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Introduction Implementation

We will be creating a simple application in which we will be displaying a text view inside our parent activity. Inside this parent activity we will be calling our parent fragment and displaying a text message in that as well. After that we will be calling our child fragment inside the parent fragment and displaying a text message in that fragment as well.

Step 1: Creating a new project in Android Studio

Inside this screen we have to simply specify the project name. Then the package name will be generated automatically.

Note − Make sure to select the Language as Java.

Once our project has been created we will get to see 2 files which are open i.e activity_main.xml and chúng tôi file.

Step 3: Working with activity_main.xml

android:id=”@+id/idCLayout” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”match_parent” android:orientation=”vertical”

<TextView android:id=”@+id/idTVHeading” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”wrap_content” android:padding=”4dp” android:text=”Parent Activity” android:textAlignment=”center” android:textColor=”@color/black” android:textSize=”20sp”

<FrameLayout android:id=”@+id/parentContainer” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”match_parent”

Explanation − In the above code we are creating a Relative layout as a root layout and inside this we are creating a text view for displaying the heading of the current activity as Parent Activity and then we are creating a frame layout in which we will be displaying our parent fragment which will contain a text view and our child fragment.

Step 4: Creating two new Fragments Step 5: Working with fragment_parent.xml file

android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”match_parent”

<TextView android:id=”@+id/idTVHeading” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”wrap_content” android:padding=”5dp” android:text=”Parent fragment” android:textAlignment=”center” android:textColor=”@color/black” android:textSize=”20sp” <FrameLayout android:id=”@+id/childFragmentContainer” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”match_parent”

Explanation − In the above code we are creating a root layout as Relative layout. Inside this relative layout we are creating a text view for displaying the heading of our current fragment as Parent Fragment, then we are creating a frame layout for our child fragment for displaying our child fragment.

Step 6 : Working with fragment_child.xml file

android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”match_parent”

<TextView android:id=”@+id/idTVHeading” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”wrap_content” android:layout_centerInParent=”true” android:padding=”5dp” android:text=”Child fragment” android:textAlignment=”center” android:textColor=”@color/black” android:textSize=”20sp”

Explanation : In the above code we are creating a root layout as Relative layout. Inside this relative layout we are creating a text view for displaying the heading of our current fragment as Child Fragment.

Step 7 − Working with chúng tôi file package com.example.androidjavaapp; import android.os.Bundle; import; import; import android.view.LayoutInflater; import android.view.View; import android.view.ViewGroup; public class ParentFragment extends Fragment { @Override public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) { View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_parent, container, false); Fragment childFragment = new ChildFragment(); FragmentTransaction transaction = getChildFragmentManager().beginTransaction(); return view; } }

Explanation − In the above code we can see the onCreateView method inside which we are inflating the layout for fragment_parent.xml file. Inside this onCreateView method we are firstly creating the variable for our Child Fragment and then we are calling and initializing fragment transactions. Using this variable for fragment transactions we are replacing the fragment in the container.

Step 8 : Working with chúng tôi file. package com.example.androidjavaapp; import android.os.Bundle; import; import; public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity { @Override protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); setContentView(R.layout.activity_main); FragmentTransaction ft = getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction(); ft.replace(, new ParentFragment()); } }

Explanation − In the above code we can see the onCreate method inside which we are inflating our layout for activity_main.xml. Inside this onCreate method we are loading our ParentFragment using Fragmenttransaction. Then we are replacing the fragment from the parent container with Parent Fragment.

Note − Make sure you are connected to your real device or emulator.


In the above output screen shot we can get to see three text views, firstly is our Parent Activity in which we are loading our Parent Fragment. Thus we can get to see the text for our Parent Fragment, then we can get to see one more text view as a Child Fragment where we are loading our Child Fragment.


In the above tutorial we have taken a look on How we can get the currently displayed fragment instance within an android application.

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Implement Vertical Tabs Within Major Browsers

Tabs are an integral part of some software. Browsing the Internet without tabs would feel like a significant downgrade, and tabs have proven so popular they’re developed as extensions for other programs. Their appearance is widely understood, as is their functionality. They’re towards the top of the window and generally rounded or squared off at the corners.

Vertical tabs change the playing field again, and in this article we’ll show you how to get them in browsers that support them.


