Trending February 2024 # Nginx Web Server Goes Commercial With New Release # Suggested March 2024 # Top 3 Popular

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Nginx is releasing a commercial edition of its namesake open source Web server software, called Nginx Plus, which it will market as a software alternative to application delivery controllers (ADCs).

“The features that have been added are very similar to what you’d find in hardware-based ADCs,” said Gus Robertson, CEO of Nginx. “We’re an alternative to Apache, but I think we’re also an alternative to hardware-based application delivery controllers.”

Robertson said that the software will provide functionality similar to that of ADC appliances from F5 Networks or Citrix, which are used to speed delivery of high traffic websites through techniques of load balancing and caching.

Nginx has already made a name for itself as a Web server able to very efficiently handle large amounts of traffic.

Russian system administrator Igor Sysoev released the first version of Nginx in 2004 under a BSD open source license, after becoming frustrated by what he felt were the limitations of the market-leading Apache Web server software.

According to the company, Nginx is now the most widely used Web server software among the world’s 1,000 busiest sites. Web heavyweights such as Netflix, Hulu, Pinterest, AirBnB, chúng tôi GitHub, SoundCloud, Zynga, Eventbrite and Zappos have all used Nginx to serve their sites.

The software now runs about 100 million websites overall, or about 14.55 percent of the Web, according to the latest Internet survey from Netcraft.

Sysoev founded Nginx the company in 2011, and took the role of chief technology officer. Nginx attracted $3 million in first-round venture capital funding. Currently, it employs about 15 people. Robertson took over as CEO in April; formerly, he was the vice president of global business development for Red Hat, another open source software company.

Heretofore, Nginx, the company, has chiefly offered subscription support services for the open source software, around configuration and performance tuning, performance optimization and technical account management. Nginx Plus is the company’s first commercial product.

Under a dual license, the commercial version of Nginx will offer additional features over the freely available open source version.

One of the most significant new features is the ability to make configuration changes to a running copy of Nginx, without the need to restart the software for the changes to take affect. Typically configuration changes to Web server software, such as Nginx or Apache, require the software to be stopped and then restarted, which can momentarily disrupt operations.

“Even graceful restarts can affect the operation, and adds slight overhead. [Users] want to change aspects of Nginx on the fly,” Alexeev said.

With monitoring, the commercial package provides metrics of a running copy of Nginx, in the JSON (JavaScript Simple Object Notation) format. “You can import these metrics into any standard commercial or open source monitoring system, or you could use your own template through HTML or JavaScript,” Alexeev said. The software package also comes with its own metrics dashboard as well.

The health check can alert an administrator when a back-end component of a Web application has failed, such as the database. It does this by comparing the size of a new Web page with the size it should be. It can also automatically take out of service those servers relying on the failing components. Nginx has also collaborated with New Relic to integrate the data generated by health checks to show up in New Relic’s application performance management (APM) software.

Although Nginx Plus should run on any standard Linux distribution, Nginx has certified that the software runs on Amazon Linux, Red Hat, CentOS, Ubuntu, and Debian distributions.

Nginx Plus will cost $1350 per instance per year and is available now.

You're reading Nginx Web Server Goes Commercial With New Release

How To Setup Nginx Fastcgi?

Definition of Nginx FastCGI

Nginx fastcgi is used to translate requests of clients from an application server which was not handled the request of the client directly. Nginx FastCGI is the protocol that was based on the CGI which is earlier or it will contain the gateway of a common interface. We can say that the nginx fastcgi protocol means improving the performance by running each request in a process that was separate in nginx.

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What is Nginx FastCGI?

Nginx is used to proxy the request from fastcgi, scgi, or from Memcached. Nginx fastcgi is used to efficiently interface the process of server request with the content of dynamic. The main use case of nginx fastcgi is used in PHP processing. Unlike an apache, it handles the processing of PHP directly by using the module of mod_php. For handling the request, if php nginx is relying on the separate processor which was related to the fastcgi. Nginx with fastcgi is used with the applications by using the other languages, so we can say that the component of accessible is configured.

How to Setup Nginx FastCGI?

As we know that nginx is the community of developers. We need to follow the below steps as follows.

