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Moore’s Law, which states that the power of microprocessors will double roughly every 18 months, has been a constant in the technology industry since 1965 when Intel co-founder Gordon Moore first coined it. But is Moore’s Law still relevant when information technology (IT) shops consider when — and whether — to replace mainstream desktop PCs?

That’s the core question in a debate that has broken out within the computing industry and the analysts that observe it. Virtually everybody agrees enterprise servers and PCs used for specialized, processor-intensive applications always will require ever-more power. Similarly, there’s widespread agreement that chipmakers can continue abiding by Moore’s Law into the foreseeable future.

However, in the past, increasingly powerful software created a need for more powerful PCs, which, in turn, led to software that was more powerful still. Many believe that cycle — and the IT purchasing decisions based on it — are no longer relevant.

“There is very little in terms of mainstream software that is coming out anytime soon that needs more performance on the desktop,” said Mark Margevicius, research director at Gartner, Inc.

Peter Kastner, chief research officer for Aberdeen Group, disagreed.

“We recommend that corporate buyers look at Office 2003 because it has better collaboration capabilities that add to productivity,” he said. “And that will require new desktop capabilities.”

In a time of tight IT budgets, this debate has strong ramifications for enterprise buying decisions. That, in turn, means the stakes are enormous for PC manufacturers, chipmakers and large software vendors.

IT managers we spoke with tended to agree with Margevicius.

“We definitely have some power-hungry users, but the chipmakers haven’t sold me on the notion that I need more powerful computers for most of my users,” said Greg Gomez, IT director for McKee Wallwork Henderson Advertising in Albuquerque, N.M.

Outside of his company’s graphics department, which uses Macintoshes, Gomez said he has no plans to purchase new desktop PCs users for at least another year. Most of his company’s existing desktop PCs already are between two and four years old, he said.

Gomez said he isn’t interested in upgrading to Microsoft Office 11, which he called “just more of the same. My users use the same features they’ve been using since Office 97 — they’re comfortable with that feature set.” The company’s current crop of desktops work perfectly well with Office 97, he said.

“The vast majority of my hardware purchases this year are going toward servers,” Gomez said.

Angelo Tomasello agreed. He’s director of information solutions for Interactive Business Systems, an Oakbrook, Ill.-based IT consulting firm.

“My clients realize that Moore’s Law may be true, but they don’t care,” he said.

Many PC upgrades in the past were motivated as much by laziness as by need, Tomasello said.

“Once on-site staff runs into complications, particularly operating system instability, they often will say ‘This system has been in place for three years, so we should replace it,’” he said. “Often, they don’t bother diagnosing and fixing the problem.”

The bottom line issue for IT shops is how often they should replace mainstream desktop computers. Margevicius believes that the clear answer is: Not as frequently as once was the case.

“Sometime around the Pentium 3 there was a major switchover,” he said. “Until then, software had always outpaced hardware and you had to buy mainstream PCs more often just to keep up. Now, the hardware outpaces software.” In addition, he said that PCs are more reliable now than they once were.

As a result, Margevicius, “We recommend that clients can now safely go four years without replacing desktop machines.” Previously, the recommendation was to replace desktop PCs every two-and-a-half to three years.

Gomez concurred, while Aberdeen Group’s Kastner disagreed.

“It used to be we bought new desktops every time we upgraded our applications,” Gomez said. “That’s not true at all these days.”

“Windows 98 and NT machines are obsolescent,” Kastner asserted. “It’s pretty provable that workers with those machines can’t make use of the productivity improvements in the latest software.”

Kastner cautioned IT managers against trying to save money by lengthening the time between desktop PC upgrades.

“Over the long haul, that’s penny wide and pound foolish,” Kastner said. “I don’t say that every person in an enterprise needs a $3,000 desktop, but more do need one than many people say.”

“I turn my PC on in the morning and there’s 40 processes going on, even if I’m only checking my e-mail,” Kastner said. “That’s eventually going to be important for desktop PCs.”

In the meantime, however, each enterprise must determine how relevant Moore’s Law is in terms of its desktop PC buying decisions.

