Trending December 2023 # Disadvantages And Limitations Of Using Unactivated Windows 11/10 # Suggested January 2024 # Top 12 Popular

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What is unactivated Windows 11/10?

The popular computer operating system, Windows, requires a valid license or product key to be activated entirely. Like a paid software, Windows 11, 10, or other older versions require a license purchased from Microsoft. If you do not buy the license or enter the product key while or after installing the Windows operating system on your computer, it is called unactivated Windows.

Although Microsoft allows users to use Windows 10 and 11 forever without using a product key, there are some limitations that you need to prepare for. There are one significant and multiple minor setbacks, and you may want to know about them before deciding not to buy a product key.

As per the Microsoft retail license agreement,

You are authorized to use this software only if you are properly licensed and the software has been properly activated with a genuine product key or by other authorized method.

However, you want to ignore this statement to continue using Windows 10 or 11; you should know the backend of it.

The Activate Windows watermark

Activation message on Windows Settings

No Personalization settings

Frequent notification to activate Windows

1] The Activate Windows watermark

Your Windows computer will continue showing an Activate Windows watermark in the bottom-right corner of your screen. Although there are some ways to remove Activate Windows watermark, it may come back when there are some issues with the Registry files. On the other hand, if you do not want to change files in Registry Editor, you would need to live with this watermark.

For your information, it will be visible when you take screenshots or share your screen with someone remotely.

2] Activation message on Windows Settings

Like the desktop watermark, this message would appear in every screenshot you capture or videos you record.

3] No Personalization settings

If you do not activate Windows 10 or 11, you cannot change any Personalization settings. In other words, you cannot change wallpaper, theme, title color, Start Menu color, transparency, etc. It shows an error message saying:

You need to activate Windows before you can personalize your PC.

If you often change the desktop wallpaper, lock screen background, theme, etc., you might face troubles doing it on an activated Windows 11/10 – but then there are ways to do this too.

4] Frequent notification to activate Windows

It is probably the most irritating part of not having an activated copy of Windows. You may get countless notifications at a particular interval, asking you to activate your Windows installation with a valid product key. Whether you are watching a movie or reading an article on the internet, you may confront this popup message.

Read: Why not to use a Pirated copy of Windows OS?

Is it OK to use unactivated Windows 10?

If you want to use Windows 10/11 permanently, it is highly recommended to purchase a product key for activation. Otherwise, you may get some issues in the future since the official license agreement doesn’t comply with your usage of Windows.

How long can I use unactivated Windows 10?

Technically, you can use unactivated Windows for a lifetime. Gone are the days when Microsoft asked users to buy a license to continue using the operating system.

That’s all! Hope this article helped you decide whether you should buy a product key or not.

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Advantages And Disadvantages Of Cloud Computing

Advantages of Cloud Computing Cost Reduction

The major reason companies shift towards cloud computing is that it takes lower costs. The business does not need to build its own IT infrastructure or purchase hardware or equipment. Costs include physical hardware for data storage purposes like hard drives, solid-state drives or disks, etc.

Better Collaboration

Cloud computing allows people to access cloud data from any device, from anywhere, from any time as long as they have an internet connection.

Suppose the team is working remotely. The team is spread worldwide, so it is a good option to go ahead with cloud computing as employees can access data from anywhere in the world, at any time, and from any device.

Backup and Restore Data Security

Due to different security reasons, cloud providers have designed very high-security cloud features so that you can allow what data is accessible to which person groups.

Pay as you go

Cloud computing allows you flexibility because you have to pay only for what you use as a service.

Boundless storage capacity

No storage capacity is predefined, so you can increase or decrease storage capacity according to your needs at any time.


Cloud computing allows you to quickly and easily store, access, and manipulate information on the cloud.


Cloud computing allows easy access to all cloud data via mobile through the internet.

Quicker Deployments Automatic Software Integrations

Cloud computing allows you to set automation of software updates and upgrades. So as soon as a newer version of any software is released, it will automatically integrate into the services you are using.

