Trending February 2024 # How Hurricanes Like Laura Get So Strong # Suggested March 2024 # Top 5 Popular

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Chris Slocum is a physical scientist at NOAA and the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, Colorado State University. This story originally featured on The Conversation.

Hurricane Laura blew up quickly as it headed for the Louisiana coast, intensifying from a tropical storm to a major hurricane in less than 24 hours. By the time it made it landfall, it was a powerful Category 4 hurricane with 150 mile-per-hour winds.

The Atlantic has seen several hurricanes rapidly intensify like this in recent years.

In 2023, Hurricane Michael unexpectedly jumped from Category 2 to Category 5 in the span of a day before hitting the Florida Panhandle. Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria in 2023 also met the definition of rapid intensification: an increase of at least 35 miles per hour in a 24-hour period. Based on preliminary reports from the National Hurricane Center, Laura gained 65 mph in one 24-hour period and, more impressively, added 80 mph from Aug. 25 to Aug. 27.

But do all these fast-growing, powerful storms in recent years mean rapid intensification is becoming more common?

With information about hurricanes coming through social media and phone apps, that’s a question hurricane scientists like myself are hearing a lot. It’s useful to consider a few things: the history of US hurricanes, why the Atlantic is currently so active, and the ingredients that allow storms to strengthen so quickly.

What makes storms blow up?

Just as a pastry chef needs all the ingredients to successfully make a cake, storms like Laura need favorable conditions to be able to form and rapidly intensify.

Three key ingredients help a hurricane rapidly intensify:

Warm ocean waters. Hurricanes draw energy from warm surface water, particularly when it’s at least 80 degrees Fahrenheit or warmer.

Ample moisture, or water content in the atmosphere, to maintain clouds.

Low vertical wind shear. This is a measure of how the wind changes speed and direction with height in the atmosphere. High wind shear will disrupt the clouds, making it hard for the storm to stay together.

When all of these ingredients are present, vigorous thunderstorms can form and organize, allowing a robust eyewall to develop. Large-scale changes in ocean temperature, like the El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, can also have an impact on hurricane activity.

Because these ingredients change, the Atlantic hurricane season varies year to year. This year, as the seasonal forecasts created by Colorado State University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration warned, the ingredients are favorable for an active season with more major hurricanes. A review of storms from 1981 to 2012 found that 70 percent of major Atlantic hurricanes–those reaching Category 3 or higher–had gone through rapid intensification.

Why don’t all storms grow this quickly?

Just having the right water temperature and moisture won’t ensure that storms will undergo rapid intensification or become major hurricanes.

We saw that with Hurricane Marco. It swept through the Gulf of Mexico just ahead of Hurricane Laura but weakened to a tropical storm before landfall.

A big difference was the wind shear. The thunderstorms powering Marco’s core struggled to stay connected to its circulation as high wind shear in the Gulf of Mexico stripped them away.

When then-Tropical Storm Laura passed over Cuba into the Gulf, the high wind shear conditions had receded, leaving nothing but a favorable environment for Laura to develop catastrophic winds and a dangerous storm surge.

As with ice skaters who pull their arms in during a spin to rotate faster, the thunderstorms of Laura’s eyewall pulled in the atmosphere around the storm, causing the winds to accelerate into a high-end Category 4 storm. While there are additional complexities to this process, a theoretical framework for intensification that I further developed with colleagues highlights how the location of eyewall thunderstorms relative to the storm’s maximum winds triggers rapid intensification. This theory has been supported by eyewall observations collected during “hurricane hunter” flights.

So, are these events becoming more common?

This is a challenging question and an active topic of research.

Because rapidly intensifying hurricanes are fairly rare, there isn’t enough information yet to say if rapid intensification is happening more often. The hurricane research community has consistent, reliable observations of storm intensity only since the start of the satellite era and routine storm-penetrating “hurricane hunter” flights since the 1970s.

We have seen more rapid intensification events in recent years, and some scientists have concluded that the warming climate is likely playing a role. However, we’ve also had more active hurricane seasons in those years, and more work needs to be done in this area to understand global trends, such as why hurricanes are crossing ocean basins more slowly.

To try to answer this puzzle, hurricane researchers are using historical records to help refine mathematical theories and computer simulations of storms to better understand rapid intensification. The new knowledge will continue to improve forecast guidance and lead to a better understanding of how hurricanes will change in an evolving climate system.

