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When in a few weeks the doors of New York City’s Empire State Building are opened to admit the public, fifty-eight electrical robots will be standing at attention, awaiting merely the pushing of buttons to begin the distribution of a daily population almost equal to the combined population of the famous summer resorts Newport, R. I., and Atlantic City, N. J.

Governed by complex electrical brains, through miles of copper-wire nerves, this fleet of automatic elevators is expected to handle an unprecedented traffic with a smoothness, swiftness, and safety that could not be approached under ordinary human control.

No railroad has required more careful planning than this greatest of vertical transportation systems. The offices on the eighty-six floors were designed to accommodate some 25,000 workers. If statistics of other large office buildings could be relied upon, about 60,000 transients, in addition, could be expected every day.

Not only would it be necessary to transport this army of 85,000 persons to the desired parts of the building and down again, but all the floors would have to be served with nearly equal speed and comfort. If the value of office space is not to decrease with height, the eightieth floor will have to be as easily accessible as the tenth or the twentieth.

Besides, there loomed the highly concentrated traffic of rush hours. Figures gave evidence that in the minutes between 5 and 5:30 p.m., for instance, about 15,000 persons would have to be brought to the ground floor.

Engineers and architects worked together over the problem, leaving no detail out of consideration. It was finally decided that fifty-eight elevators with automatic starting, stopping, level- ing, and door opening and closing devices could most efficiently handle the bulk of the work. Nine additional elevators, with various degrees of self-operation, were decided upon for use in the top seven stories, the tower, and for freight service. The entire elevator installation, including such related work as the preparation of hatchways, cost about $4,000,000.

The job of the construction gangs, electricians, and engineers in their many months’ work on this contract has not been simple. As the steelwork of the building rose higher and higher, the elevator men had to maintain satisfactory elevator service; steel-workers, masons, plasterers, plumbers had to be supplied continuously with materials. A delay of minutes would have cost hundreds of dollars. Every few days the machines for these temporary elevators had to be raised. To save expense, several elevators that had been salvaged from the old Waldorf-Astoria Hotel were drafted for temporary service.

For the permanent elevator installation, a number of innovations were necessary. Because eleven of the cars were to rise higher than any previously installed, larger hoisting motors had to be designed and built. Ordinarily plumb lines are sufficiently accurate to align the rails that guide the cars and counterweights.

However, fearing that air currents might deflect the lines in some of the tremendous shafts of the Empire State Building, the rails were aligned by sighting thiough mine transits—surveyors’ instruments adapted by mining engineers for determining the straightness of mine shafts.

A larger construction crew was required than on probably any earlier installation. Through one period over 300 elevator men were working simultaneously.

Red lines in drawing at left indicate banks of local elevators and black are the express banks. Popular Science April 1931

We can best get an idea of automatic elevator magic by taking an imaginary ride. For an example let us enter the Empire State Building with the purpose of ascending to the seventy-ninth floor, seven stories below the top. We do not have to search long among the elevator corridors for the correct bank, which is indicated by an electric sign that announces: 66th to 80th floors.

A light above one of the cars indicates that this car is the next one to leave. We step in. In a jiffy a jewel flashes on the attendant’s control panel. He gives a slight throw to a lever. The doors of the shaftway and of the car silently and swiftly close, and the car automatically begins its smooth and fast leap skyward.

“Sixty-eight,” “seventy,” “seventy-nine,” the passengers announce their floors to the attendant, who merely presses a button on the control panel for each number called. He need worry no more. Once the doors are closed the car is under the care of invisible supervisors—cams, cables, governors, generators, motors, brakes, switches, rheostats, relays that are quicker, more sensitive, and more positive in action, than he.

The car continues to speed upward for about a minute (this time will later be cut almost in half), then suddenly numbers begin to flash on a panel above the door. 66, 67. Almost imperceptibly, the speed of the car is retarded.

As 68 flashes, it stops, the doors automatically glide open, and we discover that the car has leveled itself perfectly with the landing. There has been no under- or overshooting of the mark, no breath-taking acceleration or retardation, no wrestling with the doors. A gang of electromechanical geniuses, hidden about the car, in the shaftway, and in the motor room, have done away with all that.