Internet Connectivity

In cloud computing, data (files, images, video, audio, etc.) is stored in the cloud. So to access the data, an internet connection is required. In the absence of the internet, we can’t access it.


We can’t access the data if there is downtime (internet loss at the cloud provider’s end). Other than this, downtime also includes cloud providers that may face power loss, service maintenance, etc.

Vendor lock-in

When transferring all the data from one cloud provider to another, there can be many issues, such as the different cloud providers using different platforms, hosting, and running of the applications on the different platforms that can result in configuration and complexities issues.

The company data might be left vulnerable to security or thereat attacks due to compromises made during the data migrations.

Limited Bandwidth

As the Cloud provider provides limited bandwidth to all its users, you have to pay significantly higher costs if your organization surpasses that limit.


Even though the cloud providers are storing information very securely, we still don’t have to forget that data is vulnerable to cyber-attacks when stored in the cloud. Many organizations and companies have suffered from security breaches and their potential risks in the cloud.

Performance Variation

As the server is hosted on a cloud provider, which also provides services to other businesses, any cyberattack on shared resources may slow down your services.

Lack of support staff

Some cloud companies do not provide proper support to their clients; then, you have to only depend on FAQs or online help.

Limited Control and Flexibility

The cloud infrastructure is completely owned, managed, and monitored by the cloud providers. So businesses using cloud computing have limited control over their data, applications, and services. It makes it hard for companies to have the level of control they want over the different services they use.

The customer may not have access to key administrative services. So it’s recommended that companies have a proper end-user license agreement(EULA) so that what a company can do and what not with cloud infrastructure is clearly defined.

Technical issues

Due to frequent version releases of some applications, you have to constantly upgrade your systems to meet a market need; in between these updates, there is a chance that you may be stuck on some technical problems.

Circular Linked List: Advantages And Disadvantages

What is a Circular Linked List?

A circular linked list is a sequence of nodes arranged such a way that each node can be retraced to itself. Here a “node” is a self-referential element with pointers to one or two nodes in it’s immediate vicinity.

Below is a depiction of a circular linked list with 3 nodes.

Here, you can see that each node is retraceable to itself. The example shown above is a circular singly linked list.

Note: The most simple circular linked list, is a node which traces only to itself as shown

In this circular linked list tutorial, you will learn:

Basic Operations in Circular Linked lists

The basic operations on a circular linked list are:


Deletion and


Insertion is the process of placing a node at a specified position in the circular linked list.

Deletion is the process of removing an existing node from the linked list. The node can be identified by the occurrence of its value or by its position.

Traversal of a circular linked list is the process of displaying the entire linked list’s contents and retracing back to the source node.

In the next section, you will understand insertion of a node, and the types of insertion possible in a Circular Singly Linked List.

Insertion Operation

Initially, you need to create one node which points to itself as shown in this image. Without this node, insertion creates the first node.

Next, there are two possibilities:

Insertion at the current position of the circular linked list. This corresponds to insertion at the beginning of the end of a regular singular linked list. In a circular linked list, the beginning and the end are the same.

Insertion after an indexed node. The node should be identified by an index number corresponding to its element value.

For inserting at the beginning/end of the circular linked list, that is at the position where the first-ever node was added,

You will have to break the existing self-link to the existing node

The new node’s next pointer will link to the existing node.

The last node’s next pointer will point to the inserted node.

NOTE: The pointer that is the token master or the beginning/end of the circle can be changed. It will still return to the same node on a traversal, discussed ahead.

Steps in (a) i-iii are shown below:

(Existing node)

STEP 1) Break the existing link

STEP 2) Create a forward link (from new node to an existing node)

STEP 3) Create a loop link to the first node

Next, you will try insertion after a node.

For example, let us insert “VALUE2” after the node with “VALUE0”. Let us assume that the starting point is the node with “VALUE0”.

