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Costa Rica has taken an interesting step in regulating artificial intelligence (AI) by turning to an unlikely source for legal expertise – ChatGPT. In a move that caught the attention of policymakers worldwide, Costa Rican politicians sought the assistance of the AI-powered chatbot to draft a new law governing AI. With its remarkable ability to “think like a lawyer,” ChatGPT was tasked with creating a bill aligned with the country’s constitution. Let’s delve into the details of this extraordinary initiative that aims to shape the future of AI regulation.
Also Read: U.S. Congress Takes Action: Two New Bills Propose Regulation on Artificial IntelligenceCongress Turns to ChatGPT for AI Legislation Expertise
Also Read: Lawyer Fooled by ChatGPT’s Fake Legal ResearchA Unique Approach to AI Regulation Takes Shape
Under the guidance of Congresswoman Vanessa Castro, the initiative to regulate AI in Costa Rica gained momentum. ChatGPT’s role was pivotal, as it delivered a complete & meticulously crafted document that became the basis of the proposed law. The measure’s introduction drew both favorable and unfavorable feedback, highlighting the significance of this groundbreaking step in AI regulation.
Also Read: China Takes Bold Step to Regulate Generative AI ServicesKey Recommendations for AI Control
ChatGPT’s expertise led to a set of essential recommendations for governing AI systems in Costa Rica. The chatbot proposed the establishment of an independent regulatory body responsible for overseeing AI technologies. This body would operate with a focus on key principles such as accountability, explainability, bias prevention, and protection of human rights. By incorporating these values, the proposed law ensures that AI is used ethically and responsibly in Costa Rica.
Also Read: OpenAI and DeepMind Collaborate with UK Government to Advance AI Safety and ResearchPath to Implementation
The proposed law, officially filed in May, marks a significant milestone in Costa Rica’s journey toward AI regulation. However, the legislation is currently undergoing an open discussion phase to gather input and perspectives from various stakeholders. This process will facilitate revisions and additional debates in Congress before the bill reaches the parliamentary commission for further scrutiny and refinement.Human Intervention Remains Essential Differing Perspectives and Criticisms
Costa Rica joins a growing number of Latin American nations deliberating AI regulation. While there is widespread support for AI governance, not all lawmakers share the same sentiments regarding the proposed legislation. Johana Obando, a congresswoman from Costa Rica, voiced her concerns, criticizing the bill for lacking substance and merely presenting a “list of good wishes.” Obando believes that ChatGPT’s creation of provisions from the national constitution raises questions about the accuracy and reliability of the proposed law.
Also Read: AI Revolution in Legal Sector: Chatbots Take Center Stage in CourtroomsBuilding on International Standards
Obando emphasizes the importance of basing AI regulation on fundamental rights and international conventions. However, the bill currently under discussion lacks specific references to these rights and conventions, leaving room for improvement. Across Latin America, legislators are drawing inspiration from the EU’s AI Act, which enforces guidelines such as banning the use of AI in biometric monitoring and mandating transparency in AI-generated information.
Also Read: EU Calls for Measures to Identify Deepfakes and AI ContentLatin America’s Push for Ethical AI Frameworks
The region’s lawmakers are actively engaging in the development of ethical frameworks for AI use. Mexico, for instance, introduced a bill in March that encourages the establishment of an ethical framework focused on safeguarding personal information and human rights. Similarly, the Peruvian Congress recently approved the first law governing AI, emphasizing principles of digital security and ethics. These legislative efforts aim to create an environment where AI use is ethical, transparent, and sustainable.
Also Read: Governing Ethical AI: Rules & Regulations Preventing Unethical AIOur Say
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The U.S. Federal Communications Commission has voted to overturn large parts of two state laws that limit local governments from funding and building broadband networks.
Commissioners, in a 3-2 vote Thursday, moved to preempt laws in North Carolina and Tennessee that limit the expansion of existing municipal broadband networks in the two states.