After two of the passengers have stepped out, the attendant again gives a slight throw to the lever, which initiates the closing of the doors, and the car proceeds. For every button that has been pressed, the elevator automatically makes the same sort of gentle, swift, and accurate stop. Not only does it stop in response to buttons on the operator’s panel, but to buttons pressed by passengers waiting at hall landings. In which case the stop is made entirely without the attendant’s knowledge.

To economize to the utmost in waiting time, only the car that will actually stop to take on a passenger will flash a light in the hall. Ordinarily, the first car traveling past the landing in the direction desired must automatically stop; but when a car is full, the attendant, by throwing a switch on his control board, may relay all calls to the next available car.

When we have finally been let out at the seventy-ninth floor, we find ourselves turning over in our minds some possible explanations for what we have experienced. Without human intervention we have been whisked some 940 feet from the ground—about seven stories higher than the McAlpin, Biltmore, and Pennsylvania Hotels piled on top of each other—lights have flashed, the car has stopped at desired floors, and doors have opened. How silly seem the tin-clad dummies of the scientific lecture, that wink their eyes, salute, and say “hello,” compared to the practical everyday elevator Robot.

The controlling and operating equipment is by no means simple. To interconnect all the electrical circuits required by the elevators in this one building, nearly 8,000,000 feet of rubber-covered wire were necessary—more than enough to reach from Boston to Kansas City. In addition there are thirty-six miles of conduit. The length of the hoisting ropes, compensating ropes, and governor ropes exceeds 120 miles.

Accelerating, slowing down, leveling, and stopping of a car is accomplished chiefly through the assistance of what is known as a “selector.” This device, located in the motor room directly above each shaftway, has a sliding member that is run up and down past groups of contacts—in a small way following exactly the position of the elevator in the shaft—by a steel tape attached to the car.

If, by the pressing of a stopping button, the contacts of a certain group are made active, when the sliding member of the selector touches that group the circuits will be automatically manipulated to properly level and stop the car. The doors, which are opened and closed by an electric motor, are actuated simultaneously.

Not only was it necessary to provide electrical and mechanical devices to attend to the normal operation of the elevators, but devices to attend also to their safety. So much attention has been given to the question of safety that the chances of meeting with an accident in an elevator in this new installation are four or five times smaller than the chances of an accident in your automobile.

“What if a cable should break?” someone asks. The answer may be surprising. The safety of the car would not be interfered with. The cables are frequently inspected, and there are six cables to support each car, though the cars in the two highest banks of the Empire State Building have eight cables. Should flaws pass undetected, and one, two, three, four, or even five cables break, the car would not drop, as one cable is sufficient to carry the whole load! Of course an attendant will not continue to run a car with even one cable broken. The passengers would be left off at the nearest landing, and the elevator would not be put into service again until the cable had been replaced.

The present law in New York City limits the speed of elevators to 700 feet a minute. Certain that this law will soon be changed, eighteen of the Empire State elevators are arranged for a future speed of 800 feet a minute, eighteen for 1,000 feet, and eighteen more for 1,200 feet. The latter are the fastest passenger elevators ever made.

According to Otis engineers, the speed limit with modern equipment is not determined by factors of safety but by the normal distance between stops. In a department store, where stops must be made at every floor, 500 feet a minute would be more sensible than 1,200; but where a clear jump of nearly 800 feet must be made the lower speed is ridiculous.

That the traffic may be handled with the greatest expediency, an indicating panel and a dispatching panel are adjacent to each bank of cars. On one, lights show at a glance the position of every elevator in the bank; two columns of lights of a different color indicate the floors at which buttons have been pushed by waiting passengers. On the other panel are telephone, switches, and the control of an automatic dispatching device.

Ordinarily this device signals the attendant of a car when his car is the next to leave, then gives him another signal at the precise moment he should initiate the closing of the doors. Its operation may be speeded or retarded to suit the traffic, at the will of the dispatcher, or the dispatcher may start or recall cars independent of the device, by manipulating the switches.

Each elevator has a telephone, interconnected through an automatic 200-station switchboard with each other, with the starter, the engineer, the superintendent, and with a station on each floor.

The highest rise of any of the cars is made by Freight Elevator No. 1, which travels from the sub-basement to the eightieth floor, 986 feet. None of the cars that ascend from the lobby go higher. Two local cars provide service between the seventy-ninth and the eighty-sixth floors. It is planned to have another elevator in the mooring mast, rising to an observation platform 1,210 feet above the ground.