You will have to break the line between the first and second node and place the node with “VALUE2” in between.

The first node’s next pointer must link to this node, and this node’s next pointer must link to the earlier second node.

The rest of the arrangement remains unchanged. All nodes are retraceable to themselves.

NOTE: Since there is a cyclic arrangement, inserting a node involves the same procedure for any node. The pointer that completes a cycle completes the cycle just like any other node.

This is shown below:

(Let us say there are only two nodes. This is a trivial case)

STEP 1) Remove the inner link between the connected nodes

STEP 2) Connect the left-hand side node to the new node

STEP 3) Connect the new node to the right hand side node.

Deletion Operation

Let us assume a 3-node circular linked list. The cases for deletion are given below:

Deleting the current element

Deletion after an element.

Deletion at the beginning/end:

Traverse to the first node from the last node.

To delete from the end, there should be only one traversal step, from the last node to the first node.

Delete the link between the last node and the next node.

Link the last node to the next element of the first node.

Free the first node.

(Existing setup)

STEP 1) Remove the circular link

STEPS 2) Remove the link between the first and next, link the last node, to the node following the first

STEP 3) Free /deallocate the first node

Deletion after a node:

Traverse till the next node is the node to be deleted.

Traverse to the next node, placing a pointer on the previous node.

Connect the previous node to the node after the present node, using its next pointer.

Free the current (delinked) node.

STEP 1) Let us say that we need to delete a node with “VALUE1.”

STEP 2) Remove the link between the previous node and the current node. Link its previous node with the next node pointed by the current node (with VALUE1).

STEP 3) Free or deallocate the current node.

Traversal of a Circular Linked List

To traverse a circular linked list, starting from a last pointer, check if the last pointer itself is NULL. If this condition is false, check if there is only one element. Otherwise, traverse using a temporary pointer till the last pointer is reached again, or as many times as needed, as shown in the GIF below.

Advantages of Circular Linked List

No requirement for a NULL assignment in the code. The circular list never points to a NULL pointer unless fully deallocated.

Circular linked list also performs all regular functions of a singly linked list. In fact, circular doubly linked lists discussed below can even eliminate the need for a full-length traversal to locate an element. That element would at most only be exactly opposite to the start, completing just half the linked list.

Circular lists are complex as compared to singly linked lists.

Reverse of circular list is a complex as compared to singly or doubly lists.

If not handled carefully, then the code may go in an infinite loop.

Harder to find the end of the list and loop control.

Inserting at Start, we have to traverse the complete list to find the last node. (Implementation Perspective)

Singly Linked List as a Circular Linked List

You are encouraged to attempt to read and implement the code below. It presents the pointer arithmetic associated with circular linked lists.

struct node { int item; struct node *next; };

struct node* addToEmpty(struct node*,int); struct node *insertCurrent(struct node *, int); struct node *insertAfter(struct node *, int, int); struct node *removeAfter(struct node *, int); struct node *removeCurrent(struct node *);

void peek(struct node *);

int main() { …

Explanation of code:

The first two lines of code are the necessary included header files.

The next section describes the structure of each self-referential node. It contains a value and a pointer of the same type as the structure.

Each structure repeatedly links to structure objects of the same type.

There are different function prototypes for:

Adding an element to an empty linked list

Inserting at the currently pointed position of a circular linked list.

Inserting after a particular indexed value in the linked list.

Removing/Deleting after a particular indexed value in the linked list.

Removing at the currently pointed position of a circular linked list

The last function prints each element through a circular traversal at any state of the linked list.

int main() { struct node *last = NULL; last = insertCurrent(last,4); last = removeAfter(last, 4); peek(last); return 0; } struct node* addToEmpty(struct node*last, int data) { struct node *temp = (struct node *)malloc(sizeof( struct node)); last = temp; return last; } struct node *insertCurrent(struct node *last, int data)

Explanation of code:

For the addEmpty code, allocate an empty node using the malloc function.