The FCC order, coming in response to petitions from a city in each state, does not apply to laws that limit municipal broadband networks in about 20 other states. But the vote signals how the agency may act if it gets similar petitions from cities in other states, FCC officials have said.
The FCC action will help bring broadband competition to new areas, FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler said. “You can’t say you’re for broadband, and then turn around and endorse limits on it,” he said. ‘You can’t say you’re for competition, then deny local officials the right to offer competing choices.”
Several states have generated “thickets of red tape” limiting city-funded broadband networks from offering service, he said.
The commission’s two Republican members criticized the vote, saying unelected members of the FCC are attempting to rewrite legitimate state laws. Lawmakers in several states have said they plan to file a lawsuit to challenge the FCC’s authority to preempt state laws.
The U.S. Supreme Court has taken a dim view of federal attempts to preempt state laws, said Republican Commissioner Ajit Pai. The FCC’s action is “odd and unlawful,” Pai said. “All the lipstick in the world can’t disguise this pig.”
The FCC, by encouraging municipally funded broadband networks to compete with private carriers, is going to “unprecedented lengths to undermine the free market … and common sense,” added Republican Commissioner Michael O’Rielly. “You can’t say you’re for broadband, and then turn around and endorse limits on it.”
But the FCC has authority from Congress and the U.S. Constitution to preempt state broadband laws, FCC officials have said. The Constitution gives Congress, and thus the FCC, authority to regulate interstate commerce, and broadband is interstate in nature, FCC officials have argued. In addition, the Telecommunications Act of 1996 gives the FCC authority to take immediate action if broadband deployment lags, officials have said.
Wheeler has talked for months about preempting state laws limiting municipal broadband projects, and in January, President Barack Obama called on the agency to take action against those state laws.
State groups and some congressional Republicans argue that municipal broadband services use taxpayer money to compete with private broadband providers. In a handful of cases, municipal broadband projects have run into financial problems after large initial investments, critics note.
The two petitions to overturn state laws came from Wilson, North Carolina, and Chattanooga, Tennessee. The Tennessee law bars the Electric Power Board of Chattanooga from extending its 1 Gbps service outside the utility’s electric service territory.
In North Carolina, the state law requires community broadband services to add additional costs into their budgets, bars them from offering discounts to customers and bars the city service from extending its coverage area.
In some areas just outside the two networks’ coverage area, residents have no broadband service available, FCC officials said.
As fintech grows in India, fintech laws and regulations are becoming inherently important.
Over the years, theWhy are regulations necessary in the fintech industry?
With the evolution of technology, it is becoming difficult for regulators to keep up with the latest technological developments to curate theFintech Regulations in India
The regulatory landscape of the fintech sector in India is highly fragmented. There are no particular set of laws and regulations governing fintech services and products in India. With no definite set of rules for fintech services, it becomes difficult to drive the regulatory landscape, but policymakers realized it was mandatory to regulate the fintech sector in India.
Payment and Settlement Systems Act (2007): This law is the principal legislation, governing the payments regulation in India. This act prohibits the initiation and operation of any ‘payment system’ in India; without prior authorization of RBI. Payment structures include credit and debit card operations, smart card operations, money transfers, and PPIs.
Guidelines regulating P2P Lending Platforms: Peer-to-Peer Lending Platform Directions of 2023 prescribe the lender exposure norms and borrowing limits concerning the operations of P2P lending platforms in India.
NCPI Regulations regarding UPI payments: The UPI Procedural Guidelines, issued by the NCPI, regulate the UPI payments in India. According to this framework, money transfer services through UPI platforms have to be generated by the banks. Banks can engage technology providers to carry out the operation of mobile applications for UPI payments but under the eligibility criteria and prudential norms as prescribed by the NCPI.