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How To Keep Wine Fresh After Opening It

Whether you enjoyed one glass of wine after work or overestimated how much your guests would drink at your dinner party, occasionally there comes a time when you end the night with an open bottle of good wine. 

Leftovers of a great meal are always welcome, but when it comes to wine, this is not good news, as the taste of the beverage changes quickly if you don’t store it correctly. Luckily, after centuries of drinking this grape elixir, some hacks and gadgets exist to help preserve the lifespan of an open bottle.

Choose your wine wisely

Even if the taste changes, drinking an open bottle of wine is not a health risk, as the level of alcohol is high enough to keep dangerous microorganisms from proliferating. 

“That’s why wine became such a big part of human society and culture—it’s generally safe to drink and it lasts a long time,” says Amanda Stewart, an associate professor in Virginia Tech’s Department of Food Science and Technology.

Having said that, you don’t have to endure the foul taste of a spoiled bottle of wine just because it won’t make you ill. 

“Oxygen is the enemy to wine,” says Casleah Herwaldt, a certified sommelier and founder of club wine By the Stem. She explains that exposing wine to oxygen triggers chemical reactions that turn alcohol into acetaldehyde. This chemical is the result of the breakdown of alcohol molecules by liver enzymes in our bodies, and it also makes wine taste like vinegar. 

[Related: Make your own vinegar at home]

But wines with higher alcohol content (15.5 percent and higher), will stay fresher for longer. Another factor to consider is acidity, as pH controls the speed at which oxidation occurs. This means that the more acidic a wine is, the lower the pH, and the longer it’ll take for it to spoil. Vintages like a NZ Sauvignon Blanc or a dry rosé, are great examples.

How to extend the life of that open bottle of wine

Usually, an open bottle of red wine will remain largely unchanged for four to five days, while whites and rosés will retain their flavor for two to three. But with the proper care, you may be able to keep sipping on a tasty blend past that.

Always re-cork

After pouring out the first round, a wine drinker should reseal an open bottle to stop oxygen from getting in. Even if you plan to leave the bottle out for future sipping, put the cap back on or insert a wine stopper in the meantime. 

As an alternative, opt for clean, reusable stoppers for reds, whites, and rosés. For open bottles of bubbly, go for a sparkling wine-specific topper, as they can help the fizz go on for up to two days instead of 24 hours.

Store the open bottle upright in the fridge

Once your bottle is secured, place it in the refrigerator—yes, even red wines. 

Placing the bottle upright will not only avoid spillage but also prevent exposing more wine to oxygen since the liquid has a larger surface area when laying down. And don’t worry if you don’t have a wine fridge. A regular refrigerator offers a colder temperature that will keep the wine fresher for longer. 

Next time, just take out that pinot noir and let it sit until it reaches your preferred drinking temperature before serving. That process will likely take 30 to 45 minutes, but don’t bother waiting for it to reach perfect room temp.

“A lot of times it gets pretty warm in the kitchen,” says Stewart. “That red wine sitting on your kitchen counter, especially in the summertime, might be much warmer than the ideal serving temperature.”

Pour the remaining wine into a sealed glass container

To further limit the exposure to oxygen, Stewart suggests pouring the leftover wine into a small glass container that can be firmly sealed. Then store it in the fridge. Swing top bottles and mason jars will do a great job.

Up your wine gear

If you want to level up from the classic topper you received as a holiday gift, Herwaldt swears by the Repour Wine Saver, which introduces argon into the open bottle. This gas is heavier than oxygen, so it sits on the wine and acts as a barrier without affecting its flavors or aromas. Herwaldt claims the device has kept her bottles fresh for up to two months.

Vacuum out the air

A wine vacuum pump removes oxygen from the open bottle to preserve it for longer—it’s the same principle behind most vacuum-sealed foods. 

But this method is not perfect as pumps can only remove about half of the air inside a bottle, says Andrew Waterhouse, a wine chemist at UC-Davis’s Robert Mondavi Institute for Wine and Food Science.

Bag up the open wine

Following the same principle behind boxed wine (which preserves the quality of the liquid for weeks,) Heller pours her unfinished vino into PlatyPreserve bags. These gadgets allow you to press the remaining oxygen out of the cap and tightly seal the wine. 

