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Let me start with this: We need poetry. We really do. Poetry promotes literacy, builds community, and fosters emotional resilience. It can cross boundaries that little else can. April is National Poetry Month. Bring some poetry into your hearts, homes, classrooms and schools. Here are five reasons why we need poetry in our schools.

Reason #1: Poetry helps us know each other and build community. In this blog , I described how poetry can be used at the start of the year to learn about where students come from and who they are. Poetry can allow kids to paint sketches of their lives, using metaphor, imagery and symbolic language to describe painful experiences, or parts of themselves that they’re not ready to share. Poetry allows kids to put language to use-to make it serve a deep internal purpose, to break rules along the way (grammar, punctuation, capitalization — think of e.e. cummings) and to find voice, representation, community perhaps.

Reason #2: When read aloud, poetry is rhythm and music and sounds and beats. Young children — babies and preschoolers included — may not understand all the words or meaning, but they’ll feel the rhythms, get curious about what the sounds mean and perhaps want to create their own. Contrary to popular belief amongst kids, boys get really into poetry when brought in through rhythm and rhyme. It’s the most kinesthetic of all literature, it’s physical and full-bodied which activates your heart and soul and sometimes bypasses the traps of our minds and the outcome is that poetry moves us. Boys, too.

Reason #3: Poetry opens venues for speaking and listening, much neglected domains of a robust English Language Arts curriculum. Think spoken word and poetry slams. Visit this Edutopia article for more ideas. Shared in this way, poetry brings audience, authentic audience, which motivates reluctant writers (or most writers, for that matter) .

Reason #4: Poetry has space for English Language Learners. Because poems defy rules, poetry can be made accessible for ELLs — poems can be easily scaffolded and students can find ways of expressing their voices while being limited in their vocabulary. Furthermore, poetry is universal. ELLs can learn about or read poetry in their primary language, helping them bridge their worlds. (This is not quite so true for genres such as nonfiction text that get a lot of airtime these days.)

Reason #5: Poetry builds resilience in kids and adults; it fosters Social and Emotional Learning. A well-crafted phrase or two in a poem can help us see an experience in an entirely new way. We can gain insight that had evaded us many times, that gives us new understanding and strength. William Butler Yeats said this about poetry: “It is blood, imagination, intellect running chúng tôi bids us to touch and taste and hear and see the world, and shrink from all that is of the brain only.” Our schools are places of too much “brain only;” we must find ways to surface other ways of being, other modes of learning. And we must find ways to talk about the difficult and unexplainable things in life — death and suffering and even profound joy and transformation.

On this topic, Jeanette Winterson, a poet and writer, says this:

“…When people say that poetry is a luxury, or an option, or for the educated middle classes, or that it shouldn’t be read in school because it is irrelevant, or any of the strange and stupid things that are said about poetry and its place in our lives, I suspect that the people doing the saying have had things pretty easy. A tough life needs a tough language – and that is what poetry is. That is what literature offers — a language powerful enough to say how it is. It isn’t a hiding place. It is a finding place.”

A final suggestion about bringing poetry into your lives: don’t analyze it, don’t ask others to analyze it. Don’t deconstruct it or try to make meaning of it. Find the poems that wake you up, that make you feel as if you’ve submerged yourself in a mineral hot spring or an ice bath; find the poems that make you feel (almost) irrational joy or sadness or delight. Find the poems that make you want to roll around in them or paint their colors all over your bedroom ceiling. Those are the poems you want to play with — forget the ones that don’t make sense. Find those poems that communicate with the deepest parts of your being and welcome them in.


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Learn Why Do We Need Ssis With The Usage?

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Why do we need SSIS with the Usage

SQL Server Integration services, as the name suggests, provides a whole bunch of services for the SQL Server Database. The extraction of data from any kind of source is made possible using SSIS. SSIS has the ability to extract data from sources like JSON, Excel Files, CSV files, XML files, and other databases like Oracle DB.  Apart from extraction, the data from different sources can be merged using this tool. The above two functions contribute to the property where the developer is able to organize, clean up and systemize the data before loading it to any database using SSIS.

It’s a good tool, one of the best in current times, being used for the population of data warehouses, given that, this platform automates the process of data loading, extraction, and transformation. The ease of use and various features being offered for analysis, identification, and processing of data is what drives the developer to use SSIS.