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Constitutional Law: Meaning And Significance

Constitutional law is just one of the many sorts of policies, legal procedures, and organizations that control how the government and its people behave. Individual rights are protected by constitutional legislation, which also helps to keep the various government branches in check. Both people and businesses may benefit from knowing the laws and procedures pertaining to constitutional law in order to safeguard or defend their legal rights. In this post, we go over what constitutional law is, how it functions, why it’s important, and what kinds of jobs fall within its purview.

What is Constitutional Law?

A collection of federal and state government-developed and maintained theories, agencies, practices, and policies make up constitutional law. Nations may have different constitutional laws. It relates to three main ideas in the US −

The composition and functions of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government.

The fundamental rights of every citizen.

The balance of power among federal, state, local, and municipal government entities.

“The set of fundamental laws and guidelines that control how a nation-state or any other organization operates is referred to as its “constitution,” which is a French phrase.” The supreme law of a state is its constitution, which necessitates greater requirements of legitimacy and integrity. It identifies the paths for the growth of a state and describes its essential values, organizational framework, and operational procedures.

According to Thomas M. Cooley − The constitution is “the corpus of laws and principles under which the powers of sovereignty are customarily exercised.”

According to Dicey − The constitution is “comprise all regulations that define the members of the sovereign power, control their relationships with one another, or specify how the sovereign power or its members use their authority. These regulations may alter how sovereign power is distributed or how it is exercised in the state.”

The term “constitutional law” refers to the freedoms guaranteed by the federal and state constitutions. Most of this corpus of legislation was created as a result of decisions made by state and federal supreme courts, which interpret their individual constitutions and make sure that the laws approved by the legislature do not go beyond the bounds of those constitutions.

The U.S. Constitution’s first ten amendments, known as the Bill of Rights, are at the center of the majority of constitutional law disputes. These amendments protect rights like speech freedom, the right to a fair trial, and the freedom from particular forms of discrimination.

In addition to the U.S. Constitution, each state has its own constitution, which often guarantees most, if not all, of the same rights.

The preservation, interpretation, and implementation of the Bill of Rights comprise the majority of constitutional law. The Bill of Rights, sometimes known as the first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution, provides people with a number of legal safeguards, such as the right to free expression and the right to a jury trial. Since the original constitution was written, several constitutional laws have evolved as a result of Supreme Court decisions. The Supreme Court provides guidance to citizens and government organizations on how to fairly implement citizen rights in different circumstances.

The rights and authority of the various governmental branches are likewise covered by constitutional law. The three branches of government are outlined in both the federal and state constitutions, and each is given specific authority and duties. Constitutional attorneys also assist in resolving conflicts between the branches.

Historical Background of Constitutional Law

The constitutional law is created, maintained, decided upon, and upheld by the administrative, legislative, and judicial departments of government. New federal laws are proposed and drafted by the legislative branch, which is also known as the House and Senate.

The executive branch, or the president, then examines and approves these laws before the government puts them into effect. The Supreme Court then maintains these laws by putting them into practice and setting precedents for comparable future cases. The development of constitutional law dates back many hundred years. However, the set of laws and customs that make up constitutional law fluctuate over time in response to a variety of variables, such as changing political ideologies, public perceptions, and evolving views on how the law should be interpreted.

Nature of the Constitutional Law

Both written and unwritten laws can be considered constitutional.

Written Constitution

The Indian Constitution is one example of a written constitution that serves as the supreme law of the land. They are superior to all laws in effect in a nation at any one moment, to the point where a law that violates the constitution would be overturned.

Unwritten Constitution

The distinction between the constitution and common laws is no longer valid in the case of unwritten, flexible constitutions. The United Kingdom Constitution is the best example of this type of law. A country’s Parliament has the authority to alter its constitution through ordinary legislation, giving them the same legal authority as the Constitution.

Some Important Terms Used in the Constitutional Law

The given table describes some of the major terms that used in the Constitutional law −

Term Description

Due Process of Law

A provision of the US Constitution that forbids the government from taking away someone’s life, liberty, or property without first conducting a fair and just trial, such as one in which the subject is permitted to testify in their own defense.