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How To Get Iphone 11’S Like Night Mode On An Older Iphone

Just in case, if you’re planning to upgrade to the latest iPhone 11 series smartphone for getting a night mode, you might have to re-think again. Because you don’t have the night mode on your iPhone Xs Max, XS, XR, X or even iPhone 8, it doesn’t mean you cannot get it. In fact, you don’t need to change your iPhone to do that, a simple app can do wonders to your older iPhone!

Yes, you got that right! You can now get night mode on your iPhone Xs Max, XR, XS, X and even the older iPhone 8 too. There’s no denying the fact that iPhone 11 series’ camera is by far the best Apple has produced. The night mode in those camera lenses even surpasses many other flagship devices, sometimes even Google Pixel which is known as a pioneer in night sight mode. But seems like the app developers are leaving no stone unturned to make iPhone camera the best!

How to Get Night Mode on Older iPhones Like iPhone X/XS Max, XR, and iPhone 8

If you want to capture the images in the dark with perfection, your iPhone surely needs a night mode to get captivating results. And here’s how you can do it just with a simple app.

Note: This app doesn’t add any feature to the stock camera, instead, you need to capture images within the app to get the best out of its night mode.

Step #1. First off, download the NeuralCam app from the App Store ($4.99) on your iPhone.

Step #2. Launch the NeuralCam app on your iPhone once it’s installed.

Step #3. Now, pick an object which is in the dark. Point out the object that you want to capture and tap on the shutter button. Ensure that you hold the same position until the image capturing completes the circle to the fullest.

Step #4. Once it is circled completely, you can now view the photo captured in the app itself.

This process is for the main camera but you can also switch to the selfie camera to capture your low-light selfies using the same app. It works completely on machine learning keeping all the blurry and shaky pictures out of the box and delivering only the best!

You can compare the same by capturing the same object from your Apple stock camera app and you’ll notice a huge difference in the results of the NeuralCam app and your stock camera app. This app can take some time to process the photo depending on the iPhone model you’re using.

NeuralCam App’s Resolution for Older iPhones

Of course, this is a paid app, but many users suggest that this is the best app for iPhone users jut like Gcam is for Android users. The older your iPhone is, the resolution drops significantly. If you’re wondering what resolution would you get on your iPhone, here’s a complete list!

Notably, iPhone XS Max and iPhone XS have the highest resolution photos when captured with this app as you would expect. Take note that, this app doesn’t work with iPhone 5s as it doesn’t have a 12 MP camera which is a minimum requirement to run NeuralCam app on the iPhone.

Summing Up…

Recommended Posts on Night Mode You Might Like!

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Suraj

Suraj is an operations head on the iGB team. He contributes to the social media section along with tips and tricks for iPhone, Apple Watch. Apart from blogging, he likes to work out as much as he can in his gym and love to listening to retro music.

Writing Strong Research Questions

A research question pinpoints exactly what you want to find out in your work. A good research question is essential to guide your research paper, dissertation, or thesis.

All research questions should be:

Focused on a single problem or issue

Researchable using primary and/or secondary sources

Feasible to answer within the timeframe and practical constraints

Specific enough to answer thoroughly

Complex enough to develop the answer over the space of a paper or thesis

Relevant to your field of study and/or society more broadly

How to write a research question

You can follow these steps to develop a strong research question:

Choose your topic

Do some preliminary reading about the current state of the field

Narrow your focus to a specific niche

Identify the research problem that you will address

The way you frame your question depends on what your research aims to achieve. The table below shows some examples of how you might formulate questions for different purposes.

Research objectives Research question formulations

Describing and exploring

What are the characteristics of X?

How has X changed over time?

What are the causes of X?

How has X dealt with Y?

Explaining and testing

What is the relationship between X and Y?

What is the role of X in Y?

What is the impact of X on Y?

How does X influence Y?

Evaluating and acting

How effective is X?

How can X be improved?

Using your research problem to develop your research question

Example research problem Example research question(s)

Teachers at the school do not have the skills to recognize or properly guide gifted children in the classroom. What practical techniques can teachers use to better identify and guide gifted children?

Young people increasingly engage in the “gig economy,” rather than traditional full-time employment. However, it is unclear why they choose to do so. What are the main factors influencing young people’s decisions to engage in the gig economy?

