders Program on Windows 11.
To install Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) on Windows 11,
Run Command Prompt as an administrator
copy/paste the command chúng tôi –install and press Enter
Restart your PC to make the installation ready for use.
To get started, open Command Prompt with administrative privileges from the Start menu and enter the following command, and press Enter.wsl --install
Now, the command will enable the WSL and Virtual Machine Platform components on your PC, eliminating all the manual steps that will install WSL. Then, it will download and install the latest version of the Linux kernel and then Linux distribution. You will see the status on Command Prompt window. When it is done, restart your PC with Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), read to use.
It will take a few minutes to open the WSL for a time after the installation as it needs to decompress files and store it on your PC. When the process is completed, create a user account for your WSL. After that, you would be able to open it in a jiffy.How to see a list of available Linux distributions
In addition to the command to install Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) on your PC, there are a couple more commands that let you see the complete list of Linux distributions that are available to install on your PC.
To see them, open Command Prompt with administrator privileges and type the following command and press Enter:wsl --list --online
It will show you the list out of which you can choose a version to install using the following command, where you have to replace the distribution name with the one you see in the list.
This command will stop installing the default version of Linux distribution and start installing the selected one. It can also be used to install additional Linux distributions to the existing installation. To see the Windows Subsystem for Linux status with general information of the configuration, distribution type, default distribution, kernel version, you can use the following command.wsl --status
It will display all the information about the WSL on your PC.How to manually update Windows Subsystem for Linux
There are commands available that can be used to update your WSL Linux kernel or roll back and update to the previous one.
To manually update the Windows Subsystem for Linux, type the following command in the Command Prompt and press Enter.wsl --update How to rollback Windows Subsystem for Linux
To roll back an update to the previous version, use the following command.wsl --update rollback
These are the various commands which can be used to install Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) on your PC, see the list of available Linux distributions, update or roll back the updated WSL.
These commands are usable not only on Windows 11 but if you are on the Windows Insiders Program and have a preview build of Windows 10 OS (build 20262 or higher), you can use the commands to get all the above functionalities on your Windows 10 PC.What can I do with Windows Subsystem for Linux?
With Windows Subsystem for Linux installed on your PC, you can use command-line Linux tools and apps along with the existing Windows tools. You can access all the files from the WSL using commands.How do I manually install WSL?
You can install WSL on Windows 11/10 in two ways. The good-old method where you have to download all the installation packages, enable Virtual Machine Platform components on your pc, etc. Now, if you are on the Windows Insider Program and are in line with the latest builds of Windows 11/10, you can install using a command.
Related read: How to install Windows Subsystem for Linux 2 on Windows.
In this article we will learn and configure NFS (Network File System) which is basically used to share the files and folders between Linux systems. This was developed by Sun Microsystems in 1980 which allows us to mount the file system in the network and remote users can interact and the share just like local file and folders.Features of NFS
NFS can be configured as a centralized storage solution.
No need of running the same OS on both machines.
Can be secured with Firewalls.
It can be shared along with all the flavors of *nix.
The NFS share folder can be mounted as a local file system.Setup NFS
NFS mount needed at least two machines. The machine hosting the shared folders is called as server and which connects is called as clients.IP address Details of Server & Client
Client: 192.168.87.158Configuring NFS Server
We needed to install the packages for NFS# yum install nfs-utils nfs-utils-lib Output: Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, security Setting up Install Process Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * epel: mirrors.ustc.edu.cn Resolving Dependencies Dependencies Resolved ================================================================================================ Package Arch Version Repository Size ================================================================================================ Installing: nfs-utils x86_64 1:1.2.3-64.el6 base 331 k nfs-utils-lib x86_64 chúng tôi base 68 k Transaction Summary ================================================================================================ Install 2 Package(s) Total download size: 399 k Installed size: 1.1 M Is this ok [y/N]: y Downloading Packages: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Running rpm_check_debug Running Transaction Test Transaction Test Succeeded Running Transaction Installing : nfs-utils-lib-1.1.5-11.el6.x86_64 1/2 Installing : 1:nfs-utils-1.2.3-64.el6.x86_64 2/2 Verifying : 1:nfs-utils-1.2.3-64.el6.x86_64 1/2 Verifying : nfs-utils-lib-1.1.5-11.el6.x86_64 2/2 Installed: nfs-utils.x86_64 1:1.2.3-64.el6 nfs-utils-lib.x86_64 0:1.1.5-11.el6 Complete!