In the first step, we update all packages to ensure that we are accessing the latest packages from the repository. We can update the package on the ubuntu system by using the following command as follows.

apt-get update

2. After upgrading and updating ubuntu repositories in this step we are installing the nginx in our system. This package is most required while working on nginx. In the below example, we are installing the nginx by using the apt-get command as follows.

apt-get install nginx –y

3. After the installation in this step, we are installing the php-fpm by using the following commands are as follows. Below we are installing the php version of fpm as 8.1. For installing the PHP, we require the below dependencies which were installed on our system.




apt-get install php8.1-fpm –y

4. After installing the php-fpm now, we are adding the php support to the nginx. In this step, we are editing the default configuration file. This is used in the fastcgi process. We can open the default configuration file by using the vi editor. We are making the following changes to the configuration file as follows.

Add the chúng tôi in the index list

5. After adding the php support now, we are validating the nginx config file to ensure that the file is not giving a syntax error.

nginx –t

6. Now, we are creating the php file in html folder. We are adding the below content into the file as follows.

7. Now, we can test the nginx fastcgi configuration by using the filename as chúng tôi are as follows.

Connecting Nginx FastCGI

The key rule of code maintenance is following the principle of dry. This will help for reducing errors and increase reusability and it also allows for better organization. Considering a core recommendation for administering nginx is setting directives for the application of broadcast.

At the time of working with the proxy configuration of fastcgi, most instances are shared by using the configuration of a large majority. We can reduce the declaration of configuration details in a higher context for parents.

We can reduce the repetition of declaring the details of configuration details into the parent context. All parameters from the fastcgi_pass are specified at a higher level.

location ~ .php$ { include /etc/nginx/fcgi_params; fastcgi_pass; }

Nginx FastCGI Configure

The core recommendation of nginx administering is to set directives at the scope of broadest. The fundamental goals will apply at the time of configuration of nginx. At the time of dealing with the proxy configuration of fastcgi, most instances that we are using are sharing the configuration of a large majority.

# server context root /var/www/html; …. location /scripts { fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock; } location ~ .php$ { fastcgi_pass; }

Nginx FastCGI Examples

To define the example of fastcgi, first we are keeping all the settings in one file. The default file of nginx looks like as below.

vi /etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf

The above code will allow us to keep our configuration of fcgi simple. If suppose we want to replace the document with an actual path, the variable is hard coded. After setting the fastcgi file, now we are spawning the process. We can spawn the process by using fastcgi.

#!/bin/bash BIND= …… exit 1 ;; esac exit $RETVAL

After spawning the process of nginx fastcgi now, we are securing our upload directory. If suppose anyone can upload a php file into the upload directory and our directory is publicly accessible, then this directory anyone can access. If suppose our app upload dir would be /img, then the program code is as follows. In the below example, we have defined the img as the upload directory.

location ~ .php$ { include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params; if ($uri !~ "^/img/") { fastcgi_pass; } }


Nginx is used to proxy the request from fastcgi, scgi, or from Memcached. Nginx fastcgi is used to efficiently interface the process of server request with the content of dynamic. Nginx fastcgi is used to translate the request of the client from the application server which was not handled by the request of the client directly.

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This has been a guide to Nginx FastCGI. Here we discussed the Definition, What Nginx FastCGI is, how to set it up, and examples with code implementation. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –

Windows 12 Release Date, New Features & Compatible Devices

However, that all changed with the release of Windows 11, which went from rumour to official reveal in a matter of weeks. The cancellation of Windows 10X influenced Microsoft’s decision, but the company had clearly been working on a new operating system for a while.

It now looks like the company is shifting to a three-year update cycle for major versions of Windows, meaning Windows 12 would be announced as soon as next year. While nothing has been confirmed by Microsoft, there are plenty of rumours flying around. Here’s everything you need to know.

Will there be a Windows 12?

It’s looking likely. There was a six-year gap between the release of Windows 10 and Windows 11, but the latter isn’t expected to be the last major version of Windows.

A July 2023 Windows Central article suggested a Windows 11 successor is in the works, although there’s no guarantee it’ll be known as Windows 12. A subsequent March 2023 article details some of the upgrades you can expect. Both articles cite author Zac Bowden’s ‘sources’, but he has a strong track record for Windows news.

In February 2023, chúng tôi reported on a since deleted tweet from leaker @leaf_hobby, where the OS list for an upcoming Intel Meteor Lake desktop CPU apparently included Windows 12. We can’t verify how accurate this is, but the leaker in question has a solid track record for Intel leaks.

