Trending February 2024 # Fix: Dragon Age: Inquisition Lag/Stutter & Other Errors # Suggested March 2024 # Top 11 Popular

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FIX: Dragon Age: Inquisition lag/stutter & other errors




Dragon Age: Inquisition is one of the most popular RPG games, but it has some lag problems.

If DirectX crashes while playing the game, you should update your graphics card driver.

The black screen issue can be fixed by toggling the game into windowed mode.

Also, running the unpatched version of the game might eliminate many other errors.

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Dragon Age: Inquisition is a very popular game, which received numerous praises for story, graphics, etc.

But at the same time, the game also received numerous critics from users and testers for its various technical issues.

Users are constantly complaining about the problems in Dragon Age: Inquisition, and we’re going to try to solve at least some of them.

So if you’re also experiencing problems with Dragon Age: Inquisition on your Windows 10 PC, we hope this article will be at least of some help.

How do I fix Dragon Age: Inquisition errors on Windows 10? 1. DirectX crashes while playing game

If you receive an error which says that DirectX causes problems, just simply reinstall it. Also, if you didn’t update your graphics card drivers, DirectX might conflict with it.

The first solution is to check if your graphics card driver is up-to-date. For that, we recommend you a great tool to automatically download all the outdated drivers on your PC.

Here’s how to do it:

Download and install the Outbyte Driver Updater app.

Launch the software.

Wait for the app to detect all incompatible drivers.

Afterward, it will show you a list of the drivers found to select the ones to Update or Ignore.

Restart your PC to ensure the applied changes.

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2. World state saves from the Keep are not importing

This error might occur if you’re not properly signed to servers. So make sure you’re properly connected to both Origin and BioWare servers, and try to import your saves once again.

Also, there’s a possibility that your antivirus software is blocking the access, so go to your antivirus program, and exclude antivirus protection from Origin.

Since Origin is a certified platform, you should not fear about your security, even if the antivirus is disabled for it.

3. Graphics card issues in Dragon Age: Inquisition

Go to Origin, select the Application settings.

Navigate to the Origin In-Game tab, and disable it.

Disable other programs that have a game overlay.

A lot of issues in the game could be caused by the graphics card, like stuttering, freezing, hitching, crashing, terrible FPS, and more.

Some users suggest that using Origin in game can cause the problem with graphics. So, try disabling it, and check if the problem still appears.

If you’re using an NVidia GPU, maybe your graphics card is overheating, and that causes problems with the game.

Expert tip:

4. Black screen issues in Dragon Age: Inquisition

Some users suggest that the problem with black screen can be solved by toggling the game into windowed mode.

To do so, just press Alt + Tab, and after that, switch the game back to full screen mode, and the black screen problem should be solved.

5. Players spawning under the world in multiplayer

This is another commonly reported issue that often bothers players of Dragon Age: Inquisition.

6. Avoid Patches

Open Origin.

Go to the Applications settings, and then to the Application tab.

Uncheck the Automatic game updates option.

Restart Origin.

Go to offline mode (Origin, select Go offline).

This might sound unreasonable, since patches are being released to actually solve bugs and issues, but many users reported that certain issues occurred after installing a patch.

So sometimes, the best option is to actually avoid a patch. To prevent Dragon Age: Inquisition from installing a patch, just follow the above steps.

Next time you launch the game, you will be able to play it without installing updates.

However, if you have already installed a patch, you can try to roll back to the original version of the game, and see if the error that bothered you when the patch was installed still occurs.

To roll back to the original version of Dragon Age: Inquisition, do the following:

Before you start, make a backup of your saves, just in case.

Repeat steps 1-3 from above.

Uninstall the game (go to Control Panel, select Programs and Features, and uninstall it from there).

Restart your PC.

Reinstall the game.

Repeat steps 3-5 from above.

If a patch was indeed a cause of the problem, running the unpatched version of the game might eliminate all the issues, so you’ll be able to play the game normally, again.

We’ve written more about the Dragon Age Inquisition crash on startup issues and how you can fix them in no time, so be sure to take a closer look.

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How To Fix Multiversus Lag Easily

How to Fix MultiVersus Lag Easily [Tried and Tested] Having issues with Multiversus lag? Below you’ll see four easy hacks to fix it!




MultiVersus is an exciting throwback to classic platform fighting games.