Check and Balance

To prevent one branch from having too much power, each branch of government has the authority to restrain the other two branches.

Bill of Rights

The fundamental rights of people are outlined in the first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution.

Legislative Branch

One of the three bodies of government charged with enacting and amending laws; composed of the houses of a state legislature at the state level and both houses of Congress at the federal level.

Executive Branch

One of the three branches of government, consisting of the president and his cabinet at the federal level and the governor and his cabinet at the state level, and charged with carrying out and implementing laws.

Judicial Branch

One of the three arms of government responsible for law interpretation. It is composed of the U.S. Supreme Court, federal district and appellate courts, and state supreme courts and subordinate state courts.

Commerce Clause

The U.S. Constitution contains a provision giving Congress the authority to enact laws affecting interstate commerce or anything else that could significantly impact it.

Significance of the Constitutional Law

Constitutional law is very important because it defends people’s rights. The constitution’s Bill of Rights contributes to ensuring that citizens are treated fairly by the nation’s various political institutions. Additionally, essential to preserving a democratic system of checks and balances is constitutional law. This means that multiple government organizations connected to the judicial, legislative, and executive branches interact frequently and examine each other’s legal procedures, preventing any one political branch from becoming overly dominant and preserving the foundation of the democratic republic.

The protection of individual and collective rights, a harmonious and stable society, proper resource management, and economic prosperity are all guaranteed by constitutions around the world.

In other words, a constitution prevents leaders who would otherwise misuse their position from acting arbitrarily by managing major issues. This permits legitimate authorities to act in the public good.

This is founded on the idea of constitutionalism, which determines if government activities are legitimate and calls on the government to uphold the law of the land.

Even the best constitution cannot accomplish all of its objectives on its own without execution and adherence to state law. Nations that have been successful in establishing and upholding constitutional governments are frequently at the forefront of economic domination, scientific and technological development, cultural expansion, and human welfare. On the other hand, historically speaking, countries with weak constitutional governments have often struggled or failed.

It is possible to compare the constitution and constitutional law to a basketball game between two teams. If the side in possession of the ball had the power to change the rules and appoint the referee, the game would barely be fair. One team consistently triumphs, while the other eventually loses or gives up altogether.

Similar to this, anarchy and disorder would result if the dominant party, faction, or group adopted regulations that were unmatched by and unchecked by the force of the law.

While its defenders, like a constitutional court of law, act as the referee, a democratic constitutional system can act as the game’s regulations. They guarantee that everyone has a fair chance to take part in the “political game.”

In this sense, authoritarianism is the polar opposite of constitutionalism. In an authoritarian system of governance, the governing group controls the legislation.

Throughout history, there have been numerous despotic states without any supreme law to set limits on their power, protect individuals’ fundamental rights, or ensure their accountability to the populace. Therefore, rather than governing for the good of all citizens, authoritarians rule for their own interests or those of a wealthy minority who support the ruling class.

By choosing democratic constitutional government, people reject despotism and the instability that results from having autocratic rulers. They have determined that some principles, institutions, and practices are too important to be subject to the whims of those in authority and should be codified in a form that makes them enforceable by the government.


The constitution is strengthened by people in the same manner as people are strengthened by it. No matter how well-written or comprehensive a Constitution is, the authors of the Indian Constitution knew that it will be useless unless it is put into practice and lived by the right people. It is the clearest illustration of India’s democratic status, hence adherence to and respect for the Constitution are crucial for preserving democracy.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q1. Is the Indian Constitution a written document?

Ans: Yes, the Indian Constitution is written and has 395 Articles and 12 Schedules, so it satisfies this fundamental need for a federal government. The Indian Constitution is actually the world’s most complex constitution.

Q2. What kind of constitution does India have—a unitary or federal one?

Ans: The Indian Constitution is not entirely federal or entirely unitary. Quasi-federal, a hybrid of both, is what it is.

Q3. Whether the Preamble is part of the Indian Constitution or not?