Working Of SSIS

The next major component in SSIS is Data Flow. As the name suggests, Data Flow is the part where all the data related operations happen. This is where data can be extracted from any source (JSON, XML, Excel, DB tables, etc). If there needs to be any transformation applied to this data, as the addition of text or modification of the extracted dates or any kind of filter, that also happens in the data flow. Finally, the data flow is where the destination for loading the data is defined. The entire ETL happens within the data flow and once this is completed successfully, the control moves back to the control flow to the next task/container lined up after the data flow.

The next component of the SSIS tool is a Task. It is a unit of work or set of instructions. The only difference here is that it’s a drag and drop option which can be configured and modified once called in the control flow. Data Flow is an SSIS task. Some other tasks are namely Execute SQL Task (for executing a SQL Query directly from control flow), File System Task (reading, writing, manipulation of a file), Send Mail Task (sending out emails), FTP task (establish a connection to a destination using FTP to extract or load data), XML Task, etc.  These tasks can be grouped as well. A group of tasks is known as a container. The container can work in three ways which are Sequence Container (a set of tasks arranged in order and can be modified together), For Loop Container (a set of tasks, which run in a loop till when a given condition is true), and For Each Loop Container.

Lastly, there are parameters, which can be looked at as variables. These are values needed in the package for various tasks to be completed. They can be hardcoded or provided at run-time by the user.

Advantages of SSIS

Some of the major benefits of SQL Server Integration Services are:

No requirement for coding. The drag and drop technique is used for the creation of workflows

Minimal maintenance is needed. The packages are automated and run on the scheduled job

SQL Server and Visual Studio are tightly integrated through this platform

Implementation is not time taken and flows are speedy.

Heavily dependent on SQL Server. The packages can fail if the database is down.

Integration with third-party services is flaky.


This article covered SSIS very briefly. If someone is willing to take up development using SSIS, they must make sure they have a strong knowledge of SQL Server Database and a basic understanding of automation.

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What Is The Lambda Function In Python And Why Do We Need It?

In this article, we will learn the lambda function in Python and why we need it and see some practical examples of the lambda function.

What is the lambda function in Python?

Lambda Function, often known as an ‘Anonymous Function,’ is the same as a normal Python function except that it can be defined without a name. The def keyword is used to define normal functions, while the lambda keyword is used to define anonymous functions. They are, however, limited to a single line of expression. They, like regular functions, can accept several parameters.

Syntax lambda arguments: expression

This function accepts any number of inputs but only evaluates and returns one expression.

Lambda functions can be used wherever function objects are necessary.

You must remember that lambda functions are syntactically limited to a single expression.

Aside from other types of expressions in functions, it has a variety of purposes in specific domains of programming.

Why do we need a Lambda Function?

When compared to a normal Python function written using the def keyword, lambda functions require fewer lines of code. However, this is not quite true because functions defined using def can be defined in a single line. But, def functions are usually defined on more than one line.

They are typically employed when a function is required for a shorter period (temporary), often to be utilized inside another function such as filter, map, or reduce.

You can define a function and call it immediately at the end of the definition using the lambda function. This is not possible with def functions.

Simple Example of Python Lambda Function Example # input string inputString = 'TUTORIALSpoint' # converting the given input string to lowercase and reversing it # with the lambda function reverse_lower = lambda inputString: inputString.lower()[::-1] print(reverse_lower(inputString)) Output

On execution, the above program will generate the following output −

tniopslairotut Using Lambda Function in condition checking Example # Formatting number to 2 decimal places using lambda function formatNum = lambda n: f"{n:e}" if isinstance(n, int) else f"{n:,.2f}" print("Int formatting:", formatNum(1000)) print("float formatting:", formatNum(5555.4895412)) Output

On execution, the above program will generate the following output −

Int formatting: 1.000000e+03 float formatting: 5,555.49 What is the difference between Lambda functions and def-defined functions? Example # creating a function that returns the square root of # the number passed to it def square(x): return x*x # using lambda function that returns the square root of # the number passed lambda_square = lambda x: x*x # printing the square root of the number by passing the # random number to the above-defined square function with the def keyword print("Square of the number using the function with 'def' keyword:", square(4)) # printing the square root of the number by passing the # random number to the above lambda_square function with lambda keyword print("Square of the number using the function with 'lambda' keyword:", lambda_square(4)) Output

On execution, the above program will generate the following output −

Square of the number using the function with 'def' keyword: 16 Square of the number using the function with 'lambda' keyword: 16

As shown in the preceding example, the square() and lambda_square () functions work identically and as expected. Let’s take a closer look at the example and find out the difference between them −

Using lambda function Without Using the lambda function

Single-line statements that return some value are supported. Allows for any number of lines within a function block.

