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Need to know the size of a particular file? Or have you ever wondered how large a particular folder is on a Mac? With a simple trick you an quickly get the size of any file, folder, or item as found within the Finder file system of Mac OS.
This tutorial will walk through using the Get Info panel in Mac OS to be able to quickly discover the storage size of any given file or folder on a Mac. You can access the Get Info panel through a menu item, or a keyboard shortcut. The tricks work the same on all versions of Mac OS and Mac OS X, as the Get Info capability has been around on the Mac since the Classic era.How to Get the Size of Individual Files or Folders in Mac OS Finder
From the Finder of Mac OS, navigate to the parent directory containing the file or folder you want to get the size of
Select the file or folder you wish to retrieve the size of
Pull down the “File” menu and choose “Get Info”
The items total size will be revealed in the top corner of the Get Info window, and lower you will find both the total file size of all items within that folder as well as the item count for the folder
You can close the Get Info window when finished reviewing the data.Find Size of a File or Folder with ‘Get Info’ by Keyboard Shortcut
You can also use the “Get Info” keyboard shortcut to quickly access the same information:
Select any file or folder in the Finder of Mac OS, then hit Command + i keys to bring up the Get Info panel
Regardless of how you access the Get Info panel, the results are the same. You can also access the Get Info panel of a file or folder result returned via the search feature Spotlight.
You can also see the file size of a Finder item when the active directory is in the List view.
If you’re the type of person who likes to see as much information as possible at a glance, you’ll likely appreciate always showing folder sizes in Mac OS, and you might also want to enable the Show Item Info option for the Mac Desktop and Finder as well, which will reveal additional information for files and folders shown in the standard Icon view.
It’s worth mentioning that this is not the only way to reveal the size of files and folders in Mac OS. You can also use a setting to calculate and reveal folders sizes in List view, or you can find large files and folders on a Mac by using the Finder Search feature to narrow down items within the file system based on their size. And of course there are a variety of third party disk space analyzers that also make it extremely easy to locate folders and items based on file size, which can be handy tools for tracking down disk storage hogs. And of course you can also turn to Terminal and get the size of a directory from the command line or a file that way as well.
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While maintaining a WordPress site, you need to upload images, themes and plugins through admin dashboard. However, uploading large file size will put pressure on your hosting server in terms of using resources. Due to this fact, many hosting companies, especially shared hosting plans, fix the maximum file upload size in a WordPress installation. If you are stuck and not able to upload the file, here is how to change file upload size in WordPress site.
Note: Uploading files through FTP is controlled by the quota you allocate while creating the account. Likewise uploading through File Manager generally does not have any limitation. In this article, we will discuss the file upload size from admin dashboard which has no impact for uploading files through FTP or File Manager.Checking Default File Upload Size
Check Default File Upload Size in WordPress
Any file you try to upload more than the specified size here will result in file upload error. If you want to check the limit from the Gutenberg editor, add an image block and go to “Media Library” from the block options. Now, go to “Upload files” tab and there you can see the limit mentioned below the “Select Files” box.
Server Status in Site Health Section
Similarly, plugins like WooCommerce will show you the system status where you can find all server details.Why to Increase File Upload Size in WordPress?
There are many reasons you may be interested in increasing the file upload size limit.
Some themes come with bundled plugins and the size can easily exceed the limit set on your size.
You want to run a photography or stock image website and need to upload the original photos from your digital camera or smartphone.
You do not have access to FTP and primarily rely on uploading files through media library or post editor in admin panel.
Selling large files through online store.How to Change File Upload Size in WordPress?
Here we will explain various methods to change the file upload size. However, the first thing you need is to consult with your hosting company whether you are allowed to increase the limit. If you have cloud, VPS, managed or dedicated hosting plans, most probably you can modify the limit yourself. For shared hosting, make sure to check allow the limit from the documentation or from the hosting support.Parameters to Consider
Since large file upload needs the script to run for longer time, simply increasing the allowed size may not work in most situations. There are multiple PHP parameters you need to increase in the server configuration to get the desired result.
upload_max_filesize – maximum file size you try to upload.
post_max_size – this is the maximum size of the allowed POST data and should be greater than the upload_max_filesize.
memory_limit – maximum allowed memory limit should be greater than post_max_size.
max_execution_time – this is the time limit allowed by the server for a script to run. It is defined in seconds and the server will terminate any PHP scripts that try to run beyond the set value.
max_input_time – maximum allowed time for a script to parse input data. Generally, max_execution_time is used for this value.