[Related: Wine bags for traveling and outdoor activities]

“I find it keeps bottles of wine fresh for five to six days after opening them,” she says. “It still tastes good.” 

Splurge on a Coravin

Anyone who finds themselves frequently throwing out good leftover wine should consider investing in a Coravin Wine Preservation System. 

Starting at $100, this device inserts a needle into the cork without displacing the material, allowing you to pour out the wine while the bottle remains sealed. Once the needle comes out, the cork expands back to its normal shape, preventing any oxygen from coming in. Restaurants rely on this system—which Waterhouse says can keep an open bottle fresh for weeks—to be able to sell high-end bottles of wine by the glass. 

Heller uses her Coravin for dessert wines since she and her guests only consume a small amount of them at a time. “That’s definitely more of an investment, but that’s what I use when I have something that I know I’m not going to finish and it’s got some sort of sentimental value or it’s got a big price tag,” she says. “It’s really great for that.” 

State Of Executive Education 2023

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By Rakhee Ghelani

As 2023 has proven, in uncertain times, the importance of leadership comes to the fore—good business leaders exceed their potential and new ones stand up to be counted. With a decade in the industry, at Eruditus, we understand how critical executive education is in helping businesses navigate unprecedented challenges and forging new paths. 

Over the past ten years, we have collaborated with some of the most prestigious universities in the world, making their expertise accessible to executives across the globe. One of our flagship programs, the INSEAD Leadership Program for Senior Executives—India (ILPSE) will welcome its tenth cohort this year, and we are proud that 1,300+ senior leaders from 60+ countries have completed both general management and specialist courses from our partners such as Cambridge Judge Business School,  Columbia Business School, Harvard Business School and Kellogg School of Management to name a few.

To understand the transformation that world-class leadership programs have had on graduates, we reached out to alumni to hear first-hand about the impact that their chosen executive programs have had on their professional development.

In our inaugural edition of the State of Executive Education report, 129 senior executives from 20 countries—with an average work experience of 18 years—shared their learning experience and ideas with us. We’re delighted to share the findings with you as we continue to build the future of executive education:

1. Executive education can transform businesses

Three in four participants who completed a leadership program could see the positive impact it had on their business or organisation. The depth and breadth of knowledge gained by executives gives them the ability to view their business from a better perspective, helps to shape their thinking and gives them tools that they can take back into the workplace. As the programs bring together a broad range of disciplines, they show participants a variety of cutting-edge leadership techniques that they can use to scale-up any business. Combined, this has the potential to translate into tangible outcomes including revenue growth, increased employee and customer satisfaction, market share, and customer retention.

2. Investing in lifelong learning is impactful  

It isn’t just businesses that receive a return on the investment in executive programs. More than seven out of ten participants agreed that the program they pursued was worth the investment and were satisfied with the impact the program had on both their career and professional development. Eight in ten saw a positive impact on themselves personally that ranged from a boost in confidence to an increased passion for their work and greater career opportunities. For many, this passion has extended beyond work, with participants saying the transformational value of the course content has inspired them to do more with their life.

With lifelong learning, new habits are also instilled. For some this means thinking more broadly, improving listening skills and increasing time spent on introspection. While for others, it has opened them up to different perspectives when analysing problems and dealing with individuals and has enabled them to become better decision-makers.

“The association with Brand Columbia Business itself was the biggest change in my life. I felt elevated the day I set my foot in CBS and my self gratification was enhanced to the highest level. My self-esteem and self-confidence were boosted to a level that it helped me win the top job as Chairman, leading the entire Power Industry in my country.” – Columbia Executive Program in Management, Oct 2023 Cohort

3. In-class learning is valued 

While online learning is gaining momentum and 95% of survey respondents expect online learning adoption to increase in the near future, 98% of those surveyed believe that on-campus modules had a positive impact on their learning. Smart course design gave them the ability to network with their peers and collaborate together, with the majority agreeing that this positively impacted their learning. 

The intensity of in-class learning helped some overcome psychological barriers and has given them the confidence to face new challenges in their daily work. While others have been inspired by the fresh knowledge and real time exposure to new people and global campuses. These in-class learning experiences complement online coursework, live webinars, and are here to stay. 