After this run the below commands to start the NFS servers and make sure it start at boot time.# chkconfig nfs on # service rpcbind start # service nfs start Output: Starting NFS services: [ OK ] Starting NFS quotas: [ OK ] Starting NFS mountd: [ OK ] Starting NFS daemon: [ OK ] Starting RPC idmapd: [ OK ] Exporting the Share Directory
We need to decide a directory which we want to share with the client. The directory should be added to /etc/exports# vi /etc/exports
All the below lines to the file./share 192.168.87.158(rw,sync,no_root_squash,no_subtree_check) Explanation
/share – is the share folder which server wants to share
192.168.87.158 – is the IP address of the client to whom want to share
rw – This will all the clients to read and write the files to the share directory.
sync – which will confirm the shared directory once the changes are committed.
no_subtree_check – Will prevents the scanning the shared directory, as nfs performs the scans of every share directory, Disabling the subtree check will increase the reliability, but reduces the security.
no_root_squash – This will all the root user to connect to the designated directory.
Once, we enter the details of the share in config file, run the below command to export them# exportfs -a Configure Client
Install the required packages to connect to NFS# yum install nfs-utils nfs-utils-lib -y Creating Mount Point for Share Directory
Once the packages are installed on the client, create the directory to mount point the shared folder# mkdir -p /mnt/share Mounting the Share Directory # mount 192.168.87.156:/share /mnt/share/
To confirm if the share is mounted or not run the command ‘df -h’, this will show the list of mounted folders.# df -h Output: Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root 50G 5.2G 42G 12% / tmpfs 427M 80K 427M 1% /dev/shm /dev/sda1 477M 42M 410M 10% /boot /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home 95G 60M 90G 1% /home 192.168.87.156:/share 18G 2.0G 15G 13% /mnt/share
To see the list of all the mounted file systems.# mount Output: /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root on / type ext4 (rw) proc on /proc type proc (rw) sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw) devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,gid=5,mode=620) tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw) /dev/sda1 on /boot type ext4 (rw) /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home on /home type ext4 (rw) none on /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc type binfmt_misc (rw) sunrpc on /var/lib/nfs/rpc_pipefs type rpc_pipefs (rw) 192.168.87.156:/share on /mnt/share type nfs (rw,vers=4,addr=192.168.87.156,clientaddr=192.168.87.158) To Check the NFS Mount
Create a file and folders in the server share directory# touch test1 # mkdir test
Then goto the client side machine and check the /mnt/share folders# ls /mnt/share/ -lh total 4.0K drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4.0K Apr 20 2024 test -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 0 Apr 20 2024 test1
To automatically mount the share folder permanently while boot in the client machine, add the entries in the /etc/fstab file# vi /etc/fstab # # /etc/fstab # Created by anaconda on Sat Apr 2 00:11:04 2024 # # Accessible filesystems, by reference, are maintained under '/dev/disk' # See man pages fstab(5), findfs(8), mount(8) and/or blkid(8) for more info # /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_root / ext4 defaults 1 1 UUID=1adb2ad5-d0c7-48a5-9b10-f846a3f9258c /boot ext4 defaults 1 2 /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home /home ext4 defaults 1 2 /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_swap swap swap defaults 0 0 tmpfs /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0 devpts /dev/pts devpts gid=5,mode=620 0 0 sysfs /sys sysfs defaults 0 0 proc /proc proc defaults 0 0 192.168.87.156:/share /mnt/share nfs auto,noatime,nolock,bg,nfsvers=3,intr,tcp,actimeo=1800 0 0
Some options and important command of NFS# showmount -e Export list for localhost.localdomain: /share 192.168.87.158
This will show the available share on the local machine, so needed to run on the server side.# showmount -e 192.168.87.156 Export list for 192.168.87.156: /share 192.168.87.158
This will show the remote server shared folders needed to run on the client side –# exportfs -v /share 192.168.87.158(rw,wdelay,no_root_squash,no_subtree_check,sec=sys,rw,no_root_squash,no_all_squash)
List all the share files and folders with options on the server# exportfs -u /share 192.168.87.158
This will un-export the shared folders or files which are in /etc/exports# exports -r
This will refresh the servers list and check for the changes if any.