NBFC Regulations: The Reserve Bank of India Act of 1934 governs all NBFCs. According to its regulations, any organization providing fintech services in India will have to be registered by the RBI. According to section 45-IA of the RBI Act, no NBFC can initiate or carry on the business of a non-banking financial institution without obtaining the certificate of registration from RBI.
Regulations governing Payment Banks: The payment banks do operate as a bank but function on a smaller scale. It cannot provide loans or issue credit cards. These banks are registered as private limited companies and licensed under section 22 of the Banking Regulations Act of 1949. Specific licensing conditions restrict the banks’ activities, especially for the acceptance of demand deposits and on payment and settlements.
Over the years, the fintech industry has developed and has witnessed exponential growth. Financial technology, or fintech, aims to upgrade and automate the use of financial services. It enables businesses, companies, and consumers to manage their financial transactions and payments efficiently. Implementing fintech laws and regulations ensures safety and security to financial institutions, providing services and the customers using chúng tôi the evolution of technology, it is becoming difficult for regulators to keep up with the latest technological developments to curate the fintech laws accordingly. Regulators and policymakers have to understand the latest fintech innovations and promote regulations that will enhance its service without compromising its security. Since fintech is growing, potential threats like frauds, breaches, and danger to cybersecurity are also on the rise. New payment systems and models can compromise security and market integrity. New products and services might be sold to customers who do not realize the risks or cannot provide to meet them. Blockchain, crowdfunding, and distributed ledger technology (DLT) are also developing the dangers of frauds and hacks. Because of these risks integrated with the finance sector, financial services are the most heavily regulated sector in the chúng tôi regulatory landscape of the fintech sector in India is highly fragmented. There are no particular set of laws and regulations governing fintech services and products in India. With no definite set of rules for fintech services, it becomes difficult to drive the regulatory landscape, but policymakers realized it was mandatory to regulate the fintech sector in India.
Most musicians can tune their instruments whenever they like. The exception is the pianist, who typically isn’t trained to tune the piano’s 200-plus strings. Instead, both amateur and professional piano players must hire a technician to get their instrument in shape. But Don Gilmore has accomplished an engineering feat that he says could do away with the need for tuners: a self-tuning piano.
Gilmore, a mechanical engineer whose day job is to make customized machinery for the military ammunition industry, started developing a mechanical self-tuning device in 1993. But, a new idea soon overshadowed the project.
One evening as Gilmore sat in his Kansas City home watching a “Cheers” rerun, he had the elusive inventor’s epiphany: why not run a current through each string to change its frequency? So, Gilmore walked over to his pile of instruments—he is an amateur musician from a long line of music men, including a great-grandfather who composed Methodist hymnals and a grandfather who was a bandleader, saxophonist and singer—and grabbed his steel string guitar. He hooked one string to the alligator clips of a variable desktop DC power supply and was able to change the string’s tuning by applying one or two volts.
The same idea, he thought, could be applied to a piano.HOW IT WORKS
First, Gilmore, whose expertise is in mechanics, had to teach himself electronics. He worked through around 12 prototypes before finally coming up with the current version of his electronic piano tuner.
The system starts when the player pushes an “on” button, located on the lower right side, directly under the keys. Next, individual circuit boards activate magnetic coils that simultaneously sustain the notes from all of the piano’s strings. An infrared sensor measures each string’s frequency, or how fast it is vibrating, and a computer compares that frequency with a note that was previously recorded after a tuning by a professional (and human) piano technician. If the original tuning seems off—room size and temperature, for example, can affect how the piano sounds—the owner can retune the piano and save that setting in the computer.
If the pitch needs adjustment, the system sends an electrical current through springs that touch each string’s tuning peg, heating it slightly to around 95 degrees. The heated strings expand, lowering the pitch.
But, the strings can’t be cooled in order to raise the pitch. Explains Gilmore: “The piano is tuned while the strings are warm. When you switch it off, all the strings go sharp (tighter) when they cool, which is its natural state.” So, in theory, the device will never have to increase the frequency in any of the strings.