However, many players are experiencing lag and high ping.

If you’re looking for a

MultiVersus lag fix

, these top 5 VPNs can help.



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MultiVersus online has grown to huge popularity since its release.

But, although it has a classic design and isn’t very intensive for your average gaming PC, high ping and lag are still common issues. 

The game stutters, attacks are delayed, and characters seemingly teleport around the screen. In the worst cases, MultiVersus boots you from the game in the middle of a match.

Let’s explore why gamers are having such poor performance, how to use a VPN to reduce ping, and check out some additional helpful tips.

Why is MultiVersus so laggy?

There are a number of factors that can cause in-game lag when playing MultiVersus online. 

First, the official servers hosting the game have been known to run poorly in the past. While things have improved in recent months, it’s not unlikely for such issues to reappear from time to time. 

You’ll know if there’s a server problem by checking the MultiVersus Twitter or searching if it’s down for other players.

If lag seems to only be affecting you, it could be due to:

ISP Throttling 

Poor internet connection 

Slow computer

Geographic location

Firewall settings

How do I fix bad lag in MultiVersus?

Luckily, you can fix most of these problems easily. However, the only way to bypass speed throttling by your ISP is to use a Virtual Private Network (VPN). 

A VPN can also help stabilize your connection to a game server if you’re located in a faraway region. Furthermore, it can unlock access to the game if it’s unavailable where you live or your school or workplace has blocked it

#1 Use a premium VPN

To get the best results, subscribe to a premium VPN provider. Our top 5 recommendations are listed below. Each of these encrypts your traffic and uses IP leak prevention. 

This means your ISP can’t detect that you’re playing MultiVersus and therefore won’t slow down your connection:

Here’s how to get started: 

Subscribe to a premium VPN provider and download the relevant app for your computer.

Log in and connect using the default location for the fastest speed.

If you want to access MultiVersus from a restricted region, manually select a location in the USA, where the game has a strong presence. 

With the VPN connected, launch the game. If throttling was an issue, it should now be resolved.

Using a VPN with another relevant MultiVersus lag fix will ensure the best results. 

Turn off firewall

We suggest you turn off your firewall when playing or make the game an exception in the settings. 

Add the game’s .exe file to make an exception.

#2 Use a wired connection

Wi-Fi is never as stable as a wired internet connection because the signal must travel through the air, leaving it prone to obstructions and interference. 

The further the distance between the router and device, the weaker the connection.

If the results are poor, use an Ethernet cable to connect your computer directly to the router. 

Alternatively, reposition your device and router closer together. Also, keep in mind that routers function better when mounted high up.

Repeat the speed test. If it’s still slow, the problem may be your ISP providing a bad service.

#3 Lower graphics settings

First, try dropping the resolution by one level. I.e., 4K to 2K, or 2K to regular 1920×1080 HD. 

Other intensive settings are Texture Quality, Visual Effects Quality, and Shadow Quality. Lower each of these and test the results.

What are the best VPNs for a MultiVersus lag fix?

For a VPN to work well for gaming it needs to offer fast speeds and lots of servers. 

We tested the most popular VPNs with MultiVersus and came up with 5 that are guaranteed to work well.

ExpressVPN – fastest speeds

ExpressVPN offers the most consistent speeds in the industry. You can also connect up to 5 devices at once if you have other users on the network.

It has servers across 94 countries, with 9 in the US alone. This gives you the freedom to unblock access to the game, as well as giving you the pick of gaming regions. 

For example, you may choose to connect in Japan where the average player’s skill level is higher.

ExpressVPN regularly ranks number one in encryption and leak tests, so you know your ISP will never be able to deliberately slow down your connection for gaming. 

And what’s more, it has gaming-optimized servers to improve ping and overall performance.

The best for leak prevention

Fast servers for gaming

Simple Windows and macOS apps


Enjoy the smoothest gaming experience with this high-performing VPN.

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PIA VPN – static IP for stability

Private Internet Access lets you connect up to 10 devices, which is ideal for larger home networks. 

Its static IP feature hides traffic from your ISP while offering superior stability when gaming.

You can connect in more than 45 countries, with over 30,000 individual servers. This means you can always find a fast server for MultiVersus. 

Your own exclusive IP

Maintain a large home network

Great monthly price

Private Internet Access

Have your pick from thousands of servers and enjoy uninterrupted gaming with PIA.