Ans: The Preamble does indeed form a component of the Constitution. The 13-judge bench in the Kesavananda Bharati case ruled that it was a part of the Constitution.

Q4. What source of constitutional law is the most significant?

Ans: The most significant or ultimate legislation of the land is our Constitution. It cannot be in conflict with any other laws, and neither may the government act in a way that does so.

Q5. What does the Constitution represent and how important is it?

Ans: A state’s constitution establishes the guiding principles, the process, and the people who may make laws inside that state. Some constitutions, particularly codified constitutions, also serve as restrainers of state authority by drawing boundaries that a state’s leaders are not allowed to violate, such as fundamental rights.

Bringing The Law To Those Who Can’t Afford It

Bringing the Law to Those Who Can’t Afford It Robert Spangenberg brings his legal aid group to LAW

Robert Spangenberg (LAW’61) has spent his career fighting for legal services for the poor across the country and the world. Photo by Vernon Doucette

The day after Robert Spangenberg was named editor-in-chief of Boston University’s Law Review, he got an offer few could refuse. The dean called Spangenberg into his office and told him, as he had all editors before him, that the editing gig would certainly land him a job in a big Boston firm. Which one would he prefer? Spangenberg (LAW’61) thought for a moment. “None,” he said.

The law student had set his sights on a much bigger goal: he wanted to improve legal representation for poor people.

And he did. In the 1960s, Spangenberg worked with the Johnson administration and helped establish the Office of Legal Services, the first federal legal aid program. He later founded and directed Greater Boston Legal Services. In 1985, he started the Spangenberg Group, the only consulting firm in the country dedicated to championing legal representation for the indigent. The group studies the effectiveness of public defender offices and legal aid services around the country and abroad, a practice that has revealed, for example, that the caseload of a public defender in Miami was an impossible 2,000 defendants a year, and that the Pennsylvania court system was so underfunded that poor people were extremely unlikely to find capable legal defense.

Spangenberg, who briefly served as assistant dean at LAW in the mid ’60s, rejoined the faculty this fall. He will recruit BU law students to work with him on some of his firm’s projects such as training public defenders in Mexico.

BU Today spoke with Spangenberg about his career, which naturally led him to work on a number of death penalty cases. As he says, there are no rich people on death row.

BU Today: Why did you return to BU?

Spangenberg: I’ve always thought of BU as my home. Also, the dean and faculty are committed to the public interest. Students are doing a huge amount of pro bono work here. There weren’t any opportunities for doing that when I was here as a student.

What drew you to legal work for the poor?

After college I was drafted and went to Germany. I had a lot of time on my hands and read a lot. I became fascinated by books about law, specifically, a book by Jacob Lefkowitz, a criminal lawyer who worked with indigents. I decided to study law when I got out. I came here and helped form the Roxbury Defenders Project, one of the first such law student programs in the country.

What are some of the dramatic changes you’ve seen in legal help for the poor?

One of the most dramatic improvements is legal counsel in death penalty cases. When I started out there were very few lawyers who could handle a death penalty case. Now there are lawyers in every state who do nothing but that.

Also, when I started out the greatest need was in the South. Half of my work in the past 20 years has been there. But in my opinion, the South has made a lot of progress, particularly Texas, which is doing things that are unbelievable. It’s no longer the sleeping-lawyer, death-valley capital. True, they are still putting people to death, but not nearly as many as they once were.

Do poor people have better access to legal representation today than in the past?

There is still an awful long way to go, but it’s clearly better than when I started out. Money is still the main hurdle. It’s hard to convince the general public to put money into lawyers who are representing people who’ve committed crimes and are poor.

And there are still a lot of misconceptions. In Massachusetts, Governor Deval Patrick, who I hold in high esteem, says having public defenders costs less than using court-appointed private criminal lawyers. That is so wrong. We’re going to end up in a terrible situation in Massachusetts, which has done a good job in providing counsel to the poor, but the system is being taken apart.

With someone’s life at stake, it must be hard to work on a death penalty case.

Definitely. There was a death penalty appeal I worked on in Indiana in the early ’90s. I was an expert witness. I testified and then flew home. I came back and had a message from the lawyer in Indiana that said, “Jones lives.” I just wanted to cry.