We covered Vivaldi in the past, though its default features earmark it for inclusion here. Vivaldi supports vertical tabs as standard despite being a relative of Chromium browsers, which are covered separately.

2. Move the cursor over the “Tools” sub-menu, and then select Settings.

3. A new window will appear with option categories on the left and specific options on the right. Select Tabs on the left, then look for the “Tabs Position” heading.

4. Select either Left Side or Right Side; the latter is a radical departure by most standards. Regardless of what you choose, the tabs should now be vertical.

Under Tab Options is a tickbox to “Show Tab Thumbnails,” and you can experiment with this feature.


When it comes to vertical tabs, Firefox presents something of a conundrum. There are numerous extensions which appear to have the functionality, but many of them are outdated. Even if you force compatibility, the odds of them working flawlessly aren’t great due to changes in the browser’s code.

1. Begin by downloading and installing Tab Utilities from the Mozilla Addons website. Accept the associated prompts and restart the browser.

2. Once Firefox has restarted, you’ll notice new buttons on the left of the browser UI.

4. From the options window that appears, you’ll be able to see just how much the extension can do. You’re welcome to tinker with the extension at your leisure, but we’ll skip right ahead to moving the tabs around.

5. Select the “Appearance” heading, and leave it on the first sub-tab.

6. Change the position to either left or right. Like in Vivaldi, moving the tabs to the right side of the browser makes for a big change. Confirm the change, and you should be done.

Chrome / Chromium

Chrome and its related browsers have a lot in common, right down to their extension compatibility. Extensions for Chromium-based browsers are more restrictive than those for Firefox, but you can still get vertical tabs.

From this icon, select “Options,” and you have a variety of options. If you’d like the vertical tabs to appear persistently, we suggest changing their position to “always on.”

Open a new tab – the extension did not appear to work with the tabs we had prior to its installation – and a list of tabs should appear on the left. These can be moved through in the same way as with any other browser.

Beyond the initial setup, vTabs is comparable to the sidebar in Opera due to the breadth and depth of its features, including a built-in “notes” function as well as a button for bringing up your recent tab history.


As you can see, vertical tabs are a rare feature to include as standard and one that you’ll have to put work in for. However, they totally change how you can work with tabs, and they make more efficient use of your screen space. The number of tabs visible at once is greatly increased, though if you’re on a lower resolution display, you may find websites too compressed for your liking.

Paul Ferson

Paul is a Northern Irish tech enthusiast who can normally be found tinkering with Windows software or playing games.

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Android Confidential: The Android Phones And Features That Flew And Flopped In 2023

Most underrated camera feature in 2023 Winner: Top Shot, Google Pixel 3


A lot of words have been written about Google’s Night Sight feature on the Pixel 3, and rightful so. It’s a fantastic, even mind-blowing feature that turns unusable low-light shots into something you can share on Instagram. What isn’t getting nearly enough attention is Top Shot. This Pixel 3 feature lets you choose from a selection of images taken before and after the original pic so you can make sure you got the moment right.

Mentioned in this article

Google Pixel 3 XL

Read our review

Best Prices Today:

Runner-up: 2023 was the year when pretty much every premium smartphone climbed on board the wireless charging train (I’m looking at you OnePlus), but the Mate 20 Pro does something way cool with it: Reverse wireless charging. With a 4,200mAh battery, you’re not going to need to charge the Mate 20 Pro very often. But you can lay another phone on the Mate 20 Pro’s back and it turns into a wireless charging pad, meaning you can fill up your friend’s phone in a pinch. Just try not to be too smug about it.

Most overrated camera feature in 2023 Winner: Dual Aperture, Samsung Galaxy S9

Ryan Whitwam/IDG

If 2023 was defined by one trend (other than the notch, that is), it has to be a renewed focus on the camera. And it’s not just software. We saw triple-camera arrays, ultra-wide lenses, 3X zoom, and dual-camera selfie cams all become standard in 2023.

Mentioned in this article

Galaxy S9

Read our review

There was one feature that received way too much hype: Dual Aperture. One of the signature features of the Galaxy S9 and S9+, it lets you manually switch from f/2.4 to f/1.5 at the tap of a button, which is admittedly a very cool thing to watch.

Runner-up: We heard a lot about artificial intelligence and augmented reality in 2023, but aside from Google Assistant, nothing really stood out on Android phones. LG’s ThinQ was laughably bad, HTC all but abandoned Sense, Bixby didn’t take off, and Google Lens is still just a parlor trick. As 2023 comes to a close, we’re still waiting for a practical use for AI and AR.