After this configuration and setup, you should be able to use NFS to share the files between *inx machines without any problem, then we should be able share the folders to only the client to whom we want to share the folder, this will improve the security.
Every time a new fancy iOS beta surfaces, many users rush to find a way to install it and try out the latest and greatest, fanciest new features, and experience the nuisances of running beta system software. iOS 11 is no different, freshly released and carrying with it a lot of excitement. It turns out that anyone can technically install iOS 11 beta onto an iOS 11 supported device right now with minimal effort too.
But that doesn’t mean you should. Instead you should wait.
We’ve seen a fair amount of questions about this topic, and it’s worth answering and addressing:Installing iOS 11 Beta Right Now…
Yes technically, assuming you can get your hands on a legitimate iOS 11 beta configuration profile, or if you register for the Apple Developer program, then the iOS 11 beta can be installed on a supported iPhone or iPad immediately.
That also means anyone can install iOS 11 beta without an Apple developer account and without registering a UDID either, all you need is the iOS 11 beta profile mobileconfig file from another developer or perhaps from a trusted friend.
Like many other bad ideas, just because you can do something does not mean you should, and the vast majority of iPhone and iPad owners should not bother attempting to install any beta system software, regardless of how tempting it may be. If you are not an official developer just don’t bother.Yes you *can* install iOS 11 beta now, but you should not
First things first, literally anyone can apply to be a registered Apple developer and download and install the iOS 11 beta that way – that is most direct method to install the beta immediately.
Additionally, anyone who has access to the iOS 11 beta profile can also install iOS 11 onto a compatible iPhone or iPad, without a developer account. You just open the beta profile on the iOS device and it will allow you to download the beta release.
But seriously, even if it is tempting to run early beta builds and explore new features, don’t do it if you’re a casual user, or even just curious. The vast majority of users should not run any beta system software at all, let alone an early developer beta build.
Developer betas are meant for developers only for a reason, and the iOS 11 developer beta is no different.
The developer beta of iOS 11 is very buggy, it is slow, and it is incompatible with many apps. If you install the iOS 11 beta right now, your iPhone or iPad is likely to crash more, misbehave, run hot, be unstable, and have other undesirable behavior. This is because beta system software is actively under development and is not intended for public consumption or public usage, and developer builds are intended for software developers to test their apps on and to build compatible software for.
These developer betas are not for widespread use.You want to install and run iOS 11 beta anyway?
The iOS 11 public beta, which debuts later in June, will be a later beta build and thus it should be slightly more stable and refined. It will still be a beta with beta bugs, quirks, and problems, but it will be further along, plus the public beta build is actually intended for broader public use, whereas the developer beta build is not.
Always backup an iPhone or iPad before installing any beta system software, and realize that running any beta build may lead to problems with a device, or even data loss.I installed iOS 11 beta but I regret it, now what?
If you installed the iOS 11 beta and now wish you hadn’t, the best thing you can do is downgrade from iOS 11 beta back to iOS 10. This requires restoring the iPhone or iPad from a backup, or restoring the device as new.
Of course the best option for practically everyone remains to simply wait for iOS 11 to be released in the fall to the general public. A little patience goes a long way, and your iPhone or iPad will likely thank you too (well, if it could).
I have been using various Linux distros for many years now. One of the benefits is that I’ve seen many things improve and have been there to celebrate each success as it happened. Unfortunately, like any modern operating system, even the most modern Linux distributions are not without their challenges.