Note that while most research questions can be answered with various types of research, the way you frame your question should help determine your choices.

What makes a strong research question?

Research questions anchor your whole project, so it’s important to spend some time refining them. The criteria below can help you evaluate the strength of your research question.

Focused and researchable

Criteria Explanation

Focused on a single topic Your central research question should work together with your research problem to keep your work focused. If you have multiple questions, they should all clearly tie back to your central aim.

Answerable using credible sources Your question must be answerable using quantitative and/or qualitative data, or by reading scholarly sources on the topic to develop your argument. If such data is impossible to access, you likely need to rethink your question.

Not based on value judgements Avoid subjective words like good, bad, better and worse. These do not give clear criteria for answering the question.

Is X or Y a better policy?

How effective are X and Y policies at reducing rates of Z?

Feasible and specific

Criteria Explanation

Answerable within practical constraints Make sure you have enough time and resources to do all research required to answer your question. If it seems you will not be able to gain access to the data you need, consider narrowing down your question to be more specific.

Uses specific, well-defined concepts All the terms you use in the research question should have clear meanings. Avoid vague language, jargon, and too-broad ideas.

What effect does social media have on people’s minds?

What effect does daily use of Twitter have on the attention span of 16-year-olds at your local high school?

Does not demand a conclusive solution, policy, or course of action Research is about informing, not instructing. Even if your project is focused on a practical problem, it should aim to improve understanding rather than demand a ready-made solution.

If ready-made solutions are necessary, consider conducting action research instead. Action research is a research method that aims to simultaneously investigate an issue as it is solved. In other words, as its name suggests, action research conducts research and takes action at the same time.

What should the government do about low voter turnout?

What are the most effective communication strategies for increasing voter turnout among those aged 18-30?

Complex and arguable

Criteria Explanation

Cannot be answered with yes or no Closed-ended, yes/no questions are too simple to work as good research questions—they don’t provide enough scope for robust investigation and discussion.

Has there been an increase in those experiencing homelessness in the US in the past ten years?

How have economic and political factors affected patterns of experiencing homelessness in the US over the past ten years?

Cannot be answered with easily-found facts If you can answer the question through a single Google search, book, or article, it is probably not complex enough. A good research question requires original data, synthesis of multiple sources, and original interpretation and argumentation prior to providing an answer.

Relevant and original

Criteria Explanation

Addresses a relevant problem Your research question should be developed based on initial reading around your topic. It should focus on addressing a problem or gap in the existing knowledge in your field or discipline.

Contributes to a timely social or academic debate The question should aim to contribute to an existing and current debate in your field or in society at large. It should produce knowledge that future researchers or practitioners can later build on.

Has not already been answered You don’t have to ask something that nobody has ever thought of before, but your question should have some aspect of originality. For example, you can focus on a specific location, or explore a new angle.

Receive feedback on language, structure, and formatting

Professional editors proofread and edit your paper by focusing on:

Academic style

Vague sentences

Grammar

Style consistency

See an example

Using sub-questions to strengthen your main research question

Chances are that your main research question likely can’t be answered all at once. That’s why sub-questions are important: they allow you to answer your main question in a step-by-step manner.

Good sub-questions should be:

Less complex than the main question

Focused only on 1 type of research

Presented in a logical order

Here are a few examples of descriptive and framing questions:

Descriptive: According to current government arguments, how should a European bank tax be implemented?

Descriptive: Which countries have a bank tax/levy on financial transactions?

Framing: How should a bank tax/levy on financial transactions look at a European level?

Keep in mind that sub-questions are by no means mandatory. They should only be asked if you need the findings to answer your main question. If your main question is simple enough to stand on its own, it’s okay to skip the sub-question part. As a rule of thumb, the more complex your subject, the more sub-questions you’ll need.

Try to limit yourself to 4 or 5 sub-questions, maximum. If you feel you need more than this, it may be indication that your main research question is not sufficiently specific. In this case, it’s is better to revisit your problem statement and try to tighten your main question up.

Research questions quiz

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Other interesting articles

If you want to know more about the research process, methodology, research bias, or statistics, make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples.

Frequently asked questions about research questions

How To Generate Strong Passwords On Iphone And Ipad

How to Generate and Save Strong Passwords on iPhone

Before we begin, make sure you have iCloud Keychain enabled. For this, open the Settings app → Tap on your Profile name → iCloud → Keychain, and make sure iCloud Keychain is turned ON.