Coolest smartphone color in 2023 Winner: OnePlus 6T

Christopher Hebert/IDG

Mentioned in this article

OnePlus 6T

Read our review

Best Prices Today:

Best smartphone in 2023 that refused to follow trends Winner: Samsung Galaxy Note 9

Christopher Hebert/IDG

It didn’t come as a surprise that nearly every Android phone rushed to copy the iPhone X’s notch in 2023. What was a surprise was the one company that didn’t: Samsung.

Mentioned in this article

Galaxy Note 9

Read our review

Best Prices Today:

Samsung usually isn’t shy about jumping on the latest trend—look no further than AR Emoji to see what I mean—but none of its handsets had a notch in 2023. And the Galaxy Note 9 stands out as a result. Even with a design recycled from 2023, the Note 9 looks and feels just as fast, powerful, and modern as the Mate 20 Pro or iPhone XS.

Worst resurrection of a smartphone brand in 2023 Winner: Palm

Adam Patrick Murray/IDG

All you really need to know about the first Palm phone in years is that it has a 3-inch screen and no name. (Seriously, Verizon calls it the Palm Palm.) Nor does it have the ability to make calls on its own. AT&T, Sprint, and T-Mobile customers need not apply. Oh, and it costs $350. I could go on, but let’s just say the long-awaited Palm revival fell flat on its tiny face. Runner-up: Palm’s pretty much in a class by itself here. The only other brand revival to speak of in 2023 was Nokia’s, but it’s basically the polar opposite of Palm. In fact, Palm’s execs might want to steal a page from the Nokia 7.1 for their next project.

Best trend to look forward to in 2023

Looking ahead, 2023 is shaping up to be just as big—if not bigger.

Winner: Folding screens


While Samsung showed off a proof of concept folding screen in November, we’ve yet to see what it, Huawei, LG, and others are rumored to be cooking up around a marketable foldable phone in 2023. Regardless, they’re going to be the first must-see and must-hold Android handsets since the Galaxy S6 Edge. Color us excited, even though they’re probably going to be overpriced and filled with bugs. Runner-up: If you thought 2023 was filled with great cameras, just wait until 2023. We’re already hearing rumors of a quad-camera Galaxy S10, as well as a seven-camera LG phone, so strap in.

Content Placeholder Animation Using Shimmer In Android

Introduction What is Content Placeholder animation using Shimmer in Android?

There are many different ways which we can use within android applications to display loading indicators such as progressbar, horizontal loading bar and many more. Similarly Shimmer View is also one type of loading indicator which we can use to display loading screens within our application.

Implementation of Shimmer View

We will be creating a simple application in which we will be loading some data from API and to add a loading indicator we will be adding a content placeholder animation using shimmer within it. We will be following a step by step guide to implement Shimmer view within our android application.

Step 1 : Creating a new project in Android Studio

Inside this screen we have to simply specify the project name. Then the package name will be generated automatically.

Note − Make sure to select the Language as Kotlin.

Once our project has been created we will get to see 2 files which are open i.e activity_main.xml and chúng tôi file.

Step 2 : Adding dependency to use Shimmer View and Volley implementation '' implementation 'com.facebook.shimmer:shimmer:0.5.0'

After adding the dependency simply sync your project to install it.

Step 3 : Working with activity_main.xml. Syntax

android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”match_parent”

<RelativeLayout android:id=”@+id/idRLView” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”wrap_content”

<ImageView android:id=”@+id/idIVImage” android:layout_width=”200dp” android:layout_height=”100dp” android:layout_centerHorizontal=”true” android:layout_marginTop=”150dp”

<TextView android:id=”@+id/idTVTitle” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”wrap_content” android:layout_below=”@id/idIVImage” android:layout_centerHorizontal=”true” android:layout_margin=”10dp” android:gravity=”center” android:padding=”4dp” android:text=”Title” android:textAlignment=”center” android:textColor=”@color/black” android:textSize=”20sp”

<TextView android:id=”@+id/idTVDescription” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”wrap_content” android:layout_below=”@id/idTVTitle” android:layout_centerHorizontal=”true” android:layout_margin=”10dp” android:gravity=”center” android:padding=”4dp” android:text=”Description” android:textAlignment=”center” android:textColor=”@color/black” android:textSize=”15sp”