For this node, place the data to the temp variable.

Assign and link the only variable to the temp variable

Return the last element to the main() / application context.

struct node *insertCurrent(struct node *last, int data) { if(last == NULL) { return addToEmpty(last, data); } struct node *temp = (struct node *)malloc(sizeof( struct node)); return last; } struct node *insertAfter(struct node *last, int data, int item) { …

Explanation of code

If there is no element to insert, then you should make sure to add to an empty list and return control.

Create a temporary element to place after the current element.

Link the pointers as shown.

Return the last pointer as in the previous function.

... struct node *insertAfter(struct node *last, int data, int item) { if (last == NULL) { return addToEmpty(last, item); } do { prev = temp; { printf("Element not found. Please try again"); ...

Explanation of code:

If there is no element in the list, ignore the data, add the current item as the last item in the list and return control

For every iteration in the do-while loop ensure that there is a previous pointer that holds the last-traversed result.

Only then can the next traversal occur.

If the data is found, or temp reaches back to the last pointer, the do-while terminates. The next section of code decides what has to be done with the item.

... { printf("Element not found. Please try again"); return last; } else { newnode = (struct node *)malloc(sizeof(struct node)); } return last; } struct node *removeCurrent(struct node *last) ...

Explanation of code:

If the entire list has been traversed, yet the item is not found, display an “item not found” message and then return control to the caller.

If there is a node found, and/or the node is not yet the last node, then create a new node.

Link the previous node with the new node. Link the current node with temp (the traversal variable).

This ensures that the element is placed after a particular node in the circular linked list. Return to the caller.

struct node *removeCurrent(struct node *last) { if(last == NULL) { printf("Element Not Found"); return NULL; } free(temp); return last; } struct node *removeAfter(struct node *last, int data)

Explanation of code

To remove only the last (current) node, check if this list is empty. If it is, then no element can be removed.

The temp variable just traverses one link forward.

Link the last pointer to the pointer after the first.

Free the temp pointer. It deallocates the un-linked last pointer.

struct node *removeAfter(struct node *last,int data) { struct node *temp = NULL,*prev = NULL; if (last == NULL) { printf("Linked list empty. Cannot remove any elementn"); return NULL; } prev = temp; do { prev = temp; { printf("Element not found"); ...

Explanation of code

As with the previous removal function, check if there is no element. If this is true, then no element can be removed.

Pointers are assigned specific positions to locate the element to be deleted.

The process continues until an element is found, or the next element retraces to the last pointer.

{ printf(“Element not found”); return last; } else { free(temp); } return last; }

void peek(struct node * last) { struct node *temp = last; if (last == NULL) { return;

Explanation of program

If the element found after traversing the entire linked list, an error message is displayed saying the item was not found.

Otherwise, the element is delinked and freed in steps 3 and 4.

The previous pointer is linked to the address pointed as “next” by the element to be deleted (temp).

The temp pointer is therefore deallocated and freed.

... void peek(struct node * last) { struct node *temp = last; if (last == NULL) { return; } { } while (temp != last) { } }

Explanation of code

The peek or traversal is not possible if there are zero needed. The user needs to allocate or insert a node.

If there is only one node, there is no need to traverse, the node’s content can be printed, and the while loop does not execute.

If there is more than one node, then the temp prints all the item till the last element.

Moment the last element is reached, the loop terminates, and the function returns call to the main function.

Applications of the Circular Linked List

Implementing round-robin scheduling in system processes and circular scheduling in high-speed graphics.

Token rings scheduling in computer networks.

It is used in display units like shop boards that require continuous traversal of data.

Fix: Windows 10/11 Mobile Gps Issues

Fix: Windows 10/11 Mobile GPS issues






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Our mobile devices are way more than just regular cell phones today. For example, imagine how hard it would be to you to get around in a foreign city without Maps and GPS navigation. Well, that’s exactly where a big problem can occur.