Shortly after that, in an interview with The Verge, Microsoft head of consumer marketing Yusuf Mehdi mentioned “develop future versions of Windows” in reference to AI features. That may just mean a future update, but a new major version would make a lot of sense.

Then, in March 2023, Microsoft launched a new fourth ‘Canary’ channel of the Windows Insider Program. This will be more experimental than even the existing ‘Dev’ channel, and Microsoft says it’ll be used to “preview platform changes that require longer-lead time before getting release to customers”.

It means builds in the Canary Channel will be very unstable, but provide access to features that are a long way away from general release. It’s also notable that there’s no mention of Windows 11 in Microsoft’s summary of the Canary Channel below – that could mean it’s only for Windows 12 features.

According to Windows Central, this is “where the company intends to preview long-lead development items for the next major version”.


In an article reporting this development, Windows Latest, said the Canary Channel “would lay the groundwork for the next-gen, likely Windows 12”.

As expected, there was no mention of Windows 12 at Microsoft’s Build developer conference in May 2023. However, as Windows Latest reports, the company did include a screenshot with mention of “the next generation of Windows”.

Microsoft / Windows Latest

This didn’t turn out to be a real event, but Microsoft is likely working on “the next generation of Windows” behind closed doors. Will these just be updates to Windows 11, or a brand-new version in the form of Windows 12? That remains to be seen.

But hints from Microsoft and Intel, combined with reports from two reputable publications, means it’s likely a major new version of Windows is on the way.

When will Windows 12 be released?

As you might expect, we don’t know exactly when Windows 12 (or its equivalent) will be released.

Our best guess so far comes from the same Windows Central article as above, which says there’ll be a major new version of Windows every three years. With Windows 11 released in 2023, that suggests we’ll see Windows 12 at some point in 2024.

In March 2023, Bowden again indicated that the “next major version of the Windows client” would be released in 2024. The fact it already has an internal codename – Hudson Valley – suggests that may be the case. He was slightly more specific in a June 2023 article, suggesting it’ll arrive “in the second half of 2024”.

Windows Latest has gone one step further, suggesting a launch in the fall (autumn) of 2024 and then wider rollout in 2025. However, it’s not clear where author Mayank Parmar got this information from.

German site Deskmodder, which first hinted that Windows 12 was in the works, says in another article that “we’ll probably get Windows 12 by the end of 2024”.

For context, most recent versions of Windows have received around 10 or more years of support from Microsoft. The big exception to that is Windows 8’s four years of mainstream updates, but that was mainly due to its poor reception.

Microsoft hasn’t said when Windows 11 will stop being supported, but most recent versions have received around 10 years of support from Microsoft. If the same is true of Windows 11, we’d need a new version by 2031 at the very latest. But it looks like this will be arriving much sooner.

Remember, the release date of Windows 12 isn’t the day you’ll be able to start using it. There will probably be a gradual rollout lasting several months, with newer hardware likely to be prioritised.

Will Windows 12 be free?

It should be, at least initially. Microsoft offered a free upgrade to Windows 10, and it’s technically still available.

Updating to Windows 11 also won’t cost you a penny, provided your device meets the hardware requirements, and there’s no indication Microsoft is putting a time limit on it. Buying a standalone copy starts at $139/£119.99.

So, once Windows 12 is released, it’ll almost certainly be free for a while. Microsoft will be understandably keen to get as many people onto the new OS as possible.

Will Windows 12 have different hardware requirements?

Probably, yes. While laptops and PCs have retained the same core design for decades, plenty of other specs have already changed since Windows 11 was released.

Its hardware requirements proved controversial, but security features such as TPM and Secure Boot look set to remain for the foreseeable future.

The only rumoured system requirement so far comes from Deskmodder, which suggests you’ll need at least 8GB of RAM rather than the current 4GB. Other Windows 11 minimums of 64GB of storage and a 720p may also be increased, but there’s no evidence for that yet.

The first-gen Surface Go from 2023 isn’t compatible with Windows 11

Dominik Tomaszewski / Foundry

With AI set to feature heavily, you may also need a chip with artificial intelligence capabilities. Microsoft’s recent investment into ChatGPT makers OpenAI and subsequent release of Bing Chat suggests that may be the case.