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CyberGhost – dedicated gaming servers

CyberGhost offers up to 7 simultaneous connections and has preconfigured servers and settings specifically for online gaming.

It’s one of the best when it comes to leak prevention, which means your ISP, school, or workplace will never discover you’re playing MultiVersus and tampering with access.

Optimized gaming servers

Advanced leak protection

7 simultaneous devices


Enjoy a lag-free MultiVersus experience with CyberGhost’s gaming dedicated servers.

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NordVPN – thousands of servers

NordVPN offers up to 6 simultaneous device connections. Its servers are optimized to handle heavy traffic from gaming and streaming and always rank high in VPN speed tests. 

Choose from more than 5,000 servers in 59 countries, each with military-grade encryption to hide your activity from your ISP.

Lots of servers to choose from

Good monthly price

Strong encryption


Play MultiVersus no matter where you are with this fast and secure VPN.

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Surfshark – unlimited connections

Surfshark offers unlimited connections with speeds of around 70 Mbps. If your ISP is throttling, it fully encrypts traffic to hide that you’re gaming and fix MultiVersus lag.

It has over 3,200 servers in 100 countries, including the US, UK, and across Europe. You can automatically connect to the best server based on your location or manually select one to gain access to the game if you’re in a restricted region.

No connection limits

Highest number of countries

Virus protection and other security features


Connect to the optimal MultiVersus server locations and play on all of your devices.

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Whether you have bad Wi-Fi, your graphics settings are too high, or your ISP has been throttling your internet, there’s a MultiVersus lag fix for every issue. 

Now that you know which VPN suits you best, there’s no need to worry about high ping and latency while playing MultiVersus online.

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6 Easy Ways To Fix Brush Lag In Photoshop – Brendan Williams Creative

There is nothing quite as annoying as trying to paint or draw in Photoshop while watching your brush lag behind, taking its time to catch up with your cursor. Brush lag can make it difficult to work in a smooth and timely manner as it prevents you from painting as quickly as you’d like. Luckily fixing this issue is often pretty easy, with one reason being the main culprit for the lag.

The most common reason for brush lag in Photoshop is due to the smoothing setting. To turn off smoothing and fix brush lag, select the Brush Tool (B), then set the smoothing to 0% in the upper settings bar.

Besides smoothing, there are many different issues that could explain this bothersome lag. That’s why this post breaks down all 6 possibilities for brush lag so that you can understand why it’s happening and how to fix it.

Video Tutorial

6 Ways To Fix Brush Lag In Photoshop 1. Turn Off Smoothing

Brush Smoothing settings are a great way to make sure the brush strokes are smooth and clean, rather than bumpy and uneven. The brush smoothing helps even out any imperfections in your strokes that happen naturally. Unfortunately, the higher you set the percentage of brush smoothing, the more the brush tends to lag.

2. Remove Custom Brush Settings

In the Brush Settings tab, first, uncheck as many settings as you can. Leave the ones you need, but the fewer settings checked, the less the brush tool is being altered as you use it.

You can also decrease the brush spacing in this same tab. Brush spacing is the amount of space between each brush mark in a stroke. Less space creates a smoother stroke, but can often add a bit of lag as the system must work harder to maintain a steady stroke. 

In the Brush Spacing area, you’ll notice that Photoshop automatically sets brush spacing to 25%, which creates a smooth enough stroke in most instances. You can increase the brush spacing by dragging the toggle arrow up, but keep in mind that bigger brush spacing will create some pixelation in the stroke. Below, you’ll notice the difference between the lines with 25% spacing and 45% using a square brush.

3. Turn Off Rulers

Now, you’ll notice the rulers are gone from your workspace. Follow the same steps to turn them back on again if you need them.

4. Reduce File Size

If the file size of the project you’re working on is too big, the tools may work slower, including the brush tool. There are a few things you can do to decrease the size of your project and with it, the amount of lag when you’re drawing with the brush.

In the window that appears, you should change the resolution if it is unnecessarily high. For most projects, especially if they’re only meant for screen and not print, 72 pixels/inch is the standard resolution. A low enough resolution will free up memory and help reduce the file size.

Another way to reduce file size is to optimize your layers. Working with many different layers tends to slow Photoshop down as it requires more processing power and creates a larger file.