Excellent for doing small operations or data manipulations. This is useful in cases where multiple lines of code are required.

Reduces the code readability

Python lambda function Practical Uses Example

Using Lambda Function with List Comprehension

is_odd_list = [lambda arg=y: arg * 5 for y in range(1, 10)] # looping on each lambda function and calling the function # for getting the multiplied value for i in is_odd_list: print(i()) Output

On execution, the above program will generate the following output −

5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45

On each iteration of the list comprehension, a new lambda function with the default parameter y is created (where y is the current item in the iteration). Later, within the for loop, we use i() to call the same function object with the default argument and obtain the required value. As a result, is_odd_list saves a list of lambda function objects.


Using Lambda Function with if-else conditional statements

# using lambda function to find the maximum number among both the numbers print(find_maximum(6, 3)) Output

On execution, the above program will generate the following output −

6 Example

Using Lambda Function with Multiple statements

inputList = [[5,2,8],[2, 9, 12],[10, 4, 2, 7]] # sorting the given each sublist using lambda function sorted_list = lambda k: (sorted(e) for e in k) # getting the second-largest element second_largest = lambda k, p : [x[len(x)-2] for x in p(k)] output = second_largest(inputList, sorted_list) # printing the second largest element print(output) Output

On execution, the above program will generate the following output −

[5, 9, 7] Python lambda function with filter() Example inputList = [3, 5, 10, 7, 24, 6, 1, 12, 8, 4] # getting the even numbers from the input list # using lambda and filter functions evenList = list(filter(lambda n: (n % 2 == 0), inputList)) # priting the even numbers from the input list print("Even numbers from the input list:", evenList) Output

On execution, the above program will generate the following output −

Even numbers from the input list: [10, 24, 6, 12, 8, 4] Python lambda function with map()

Python’s map() function accepts a function and a list as arguments. The function is called with a lambda function and a list, and it returns a new list containing all of the lambda-changed items returned by that function for each item.


Using lambda and the map() functions to convert all the list elements to lowercase

# input list inputList = ['HELLO', 'TUTORIALSpoint', 'PyTHoN', 'codeS'] # converting all the input list elements to lowercase using lower() # with the lambda() and map() functions and returning the result list lowercaseList = list(map(lambda animal: animal.lower(), inputList)) # printing the resultant list print("Converting all the input list elements to lowercase:n", lowercaseList) Output

On execution, the above program will generate the following output −

Converting all the input list elements to lowercase: ['hello', 'tutorialspoint', 'python', 'codes'] Conclusion

In this tutorial, we learned in-depth the lambda function in Python, with numerous examples. We also learned the difference between the lambda function and the def function.

What Lgbt Students Need In Schools: Teachers, It’s Up To You

Being pansexual is an important part of my identity, and though it was summer when I discovered this, it significantly influenced my experiences in school. I did not struggle much, because my identity was easy to hide, and it took me a while to embrace it fully and to actually meet other people that were queer as well. However, in the three years that I have identified as a radical intersectional feminist and socialist, I have learned more about the LGBT community both online and in person than I ever could have imagined. Though my personal experiences do not reflect the deep struggles of the queer population, many members of the community have made clear to me the rights they deserve and the help that they need to succeed in a school setting.

There are two types of challenges that we can face, internal and external. LGBT people in school face both of these challenges for different reasons. Some examples of external challenges LGBT people face are bullying, microaggressions (small gestures that still uphold the system that oppresses LGBT people), or difficulty finding a partner. Some examples of internal challenges LGBT people can face are conflict about their identities, mental health afflictions (depression, anxiety, complex ptsd, etc), self-hatred, the urge to self harm, or the presence of suicidal thoughts.

One of my closest friends’ (let’s call him Dirk) gender identity was pushed to the side for his entire life. Because of things like his abusive father and his family’s struggle to make ends meet, he never spent time thinking about his gender, like many other LGBT children whom have trouble at home. He always dressed masculine, and would frequently be called “young man” by unknowing friends’ parents – and while everyone in the room was embarrassed, he never seemed to care. His only response was “Actually, I’m biologically female,” and would chuckle as said parent apologized profusely.

During the winter of our junior year, he came out to me as transgender online, and already being an activist for almost two years, I was excited to help him come up with a nice nickname that made him feel more comfortable. After this, he slowly came out to our group of friends at school; some of them laughed and said they already knew. I remember feeling so lit up about his “new” identity, and was enthusiastic to relay the message to everyone, including his teachers. However, I knew that we had to take things slowly, because one wrong move could make him the victim bullying by his peers, and alienation by his teachers.