In January 2023, Windows Latest reported that AMD was working on CPUs with AI built-in. Intel and ARM will likely follow suit at some point, although it may not be necessary to have one of these chips to run Windows 12.

Then, in a June 2023 Windows Central article, author Zac Bowden speculated that some (mostly AI) features may be “limited to more recent PCs with an NPU [Neural Processing Unit] or GPU”.

What new features will Windows 12 have?

As you might expect, it’s not clear quite what Windows 12 will be like. Most of its new features are thought to be in development, but a lot could change between now and a final release.

Cursed ignite mockup showing floating taskbar dock and widget and icons in desktop chúng tôi FireCube (@FireCubeStudios) October 12, 2023

Key features here include a floating taskbar and pill-shaped search bar in the top-centre, with the latter reminiscent of the Dynamic Island on the iPhone 14 Pro. The Widgets panel and Action Center are also at the top of the screen rather than the bottom.

According to Bowden in a subsequent Windows Central article, “my sources say this is an early prototype of the UI that will ship on Windows 12”.

It’s not particularly clear from the tweet above, but Bowden created something similar:

Zac Bowden/Windows Central

Of course, there are no guarantees this will be what Windows 12 will look like. But it’s clearly something Microsoft has been considering.

AI also looks set to feature heavily in Windows 12. At AMD’s CES 2023 keynote in January, Microsoft Chief Product Officer Panos Panay said that “AI is going to reinvent how you do everything on Windows”.

Microsoft’s investment in its Bing AI (based on ChatGPT) and addition to the Windows 11 search bar (albeit in a very limited capacity) seems to be only the beginning.

In a June 2023 Windows Central article, Bowden suggests the following features could be on the way in Windows 12:

New lock and login screens that are optimised for touch

New notification centre with ability to group notifications by person or app

Ability to pin widgets to desktop

New dynamic wallpaper feature, using AI to create “parallax” effect as you move cursor or device

According to an earlier Windows Central article, Microsoft is working on a new project that will “modernize the Windows platform”. The ‘CorePC’ project isn’t guaranteed to be ready for Windows 12, but that’s supposedly the target. AI features mentioned include contextual prompts based on information on screen and the identification of objects and text within images.

Another key feature of CorePC is its modularity, with Windows able to scale up and down the level of features and app compatibility to suit specific devices. Creating a ‘state separated’ platform mirrors what you’ll see on iPadOS and Android, and should lead to faster updates and better security. This will limit the data available to the user and third-party apps to only what is necessary.

CorePC will also supposedly allow Microsoft to go head-to-head with Chrome OS and make a lightweight version of Windows 12 that runs only core apps but is very fast. It would help Microsoft regain some popularity in education sectors where Chromebooks dominate.

Previously, Deskmodder suggested that Windows 12 will be built from the ground up, rather than being based on previous versions. That’s what we saw with Windows 10X, before many features ended up being incorporated into Windows 11.

Windows 10X’s Start menu will look familiar to all Windows 11 users


This opens up the possibility of a radically different design, although big changes might not prove popular with Windows’ huge user base. Indeed, Windows Central’s Zac Bowden said in an August 2023 video that’d he’d be “shocked if they did a Windows 8-style change, however, I wouldn’t write it off”.

But if foldable PCs take off in a big way, Bowden said “we’d have to see, with Windows 12, lots of enhancements to the Windows design and UX”. Microsoft may decide to release a foldable alternative to the cancelled Surface Neo, but Windows 11 doesn’t cater to either of these form factors particularly well in its current form, which would raise the prospect of a specific tablet mode.

This was ditched with the introduction of Windows 11, although the experience on tablets is now good enough that it’s not needed.

The original Windows Central article which hinted at the 2024 release date didn’t reveal any concrete new features either. But it did suggest the current strategy of larger “Moment” updates every few months would continue.

Elsewhere, minor improvements are most likely. Making Windows 12 stable and mostly bug-free should be the priority for Microsoft.

Looking for a more in-depth look at what Windows 12 might be like? 4RMD has created a concept based on some existing rumours, but also features that people have been requesting:

Of course, the final version may look very different to this. By contrast, Addy Visuals’ Windows 12 concept imagines what the OS might look like if Microsoft completely transformed its look and feel:

This isn’t based on any concrete evidence, but hopefully it’ll provide some inspiration for Microsoft.