All of these methods will help you reduce the file size of your project, reduce the load on your computer, and ultimately help with brush lag.

5. Optimize Photoshop

However, increasing the amount of RAM Photoshop uses might make other programs run slower while Photoshop is open.

Another way to potentially improve the program’s performance is to reset each of the relevant preferences by turning them off and on, one by one. 

Start by unchecking the Graphics Processor. Then, if things are still running slow, you can head to Advanced Settings.

In the pop-up, uncheck the OpenCL, Anti-alias, and 30 Bit Display settings. You can uncheck them all at once, or one at a time if you’d like to figure out exactly which one might be the issue.

Keep in mind you’ll have to restart Photoshop for these changes to come into effect.

6. Optimize Your Computer

If your computer’s CPU is slow, your brush is likely to lag no matter what you do. You can free up some CPU by closing programs running in the background when you use Photoshop. You can also turn off Bluetooth and, if possible, wifi.

If you’re still having issues, you might want to check that your device isn’t on low-power mode or battery optimization mode. Most devices allow you to turn this setting on and off in the battery area. Turning it off will allow your device to run normally instead of at a reduced performance level. Remember to keep your device charging so you don’t lose your work.

Since many different factors can affect brush lag and the speed of Photoshop, it may take a few tries to figure out what is causing your brush lag. Optimizing different settings will not only make drawing and painting more effortless, but it will help Photoshop run better overall.

Happy Editing!

A Conversation With Ric Dragon

On Tuesday between sessions at SMX, I had an opportunity to sit down with Ric Dragon and discuss his book, Social Marketology.  Many of you are professionally involved in SEO, SEM, or SMM and are probably familiar with Ric and the work done by his company, DragonSearch.

CEO and co-founder of DragonSearch, Ric Dragon has more than 20 years of extensive experience in graphic design, information architecture, web development and digital marketing. He is a sought-after speaker, having spoken at numerous marketing and technology conferences. Ric is also a regular guest columnist for Marketing Land, and Social Media Monthly.

Take note of the experience in graphic design. In many ways, Ric Dragon is a renaissance man. Along with his business success and writing accomplishments, Ric is a talented artist.

“After studying with James McDermid at Munson Williams Proctor Institute, he continued his studies with Nicholas Marsicano at SUNY Purchase. He later started the lithography workshop at the Woodstock School of Art where he taught for several years.” His personal website, chúng tôi continues, “Has struggled to make art for 30 years. Might be getting somewhere with it. Encourage the poor bastard, buy a piece or two.”  Here is a sample of his work, you can judge for yourself.

Our conversation focused on his book, Social Marketology.

Ric Dragon’s Social Marketology explicates how the most distinctive features of social media marketing—dynamic and rapidly evolving patterns of customer engagement, the broad dispersal of information across a variety of fora, and the transparency and agility with which campaigns are conducted—can be brought to bear on a particular project, regardless of the platform being utilized. It is the ideal resource for the business professional looking to implement a measurable and effective social media campaign.

SEJ: Please, tell us about the audience you had in mind when you started writing Social Marketology.

SEJ: What were some of the common problems/questions you set out to clarify?

RD:  Social media marketing isn’t one thing, it’s a many-headed hydra. By utilizing the access to customers that social media gives us, we can accomplish a wide variety of goals—everything from basic brand maintenance to big splash projects like the Old Spice campaign.

Over all, we identified five different project types that fit into the concept of social media marketing.  The goal with the book was to lay out a process that would help marketing teams effectively use social media within the specifics of their own goals and projects.

SEJ: Share a few tips for social marketing teams, please.

RD:  My top tips:

Desired outcomes mapping is crucial. It provides the context of organizational purpose to the metrics we use to measure success. By understanding a company’s desired outcomes, we also have a basis of communication with the C-Suite.

Clarify the understanding of the brand voice. It’s impossible to communicate with people when the team doesn’t have a clear understanding of who they are in respect to the company they are communicating for. As defined in the book, “The brand voice is the aggregate of tone, intention, and language that is uttered wherever the brand is heard, even in text. The development of voice is another reason that an organization’s vision, values, and passion need to be clearly articulated. These are the very elements that guide that voice’s creation.”

Do the deep drill community homework.  Effective communication isn’t going to happen until the team has an understanding and appreciation for the personalities of the people they are trying to connect with. We have to remember that these communities are made of PEOPLE.  It’s important to understand what they care about and what makes them tick.