A few months later, most of our friends knew Dirk’s preferred name, and what pronouns to use when talking about him in the third person. When he joined marching band the following season, I made a point to speak loudly when referring to him with masculine pronouns around our band director and the staff. Twice a week in the summer we would rehearse, and by the time we went to band camp up in Pennsylvania, many of the members of the ensemble caught on to Dirk’s identity. It didn’t take the staff long to understand, either. My band director asked our drum major what was going on, and she simply told him “Dirk is a guy, and prefers to be referred to with he/him pronouns when talked about in the third person.” And with that, I spent my last band season beside one of my closest friends, and knowing that the staff and most of the students in the ensemble were on board with Dirk’s identity made me so happy.

However, Dirk had dark times throughout those two years just as many LGBT students do. Forced to use the girls’ bathroom out of fear, he felt incredibly out of place. During band camp, I waited for him outside of the shower in the girls’ bathroom and comforted him afterwards for about an hour in my dorm. These types of struggles are extremely common within the transgender population, and the unique and heart-wrenching feeling of not being comfortable with (one or more aspects of) your physical body is called dysphoria.

Many of his teachers (two of them we shared) were confused because he was listed as female, along with his birth name, on the class roster. There was one particular teacher that we both shared that would refer to him as a girl, no matter how loudly I articulated my ‘he’s and ‘him’s. However, since he never contacted his teachers to explain his identity, I can’t blame our teacher that much. But whenever she misgendered Dirk, it made both of us extremely uncomfortable. I do believe that if one student consistently refers to a friend of theirs with a certain set of pronouns in front of an educator (for an entire year), that educator should catch on somewhat.

I will say this: radical change requires education, commitment and willingness to unlearn harmful concepts (whether they are sociopolitical or not). All faculty in educational systems must be fully educated about the LGBT community. For example, many people refuse to acknowledge the existence of bisexual people, using arguments like “just pick a side”, or “you’re just confused”. Obviously, not everyone is open about their opinions, especially educators. An educator that is uninformed about LGBT culture and identities may not say anything offensive, but if a student came to them for help, their negative and inaccurate opinions would influence their response. LGBT students are running out of safe places and people to turn to, and it shows in the statistics; suicide is the leading cause of death of gay and lesbian youth in the US. This is why teaching educators about the intricacies of their identities could change and even save lives.

Holly Jarrett

Holly Jarrett

Five Reasons To Give Windows 7 A Second Look

Microsoft has sold 150 million copies of Windows 7 in nine months–that is, seven copies per second. It’s the fastest-selling operating system in history. Vista, by contrast, was such a flop that users couldn’t wait to get rid of it.

What does the new operating system mean for the business community, especially all the little guys and mid-sized companies that can’t afford to make another hefty investment in a rotten lemon?

Thankfully, Windows 7 is not the lemon Vista was, and its big, positive features are well-known by now. For example, multitasking makes it easier to navigate, and Windows 7 is more stable and secure. The new OS requires less memory and disk space. It has easier, more proficient file organization, less clutter and garbage, and more efficient networking setup and management. Windows 7 also touts a fancy new taskbar and system tray, better backup options, and some great entertainment features.

These five additional selling points of Windows 7 may surprise you.

1. XP Mode

One of the best features for companies who still want to use many legacy XP applications is XP Mode, which runs in the Windows 7 Professional, Ultimate, and Enterprise versions. This was a lifesaver for me, because I have dozens of old graphics programs that I use several times a week.

Admittedly, some programs, such as Office 2000, run a bit slower in XP mode, but all the graphics programs work fine. However, even if they did run slowly, I’d still be grateful for the ability to continue using them.

2. Folder Options

Someone at Microsoft came up with the lame idea that users needed to be told which folder options are displayed based on the files in that folder. For example, if the folder contains JPEGs, then Vista defaults to Icon view and displays the Name, Date Taken, Tags, Size, and Rating columns. Hundreds of bloggers provide the Microsoft knowledgebase workaround, but it doesn’t work permanently.

Vista also has a maximum number of folders for which you can customize the settings. Once you exceed that number, the old defaults return.

Windows 7 fixed this problem. First, it offers several different custom views that you can apply through the Properties dialog, which, like Vista, can be customized further. But there is no visible maximum. We tested a system that had over 3000 folders, and Windows 7 retained the settings we defined. This might seem like a minor feature to some, but for the legions of companies and users who have begged for a solution, it’s a deal breaker.