If you want to try out potential Windows 12 features before anyone else, it’s worth signing up to the Canary Channel of the Windows Insider Program. This certainly won’t be bug free (and so isn’t recommended on your primary device) but may provide an early look at features in the works. However, not all of these will make it into the final version.

Until more is known, check out our extensive coverage of Windows How Tos on Tech Advisor, which cover both Windows 10 and Windows 11.

Sophos Home Adds Layers Of Commercial

Macs may not be susceptible to the same malware as Windows PCs, but their popularity in the workforce means Mac computers are being targeted with their own malware more than ever. Sophos Home offers commercial-grade-level security for Mac, iPhone, iPad, PC, and Android, and each version of Sophos Home is customized for each operating system. From verifying URLs for malicious web pages on iOS to scanning and removing malware on macOS, Sophos Home protects your security and privacy on all your devices. Read on to learn more and save 30% off Sophos Home with an exclusive deal for 9to5Mac readers.

Sophos Home is packed with protection and features that are perfect for all your devices. The cross-platform security works on up to 10 Macs and Windows PCs so you can protect your friends and family, too. Have a mix of iPhone, iPad, and even Android devices? There’s no limit to how many devices you can install Sophos Home on iOS and Android. That means you can protect your own devices and all those that you end up doing tech support for.

Stop data from being compromised

Mac users will appreciate the added layers of security Sophos Home provides. For example, Sophos Home will automatically block compromised websites and phishing sites as well as unwanted access to your webcam and microphone. Sophos Home also provides ransomeware security so personal files and photos can’t be compromised.

This removes risk for all users, and for tech-savvy readers it ensures that friends and family aren’t being tricked by deceptive phishing schemes. Preventing data from being compromised with Sophos Home is much easier than recovering from personal data being obtained by phishing schemes and malicious actors.

And remember, Sophos Home isn’t just for Mac and iOS users. Windows PCs and Android devices are protected as well.

Manage your protection from anywhere

Sophos Home gives you the power to monitor your device security from anywhere with robust features that keep you in the know. This is possible thanks to Sophos Home mobile apps and the cloud dashboard.

For example, Sophos Home can perform remote scans on devices if you’re the go-to resource for tech support with friends and family. You can also receive alerts when issues are detected, and Sophos Home lets you remotely configure security settings from anywhere.

Boost your privacy

Even the most sophisticated user has to deal with compromised passwords and common tracking codes that follow us around the web. Sophos Home works to prevent this from happening by actively searching for and removing tracking codes so browsing can be truly private. Sophos Home also stops applications from being able to access your username and password so you stay in charge of keeping your credentials safe.

Sophos Home also includes live email and chat support for 12 hours a day on Monday through Friday, and 24/7 access to a robust knowledge base online.

Sophos Home 30% off deal

One-, two-, or three-year licenses are available for Sophos Home that protect up to 10 devices. And the software is currently a better deal than ever with all of the license options going for 30% off. The one-year regularly sells for $59.99, now $41.99; the two-year is normally $99.99, now $69.99; and the three-year at $139.99 is on sale for $97.99.

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Web Flow Logic Associated With Screencaps

What is GitHub OAuth?

Web development, programming languages, Software testing & others

How to create an OAuth app?

A new OAuth app can be created and registered under the account which is been referred for use. This process of creating an OAuth app is called the process which involves creating OAuth app services in the application associated. Some among the key steps involved in this process are discussed in the below section,

2) The settings option screen will be displayed next. This screen has settings options associated with elements like profile, account, appearance, account security, billing, and plans associated, security log, analysis of security, emails, notifications, repositories settings, ssh, and GPS keys section, saved replies, and application details also the developer settings details. So all these form the details associated to the settings pane.

Here from the given set of detailed options the developer settings option has to be selected for the next process. This developer settings option will have the details of the setting associated to the apps corresponding. Let’s see related to this option in detail below,

3) In the developer settings section, the GitHub apps-based options are present, options in this section are GitHub apps, OAuth apps, and personal access tokens. These are the three options that are present. Among these three options, the OAuth option needs to be selected. Selecting the OAuth option will bring the capability for registering the application. A reference snap of the OAuth section is been provided below for reference. The section snap mentions how the screen looks in the OAuth screen.