<TextView android:id=”@+id/idTVAddress” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”wrap_content” android:layout_below=”@id/idTVDescription” android:layout_centerHorizontal=”true” android:layout_marginStart=”10dp” android:layout_marginEnd=”10dp” android:gravity=”center” android:padding=”4dp” android:text=”Address” android:textAlignment=”center” android:textColor=”@color/black” android:textSize=”15sp”

<com.facebook.shimmer.ShimmerFrameLayout android:id=”@+id/shimmerLayout” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”wrap_content” android:animateLayoutChanges=”true” android:animationCache=”true” app:shimmer_repeat_mode=”restart”

<RelativeLayout android:layout_width=”match_parent”

<ImageView android:id=”@+id/idIVSImg” android:layout_width=”200dp” android:layout_height=”100dp” android:layout_centerHorizontal=”true” android:layout_marginTop=”150dp”

<TextView android:id=”@+id/idTVSTitle” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”wrap_content” android:layout_below=”@id/idIVSImg” android:layout_centerHorizontal=”true” android:layout_marginStart=”10dp” android:layout_marginTop=”10dp” android:layout_marginEnd=”10dp” android:layout_marginBottom=”10dp” android:background=”#B3B3B3″ android:gravity=”center” android:padding=”4dp” android:textAlignment=”center” android:textSize=”20sp”

<TextView android:id=”@+id/idTVSDescription” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”wrap_content” android:layout_below=”@id/idTVSTitle” android:layout_centerHorizontal=”true” android:layout_margin=”10dp” android:background=”#B3B3B3″ android:gravity=”center” android:padding=”4dp” android:textAlignment=”center” android:textSize=”15sp”

<TextView android:id=”@+id/idTVSAddress” android:layout_width=”match_parent” android:layout_height=”wrap_content” android:layout_below=”@id/idTVSDescription” android:layout_centerHorizontal=”true” android:layout_marginStart=”10dp” android:layout_marginEnd=”10dp” android:background=”#B3B3B3″ android:gravity=”center” android:padding=”4dp” android:textAlignment=”center” android:textColor=”@color/black” android:textSize=”15sp”

Explanation − In the above code we are creating a RelativeLayout as our root layout and inside that Relative Layout we are creating a Relative Layout and a Shimmer Frame Layout. The child relative layout contains the actual UI which we have to display to the user which contains text view and image views. Along with that there is a Shimmer Frame Layout inside which we are creating an Image View and text view.

Initially we are setting visibility for our Relative Layout as gone and Shimmer Frame layout as visible. As soon as we receive response from our API we will be changing the visibility for Relative Layout to visible and Shimmer Layout visibility to Gone.

Step 3 : Working with MainActivity.kt package com.example.gptapp import android.os.Bundle import android.util.Log import android.view.ContextMenu import android.view.MenuItem import android.view.View import android.widget.ImageView import android.widget.RelativeLayout import android.widget.TextView import android.widget.Toast import import import import import import com.facebook.shimmer.ShimmerFrameLayout import com.squareup.picasso.Picasso import kotlin.math.log class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() { lateinit var originRL: RelativeLayout lateinit var shimmerView: ShimmerFrameLayout lateinit var logoIV: ImageView lateinit var nameTV: TextView lateinit var addressTV: TextView lateinit var descTV: TextView override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState) setContentView(R.layout.activity_main) originRL = findViewById( shimmerView = findViewById( logoIV = findViewById( nameTV = findViewById( addressTV = findViewById( descTV = findViewById( readData() } private fun readData() { val queue: RequestQueue = Volley.newRequestQueue(applicationContext) val title = response.getString("name") val imgUrl = response.getString("imgUrl") val description = response.getString("description") val address = response.getString("address") shimmerView.visibility = View.GONE originRL.visibility = View.VISIBLE chúng tôi = title Picasso.get().load(imgUrl).into(logoIV) chúng tôi = description chúng tôi = address Toast.makeText(this@MainActivity, "Fail to get response", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT) .show() }) queue.add(request) } }

Explanation − Inside our chúng tôi file we are firstly creating variables for all our views such as Relative Layout, Text Views as well as Image View. Then inside our onCreate method we are initializing these views with their ids.