As you can see, the parameters need to be defined with proper values so that the file upload will work. For example, if you want to increase the file upload size to 64MB, below are the parameters you should change.upload_max_filesize 64M post_max_size 128M memory_limit 256M max_execution_time 300 max_input_time 300
M indicates MB in size and you do not need to mention the seconds (300 indicates 300 seconds by default). You can check the official PHP documentation to learn more about these parameters.1. Changing from cPanel or Custom Hosting Panel
First, we will explain with cPanel hosting with HostGator. You can use the same process in Bluehost and all other cPanel hosting providers.
Login to your hosting account and navigate to cPanel section.
Use the search box and type “php” to find MultiPHP INI Editor app.
This is the easy way, though you can go to “Editor Mode” and edit or add the required directive. If you are using custom hosting panel like SiteGround Site Tool, then the process is similar with the change in interface.
2. Change chúng tôi File
In case if you are not able to use the hosting account, next option is to manually add the directives in your chúng tôi file. This is a server configuration file where you can add the details to increase the file upload size. Go to the root of your WordPress installation using FTP or File Manager and check whether you can find chúng tôi file. If you do not find the file, simply create a new empty file with the name as chúng tôi After that add the following code in the file and save your changes.upload_max_filesize = 64M post_max_size = 128M memory_limit = 256M max_execution_time = 300 max_input_time = 300 3. Add Directive in .htaccess File
The next option is to add the following codes in your .htaccess file. You can use plugins like Yoast SEO, Rank Math or similar plugins to edit the file. Alternatively, login to FTP and locate .htaccess file in the root of your WordPress installation.php_value upload_max_filesize 64M php_value post_max_size 128M php_value memory_limit 256M php_value max_execution_time 300 php_value max_input_time 300
It should look something like below in your file:
Add Directives in htaccess File
Save your file and check that now you can upload 64 MB file size from dashboard.4. Using a Plugin
See the current size limit set by your hosting provider.
Enter the new file upload size to increase or decrease the original value.
Enter New File Upload Size with Plugin
Change the limit as per user role to have different limits for admin, editor, author and other users on your site. This is ideal if you want to restrict small size for subscribers and allow large size for administrators and editors.
Change Limit Per User Role
View the estimated maximum available space on your server.
Do the analyze of your storage and view the statistics.Checking the Size Back
New File Upload Limit Set
Back in late September this year, the Raspberry Pi foundation released a new operating system named PIXEL for their, you guessed it, Raspberry Pi. PIXEL OS is based on Debian Linux and is power-packed with productivity software and programming tools like Libre Office Suite, BlueJ Java IDE and Geany’s programmer editor. It also comes with utilities like RealVNC and SenseHat emulator. In an interesting turn of events, the company announced that their Debian-based OS can be tried on macOS and Windows. So, if you are interested in trying out PIXEL OS on your MacBook or Windows PC/laptop, here are the steps to run PIXEL OS on macOS or Windows 10:
Note: Before we begin, it must be noted that PIXEL OS is still in a very early development phase and things may or may not work as expected.Running PIXEL OS using VirtualBox
We’ll be running the PIXEL ISO file inside an emulator. I recommend using VirtualBox, as it’s free and lightweight, but feel free to use any other alternatives. Here, I’ll demonstrate the process using VirtualBox on macOS Sierra 10.12, but the same applies to Windows 10 or any other macOS or Windows version too.
This opens up the wizard to quickly set-up a virtual machine. Make the following changes, so that it looks like exactly as shown in the following picture:
Version: Debian (64-bit)
5. On the next screen, select “Dynamically allocated” and “Continue“.Running PIXEL OS using a Live Bootable USB
Creating a live bootable USB requires you to have a USB drive of at least 4 GB. (It may work with flash drives below 4 GB, but there’s no guarantee). It is important to back up any important files you may have on the drive, as it’ll be formatted and all the data will be erased.
Before you proceed, grab the necessary tools you’ll require. If you’re on Mac, consider downloading Etcher (free). Windows users should check out Rufus (free).Setting up on Windows
1. Open Rufus and select the USB drive you want to install PIXEL OS on, in the “Device” tab.
3. Browse and select the downloaded ISO file.
Note: Leave all the other boxes to their default settings.
After you press Enter, you should be greeted with a welcome screen:Setting up on Mac
Now restart your Mac. This time, hold down the Option key (⌥) on your keyboard as soon as you hear the start-up chime. You should see an EFI/PIXEL option alongside “Macintosh HDD”. Selecting the same will boot you straight to the PIXEL OS. After you are done exploring, shut down PIXEL OS and you can boot to MacOS as normal.