“The Berkeley campus was a great learning experience—including insightful interactions with great teachers, interesting peers and outstanding visits to some ‘hot’ companies (Facebook, Netflix, AirBnB, etc.).” – Berkeley Program on Data Science & Analytics, Nov 2023 Cohort

4. Online learning is gaining momentum

Given recent developments, 95% of survey respondents expect online learning adoption to increase in the near future. With areas such as Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Blockchain growing in prominence across industries, senior executives who participated in the survey expressed a keen interest in understanding how these technologies could impact their businesses. 

Other topics of interest that executives are keen to learn about right now are how to lead through uncertainty and motivate remote teams.

“The quality of the faculty, the Columbia University content and campus, and the approach of online + offline were absolutely fantastic.” – Columbia Digital Business Leadership Program, Apr 2023 Cohort

5. Interaction with faculty and industry members enhances learning

On-campus learning gives participants access to faculty members who are well-renowned experts and thought leaders in their respective fields. For 92% of those surveyed, these interactions positively impacted their learning experience by sparking new ideas and encouraging different streams of thought that were both personally and professionally rewarding. Some participants have maintained these connections and have been able to call on the assistance of lecturers and other faculty members when dealing with challenging times in their business. 

In many programs, these interactions are further enhanced through immersive industry visits that span continents and industries. In addition, insights and best practices from global companies are shared giving participants the ability to learn directly from leading organisations. 

“The most valuable aspect was the assistance rendered by lecturers beyond the classroom on changing the business models of my industry — I am glad I had Dr. Kishore Sengupta to assist me as the actions taken then became very relevant during COVID-19. This programme is never to be underestimated as it will power your career and bring you to greater heights in your personal and work life. Of course, you need to put in your fair share of effort as well.” – Cambridge Senior Management Programme, Dec 2023 Cohort

6. The knowledge acquired is relevant long after graduation

Good leadership programs are designed to add value beyond program completion. Our research shows that our university partners’ programs succeeded in achieving this with nine out of ten respondents saying they are applying the content often since graduation. Many refer back to the content and access webinars to refresh their knowledge while others also share it with their work colleagues or use it when working through their business challenges. 

“The focus on digital transformation in legacy companies was quite a unique angle and gave me confidence that legacy companies (which are the majority of corporations today) can make this happen.” – Columbia Digital Business Leadership Program, Apr 2023 Cohort

7. The connections made through executive programs are priceless

Networking is a critical element to success in business. By bringing together global business leaders from diverse backgrounds, executive education programs open up participants to new perspectives and opportunities. This was valued by nine in ten respondents who felt that interacting with their peers was an important element of the learning experience. The diversity of alumni—both in industries and geographies—exposed participants to multiple dimensions when looking at business challenges and potential solutions. As many alumni are experts in their own field, they are also able to offer their peers a depth of understanding across various fields. 

“Meeting other cohorts, understanding my peers, networking and building friendly relationships. All these gave me perspective and an understanding of professional careers of my peers that helped me assess my own situation better.” – INSEAD Leadership Programme for Senior Executives—India, Aug 2013 Cohort

8. Executive Education has strong network effects 

Executive programs aren’t just about a certificate; their benefits lie in how it can change your perspective and open up peer networks. The learning and transformational value is tangible, which is why more than three-quarters of alumni recommend such programs to four people on average for their own professional development. 

“The program has changed my perspective to entrepreneurship and storytelling. I learned how people have successfully built ideas into commercial successes, and about failures and human behaviour. These are new for me and it has given me confidence which is why I recommend this program. It’s about investing in yourself to be equipped for any situation.” – MIT Executive Program in General Management, Dec 2024 Cohort

Beyond the statistics

We live in unprecedented times but one thing is certain – executive learning programs are more relevant now than they have ever been. The ability to think differently and navigate unknown territory is critical to success for all businesses and leaders now.  

We asked survey respondents about the key upskilling needs for their organisations and they said digital transformation and innovation, leadership and management, data science and artificial intelligence, fintech and analytics were key priorities. 