The system tunes a piano in under two minutes and the device remains on while it is played. Gilmore estimates that the tuner costs seven cents an hour to run.TINKERING
QRS, a company that makes player pianos, licensed Gilmore’s technology in 1999 (first, the mechanical device, and later, the electronic version). But, the company wasn’t able to put the time and money into further developing the idea, and when the five-year contract ran out, Gilmore decided not to renew.WHO WILL USE IT?
Another problem is who might use the device. Gilmore estimates the price at around $1,000. A regular tuning costs around $100, and the casual player has their piano tuned just once or twice a year. If you break out the cost of keeping a piano in tune daily, the $1,000 price tag isn’t so bad. Still, the average player may balk at the cost.
Concert pianos, on the other hand, are tuned once or twice daily. But, says Bruce Brubaker, Chair Piano at the New England Conservatory, the self-tuning piano might not help. Aside from tuning, two key factors to a piano’s sound are voicing, which impacts the tone, and regulation, which changes how heavy the keys feel. In concert pianos, technicians often service the tuning, voicing and regulation, says Brubaker. While technicians tune more often than anything else, an automatic tuner wouldn’t totally replace them. Changes in a piano’s sound due to room size and temperature could also require extra service.
Kent Webb, the technical manager at piano manufacturer Steinway and Sons in Queens, NY, which also services pianos for Carnegie Hall and the New York Philharmonic, worries about the placement of the circuit board, how well the tuner will match the subtleties of each note and the impact of the heat on the piano’s wood: “We’re always thrilled by seeing people try to do something new with pianos, but we also must look critically at how it is going to affect the long term integrity of an instrument.”
But, if Gilmore can overcome some of these obstacles, “it could be a very marketable and helpful device.”
Gilmore is still looking for a manufacturer, after which he’ll decide whether his invention might be installed when the piano is made, or if it will come as a kit that a user can install at home.
Webb is doubtful that Steinway, one of the few remaining U.S. piano makers, will use the device with its current design. Still, Steinway makes just 2,500 pianos annually. At least a million more are manufactured globally each year, mostly in China, and making The Self-Tuning Piano on a large scale could drive down the price. “Even if I got one percent of that, I’d be tickled,” says Gilmore.
To start the tuning, the piano player simply pushes a button. This signals the self-tuner to sustain each note on the piano simultaneously.
Each note has its own sustainer, which uses magnetic coils to make the strings vibrate, sustaining the sound. Infrared sensors measure the frequency of each string and compare it to a pre-tuned note stored in a computer. If the string is off, the system sends an electrical current through the springs that touch each tuning peg to heat the string, causing it to expand and lower its pitch (the piano is typically already sharp, or at a higher frequency than desired, because of the way it has been pre-tuned).
The Self-Tuning Piano’s main circuit board, which controls the current going to each string.
Each circuit attaches to the piano’s strings by these springs. When the system tunes a string, an electric current heats the spring, which heats the string, changing its frequency until it is in tune. The pianos are initially tuned when the strings are warm, so that they tighten (go sharp) when they cool. This way, the tuner is always bumping them down to the correct note.
Springs Onto Pinblock
The springs are installed in the pinblock, which is typically made of hard wood and keeps the piano’s tuning pins secured. The springs touch the tuning pegs through the pegs’ pre-drilled holes.
The device fully installed. Gilmore isn’t sure if the self-tuning piano’s circuit boards will eventually be installed when the pianos are manufactured, or if it will come as a kit that users can install on their own.
A close-up of the circuits that are attached to each of the thick, copper-wrapped base strings.
How to Delete ChatGPT Account: Learn the simple steps to remove your ChatGPT account and protect your data.
The internet has been full of ChatGPT-related talks since its release in November 2023. Surely, you might have also signed up for this platform after hearing about its impressive features.