Unfortunately, many Windows 10 Mobile users have been reporting GPS issues on their phones for years now. That can be a serious problem, and therefore, the solution needs to be found quickly.

We gathered a few useful tips on what should you do when GPS stops working on your Windows 10 Mobile device. But before we get to that, we have to say this problem doesn’t really have a confirmed solution, which works for everyone.

So, even after performing these workarounds, we don’t guarantee your GPS will start working again. But, it won’t hurt if you try anyway.

How to deal with GPS problems on Windows 10 Mobile Solution 1 – Restart your phone

The most obvious solution in this case (as well as in many other cases) is to simply restart your device. So, if you haven’t already restarted it, you should definitely do that. Because everything works better after rebooting, right?

Solution 2 – Toggle Airplane Mode

Many people believe that turning the Airplane Mode will actually resolve GPS issues on Mobile devices. So, you might try that as well. You can easily toggle the Airplane Mode from the notifications bar. You won’t be able to use Data or make calls, but at least your GPS will work properly. And if you’re in a foreign city, that’s way more important.

If, however, the Airplane Mode solves nothing, you should turn it off, and move on to another solution.

Solution 3 – Disable Power Saving mode

As it name says, Power Saving mode saves your battery, by disabling some of the battery-eating services, including GPS. So, if you, by chance, have the Power Saving mode enabled, go and disable it. If the problem still occurs after disabling the Power Saving mode, move on to another solution.

Solution 4 – Remove the case

You may not be aware of it, but your phone case can actually block the GPS signal to your phone. It depends really on the case’s material. So, for example, if you have the aluminum case, there’s a chance it will block the GPS signal on your Windows 10 Mobile.

Expert tip:

Since you’re probably using GPS to access Windows Maps, maybe something’s wrong with the app itself. So, the most obvious solution is to update Windows Maps. Maybe there’s a bug in the current version, that Microsoft fixes in the new one.

To update Windows Maps, just go to the Store page, and check for updates.

Solution 6 – Reset your phone

If none of the previous solutions worked, your last resort should be performing the hard reset. In fact, there are some users who reported resetting their phones actually resolved the GPS issue.

But, before you reset your phone, have in mind that you’ll erase everything from it, so it is highly recommendable to make a backup first.

Here’s exactly what you need to do:

Tap on More options

And then, go to Back up now

Once you backed up all your stuff, you can perform a hard reset without fearing that you’ll loose all your data. To perform a hard reset in Windows 10 Mobile, do the following:

Now, tap on Rest your phone

Answer Yes

Wait for the process to finish

That’s about it, we certainly hope at least one of these solutions helped you get GPS back to work. Of course, nobody wants to perform the hard reset for nothing. But then again, there’s no confirmed solution, and in some cases, it may even be a hardware problem. So, all we can say in the end is good luck!


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Network Protocol Missing In Windows 10/11

Network Protocol missing in Windows 10/11 [FULL GUIDE]




Any network consists of at least two computers that are linked in order to share resources. This simple definition of networking applies to any OS and any OS version, thus Windows 10 makes no exception.

If protocols do not work as intended or worse if they’re missing, there is not much left to do with the network. Introducing one of the most annoying network related errors: Network Protocol missing.

Not only does this pesky error hinder the sharing process, but in some cases it can also prevent computers from accessing the internet altogether. As inconvenient as it may sound, there are ways to fix this and we have gathered the best possible solutions in the article below.

Eager to know more about Windows 10 errors and how to solve them? Find out everything there is to know in our dedicated section.

Networking is a huge part of the Windows 10 experience, and one of the most annoying network problems is the one where Network Protocols are missing. This error sounds serious, so let’s see if there’s a way to fix it.

Users report that they are unable to share files between network computers, and some are even unable to access the internet. As you can see, this problem can cause a lot of inconveniences, but there are a few solutions available.

How can I fix Network Protocol missing error in Windows 10?