Step #1. Launch the Safari app on your iPhone and go to the sign-up page for the website or app you want to create an account.

Step #2. Enter your name, email, phone number, or the details the site needs.

Step #3. Next, tap the Password or Set Password box on the website.

Step #4. You will immediately see the option Use Strong Password and Choose My Own Password. Tap on Use Strong Password. Done!

Step #5. Now go ahead with the sign-up. After it is finished, the email, username, or phone number and the secure password will be saved in iCloud Keychain.

Did you willingly or accidentally select ‘Choose My Own Password,’ and now want to use the suggested password instead? No problem. Tap on the down arrow in the upper left of the keyboard. Next, tap on Suggested Password from the middle of the top keyboard row.

You may also tap the key icon from the top right of the keyboard and tap Other Passwords to view your already saved passcodes. Or, tap Suggest New Password.

Automatically Fill in a Saved Password on iPhone or iPad

To automatically fill in a saved password, visit the website and the login page. You will automatically see a pop-up saying Use “your email address”. This is the particular website’s saved details. Tap on it.

Or, tap on the down-facing arrow from the top left of the keyboard and then tap on the password for this website. You may also tap the key icon for similar options and more.

To prevent the iPhone from automatically filling in the passwords, open the Settings app → Passwords & Accounts → turn off AutoFill Passwords.

View Saved Passwords on iPhone

It is effortless to view saved passwords on iPhone and iPad.

Summon Siri and ask her, ‘Show my passwords,’ or ‘Show my Twitter password,’ etc.

You may also go to the Settings app → Passwords & Accounts → Website & App Passwords.

Now, tap on a website or app name to view a saved password.

How to Change Weak or Reused Passwords on iPhone

Step #1. Go to Settings app → Passwords & Accounts → Website & App Passwords → Touch ID or Face ID authentication.

Step #2. You will see a small triangle with an exclamation mark for websites that are using a weak password or the same password. Tap on it.

Step #3. Now, tap on Change Password on Website. You will be taken to that site. From there, set a strong password.

That’s all, folks.

This is how you can have strong and secure passwords on all sites you visit. iCloud Keychain is the inbuilt Apple solution. It is available on all your Apple devices like iPhone, iPad, and Mac. But if you also concurrently use Android and Windows, you would be better off by using one of the best third-party password managers.

Also Read:

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Jignesh

Jignesh Padhiyar is the co-founder of chúng tôi who has a keen eye for news, rumors, and all the unusual stuff around Apple products. During his tight schedule, Jignesh finds some moments of respite to share side-splitting content on social media.

How To Network Like A Boss On #Marketingnerds

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In this episode of Marketing Nerds, Debbie Miller of Social Hospitality, Amanda Russell of Ghergich & Co., and myself discuss experiences with networking and how to meet new people.

Mandy, what was your most awkward networking or conference experience?

My alma mater is known for its networking, and I was able to get a job interview thanks to a woman who I didn’t know, but we had both gone to Texas A&M. Due to a series of unfortunate events, I ended up at the interview late, looking like I had been caught in some sprinklers, completely unprepared. They were still very gracious, they let me come in, we were talking, and one of the interviewers asked what I wanted to do.

Why I wanted this position. I said, “Well, I don’t want to work for a company that’s all about profits and driven by profits. I want to do good in the world and really forge my place as a world changer.” They’re both staring at me and she goes, “We work with the pharmaceutical industry. We are all about profit.” The woman you had referred me was just sitting there with this smile on her face like I don’t even know what to do with you right now. So if she is out there listening, I’m sorry and thank you for trusting in me even when I was not trustworthy. That’s okay. It just wasn’t meant to be, but I ruined it. It was awful.

Yeah, but now you know. Maybe it’s good that you knew that instead of getting the job and hating it.

Oh, for sure, and I should have done more due diligence on my part. This was early on in my career. But I felt so terribly because she reached out to me because I’m an Aggie, because I went to this school, and I just completely dropped the ball.

That is pretty awkward. Debbie, can you top it? Do you have an awkward experience?