The bot can perform various tasks like writing essays, programs, music lyrics, etc. These features make it ideal for almost every industry.
While some still use the platform, others have decided to give up. If you no longer want to access your ChatGPT account, you can delete it using a few steps.
This guide shares detailed steps on how to delete ChatGPT account.
Can you delete an Open AI or ChatGPT account?
Deleting a ChatGPT account is pretty simple. You can delete your account from ChatGPT if you no longer want to access it.
However, you cannot delete your ChatGPT account separately. Instead, you must delete your Open AI account to delete the ChatGPT account.
Open AI is ChatGPT’s parent company. To access ChatGPT, you need an Open AI account. Likewise, you need to delete the Open AI account to delete your ChatGPT account.
Remember, deleting a chatGPT account will delete your conversations and information. You won’t be able to access it later on.
How to delete ChatGPT account?
As mentioned above, to delete your ChatGPT account, you must delete your Open AI account.
When you delete your Open AI account, the ChatGPT account will automatically be deleted. Below are the steps to delete your ChatGPT account:
Step 4: Choose Account deletion and complete the steps on your screen.
Step 5: ChatGPT’s support team will receive your request and respond within four weeks. The support team will send you an email once your account is deleted.
Also Read – Why Chat GPT is so Slow?
Can you deactivate a ChatGPT account?
You’ve learned how to delete your ChatGPT account. But do you know that you can also deactivate your account instead of permanently deleting it?
Yeah, that’s right!
ChatGPT allows users to deactivate their accounts and preserve their conversions. You can then reactivate the ChatGPT account and restore all your data.
This is the best option when you want to stop using ChatGPT temporarily. It will retain your data allowing you to reaccess it in the future. Here is the process to deactivate your ChatGPT account:
Step 2: Tap the Help icon at the bottom-right of your screen.
Step 3: Select the Send us a Message option.
Step 5: ChatGPT’s support team will get your request and respond within two weeks. After deactivating your account, you will receive an email on your registered email ID.
Note – We highly suggest to try these method to fix if Chat GPT isn’t working before deactivating or deleting your account.
Does Deleting ChatGPT account delete my data?
Deleting a ChatGPT account deletes your data permanently. You cannot restore your conversations or account details after deleting them.
However, ChatGPT stores some information on its server for up to 90 days. You can access it by requesting the support team.
Further, if you plan to delete your ChatGPT account, back up the important information.
BlackBerry is currently in the process of exploring “strategic alternatives” for the company, which may include putting it up for sale.
BlackBerry CEO Thorsten Heins, as part of a five-person committee, will look at a number of options including joint partnerships or alliances, as they attempt to raise stock value and increase sales of the company’s new BlackBerry 10 smartphones.
“During the past year, management and the board have been focused on launching the BlackBerry 10 platform … establishing a strong financial position, and evaluating the best approach to delivering long-term value for customers and shareholders,” said Timothy Dattels, chairman of BlackBerry’s new committee. “Given the importance and strength of our technology, and the evolving industry and competitive landscape, we believe that now is the right time to explore strategic alternatives.”
Said Heins in a release to the Canadian Press.
The announcement caused BlackBerry stock to jump more than 6% in early trading. This news comes on the heels of rumors that circulates late last week about BlackBerry’s board and executives warming up to the idea of potentially taking the company private. BlackBerry’s transition to a new operating system and a new line of smartphones has been the subject of investor scrutiny. Going private would shield BlackBerry from further scrutiny as the new phones struggle to gain traction with consumers.
Timothy Dattels, who is a senior partner at TPG Capital, will be heading the strategic review. Dattels joined BlackBerry’s board last year and had this to say in the same release:
“Given the importance and strength of our technology, and the evolving industry and competitive landscape, we believe that now is the right time to explore strategic alternatives.”
While Heins has repeatedly stated a preference for creating and selling new products rather than selling the company, he has publicly stated that no option is off the table at this point.
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