Do you think the recent execution in Georgia will have an effect on people’s opinion of the death penalty?

I think it will have a substantial effect. It was widely covered, even internationally. People are now speaking against the death penalty who haven’t spoken up before.

But in a Republican presidential debate recently, when Rick Perry, the governor of Texas, was asked about the number of people that had been executed there, the audience clapped and cheered. So this is not a good time, but it’s a time we need to redouble our energy. And one thing about me is I have a lot of energy.

Amy Sutherland can be reached at [email protected].

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Razer Blade Stealth Review: A True Macbook Alternative At Last

Razer Blade Stealth Review: a true MacBook alternative at last

The Razer Blade Stealth is not made for gaming – not on it’s own, anyway. When it was first shown at CES 2023, the company suggested that it was meant to be part of a two-device combo, the other being a GPU dock that gives the laptop a massive boost in graphics power. The Razer Blade Stealth is launching on its own – but unless you’d planned on buying this laptop ONLY for laptop-centric gaming, that won’t be a problem. Razer just out-designed itself.

The Razer Blade Stealth is a surprise. It was a surprise when the company decided to unveil it earlier this year. Not because of its looks, nor the fact that the company was going to release a laptop. They’d released pieces of hardware like this before.

It was a surprise that Razer would release a laptop that, in and of itself, alone, wasn’t entirely focused on gaming. This notebook is made by a gaming-centric company, but it has the feel and functionality of a high-end do-anything piece of equipment.

It feels like a MacBook Air.

The Razer Blade Stealth is entirely matte black metal save the light-up Razer snake logo on its lid.

Slight grooves to the right and left of the logo make the entire package distinct, while extremely subtle variances in where the metal is flat and where the metal curves make the entire laptop unique.

While if you’re going to use this notebook as a work computer, you might miss the memory card slot so many other laptops come with standard, you’ve got plenty of USB ports to connect everything else.

On the right you’ll find a full-sized HDMI port as well as a single USB 3 port.

On the left you’ll find a 3.5mm headphone/mic combo port, another USB 3 port, and a single USB-C port.

And what’s this?

Razer has actually taken the time to design a power cord that doesn’t look and feel absolutely terrible!

Experiences with notebooks like the Samsung ATIV Book 9 Pro are ruined by lesser cords. Razer knows good and well that the power cord is still part of the laptop experience – as such, they’ve taken the time to design something nice.

Inside you’ll find a stereo speaker system. Speaker grilles sit on the left and right of the keyboard, blasting sound the likes of which we very much expect from the highest of quality laptops.

Just above the keyboard is a small, out of the way power button. Just above the power button you’ll see – if you look VERY closely – the name of the laptop.

Razer makes clear here with this sleek font (not the insane gamer font they sometimes use for other projects) that they mean business. This notebook is a sign of the times – Razer is bringing the heat with hardware that’s for gamers, but with quality that’s good enough to compete with laptops that are made for the most discerning of users – even if they don’t play video games.

Down below the keyboard is a trackpad that’s downright usable.

Using Synology technology under the hood, we’ve got a trackpad that stands up to the test of everyday use – we don’t need to fiddle with the settings more than once to get it moving across the screen the way that feels most natural.

The keyboard, too, is comfortably spaced and feels entirely natural to use for standard typing. This is nothing like using a full-sized PC gaming keyboard – and it shouldn’t be. This is a notebook, and not one meant just for WASD action.

This keyboard lights up, too.

Each one of the keys here has the ability to be attached to macro commands. If you have other Razer peripherals – like a Razer keyboard for your full-sized gaming PC, for example – you’ll be able to save your keyboard setups for individual games or apps to the cloud, available to you then through Razer Synapse here on this notebook. Handy!

Much more apparent on the keyboard right from the start: each key is individually lit.

This notebook is part of Razer’s Chroma family, which means you’ve got the ability to make it dance and freak out with colors and effects the likes of which you’ll never actually need for any justifiable reason. But it is fun. Give yourself seizures with the waves of color!