Location Aware printing–available in Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate editions only–is a big plus for employees who work remotely or who carry a laptop in the field. This feature allows users to configure multiple default printers, based on their location. And it is system controlled; that is, once you define the setup criteria, Windows 7 automatically resets the default printer to your current location. All you have to do is select Print, and it automatically sends the job to your network printer at work, your personal printer at home, or another shared printer. And, you can define as many print locations as needed, based on how many locations you frequently visit.

4. Remote desktop connectivity

Remote desktop connectivity is another big plus in Windows 7. If your employees are working at home or out of town and forget a file at work, they can connect to their office PC in five easy steps. Not a big deal? Well, yes it is. Wasn’t this function available in Vista? Well, yes, it was, but it rarely worked and, when it did work, it was far more trouble than it was worth.

You cannot connect to your office PC if it’s in Sleep or Hibernating mode, so be sure to disable this feature by setting it to Never when you visit Windows 7’s Power Options, then select Change Plan Settings.

Also, you cannot connect to a computer remotely with Windows 7 Starter, Home Basic, or Home Premium. And if, for some reason, you work in a network environment but can’t change your remote settings, then ask your system administrator about releasing control through the Group Policy settings.

It’s much easier than using the keyboard and mouse just to tap the screen, slide a scroll bar, or roll the cursor across the desktop with your fingers, especially when showing a quick presentation to your clients at lunch. Desktop users may not appreciate this feature much, but your employees with mini and mobile systems will love it. Besides, how many employees still have desktops these days?

So, what will Windows 7 do for you and your company? In five words: simplify tasks and increase efficiency. It’s definitely worth a second look.

3 Reasons Why More Outsourcing Is Inevitable

Time for an outsourcing reality check. Since everyone’s excited about how well – or poorly – outsourcing works, let’s take a look at what’s happening now, and what’s likely to happen over the next few years.

Let me say first that much of the fate around outsourcing has already been sealed. How could this be? I realize that there are new reports that near- and off-shore outsourcing does not save as much money as many people assumed. Some reports suggest that quality is a continuing problem, and others complain about language barriers, competing processes and the management challenges that especially plague many off-shore outsourcing projects.

The fate may already be sealed for several reasons. First, the number of management information systems (MIS), information systems (IS), computer science (CS) and computer engineering (CE) majors has fallen so dramatically over the past few years that we’re likely to lose an entire generation of replacement technologists if present trends continue – and they show every sign of doing so. So as the previous generation continues to gray, there will be precious few new ones to keep the skills pipeline full. The obvious outcome is increased demand for the skills – wherever they happen to be.

A second trend that will fuel the demand for more outsourcing is standardization and its cousin, commoditization. The industry is making increasingly less variant stuff work together. While Web Services and service-oriented architectures (SOAs) represent impressive technology they also represent freedom to those who deploy and support technology.

Vendor consolidation is also fueling standardization and commoditization, and if you believe the impact that SOAs will have on software development, support and licensing, the stage is set for the massive de-centralization of cooperative software components. If this playing field truly levels itself out, the door will open even further for outsourcers who will master the new architectures (as a natural extension from where they are now in applications development and integration).

The third trend to watch is “the end of corporate computing,” or the desire to buy services and rent applications rather than deploy and support them in-house. Nick Carr is at it again. In the Spring 2005 issue of the Sloan Management Review, he predicts the end of corporate data centers and the rise of “utility computing.”

Long-term, I think he is absolutely right. Initially, companies will purchase transaction processing services from centralized data centers managed by large technology providers, but over time companies will rent applications developed the old-fashioned way by the same old mega software vendors.

By the Drink

But eventually, as SOA proliferates, new software delivery and support models will develop from the old vendors as well as a host of new ones: “hosting” applications will yield to “assembling” applications. The appeal of “paying by the drink” is just too great to resist – especially since the alternative will still (and forever) require the care and feeding of increasingly difficult-to-find technology professionals.

If you look at these trends there’s plenty of reason to believe that down-the-street, near-shore and off-shore outsourcing will all increase over the next few years and certainly, as I believe, even more in the next decade. The recent backlash that describes failed or too-expensive outsourcing deals – while in many cases are absolutely justified – will be crushed by the inevitability that the above three trends – among others – will create.

While all of these trends are important, I think the most troubling one is the technology-avoidance strategy practiced by so many undergraduates today. It’s as if they’ve all but given up on technology careers, believing instead that they’re better off studying accounting, communications, or history. At least the history majors can help us understand what happened to the US technology market in the early 21st century.

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