Besides the Network protocol missing error, there are a few other issues that could be caused by the same culprits. For example:

Windows sockets registry entries required for network connectivity are missing

One or more network protocols are missing on this computer

Could not add the requested feature

Network protocols missing error Windows 10

One or more network protocols are missing on this computer WiFi

So, no matter the error code, you can apply the solutions from below, and (hopefully), you’ll solve the problem.

Table of contents:

Solution 1 – Temporarily disable your antivirus software

Although it’s not a good idea to disable your antivirus software, some users report that after disabling Kaspersky Internet Security their issues have been resolved.

So if you are using Kaspersky Internet Security, you might consider disabling it temporarily or switching to a different antivirus software. In addition, reinstalling antivirus software could also be helpful.

Don’t expose yourself to unnecessary risks. Find out why Windows Defender is the only malware barrier you need!

Solution 2 – Restore network protocols to default settings

Another thing we’re going to try is resetting network protocols to default settings. We’re going to do this by resetting the TCP/IP stack. In case you’re not sure how to do that, just follow the instructions:

Open Command Prompt as administrator.

When Command Prompt opens enter the following lines:

netsh int ip set dns

netsh winsock reset

Close Command Prompt and check if the issue is resolved.

If you’re having trouble accessing Command Prompt as an admin, then you better take a closer look at this guide.

Solution 3 – Disable NetBIOS

Highlight IP v4 (TCP/IP) and choose Properties.

Next go to the WINS tab, and in NetBIOS settings section select Disable NetBIOS over TCP/IP.

Some users also claim that this issue is resolved by using obtaining IP address automatically instead of using a static IP. To change this setting just follow the first three steps from this solution.

As soon as you open IPv4(TCP/IP) Properties you should see the option that allows you select whether you want to use static IP address or to obtain one automatically.

You can’t open Control Panel? Take a look at this step-by-step guide to find a solution.

Can’t access IPv4 proprieties on Windows 10? Check out this guide and solve the problem in no time.

Solution 4 – Use Command Prompt

When Command Prompt starts, type netcfg -d and press Enter to run it.

Wait for the process to complete. After the process has been completed your computer should restart and the issue should be resolved.

In addition, some users suggest using the netsh int ipv4 install command. Just start the Command Prompt as administrator like in Step 1, type netsh int ipv4 install into Command Prompt and press Enter to run it.

After that, restart your computer and see if the issue is fixed.

Solution 5 – Use Command Prompt and sc.exe

This is a temporary solution, and you might have to revert the changes after a new Windows 10 update, if the problems start occurring. Here’s what you need to do:

Open Command Prompt as administrator.

Type the following lines, and after each line press Enter to execute it:

sc.exe config lanmanworkstation depend= bowser/mrxsmb10/nsi

sc.exe config mrxsmb20 start= disabled

After entering these lines into Command Prompt, the issue should be resolved. If you start to have troubles after a Windows 10 update, you might want to restore the default settings. To do so, follow these instructions:

Open Command Prompt as administrator.

Enter these lines and after each line press Enter to run it:

sc.exe config lanmanworkstation depend= bowser/mrxsmb10/mrxsmb20/nsi

sc.exe config mrxsmb20 start= auto

Solution 6 – Import Winsock keys from a different computer

Expert tip:

On the working Windows open Registry Editor and find the following keys:



Export these keys and move them to a USB flash drive.

Switch to a Windows 10 computer that has issues with Network Protocols.

Uninstall network driver.

Open Registry Editor and find the following keys:



You can export them, in case you need backup. After exporting them, delete both keys.

Restart your computer.

When your computer restarts insert the USB with Winsock keys from a different computer.

Go to Registry Editor again.

Go to the location where those keys were (HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESystemCurrentControlSetServices)

If Winsock2 key is back, delete it again.

Import the following keys from your USB:



Close Registry Editor.

Open Command Prompt as administrator and run netsh winsock reset command.