Commenting on the future of executive learning, Rafat Malik, Senior Advisor to Group CEO, Founder and Former Dean, Saudi Telecom Company (STC) Academy opined: “COVID-19 has accelerated the need to break old ideas around learning and embrace new possibilities. Essentially learning is going to be a mix of virtual and face-to-face learning, as the latter is hugely important to develop trust. We will use virtual technologies to access insights from outside the region, which we can’t get locally. I think this is going to be part of a new learning mix that will evolve over time. A move away from ‘token learning’ to tangible, practical learning will ensure that learning is recognised as an important part of everyone’s role, be it upper echelons of the company or specialist learning that could be extended to all employees.”


This research highlights that executive education has strong individual and organisational benefits that outlast the duration of the programs. The only constant now is change, and with that comes the need for leaders to find new ways to future-proof themselves and identify opportunities for personal and business growth. This sentiment is echoed in a separate global learning survey our team conducted recently—with 1,560 respondents across 13 countries—where 77% of those surveyed claimed they are interested in pursuing further education in the next 6 months.

Responding to the Executive Education survey’s insights, Lisa Rohrer, Directory of University Partnerships at Eruditus, said “Despite the damper Covid has put on classroom programs recently, this research demonstrates that participants greatly value the experience and networking that comes from an immersive executive program. These programs have the potential to transform the lives of senior professionals around the world, opening up new insights, connections and opportunities. We are proud to partner with leading universities around the world and will continue to deliver on our mission of making high quality education accessible and affordable.”

How To Enable S3 Sleep State & Disable Modern Standby (So)

How to Enable S3 Sleep State & Disable Modern Standby (SO) A Registry script is the safest method to accomplish this






To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

Fortect has been downloaded by


readers this month.

A sleeping system indicates that it is not engaging in any computation process and appears to be off. Different states have sleep depths that differ from others. However, users struggle with enabling the S3 sleep state on their PC.

From our guide, read on to find out how to enable S3 sleep state and disable Modern Standby on your PC.

What is the S3 sleep state?

The S3 sleep state is when the system can be on when it’s not performing any computational tasks. It is the third in the sleep state order States S1, S2, S3, and S4. They all have different characteristics that determine how they operate.

However, the S3 sleep state is a low wake latency sleeping state, and for some systems, the S3 sleep state is not supported.

It features the CPU context, system cache contents, and chipset context loss because it retains only the system memory. Also, placing the system in an S3 sleep state only provides power to the USB 3.0 ports.

However, the S3 sleep state is disabled when Modern Standby (SO) low power idle is supported. So, to enable the S3 sleep state, we’ll take you through how to disable the Modern Standby (SO) on Windows.

How can I check my PC’s sleep state?

Before proceeding with any steps, check your system’s current sleep state:

So, proceed with the steps below to disable the Modern Standby to enable the Legacy Standby (S3).

How do I enable S3 sleep state & disable modern standby? 1. Use a Registry script

Expert tip:

2. Use Command Prompt

The Command Prompt uses the reg commands to modify the Windows registry, disabling the Modern Standby.

This solution will also help you disable modern standby on Windows 10 so try it out.

Check our guide on what to do if you can’t run the Command Prompt as an administrator on Windows 11.

3. Via the Registry Editor

Note: Disabling the Modern Standby (SO) on Windows via any of the above steps allows the S3 sleep state to work. So, users can run the steps to check the system’s current Sleep State to know if the S3 sleep state is enabled.

Further, our readers may be interested in our article about the Ultimate Performance power plan and how to enable it. Also, read how to fix a computer not going to sleep on Windows 11.

Also, users report computer crashes after waking up from sleep, making it difficult to revive the system.

Still experiencing issues?

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The Most Amazing Science Images Of The Week, March 26

A well-rounded lineup of amazing imagery for you guys this week: there’s an elephant with a phone and a monkey with a cold (animal requirements: fulfilled). There’s a shot of the space shuttle in space, and one of the SpaceX capsule on the ground (space requirements: fulfilled). There are perfumed 3-D printed shoes and ultraviolet pictures of faraway galaxies and many more. Go look! With your eyes!

The Cygnus Loop Nebula

Looking like a ghostly jellyfish, this ultraviolet shot of the Cygnus Loop Nebula was taken by NASA’s Galaxy Evolution Explorer.

Seed Photomicroscopy

At the Kew Royal Botanical Gardens, there’s a massive seed bank as a way to ensure against the total extinction of as many types of plants as possible. There’s a new short film about it–it’s pretty amazing. Take a look here.