In this article, I’m going to share the biggest issues I’ve experienced over the years. At no time am I disparaging Linux on the desktop. Rather, I hope to start a dialog so that some of these issues can be addressed.
With the rise of mobile devices taking the spotlight from desktop platforms, getting Linux adopted by the masses feels more challenging than ever. Why does this matter? Because I think having Linux as an alternative desktop option adds value for a lot of potential newcomers.
The next biggest issue besides mobile devices flooding the market is the missed opportunity disenfranchised Windows users never hear about – Linux! Setting aside technical barriers for a moment, the fact is most people only know of OS X and Windows. This is largely because no one is spending big ad dollars on Linux promotion. Most people that are introduced to Linux on the desktop are doing so by chance.
Solution: I can’t in good conscience suggest that there is a solution to this. Even if we could magically zap computers with Linux goodness, when it comes time to get a PC repaired, folks are left with Windows-biased technicians. The best course of action is to accept that this will be a grassroots effort that won’t shatter any adoption records.
To be fair, software projects are abandoned on Windows and OS X too. But it does seem to hurt more when it happens to a Linux project. I’ve seen this happen with Twitter clients, Webcam software and other non-critical applications. This may not seem like a big deal on the surface, but there have been abandoned projects that really bugged me for a long time.
Ideally in the Open Source world, this problem is addressed by someone choosing to fork the project. Sadly this doesn’t always happen (I’m looking at you, GNOME Nanny). Where this rubs me the wrong way is when we’re trying to get something done, locate the perfect application…only to find that it’s no longer being developed.
Solution: Figuring out a way to make adopting existing code a bit more transparent would be a good start. Jono Bacon has some interesting ideas, but I think it’s something that really needs to be looked at for the long haul.
One area that I have gone back and forth on is the level of fragmentation within Linux distributions. On the one hand, I love being able to jump from distro to distro for new experiences. Unfortunately software developers for Windows and OS X do not like this.
Acknowledging that there are exceptions ranging from Steam games to Skype, overall most Windows and OS X software tends to avoid Linux altogether. Why, you might ask? Because according to the developers, fragmentation within the Linux community makes it pretty unattractive. Is this unfair? Perhaps, but at the end of the day the result is the same – no Photoshop, no MS Office, and no (insert software title here).
Solution: I have to admit that I’m on the fence with this issue. On the one hand, I don’t rely on any of the “missing” software titles Linux newcomers might expect. But I’d be a fool if I tried to pretend like this isn’t a deal breaker for some people. There are a lot of people that need certain legacy software titles. According to the developers of these apps, fragmentation is a big reason why they don’t try to port their software titles to Linux.
Personally, I’m in the camp that believes that developers could do it if they simply chose a distro and stuck with it, but alas, that would again point straight back to the fragmentation issue. Even if they chose the most popular distro, they’d be missing out on users from others Linux distributions.
This easily fits in nicely with my above point. The difference between reported market share and fragmentation is that one is accurate while the other is perceived nonsense. Say it with me folks: The reported market share myth is higher than the “stats” have indicated in the past. The truth is no one actually knows. The Linux community don’t issue licenses or sell traceable pre-installed PCs with Linux. Notice I said traceable, there are a number of vendors that sell Linux pre-installed.
Regardless of this fact, the consensus of a tiny market share remains. And like with the issue of fragmentation, this doesn’t help matters much when Linux users are trying to convince a developer to port a game or software over to Linux.
Solution: I believe asking for a cited link when someone spouts off Linux adoption numbers is a good start. But in the end, there isn’t anything we can really do about it. For now, we’re left with making sure we reward developers that support us. This means participating in crowd funding opportunities, along with promoting our favorite distribution at ever opportunity. This doesn’t do much for reported market share, but it does let others know that we Linux users are a passionate bunch.
If you use Arch or another related distribution, this doesn’t apply to you. However, if you use a release-based distribution, getting the latest software version usually requires some extra work. For Ubuntu, this could mean looking for a PPA (personal package archive) that contains a later version of your desired software. For other distributions, it might make more sense to simply put a package together yourself. However you slice it, the situation sucks for release based distributions.
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