Restart your computer.

If you can’t edit your Windows 10’s registry, read this handy guide and find the quickest solutions to the issue.

Can’t access the Registry Editor? Things aren’t as scary as they seem. Check out this guide and solve the issue quickly.

Solution 7 – Restore your router and check the cable

If none of the steps above managed to solve the problem, try resetting your router. Turn it off first, and then switch it back on after a few minutes.

Additionally, you can use a different LAN cable to connect your computer to the router.

And finally, reset your router to factory settings by pressing the small button on the back (actually, the position of the reset button depends on your router).

Solution 8 – Reinstall your Network Adapter

After completing the steps from above, you might as well want to reinstall your Network Adapters. Here’s how to do that:

Hold the Windows Key and press R.

Reinstall your network adapter using the driver accompanying the hardware.

Windows can’t automatically find a driver for your network adapter? Count on us to solve the problem.

Solution 9 – Use Network Troubleshooter

If you’re running Windows 10 Creators Update (or later), you have a new troubleshooting tool, provided by Microsoft. This troubleshooting tool is designed to deal with various issues within the Windows operating system, including various network errors.

If you don’t know how to run this troubleshooter, just follow these instructions:

Go to Settings

Choose Internet Connections

Follow further on-screen instructions, and wait for the wizard to finish the process

Restart your computer

If the problem remains unresolved, you can try with the Network Adapter option, instead of Internet Connections.

If you’re having trouble opening the Setting app, take a look at this article to solve the issue.

If the Troubleshooter stops before completing the process, fix it with the help of this complete guide.

Solution 10 – Restore network components

You can also try with resetting the following network components:

Open Command Prompt as administrator.

When Command Prompt starts, enter the following commands, and press Enter after typing each command:

IPconfig /release

IPconfig /flushdns

IPconfig /renew

If you can’t flush the DNS, take a look at this step-by-step guide to solve the problem quickly.

And finally, some users reported that updating BIOS actually solves the problem. But before you go all in and flash your BIOS, we have to warn you that it could be a risky action, as one wrong move can render your motherboard unusable.

Only do it if you know what you’re doing.

Updating BIOS seems scary? Make things way easier with the help of this handy guide.

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Windows 10 & 11 July Patch Tuesday

Windows 10 & 11 July Patch Tuesday [DIRECT DOWNLOAD LINKS]




In case you didn’t know, the July 2023 Patch Tuesday security updates are out.

Just to make it easier for you, we have gathered all the download links right here.

Get the cumulative update you need right now and keep your device up to date.



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Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

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As you already know, the seventh round of the monthly Patch Tuesday updates of 2023 have arrived, and they bring an entire array of changes for both Windows 10 and Windows 11, regardless of whether it is a newer or an older version.

As we announced earlier today, the July 2023 Patch Tuesday updates are expected to fix some of the issues that were still pending, and in the article below we will be looking to see exactly what we get.

We’ve included detailed changelogs for each cumulative update, and we will also be providing you with direct download links from Microsoft’s Windows Update Catalog, so you know that they are secure.

Alternatively, you can always use other methods to get the latest updates, including:

The Windows Update menu on your OS

The WSUS (Windows Server Update Service)

Group Policies set up by your admins if you’re part of a larger network.

Windows 11

As most of you know by now, Microsoft released its latest operating system, Windows 11, on the 5th of October, 2023.

Five months after the general rollout, the new OS seems to become increasingly stable and far less buggy than we’ve gotten used to.

You might also like to know that the 22H2 version of Windows 11, the operating system’s first major update, has already been declared feature complete.

It will, most likely, come in the first half of the year, so we might just get it until the summer. Of course, there is a possibility that the Redmond tech giant could postpone to the third, or fourth quarter.

Cumulative update name


Changes and improvements

Addresses an issue that redirects the PowerShell command output so that transcript logs do not contain any output of the command. Consequently, the decrypted password is lost.