SEJ: With Facebook and Twitter shifting to monetize their spaces, does this shift tactical decisions and the focus on influencers within communities?

RD:  I don’t think that the perception of walled in communities is as much of a game changer as you might think. Rather than worrying about how to get your message to jump the wall and get out beyond your community, focus on sharing the passion for the brand. That passion will cause people to jump the wall to get into your community.

Search and social aren’t separate any more. You have to realize that Google is still the 900-pound gorilla in the room, and they are intent on maintaining that dominance. With the continued development of semantic search, they are providing the most relevant content to searchers. Consequently, that requires brands to actually be relevant in the way they communicate. Authorship and social signals provide the context that defines relevance.

SEJ: What do you think social marketing will look like in another five years?

RD:  I think in another five years that social will become completely invisible. Mind you, I didn’t say that it was going away. I think over the next few years that we will move from this contrived version of social interaction toward something that is completely seamless with the world around us, and I’m very excited to see how it plays out.

Look at it this way, right now we are experiencing the thrill of riding a surfboard on a killer wave, but its still night. We feel more of the undefined excitement than we can really see. Dawn has yet to break.

How Neuroscience Will Fight Five Age

Rewiring The Brain: Seizures

a) A surgeon identifies where in the brain seizures occur using electrodes placed on the scalp, then inserts an electrode array directly into that region. b) A seizure starts when neurons become overly excited, causing a prominent electrical signature. The array detects this signature and emits its own electrical pulse, which disrupts the neurons. c) The pulse also puts a negative current on a polymer enveloping the electrodes on the array, causing its charge to change from positive to neutral. Negatively charged antiseizure-drug molecules drop away from the electrodes, further calming the nearby neurons.


A device delivers targeted drugs to calm overactive neurons

Tracy Cui, a biomedical engineer at the University of Pittsburgh, hopes to improve upon that statistic. Her group has designed an electrode that would deliver both an electrical pulse and antiseizure medication. “We know where we want to apply the drug,” Cui says, “so you would not need a lot of it.”

To build the device, Cui’s team immersed a metal electrode in a solution containing two key ingredients: a molecule called a monomer and the drug CNQX. Zapping the solution with electricity causes the monomers to link together and form a long chain called a polymer. Because the polymer is positively charged, it attracts the negatively charged CNQX, leaving the engineers with their target product: an electrode coated in a film that’s infused with the drug.

The researchers then placed the electrodes in a petri dish with rat neurons. Another zap of electricity disrupted the electrostatic attraction in the film, causing the polymer to release its pharmacological payload—and nearby cells to quiet their erratic firing patterns. Cui says her team has successfully repeated the experiment in living rats. Next, she’d like to test the electrodes in epileptic rats and then begin the long process of regulatory approval for human use.

making it useful for treating Parkinson’s disease, chronic pain, or even drug addiction.

Rewiring The Brain: Dementia

a) A surgeon implants an electrode array into the prefrontal cortex so that it touches neurons in layer 2/3 and layer 5. b) The electrodes record brain activity and send it to a microprocessor that sits under the skin at the top of the head. c) When the microprocessor detects a specific pattern, such as the neural signature of the person trying to recall a memory, it commands the array to send electric pulses into the surrounding area, stimulating mental processing.


Electrode arrays stimulate mental processing

Dementia is one of the most well-known and frustrating brain afflictions. It damages many of the fundamental cognitive functions that make us human: working memory, decision-making, language, and logical reasoning. Alzheimer’s, Huntington’s, and Parkinson’s diseases all lead to dementia, and it’s also sometimes associated with multiple sclerosis, AIDS, and the normal process of aging.

Theodore Berger, a biomedical engineer at the University of Southern California, hopes to help people stave off the symptoms of dementia with a device implanted in the brain’s prefrontal cortex, a region crucial for sophisticated cognition. He and colleagues at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center tested the device in a study involving five monkeys and a memory game.

First the team implanted an electrode array so that it could record from layers 2/3 and 5 of the prefrontal cortex and stimulate layer 5. The neural signals that jet back and forth between these areas relate to attention and decision-making. The team then trained the monkeys to play a computer game in which they saw a cartoon picture—such as a truck, lion, or paint palette—and had to select the same image from a panel of pictures 90 seconds later.