4) When the OAuth option is selected then the screen panel for registering the application appears below. The No OAuth applications will be present here. The no auth applications are useful for accessing the GitHub API process. A snap of the same if provided below.

5) Registering of the new application can be performed by means of a new OAuth application. The various items involved are the application names, homepage URL details, application descriptions, and authorization called back URLs can be defined here. Here the URL of the application website has to be mentioned in the URL field. So the app website will have the URL to the app website. In the homepage URL, the complete URL has to be typed in the website of the application.

GitHub Auth Web Flow

1) The process of web application-based flow can also be used in these applications. First, the corresponding users who are involved will be flagged for a redirection of their request identity. So this will make the redirection process happen in the backend and will lead to the process of GitHub identity-based requests will be raised by the users. This is the first and initial process involved.

Some of the key elements or parameters associated are client id, URL for redirection, login, and scope and allow signup process are the major elements involved. A space-delimited listing of scopes. If now no longer provided, scope defaults to an empty listing for customers which have now no longer legal any scopes for the application. For customers who’ve legal scopes for the application, the person might not be proven the OAuth authorization web page with the listing of scopes. Instead, this step of the glide will robotically entire with the set of scopes the person has legal for the application. For example, if a person has already completed the net glide two times and has legal one token with person scope and any other token with repo scope, a 3rd net glide that doesn’t offer a scope will obtain a token with a person and repo scope

2) The users will be redirected again to the main site by Github. This process involves the redirection of GitHub-based users.

3) Lastly user access token will be used for recognition of the API’s and this will allow the application to access the API from the backend. This is how the flow will be structured in the case of the web flow logic.


The article explains are Github OAuth process and how it works and what are the web flow logic associated with screencaps.

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Arma Reforger Can’t Join Server / No Connection With Backend

[Fix] Arma Reforger Can’t Join Server / No Connection With Backend




Arma Reforger players report not being able to play because of a connection issue.

If you experience No connection to backend/Can’t join server errors, we can help.

First, you just have to make sure that your Internet connection is up and running.



Try Outbyte Driver Updater to resolve driver issues entirely:

This software will simplify the process by both searching and updating your drivers to prevent various malfunctions and enhance your PC stability. Check all your drivers now in 3 easy steps:

Download Outbyte Driver Updater.

Launch it on your PC to find all the problematic drivers.

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readers this month.

So, you think that after playing all these shooter games out there, your skills are fine-tuned enough to join the ranks of the Arma Reforger players?

We sure hope so, for your sake. And, if you aren’t jumping the gun here, you might just have a chance against the other pros engaged in this intense battle simulation.

Great, all that’s left is for each and every one of us to get their gear ready and load up the trucks. However, for some players, doing so is not quite as easy as you might think.

Lots of Arma Reforger players have actually reported dealing with no connection with backend errors which prevent them from playing the game.

If that is the case, we can show you the necessary troubleshooting steps you should take in order to get past this annoying situation and keep on playing.

How can I fix the no connection with backend error?

People reported even creating their own servers to be able to play but ended up receiving the same annoying errors.

But, rest assured, we will help you fix this situation quickly with the guide we prepared for you. Thus, carefully go through the troubleshooting process and restore game functionality.

1. Troubleshoot your Internet connection

Test if your

network connection

is working


your router (make sure you unplug the power cord and leave it for 30 seconds switched off)

Open a

Command Prompt

and type the following commands (one by one):





netsh winsock reset

Try to run



2. Allow Arma Reforger through your Firewall

Press the


key, search for


and select



Search automatically for drivers.

If you’re into gaming, surely you can do without all the crashes, lags, or freezes by keeping all drivers up to date and error-free easily. 

Sometimes, manual checks are hard to perform, that’s why we recommend using an automated assistant that will scan for fresh driver versions daily.

In case you’re a beginner, you don’t have to worry! Outbyte Driver Updater is smart, simple, engaging and its user interface was built to make your life easier.

⇒ Get Outbyte Driver Updater

4. Check game file integrity

5. Opt out of all Steam Beta programs



and press the


button under

Beta participation.

6. Run Steam as an administrator

Locate your


installation folder.

Press the


button and close the window.

These are pretty much the troubleshooting steps you are looking at if you happen to be in a situation like the one described in this article.

Be sure to always start with troubleshooting your Internet connection, just to make sure you don’t go through the entire process needlessly.

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