Note: The development team says that some newer Mac models like MacBook Air 2023 may have trouble recognizing the drive and a fix is underway. As always, you should try your luck.Early Thoughts on PIXEL OS
I have been running PIXEL OS on my Mac using VirtualBox for a couple of days now. PIXEL OS comes pre-installed with a lot of utilities, but the feature list is pretty bare-bones. As of now, for the customization part, you can only choose among a set of 16 wallpapers. Libre Office Suite comes pre-installed too, so you can edit your presentation or work with data in tabular form. It also comes with a handful of games like Tetris and puzzles you can play, which are built using Python. From a programming perspective, you have IDE’s for Java and Python shell. This release of PIXEL comes with a Chromium browser for your web surfing needs.
SEE ALSO: How to Set Up and Get Started with Raspberry Pi 3 (Starter Guide)Have You Used PIXEL OS on Windows or Mac?
Raspberry Pi foundation says that if there’s enough interest over time, they’ll create an installable version. As of now, these are the only two ways through which you can easily try out the PIXEL OS on your Mac or Windows system. Of course, it’s not ready for primary use but nevertheless, the foundation is committed to making it one.
If the worst happens and your Mac crashes and won’t start, what can you do? Of course you should do Time Machine backups regularly. Unless you do that, you won’t get your machine back exactly as it was if trouble strikes, but it’s worse than that.
The recovery disk, a secret partition which is part of the Recovery System, resides on your system drive, and while it contains useful tools to recover your data and move on, it’s no good if you can’t get to it.
In this article, we talk about the Recovery Disk hiding on your system, and how to prepare for the worst case scenarios by making a copy of it as a bootable recovery disk.I am Broken; Recover Me
The Recovery disk is the best friend you never knew you had. Tucked away in a 650Mb partition on the system drive is a set of tools you can use to fix and restore your drive should it crap out on you.
It’s not an installer. It’s a fixer, a toolkit. It props up your broken machine long enough so you can reinstall or restore your system. With the tools it contains, it can:
Restore your Mac from a Time Machine backup
Verify and repair connected drives using Disk Utility
Check your Internet connection or get help online using Safari
If all else fails, install or reinstall OS X
To start your computer with Recovery, restart and hold down “Command + R” before the startup chime.Saviour in the Cloud
Maverick and Yosemite have a feature that when you have Internet access, you can boot your machine from a Recovery partition up in the cloud. But this doesn’t save you if your drive is unstable and you have no Internet access, which of course can happen.
One option is putting the recovery partition on an external drive by using the Recovery Disk Assistant (download it here).
First, you will be asked if it’s okay to use this software:
Note: if you want to use an SD card, here’s a tip. Putting the card into the internal SD card slot in your Mac won’t work as the Recovery Assistant only polls the USB ports. Put your SD card into a USB adapter, and it will be seen.
Now choose the volume you want to store the Recovery Disk on:
The Assistant will now create your external Recovery drive.
Once you have a recovery disk, you can recover your Mac when trouble strikes.
To recover your machine, simply boot or reboot holding down “Command + R” and your Mac will search, first the recovery partition, then the Internet and any external drives you have made with Recovery tools on them and then load the tools.
That’s all good, but the Assistant app is limited. It only allows the creation of OS X Recovery disks on an external drive or flash drive via USB. Can you make an optical disk?Seeing the Unseen
To burn an optical Recovery Disk (and a CD will suffice, as it’s deliberately only 650Mb in size), you will need to locate the hidden Recovery tool files on your drive and burn them to a disk.
Open Disk Utility. You will notice the menu probably looks like this:
What we are looking for is the Debug menu. If it’s not there, you need to activate it with Terminal. Close Disk Utility (because the menu won’t activate in an open program), open Terminal and type the following:defaults
Open Disk Utility again, and you will see the Debug menu is now showing between the Window and Help menus.Burn it!
Now that you can see the Recovery HD partition, you can burn it to a disk. Select the drive image you just created:
While you can save a tiny bit of space when saving Recovery Image by checking the compressed box, you don’t save that much space, and compressing it adds a little uncompressing time when unpacking it for burning. But it’s your choice.
Once you have a disk image isolated and saved to disk:
Once the disk has burned, test it by booting from it. Hold down the “C” key as you start or restart.
Another thing you might want to do for safety’s sake at some point is make a bootable disk installer for your OS, but perhaps we’ll go into that another time.
Photo source: DVIDSHUB
Phil South has been writing about tech subjects for over 30 years. Starting out with Your Sinclair magazine in the 80s, and then MacUser and Computer Shopper. He’s designed user interfaces for groundbreaking music software, been the technical editor on film making and visual effects books for Elsevier, and helped create the MTE YouTube Channel. He lives and works in South Wales, UK.