The scientists initially analyzed the electrical signals sent between the two cortical layers when the monkeys made a correct match. In later experiments, the team caused the array to emit the same signal just before the monkey made its decision. The animals’ accuracy improved by about 10 percent. That effect may be even more profound in an impaired brain. When the monkeys played the same game after receiving a hit of cocaine, their performance dropped by about 20 percent. But electrical stimulation restored their accuracy to normal levels.

Dementia involves far more complicated circuitry than these two layers of the brain. But once scientists better understand exactly how dementia works, it may be possible to combine several implants to each target a specific region.

Rewiring The Brain: Blindness

a) An eye diseased with retinitis pigmentosa has damaged photoreceptors, or rods and cones. Doctors inject the eye with a nonharmful virus containing the gene channelrhodopsin-2, or ChR2. b) The virus migrates into the retina at the back of the eye and inserts the gene into ganglion cells, which relay signals from the rods and cones to the optic nerve. The ganglion cells begin expressing the ChR2 protein in their membranes. c) Incoming light activates the ChR2 protein in ganglion cells, stimulating them to fire an electrical impulse. That message travels through the optic nerve to the brain’s visual cortex, which interprets it as a rough image.


Gene therapy converts cells into photoreceptors, restoring eyesight

Millions of people lose their eyesight when disease damages the photoreceptor cells in their retinas. These cells, called rods and cones, play a pivotal role in vision: They convert incoming light into electrical impulses that the brain interprets as an image.

In recent years, a handful of companies have developed electrode-array implants that bypass the damaged cells. A microprocessor translates information from a video camera into electric pulses that stimulate the retina; as a result, blind subjects in clinical trials have been able to distinguish objects and even read very large type. But the implanted arrays have one big drawback: They stimulate only a small number of retinal cells—about 60 out of 100,000—which ultimately limits a person’s visual resolution.

A gene therapy being developed by Michigan-based RetroSense could replace thousands of damaged retinal cells. The company’s technology targets the layer of the retina containing ganglion cells. Normally, ganglion cells transmit the electric signal from the rods and cones to the brain. But RetroSense inserts a gene that makes the ganglion cells sensitive to light; they take over the job of the photoreceptors. So far, scientists have successfully tested the technology on rodents and monkeys. In rat studies, the gene therapy allowed the animals to see well enough to detect the edge of a platform as they neared it.

The company plans to launch the first clinical trial of the technology next year, with nine subjects blinded by a disease called retinitis pigmentosa. Unlike the surgeries to implant electrode arrays, the procedure to inject gene therapy will take just minutes and requires only local anesthesia. “The visual signal that comes from the ganglion cells may not be encoded in exactly the fashion that they’re used to,” says Peter Francis, chief medical officer of RetroSense. “But what is likely to happen is that their brain is going to adapt.”

Rewiring The Brain: Paralysis

a) Surgeons implant electrode arrays in two areas of the brain: the motor cortex and the somatosensory cortex. b) As a subject thinks about kicking the ball, his brain sends neural commands from the motor cortex. These are picked up by the array and transmitted to a microprocessor mounted on the patient’s skull. c) The microprocessor wirelessly transmits these commands to a lower-body exoskeleton, which has its own processor. The leg moves toward the ball. d) When the foot touches the ground, pressure sensors on the exoskeleton’s surface generate a tactile signal. That signal is sent back to the electrode array in the patient’s sensory cortex. With this feedback loop, the patient can both “feel” the ground and kick the ball.


A brain-machine interface controls limbs while sensing what they touch

Last year, clinical trials involving brain implants gave great hope to people with severe spinal cord injuries. Two paralyzed subjects imagined picking up a cup of coffee. Electrode arrays decoded those neural instructions in real time and sent them to a robotic arm, which brought the coffee to their lips.

But to move limbs with any real precision, the brain also requires tactile feedback. Miguel Nicolelis, a biomedical engineer at Duke University, has now demonstrated that brain-machine interfaces can simultaneously control motion and relay a sense of touch—at least in virtual reality.

For the experiment, Nicolelis’s team inserted electrodes in two brain areas in monkeys: the motor cortex, which controls movement, and the nearby somatosensory cortex, which interprets touch signals from the outside world. Then the monkeys played a computer game in which they controlled a virtual arm—first by using a joystick and eventually by simply imagining the movement. The arm could touch three identical-looking gray circles. But each circle had a different virtual “texture” that sent a distinct electrical pattern to the monkeys’ somatosensory cortex. The monkeys learned to select the texture that produced a treat, proving that the implant was both sending and receiving neural messages.