Known issues

After installing this update, some .NET Framework 3.5 apps might have issues or might fail to open. Affected apps are using certain optional components in .NET Framework 3.5, such as Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) and Windows Workflow (WWF) components.

After installing this update, IE mode tabs in Microsoft Edge might stop responding when a site displays a modal dialog box. A modal dialog box is a form or dialog box that requires the user to respond before continuing or interacting with other portions of the webpage or app.


Sites affected by this issue call window.focus.

Windows 10 versions 21H2, 21H1, and 20H2

Expert tip:

Fortunately, most bugs that were first present when it was first made available have been weeded out, and this version of Windows 10 is far more stable.

Cumulative update name


Addresses an issue that redirects the PowerShell command output so that transcript logs do not contain any output of the command. Consequently, the decrypted password is lost.  

Known issues

Devices with Windows installations created from custom offline media or custom ISO image might have Microsoft Edge Legacy removed by this update, but not automatically replaced by the new Microsoft Edge. This issue is only encountered when custom offline media or ISO images are created by slipstreaming this update into the image without having first installed the standalone servicing stack update (SSU) released March 29, 2023 or later.

After installing the June 21, 2023 (KB5003690) update, some devices cannot install new updates, such as the July 6, 2023 (KB5004945) or later updates. You will receive the error message, “PSFX_E_MATCHING_BINARY_MISSING”.

After installing this update, IE mode tabs in Microsoft Edge might stop responding when a site displays a modal dialog box. A modal dialog box is a form or dialog box that requires the user to respond before continuing or interacting with other portions of the webpage or app.

Windows 10, version 1809

If you still want to use Windows 10 and are not willing to upgrade to 11, you don’t have to do so right away. After all, Microsoft announced that the support for Windows 10 will go on until 2025.

Cumulative update name


Improvements and fixes:

Addresses an issue that redirects the PowerShell command output so that transcript logs do not contain any output of the command. Consequently, the decrypted password is lost.

Known Issues:

After installing KB4493509, devices with some Asian language packs installed may receive the error, “0x800f0982 – PSFX_E_MATCHING_COMPONENT_NOT_FOUND.”

After installing KB5001342 or later, the Cluster Service might fail to start because a Cluster Network Driver is not found.

Windows 10, version 1607

Windows 10, version 1607 has reached the end of service for all of its available editions. Update to the latest version of Windows 10 in order to keep your system protected.

Cumulative update name


Improvements and fixes

Addresses a known issue that might prevent you from using the Wi-Fi hotspot feature.

Addresses security issues for your Windows operating system. 

Addresses an issue that causes searchindexer.exe to stop responding during a dismount operation in the Remote Desktop setup environment.

Addresses an issue that redirects the PowerShell command output so that transcript logs do not contain any output of the command. Consequently, the decrypted password is lost.

Addresses a known issue that might prevent you from using the Wi-Fi hotspot feature. When attempting to use the hotspot feature, the host device might lose the connection to the internet after a client device connects.

Addresses an issue that prevents the use of Encrypted File System (EFS) files over a Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) connection.

Addresses an issue that causes Microsoft NTLM authentication using an external trust to fail. This issue occurs when a domain controller that contains the January 11, 2023 or later Windows update services the authentication request, is not in a root domain, and does not hold the Global Catalog role. The affected operations might log the following errors:

The security database has not been started.

The domain was in the wrong state to perform the security operation.


Addresses an issue that causes the primary domain controller (PDC) of the root domain to generate warning and error events in the System log. This issue occurs when the PDC incorrectly tries to scan outgoing-only trusts.

Addresses an issue that might damage BitLocker virtual machine-based (VM) system files if you expand the BitLocker partition while the VM is offline.

Addresses a known issue that prevents Windows servers that use the Routing and Remote Access Service (RRAS) from correctly directing internet traffic. Devices that connect to the server might not connect to the internet, and servers might lose connection to the internet after a client device connects to them.

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