Shuttle Island

This shot is so great! Look at the shuttle, it looks like that island. [Chet-Apichet via Gizmodo]

Dear Leader

Apple CEO Tim Cook went to visit Apple’s manufacturing plants in China. Many photographs were taken, and many words have been written.

Eating the Book

This great cookbook/meal is a lasagna with the recipe for lasagna printed right on it! Then you eat it! Where can I get some lasagna does anyone know? [via PSFK]

Slurry From Above

Firefighters drop a whole bunch of neon slurry on a wildfire in Colorado. For more awesome photojournalism like this, head over to American Photo.

Van Gocean

We looooove this video of swirling ocean surface movements. Just the thing to relax you at the end of the week. Read more here.

Monkey Allergies

This monkey (a 19-year-old Japanese macaque) has seasonal allergies! As Associate Editor Paul noted, “his face is all red.”

Smelly Printed Shoes

Aside from the already pretty-cool ability to print a pair of shoes at will, these are even more interesting because they’ve been “impregnated” with scents. No clinical smell of plastics–these are perfumed. Read more here.

Elephant-Sized Phone

Look, we didn’t particularly care for the Samsung Galaxy Note. We found its massive 5.3-inch screen hard to use, its stylus ineffective, its performance sluggish. We are not convinced bigger is better. (We might be in the minority there, since the Note has sold about five million units already, making it a legitimate hit.) But it does have one very happy customer: an elephant. See the video here.

Astronaut, Dragon

SpaceX is getting awfully close to its first demonstration flight. Pictured is NASA astronaut Megan McArthur, performing a crew equipment interface test. Read more here.

Closing The Data Science Skills Gap In India

The field of Data Science today has evolved much more and become the most demanded domain across industries. This field of study involves scientific methods, algorithms, processes, and systems to pull out meaningful insights from both structured and unstructured data for effective decision making and predictions. As a multi-disciplinary domain, data science has enabled businesses across the world to assess market trends, analyze users’ metrics, envisage potential business risks and make better decisions.

The field of Data Science today has evolved much more and become the most demanded domain across industries. This field of study involves scientific methods, algorithms, processes, and systems to pull out meaningful insights from both structured and unstructured data for effective decision making and predictions. As a multi-disciplinary domain, data science has enabled businesses across the world to assess market trends, analyze users’ metrics, envisage potential business risks and make better decisions. In India, businesses are quickly capitalizing on this newly emerging field to garner more from their data and deliver more value to customers, leading to a rise in demand of data scientists. According to a Great Learning report , the country is expected to see 1.5 lakh new openings in Data Science in 2023 , an increase of nearly 62% compared to the last year. As the competitive business landscape is evolving than ever, understanding the users and their preferences accurately has become critical for companies. This is where the role of data science comes into the scenario, making it possible to create and leverage time-saving automated models to get insights into a user’s purchase history, age, income level, and related demographics. Since the data science field is rising at an unprecedented rate, the huge demand for data science talent with less than five years of work experience is most among BFSI (38%), followed by Energy (13%), Pharma and Healthcare (12%), and E-Commerce (11%), among others. BFSI is the highest average salary offered industry to a Data Scientist stood at INR 13.56 LPA, which is followed by manufacturing and healthcare (INR 11.8 LPA each), and IT (INR 10.06 LPA), the report noted. Meanwhile, as companies across almost every industry are looking to acquire skilled and qualified talent who can navigate through everyday issues with innovative and right solutions, the supply of skilled professionals is far lesser than the demand. According to our estimations, there are major skills gaps in the field of big data professionals (58%) in 2023 at a global level. In order to close these gaps, academia, governments as well as organizations must carry out innovative ways to support future minds and derive value from that to spur economic growth. There is a need to implement re-skilling and up-skilling initiatives for data scientists at both corporate and academic levels. The data science professionals will also be expected to have specialized skills in data across all industries, making up-skilling a mandatory job. While the Great Learning report identified four unique career paths in the data science field including Data Scientist Data Analyst , Data Engineer and Business Intelligence Developer, the need for rapid up-skilling and adequate guidance has become indispensable. Moreover, investing in data-driven decisions and technology can also add value to businesses, easing the specialized talent shortage and enabling companies to drive efficiency.

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