I can not top it. I cannot think of one specific instance that was incredibly awkward although there have been some awkward conversations definitely that have happened. This might be more of a pet peeve than an awkward situation, but my awkwardness is usually from conversations that don’t flow naturally whether it’s myself or them. It usually stems from just not having compatibility in whatever we’re talking about or whatever the case may be.

There have been times where I’m talking to someone about social media, and someone they know or met earlier in the night happens to come up at a networking event and join the conversation but they don’t really fit in what we’re talking about, which is not to say that what they’re talking about isn’t important to them, but it just makes the conversation go downhill really quickly if you don’t know how to communicate with someone in a different industry or just on a totally different wavelength. I’ve had that happen a couple of times.

I think also the people who don’t network well, they just come up and hand you their business card and say this is what I do, very sales-y. That kind of stuff bugs me more, and I don’t know how to communicate with those people especially if they’re in a different industry, something that’s not of compatibility with what I do. Also, people who add you to their email list right away when they get your business card. I want to politely say remove me right now, I didn’t consent to this. But obviously, you can’t say that so then you have to very politely unsubscribe. I’ve had people write back to me and say, “Oh, why did you unsubscribe?” And I’m like “Are you kidding me?”

Just always make sure consent is there when adding people to your mailing lists and make sure it’s a fit for whatever … even if they’re you’re semi-friend, make sure it’s a fit so you don’t create these awkward situations.

What was my most awkward networking moment?

There used to be these tech conferences in Kansas City and they don’t have them anymore. I don’t get as nervous now just because there’s all these SEJ Summits that we have every year and Pubcon that I don’t get as nervous.

This one tech conference I was super nervous and I was texting my brother and I’m like, “Oh my god, what if I introduce myself to someone and they just don’t want to talk to me?” And my brother’s like, “Oh, that’ll never happen. When will that happen?” Well, it happened to me because I went up and introduced myself to this guy and he was like, “Yeah, I’m looking for my coworker right now,” and literally walked away, and I was just standing there. It was my worst nightmare.

It wasn’t like it was the end of the day, and he’s trying to get a ride and I’m running after him. He was just standing around. He didn’t look like he had a purpose. If someone is on their phone or walking away from me, obviously I’m not going to chase after them, like yelling my name, so I don’t know. I feel like nothing bad can happen to me after having that bad experience because that was like my worst fear realized.

Are there certain things, types of people, certain banter, or the way people act that you think makes networking less awkward?

Mandy: I think it’s just when people don’t take themselves too seriously and are actively listening to others and want to get to know others. I’ve met some incredible friends thanks to networking and conferences and these different events. Kelsey, you, and Debbie, and Michelle Lowry and just all these different people who I now consider good friends who I’ll text on a regular basis. You guys help me with my professional life and my personal life and that’s been huge. I appreciate that.

Debbie: To piggyback off that, I was going to say a similar thing too. I’ve made a lot of friends through social and networking. I think it comes down to compatibility. Kind of the opposite point of what I was saying before about lack of compatibility making it awkward. If there is compatibility, that can help cultivate relationships, whether they be business relationships or personal ones. I think the business ones can happen if there’s mutual, business needs. Or issues that arise that the two would work well together on.

Personally, I think it just comes down to having a similar sense of humor, obviously stuff to talk about. I have some varied levels of friends that I’ve made through networking. Some I talk more about business with, other we talk about movies or books or stuff like that. I think it spans different subjects as well. It just comes down to the different personalities and how you are with them. But I think a sense of humor is always a good icebreaker. And people who genuinely want to help. There are some people who act like they want to help, but don’t really. People who make those introductions to you to other people who might be a good fit for you professionally … that’s always helpful to show that you’re a genuine person and give back to someone else.

Kelsey: I agree. I think sense of humor is huge. Humor brings people together than anything else, I would say. Being open and positive and not talking about yourself. You know what I hate? When you’re at a conference and you have a name badge that hangs down like in between your boobs and then people are staring at your name tag to see where you’re from to decide whether or not to talk to you. I hate that. Because it makes me feel like if I wasn’t with a huge company, they wouldn’t waste their time with me.

I’ve seen people at conference see who I work for and then decide to talk to me and that bothers me. I feel like you need to look people in the eye and give them a chance because you never know who someone might know. For instance, one of my good friends is a cake and pastry chef, and she knows one of the directors at Slack, just randomly. You never know the person you meet will know, and I think that’s something really important to remember.