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Emoticons are arguably the 21st century’s most popular way to communicate when using computers and smartphones. Starting with combinations of text characters, smilies have evolved into emoticons with the development of Unicode fonts that automatically substitute an image of a smiling face for a specific set of characters. For example, various OS X apps such as iMessage, iChat, etc. that make use of emoticons, will automatically substitute an image of a smiling face if you enter the “:)” text for a smile.
You can also set your own global text substitutions for emoticons, so that you can quickly access them in multiple programs. While this is more useful for enhancing e-mails, chats, messages, etc., OS X also supports the use of emoticons and other symbols in your file names. This is a really unique way of naming files since you can easily search and characterize them using an image instead of simple text characters.
Now, you should know that your Mac does not support dynamic substitution of text in file names with emoticons. For example, if you type “:)” in a file name, OS X will not replace it will a smiley. In order to name your files using emoticons, you’ll have to use OS X’s Character Viewer. To do this, simply follow the steps below:
1. Enable the Character Viewer and open it, using the steps outlined in this article.
2. Locate an emoticon that you would like to use. Use the Emoji section for this.
3. Select the file/folder whose name you want to edit, and press “Enter” to edit its file name.
Tip: You can also use this method to use other symbols in file names.
This method also lets you search for a file using Spotlight. After you have added a symbol to the name of the file, you can easily perform a Spotlight search for that symbol to quickly reveal it. However, do know that for the search you will need to use the character palette to enter the appropriate symbol.
This method can be more difficult to manage than fun for some, but it does provide a unique naming option. Also, you should know that all these symbols are Unicode-based and will not work in some services that do not support Unicode. For example, if you frequently use Terminal in OS X, you’ll find that adding symbols to file names will have them appear as “question marks” in Terminal, which will undoubtedly make them more difficult to identify and manage.
Shujaa Imran is MakeTechEasier’s resident Mac tutorial writer. He’s currently training to follow his other passion become a commercial pilot. You can check his content out on Youtube
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The standard terminal appearance is just boring old black text on a white background. Apple included a few nice preset themes too, but to really make your terminals appearance stand out you’ll want to take the time to customize it yourself. While some of these tweaks are admittedly pure eye candy, others genuinely improve the command line experience and make using the terminal not only more attractive but easier to scan.
Follow along and try them all, or just pick and choose which makes the most sense for you.Modify Bash Prompt, Enable Colors, Improve ‘ls’
At a bare minimum, let’s get a better bash prompt, improve the output of the frequently used ls command, and enable colors. This is all done by editing the .bash_profile or .bashrc located in the home directory, for the purpose of this walkthrough we’ll use .bash_profile:
Open Terminal and type nano .bash_profile
Paste in the following lines:
alias ls=’ls -GFh’
Hit Control+O to save, then Control+X to exit out of nano
The first line changes the bash prompt to be colorized, and rearranges the prompt to be “username@hostname:cwd $”
The next two lines enable command line colors, and define colors for the ‘ls’ command
Finally, we alias ls to include a few flags by default. -G colorizes output, -h makes sizes human readable, and -F throws a / after a directory, * after an executable, and a @ after a symlink, making it easier to quickly identify things in directory listings.
Pasted in properly, it should look like this:
Open a new terminal window, run ls, and see the difference. Still not satisfied with the appearance, or have you already done that? There’s more to do.Enable Bold Fonts, ANSI Colors, & Bright Colors
This will be theme and profile dependent, meaning you will have to adjust this for each theme. Most themes have ANSI color on by default, but enable it if it’s not.
Choose your profile/theme from the left side list, then under the “Text” tab check the boxes for “Use bold fonts” and “Use bright colors for bold text”
This makes things like directories and executables be bold and brighter, making them easier to spot in listings.Consider Customizing ANSI Colors
Generally it’s best to adjust ANSI colors to be near their intended color mark but in the realm of being easier to read, a shade of grey to replace black for example.Adjust Background Opacity, Blur, & Background Image
After you have colorization squared away, adjusting the terminals background appearance is a nice touch:
Back in Terminal Preferences, choose the theme from the left side, then go to the “Window” tab
Opacity and blur alone tend to be enough, but going the extra step to set a background picture can look either really nice or completely garish. You make the call.Install a Theme
Another approach is to use Terminal themes like IR Black, which are simple to install, add custom colors, and make the command line much more attractive. Here are three popular themes:
You can also easily create your own by spending some time with Terminal Preferences and setting colors and fonts to what you like.New Terminal vs Old Terminal
Put it all together, and you should have something like this:
Which is a bit more interesting to look at than this, right?
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