Razer Synapse software inside this notebook allow you to configure your keyboard, backlighting, and fan control – though we’ve not had a reason to adjust the fan in any way at all thus far.

The bottom of the notebook has rubbery strips that keep the unit up and away from the surface it’ll end up sitting on, and vents under the notebook keep the airflow moving. The notebook hasn’t gotten hot to a point at which it’d be uncomfortable resting on a lap so far – we’ll see again in the future when we connect it to the Razer Core for gaming.

The area to the left and right of the touchpad remain cool at all times. Which is good, since that’s where your wrists are going to be resting basically constantly.

Two versions of this notebook are being made available – one with a sharp screen, and one with a REALLY sharp screen.

• Razer Blade Stealth QHD (2560 x 1440) 70% Adobe RGB (128GB and 256GB PCIe SSD)

• Razer Blade Stealth 4K (3840 x 2160) 100% Adobe RGB (256GB and 512GB PCIe SSD)

NOTE: While some apps you’ll download from the web may not scale properly for a display as sharp as 4K, the vast majority of the software you’ll be using will look completely fine. Windows 10 takes care of the scaling up for sharper displays that’s needed for devices such as this.

Both versions work with a 12.5″ IGZO display with 16:9 aspect ratio, LED backlighting, capacitive multi-touch, and what Razer describes as up to 170° wide viewing angles. We’re inclined to agree with that range of viewing angles – amongst the best we’ve ever seen on a notebook.

We’ve got the 4K display model here. The display is unbelievably good. It’s difficult to describe how intensely nice it is.

A few more specifications for you, all standard:

• Intel Core i7-6500U Dual-Core Processor with Hyper Threading 2.5GHz / 3.1GHz (Base/Turbo)

• Intel HD Graphics 520

• 8GB dual-channel onboard memory (LPDDR3-1866MHz)

• Windows 10 (64-Bit)

• Wireless-AC (802.11a/b/g/n/ac + Bluetooth 4.1)

• Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C)

• USB 3.0 port x2 (SuperSpeed)

• Built-in webcam (2.0MP)

• HDMI 1.4b audio and video output

• 3.5mm headphone/microphone combo port

• Trusted Platform Module (TPM 2.0) security chip embedded

This notebook is 0.52-in tall – that’s extremely thin, but not so thin that you’d have any worries about bending. It’s tough enough. The notebook is also 12.6″ / 321 mm (Width) x 8.1″ / 206 mm (Depth) – it’s small. It’s so small that we’re seriously hoping Razer creates a 15-inch or even a 17-inch edition at some point in the future.

The Razer Blade Stealth is encased in an anodized black aluminum body which can get a little fingerprinty.

I’d be covering the cover with stickers and such anyway, so I’m not entirely concerned, but if you really need a spotless top, you really should keep the silky display-cleaning cloth the device comes with in your pocket.

Battery time on this machine – off the cord, obviously – is somewhere around 7 hours. That’s using the machine for work (mostly web browsing and typing) with the display set below 50% brightness. If you’re really going to roll with this notebook for work, you’re going to want to aim for the QHD version of this notebook instead of the 4K.

This 4K version of the notebook is made for gloriously sharp images and video. It’s not made to be an off-the-cord last-all-day workhorse.

Senator Says Us Privacy Law Could Reach Draft Form Early Next Year

A senator has suggested that a US privacy law could be drafted early next year in the form of a bipartisan bill.

While there is as yet no consensus on the wording of such a bill, there is widespread agreement that some form of legislation is required …

Reuters reports that the remark was made by Senator Richard Blumenthal.

A much-anticipated bill that may give the U.S. government the ability to collect civil penalties if a company misuses consumer data on the internet or allows it to be stolen could be drafted early next year, a lawmaker said on Tuesday […]

Senator Richard Blumenthal, a Democrat, said at the hearing he hoped a draft would be finished “early in the session (next year).”

“I have been working with Sen. Moran on a bipartisan privacy bill that I hope will make very good progress very soon,” he said […]

Republican Senator Jerry Moran, chairman of the consumer protection, product safety, insurance and data security subcommittee, said although he supported privacy rules he was not sure about imposing civil penalties […]

Senator John Thune, who chairs the Commerce Committee, said his committee was also exploring privacy legislation but did not give details.