After initializing these views we are creating a separate method named as readData() inside that method we will make an API call to read data from our API. Inside the readData() method we are creating a variable for requestQueue which is used to make api call requests. After that we are creating a variable for storing our API url. Then we are making a Json Object request to make an api call. Inside this json object request method there are two methods one is response which is used to get the response from the API and another is Error which will provide us an error if API fails to return any response. After getting response in the response method we will be extracting the data from our response and setting that data to our text view and image view. After that we are changing the visibility for our shimmer view to gone and relative layout visibility to visible to display the actual UI to our user. In the error method we are displaying a toast message to display error to the user. At last we are adding our request to the queue to make an API call.


Decentraland (Mana), Immutablex (Imx), And Hedgeup (Hdup) Have Become Market Leaders Within Nft Landscape

Since their conceptualization just a decade ago in 2012, NFTs have quickly become a common term and topic in and around the ever-evolving digital landscape connecting much of our world today.

NFT (Non-Fungible Token) is an encrypted digital equity certificate based on blockchain technology that cannot be tampered with, copied or divided. It can serve as a decentralized “virtual asset.” Or the digital ownership certificate of the physical asset”.

While no one can say what will happen with the global cryptocurrency market and aspects of it, such as non-fungible tokens, the expectation has been that NFT will continue to be scaled by the many active participants in the market sector.

Projects such as Decentraland (MANA), ImmutableX (IMX), and HedgeUp (HDUP) are often named as leading networks that are diligently developing around the further implementation of NFTs in gaming, trading, entertainment, and tokenization-related innovation.

Let us take a look at these market leaders within the NFT landscape.

HedgeUp (HDUP)

HedgeUp is the first global NFT alternative investment marketplace that enables users to invest fractionally in alternative investment assets worldwide.

Investors would invest in NFTs tied to expensive assets, such as diamonds, wine, fine art, luxury watches, whiskey, gold, aviation and more.

The company plans to partner with brands to bring these products to the market, with offers to allow investors to get first access and discounts on products.

Also, users will enjoy many other features, including a HedgeUp platinum card, exclusive access to equity NFT releases, bonuses and staking rewards, and online master classes.

HedgeUp has passed its audit from top auditing companies, Solidity Finance and CoinSniper, making the project safe for investors.

HedgeUp is currently on stage two of its presale and has a price of only $0.013, and with its potential, analysts predict that HDUP value will likely increase by 1,000% before the year ends.

Decentraland (MANA)

Decentraland (MANA) is a virtual reality platform where users can create applications, new content, and experiences. Users could purchase virtual real estate in Decentraland with unique proof of ownership and customize them as they want.

Decentraland uses Ethereum as its foundation for ensuring the secure storage of information as regards virtual land ownership and other important information.

MANA serves as the platform’s native token. Users could use MANA to explore new possibilities with the Decentraland metaverse, which practically has no limits. Anyone can build any experience they want with the assurance of the security of the Ethereum blockchain.

The Decentraland metaverse can offer experiences such as visiting a shopping mall, interacting with friens, or starting a business. You can also visit underwater resorts, buy or sell virtual assets and even create a virtual office.

ImmutableX (IMX)

ImmutableX (IMX) is created to enhance the scalability level of Ethereum for NFT projects. The platform is a Layer 2 scaling solution for NFT collections running on the Ethereum network.

The platform allows users to mint and trade digital collectibles. Other benefits of using this platform include carbon neutrality, zero gas fees, and access to instant trades, games, and applications without any compromise.

Achieving 9000 transactions per second (TPS) is one of the most critical targets set by the Immutable X crypto portal. The team is constantly developing to live up to the predetermined goals.

Immutable X is growing as a powerful solution for blockchain gaming projects as it offers easy adaptability for users. The project provides a greater rate of investment return in comparison to other top-tier crypto coins in the market.

How To Block Calls In Android Phones? – Webnots

Earlier days spam emails were the biggest problem wasting plenty of productive time. Thanks to artificial intelligence, spam emails have been almost eradicated on major email servers. Most services like Gmail will automatically send emails to spam/junk folder. Unfortunately, it is not the case for unsolicited calls. Nowadays, unsolicited calls are one of the major problems for all smartphone owners. The latest Android version provides highly effective tools to stop unsolicited calls on your Android phone. In this article, we will explain how to block calls in Android to avoid attending or even receiving unnecessary calls.