This year, a study in Brazil will test the ability of 10 to 20 patients with spinal cord injuries to control an exoskeleton using the implant. Nicolelis, an ardent fan of Brazilian soccer, has set a strict timetable for his team: A nonprofit consortium he created, the Walk Again Project, plans to outfit a paraplegic man with a robotic exoskeleton and take him to the 2014 World Cup in São Paulo, where he will deliver the opening kick.

Rewiring The Brain: Deafness

a) A surgeon makes an incision behind the patient’s ear and inserts new auditory cells, derived from stem cells, into the spiral ganglion at the base of the cochlea. b) These cells grow, forming projections that reinforce a damaged auditory nerve. They ultimately connect with cells in the brain stem.


Stem cells repair a damaged auditory nerve, improving hearing

Over the past 25 years, more than 30,000 people with hearing loss have received an electronic implant that replaces the cochlea, the snail-shaped organ in the inner ear whose cells transform sound waves into electrical signals. The device acts as a microphone, picking up sounds from the environment and transmitting them to the auditory nerve, which carries them on to the brain.

But a cochlear implant won’t help the 10 percent of people whose profound hearing loss is caused by damage to the auditory nerve. Fortunately for this group, a team of British scientists has found a way to restore that nerve using stem cells.

The researchers exposed human embryonic stem cells to growth factors, substances that cause them to differentiate into the precursors of auditory neurons. Then they injected some 50,000 of these cells into the cochleas of gerbils whose auditory nerves had been damaged. (Gerbils are often used as models of deafness because their range of hearing is similar to that of people.) Three months after the transplant, about one third of the original number of auditory neurons had been restored; some appeared to form projections that connected to the brain stem. The animals’ hearing improved, on average, by 46 percent.

It will be years before the technique is tested in humans. Once it is, researchers say, it has the potential to help not only those with nerve damage but also people with more widespread impairment whose auditory nerve must be repaired in order to receive a cochlear implant.

This article originally appeared in the March 2013 issue of the magazine.

What’s The Best Facial For Your Age?

Your skin is receiving a beating from the elements, including the sun, filth, grime, pollution, and stress. It’s possible that you won’t notice it right away, but the effects will become more obvious with time. Dehydration due to the sun creates fine wrinkles and discoloration. There is also the possibility that you may get the break necessary to adhere to a face regimen that is tailored to your specific needs.

Facial Treatment

There is a facial treatment out there that can make anybody, regardless of the year they were born, feel revitalized, fresh, and shining after receiving it. It’s common knowledge that the majority of women, as well as many men, spend a lot of time and effort trying to hide the tell-tale symptoms of aging. Even while there are a lot of different therapies available, which may help us accept the natural process of aging while also making us feel ok) younger than we really are, it can be challenging to find our way through all of the possibilities.

When time is tight and even buying a cup of coffee seems like a long facial is definitely not high on the priority list. However, dermatologists agree that it is an essential component of an anti-aging routine.

Take a peek and discover what the world of beauty facials can do for you by looking at the following: Acne, hormones, and oily skin are the hallmarks of the 20s.

You probably aren’t concerned about your skin or your beauty regimen at this point in your life. You’re not paying attention because you’re too preoccupied with work, staying out late with pals, and having fun in the sun. On the other hand, while you’re in your 20s, you should start laying the framework for how you’re going to keep that young glow later in life. When most people reach the age of 20, they are just beginning to rid themselves of adolescent acne and are making progress toward smoother skin. Going to the spa once a month for a facial or body treatment will help you see an herbal, not heavy product that is herbal, not heavy, and gives a moisturizing therapy to bring the skin back into equilibrium.

At Home − Practising good skin care should need as little concentration as brushing one’s teeth. Develop the routine of following a regular skincare routine that consists of four steps: cleansing, exfoliating, moisturizing, and applying sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30. Zinc oxide and titanium dioxide are two active substances that may physically filter the sun’s rays. Look for products that include them. Keep your face clean, and under no circumstances should you go to bed with makeup on.