The push for a US privacy law follows the implementation of the world’s toughest legislation introduced in Europe earlier this year: the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). The standards set by the law are so high that even Apple had to make improvements to its privacy policies in order to comply.

Our own poll showed that 90% of 9to5Mac readers wanted to see US companies adopt GDPR privacy standards, and a recent large-scale survey showed the majority of the US population supports tech regulation.

Apple CEO Tim Cook has been pushing hard for a US privacy law, arguing last month that it needs to be rooted in four rights.

We at Apple are in full support of a comprehensive federal privacy law in the United States. There, and everywhere, it should be rooted in four essential rights: First, the right to have personal data minimized. Companies should challenge themselves to de-identify customer data—or not to collect it in the first place. Second, the right to knowledge. Users should always know what data is being collected and what it is being collected for. This is the only way to empower users to decide what collection is legitimate and what isn’t. Anything less is a sham. Third, the right to access. Companies should recognize that data belongs to users, and we should all make it easy for users to get a copy of…correct…and delete their personal data. And fourth, the right to security. Security is foundational to trust and all other privacy rights.

Europe’s GDPR law is far-reaching, but at its heart is based on another four key principles.

Cook explained in a recent interview that he has been somewhat reluctant in coming to the conclusion that a US privacy law is needed, but has recognized that letting the market decide has not proven effective.

Image: Shutterstock

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Apple’s Reminders App Needs Five Additional Features To Be A True Task Manager

Apple’s Reminders app is one of their apps that has the most potential in my opinion. While it didn’t receive much of an update with the announcements of iOS 12 and macOS Mojave, I believe that with some additional features, it could become the go-to GTD/task/productivity system for most people.

While I love the App Store and the various alternatives that developers come up with, I try to rely on built-in apps whenever possible. I’m already paying for iCloud storage, so I might as well use it. The Notes app is an excellent example of how Apple can set the standard for a default app. It’s seen a lot of enhancements in recent years (particularly on the iPad), and there is less of a reason than ever to use a third-party app

Reminders, on the other hands, is not quite there. It does have great Siri support, great location-based alerts, and great syncing to all of your devices, but it needs some additional enhancements. Here are five features that I believe would make Apple’s Reminders app a real GTD/task/productivity system:

Natural Language Input on iOS

I currently use Todoist to manage all of my tasks. One aspect that is perfect is their natural language input. I can type: Print off expense report #Work Tomorrow at 8 AM. Todoist will then put the task in my Work project with a due date of tomorrow at 8:00 AM. While the macOS version of Reminders has natural language support, iOS doesn’t. I’d love the macOS to get an app-wide app dialogue box where I didn’t have to pick the list ahead of time. With Todoist, I set up a quick trigger for new tasks and put it into the right place without every touching the trackpad.

Email In Support

Apps like Todoist, Things, and OmniFocus all include the ability to “email in tasks.” This feature allows you to forward an email to your system work on later. I just came back from a week-long vacation. During the week I was off, any email I got that needed me to take action when I return got sent to my Todoist email address. It would go into my “Inbox.” On Sunday night before my return to work, I processed everything in my inbox. Processing my inbox means that I assigned it to a project and set a due date.

Attachment Support

With Apple Reminders currently, you cannot add files to tasks. I’d love to be able to create a new task and then add a PDF or Numbers document to it. The task could be “Review contract.” I’d then add the actual contract to the task. I could then take my iPad, open up Reminders, and then begin to review the document. What if you could then save any annotations back to the document, and it would be saved back to iCloud? It could just be a symlink to an iCloud Drive document as well.

Collaboration on Individual Tasks


The final upgrade that Reminders needs to become a full-fledged GTD/task system is subtasks. An example could be that your company was creating a newsletter. Under the Newsletter list, you could add a task of photo selection. As a subtask under photos, you could create a subtask of research local photographers, schedule meeting, etc.

Wrap Up

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