Call Blocking in Android

Depending upon the situation, you can block, unblock and temporarily reject the calls for certain duration. You can also record calls in Android, especially video calls so that you can view it later.

1. Add Numbers to Block List

If you have iPhone, you will know Apple offers a nice blocking feature within Phone app. Similarly, Android Contact app has a blocked list feature where you can add a phone number. Once you add, you will never receive a call or message from that number. It is also possible to completely block all calls from unidentified callers. Follow the below instructions to add a number to the block list.

Open Contacts app on your Android phone and you will see two buttons named – “Contacts” and “Fix & manage” at the bottom of the screen.

Touch “Fix & manage” option to open its settings, where you will see a “Blocked numbers” list at the very end.

You can add a number to the list by tapping on “Add a number” link.

There is also a radio button next to “Unknown” at the top, which will block calls from unidentified callers if enabled. Unidentified callers are those whose numbers are not saved in your phone contact list. Remember to continuously update your contact list so that you won’t miss calls from family and friends. Otherwise, do not enable this option.

2. Block or Report Spam Calls

There is an efficient way of adding a number to the blocked list of your Android phone. When you receive a call and find it is spam, immediately end the call. Now access the recent call record and long-press the number you received the call from. Select “Block/report spam” from the pop-up menu to automatically add the number to blocked list. You can also report the call as spam or choose to block it only.

If you want to remove a number from the blocked list, access the blocked list and find the number you wish to unblock. There is a cross sign at the end of each blocked number. Press that cross mark to delete the number from the blocked list. Afterwards, you will be able to receive the calls and messages from that number.

Block List in Android

Note that most of the social and instant messaging apps allow you to block and unblock contacts within the app. For example, you can block a contact in WhatsApp app to send/receive messages. However, this will not affect the blocked person to call you or send a message directly to your phone number.

3. Third-Party Apps to Block Calls in Android

Call Control is one of the world’s best caller ID and spam blocking apps. It maintains a comprehensive spam list updated regularly to protect you from spam calls. However, upon installation the app will ask you to make it your default phone dialer. You can also enable the caller ID service of the Call Control, which will show you the name of the incoming call so that you know who is calling you. Unlike other call blockers, Call Control does not require users to register mobile phone numbers before using the app. Instead, you can register with Facebook, Google, or other email address.

There are numerous other third-party apps to block calls on Android phones. Although 3rd party apps effectively block spam callers and robocalls, there are sometimes compatibility issues between the apps and Android. The following is a list of some other popular call blockers for Android.

Truecaller: Caller ID & Block

Call Blocker – Stop spam calls

Calls Blacklist – Call Blocker

Call Blocker – Block Callers

Call Blocker – Blacklist

4. Using Do Not Disturb to Reject Calls

As mentioned, you may not always want to block the calls but want to reject calls for certain time. “Do Not Disturb” function or sometimes referred to as DND, has been around since the time of modern telephones. Your phone will reject all the calls when you enable “Do Not Disturb” function. You can also set up a voicemail and forward the calls to your voice mail. Similarly, you can allow calls from only selected persons during the do not mode duration. The latest Android version provides the “Do Not Disturb” function with many options to customize.

Swipe down from the top of your Android phone screen to open quick-access settings. You will “Do Not Disturb” icon and tap on it to toggle between on or off.

However, before doing that, it is essential to make sure all the configurations are set up so that you won’t miss any important notifications. Long pressing the “Do Not Disturb” button will take you to its configuration screen.

Tap on the “People” icon and select the callers from whom you want to receive calls/messages when “Do Not Disturb” function is enabled. You can choose among starred contacts, all contacts, anyone, or none.

You can even define schedules for sleeping, driving, gaming, or other events, and the Do Not Disturb function will activate automatically during these activities.

Do Not Disturb Menu in Android

5. Block Spam Calls Using Network Operator Service

Almost all mobile network operators offer spam call protection. Get in touch with your operator and check how you can subscribe to spam calls protection service. There may be a monthly fee for that service. This is a good option if you are ready to pay, since mobile phone operators provide better and more secure spam protection.

Final Words

You can simply use default Android block list feature for managing spam and known callers. Or use DND mode for temporarily rejecting calls while you are in-between urgent task. Third-party apps can also help, however, you need an account or share data with them.

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