In the Spa − Clay and kaolin masks, also known as china or white clay, are used in facial treatments that provide a deep clean by removing impurities from the skin. These impurities include dirt and excess oils. Exfoliation, the opening of clogged pores, and increased circulation are all benefits of using fine clay particles. This results in increased nutrition delivery to the cells. A mask containing natural extracts of chamomile or aloe will be soothing to the skin if it is dry or sensitive.

The 30’s: The Initiation of Lines and Wrinkles, Even the Slightest Ones

At this point, your skin will begin to go through a series of transitions. A facial should enhance your skin by moisturizing, rebalancing the sebum production, and re-establishing the moisture balance. In this decade, hormones have the upper hand. And this may result in breakouts, whether they are brought on by your menstruation, pregnancy, or stress. All of these factors might cause oil glands to go into overdrive. Adult acne affects one out of every five women between the ages of 25 and 40.

Eczema is a persistent disorder that causes red, cracked areas on the skin. Stress and fluctuating hormone levels may also be the cause of eczema, along with blotchy, itchy skin and other forms of inflammation.

There is also a possibility that you may see indications of aging, such as crow’s feet, smile lines, and abnormal pigmentation. The use of sunscreen and antioxidant supplements regularly, such as vitamins E, C, and A, as well as beta-carotene and quercetin, is recommended by medical professionals as a preventative measure against these visible indications of aging.

At the Spa − Acne-prone skin that is not treated will only become worse with time. Facials are a great tool for warding off acne, especially if you have a history of the condition. Sebum, the greasy and fatty discharge linked with acne, may be removed from pores blocked by having an aesthetician’s extractions. Perform not attempt to do this on your own since, if done poorly, it might result in scarring. Keep an eye out for cosmetic treatments that are labeled as “clarifying” or “purifying.” They include active components that are derived from fruit acids that may exfoliate the skin, such as papaya, cranberry, pumpkin, cherry, and berry. These may assist in clearing up congested skin, removing excess oil, and smoothing out dry, flaky skin.

At home − You should steer clear of compounds that include synthetic perfumes and items that are based on petroleum. These things have the potential to irritate the skin and clog pores. Instead, choose light gels that are non-occlusive, which means they won’t cause pores to get blocked.

Stick to natural chemicals, such as those derived from fruits and vitamins, since they will help exfoliate and repair healthy skin cells. Keep an eye out for exfoliating components like willow bark extract (a natural source of salicylic acid), beta-hydroxy acid, and citrus extracts, as well as fruit enzyme peels. To maintain clean skin, treat it once a week with a peel or a mask.

The Dilemma of Having thin Skin in the 40s

 The outermost layer of the skin starts to droop as the natural flexibility of the skin and the amount of collagen in the skin continues to deplete. Not only has the skin begun to thin down and show more wrinkles, but also, age spots and uneven skin tone are more visible at this time as a result of long-term sun exposure.

 At Spa − Glycolic, beta-hydroxy, or enzyme peels remove dead skin. If the skin is sensitive, skip the peel and have an antioxidant-rich, anti-inflammatory facial with pomegranate, grapeseed, rose-hip, green tea, or vitamin C. Licorice extract, soy proteins, and Indian gooseberry diminish hyperpigmentation in facials. Hydrating masks reduce wrinkles.

 At Home − To acquire a glow, exfoliate at least three times a week, less if the skin is sensitive. This exfoliates and helps moisturizers penetrate. Dry skin needs a weekly mask and daily serum. Retinol (vitamin A) reverses UV damage, while rosehip oil (vitamin C) moisturizes. Look for products containing peptides, retinol, vitamin C, and antioxidants like green tea and resveratrol. These boost cell blood flow, collagen formation, and cell protection from free-radical chemicals.

The 50s What can you do to make this thing as Firm as it was before?

 Deep frown and smile lines, crow’s feet, thinning lips, and sunken eyes are common.

At the Spa − Get a “hydrating” or “firming” facial with masks and botanical oils to fully hydrate. Seaweed and algae treatments tighten and moisturize skin with vitamins and trace minerals.

At Home − Evening primrose, sea buckthorn, carrot seed, borage, and geranium oils and intense moisturizing components plump up and offer antioxidant vitamins A and C to thin, dry skin. These initiate skin renewal and collagen and elastin synthesis. Seaweed or algae-based firming treatments provide vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants and prevent elastin fiber degradation.

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