Mandy: It’s always fun to meet the Rand Fishkins or the Sarah Birds of the world, but when you meet people who aren’t as far up the totem pole and watch them as they go up and you have been there from day one, that’s even better. You get to experience their triumphs with them and then 10 years road, you’re like “Well, I knew him when he was just a widget pusher in the assembly line.”

Debbie: True, that’s a good point. It’s cool watching. That’s what I like out of networking. Getting to meet people who are just as driven as I am and supporting each other. Helping them when they need help, sending referrals when I can, giving them opportunities to do interviews or talk to other people. That’s just as important as what happens afterward … after you meet someone.

What are some good icebreaker questions to ask people? Do you just go up to a group of people and introduce yourself? Or do you capture a lone gazelle off by the drink table and ask him/her to talk to you? What’s your strategy?

Debbie: I usually will look at body language. It depends if I make eye contact with a solo gazelle, I might start a conversation with them. Usually, I’ll look at body language of groups. If there’s a circle of 3 or 4 people and they’re all looking at each other and clearly engaged in their own conversation, I don’t want to pop in and interrupt that. Usually, you can see people who are more open; they’re more facing outward. They’re still talking to each other, but they’re more open and willing to take on a solo gazelle such as yourself. Then you can sweep in there and enter into the conversation.

Body language is something that’s subconscious when networking, but when you stop and audit the room, you can usually see who’s open and who’s closed and that’s a good way to find people to talk to. I’ll just usually go up and say, “Hi, I’m Debbie,” and have brief introductions and see if obviously certain people, there might be worth expanding a conversation with. Others if there’s not a fit, you can move on pretty quickly. I think just introducing and where are you from, what do you do, however, the conversation gets rolled and take it from there how long to stay with that group or transition to another one.

Mandy: I think that’s smart, too. You go to a group where you have some people, two or three, who are just actively listening. Then you join in as an active listener and then little conversations break off from the big groups as they get too large, and you’re part of one of these smaller groups. The everyday banter of Hey, where are you from, how did you get here, how did you hear about this event.

Then I like to ask them the horrible questions that every therapist asks like “What do you enjoy about your job? Do you have a dream job? What’s your next step? What do you enjoy doing? Do you volunteer?” Asking those questions that maybe aren’t quite as common. Because if you’re an editor, they’re like, “Oh, what do you edit for,” and I’ll answer the question. But if they say, “What is your dream job?” Oh, well sit down, because this is a twenty-minute conversation, and I’m going to tell you everything. That may open it up with someone else who may have a dream job that’s completely separate from what they’re doing currently. Maybe you can help them get there or you can connect them to someone who can get them there and that’s another way that those relationships are solidified … When you can help each other get to the dream job or the goal or the next milestone.

What’s the one thing you do or you could recommend to help people feel more comfortable?

Debbie: I think just going in with an open mind and not being shy. You might feel self-conscious if you’re new to networking, and I certainly did as well, but I think everyone feels that way. Just being confident and assertive and talking to people and not being afraid to go up to those open groups and introduce yourselves as opposed to sitting in the corner awkwardly.

Mandy: Yeah, I would just say fake it. There are times where you go in and you just feel like the dumbest person in the room, but chances are high that there are many people who feel the same way, but are faking their way through it. Even if you do have a moment where you say something where you feel like a complete tool … like, oh my goodness, I just ruined my entire reputation.

Chances are extremely high that either person didn’t even notice or has had a similar instance where they know they’ve had a terrible interaction that went terribly awry. No one is a unique butterfly. We all screw up. We’re all awkward. We all have our self-confidence issues. The faster we realize it, the easier it is to be human around other humans. Just relax. It’s going to be fine, no matter how much you screw up.

Kelsey: I like that. I like thinking that other people are probably uncomfortable too.

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Create A Strong Password Using These Tips And Tools

When a signup form asks to create a password, the first thing that comes to many users’ minds is, “Okay I need to create a password that is really easy for me to remember and is connected directly to me so I never forget.” With such mindset, the password created is something like “ILoveSally143.” A hacker will take less than a minute to hack such password and take complete control of your account.

Lately companies and websites are working hard to educate users to use a strong password, and they are also using restrictions to force users to make stronger passwords. Thankfully, with so much news about accounts being hacked and an emphasis on using a strong password, almost everyone knows that they should use a strong password. However, the questions still remains, what is a “Strong” password? In this article we’ll tell you what is a strong password and how to create one.

How a Password Is Cracked

Before we tell you how to create a strong password, it is important to know how to crack a password. There are multiple ways to crack a password, and the most common ones are Brute-Force-Attack and Dictionary Attack. Both of them are explained below.

Brute-Force-Attack

In a Brute-Force-Attack the hacker (hacker’s software, to be precise) uses all types of letters, numbers and characters in combination to try to crack a password. The process starts from basic total characters like four or five characters, and when all the combinations are used, the software adds another character and uses all the combinations made with it and repeats the process. This theoretically allows Brute-Force-Attack to crack almost any type of password (including encrypted ones). However, as Brute-Force checks each possible combination there is, it takes a lot of time to check all the combinations, and adding another character will drastically increase the cracking time.

Giving an estimate from Kaspersky Password Checker, the password “pzQm45” should take 3 hours to crack, but “pzQm45@” will take two days to crack. If we add another character like “pzQm45@!,” it will take twelve days to crack. This means it is very hard to crack a longer password for a Brute-Force-Attack, and it’s not worth the hacker’s time.

Dictionary Attack

Brute-Force-Attack has a hard time cracking long passwords; this is where Dictionary Attack comes in. In a Dictionary Attack the hacking software uses a long list (in millions) of word combinations taken from dictionaries along with all common character combinations, phrases, sequences and anything that is “common.” If a password has a meaning, Dictionary Attack can crack it. Adding punctuation or numbers along with a common word will not help. For example, Dictionary Attack should be able to easily crack the password “I$3haTe5%MaTh” as somehow it makes sense. As this methods uses combinations of common words and characters, it takes far less time to crack a password compared to Brute-Force, even if the password is long.

Solution: The answer to both of the above attacks is simple: create a long password that doesn’t makes sense. A password of sixteen characters or above with completely random characters should work fine. But creating and managing such a password is hard, which we explain below.

Note: hackers also use Phishing Attacks to steal your password. A strong password will not help against a phishing attack as the hacker will steal the actual password using a fake website page.

Manually Create a Strong Password That Is Easy to Remember

For those people who don’t like providing their credentials to third-party applications, we know a manual way to create and memorize a strong password. You can create a password from a long phrase that has direct connection with you but others don’t know about it. For example, you can create multiple passwords from a phrase such as “I eat vanilla ice cream at 3am, but I don’t get any sleep afterwards!” Below are some examples:

Ievica3,bidgasa!

IeViCA3,bUtidgAsa!

iEvicA3am,BiDONTgaSa!

It will be really easy to remember the phrase as it is connected to something you do or have done before; all you have to do is remember how you created the password.

Use a Password Generator and a Manager

If you don’t want to go through the above process and don’t mind depending on a third-party service for creating and storing the passwords, then things can get a lot easier (and productive) for you. There are many tools that will let you generate a strong password, and you can also use a password manager to save those passwords. Below are some you can use:

Password Generators

Secure Password Generator: A very simple online password generator that allows you to specify password length and character type to easily create a strong password. It also provides hints that will let you easily remember the password.

LastPass Password Generator: The famous password manager LastPass also has an online password generator that is simple to use and offers handy tools to generate a strong password.

Password Managers

LastPass: I recommend LastPass for its simple interface and security options. It will securely store all your passwords and let you sync them over all devices.

Dashlane: This is another good option that is easy to use and offers great security such as two-factor authentication. It also has a digital wallet to save receipts and credit card information.

Important: Never ever use the same password for multiple accounts; even if one of your accounts is hacked it could lead to losing all your accounts.

Conclusion

There should be no compromise on password strength as tens of thousands of hackers are after your information and trying to get into your account. You may say that you are just a regular person and no hacker will have time to hack your account, but hackers don’t care who you are. They just try to hack anything they can get their hands on, one way or another. Identity theft and the wrong use of your account and information is something average users should worry about. I also recommend you enable two-factor authentication if it is available for a website, as it is the best protection against hackers.

Karrar Haider

Karrar is drenched in technology and always fiddles with new tech opportunities. He has a bad habit of calling technology “Killer”, and doesn’t feel bad about spending too much time in front of the PC. If he is not writing about technology, you will find him spending quality time with his little family.

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