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Case Styles in Programming

Developing software at scale requires you to write code that is easy to manage. One of the main ways to enforce manageable code is by writing code that is easy to read. The easiest way to write readable code is by naming objects logically and carefully.

For example, you don’t want to use names like this:

myfavcol = "Blue" alcons = 10

Instead, you should use complete words for easier understandability.

myfavoritecolor = "Blue" allowedconnections = 10

But this gives rise to a new problem. Long multi-word literals look messy too. In some cases, the above object names can look overwhelming and be less readable. This all happens because programming languages don’t let you use blank spaces when naming objects. To overcome this issue, you can apply a case style for compound words to make them more readable.

In programming, the most common case styles are:

Camel case. In the camel case, compound words start with a capital first letter. Only the first word in the chain starts with a small first letter. This makes the multi-word names easier to read.

Snake case. In the snake case, compound words are separated by underscores. This adds a clear separator between words to make names more readable.

Pascal case. In the Pascal case, compound words start with a capital first letter. Unlike in the camel case, the first word also starts with a capital letter.

# Camel case myFavoriteColor = "Blue" allowedConnections = 10 # Snake case my_favorite_color = "Blue" allowed_connections = 10 # Pascal case MyFavoriteColor = "Blue" AllowedConnections = 10

Also, in web development, URLs and path names commonly use kebab case, in which words are separated by dashes.

Why Use a Case Style?

Notice that using a particular case style is not mandatory. Your program code runs whether you use case styles or not. But if you choose to use a case style, you should stick with it throughout the project.

With case styles, you can make your code more readable and concise. This is because you are not allowed to use blank spaces when naming objects in your code. So instead of using spaces, you can visually separate words from one another by using different case styles, such as camel case or snake case.

4 Popular Case Styles in Programming

Let’s take a more detailed look at the 4 popular case styles in programming.

Camel case

Snake case

Pascal case

Kebab case

Besides, you’ll see some examples and common use cases for these case styles.

1. Camel Case (camelCase)

In the camel case, each compound word starts with a capital letter—except for the very first letter of the first word.

Camel case is one of the most commonly used naming conventions in coding. In the camel case, compound words start with a capital letter. This helps visually differentiate words from one another when there are many words.

Notice that in the camel case, the first letter of the very first word starts with a lowercase letter.

Common Use Cases

Many programming languages use camel case to declare variables.

Let’s take a look at a Python example:

myAccountBalance = 100 distanceToMoon = 3.844e8 2. Pascal Case (PascalCase)

In the Pascal case, each compound word starts with a capital letter.

Pascal case is sometimes called the upper camel case. The only difference between the Pascal case and the camel case is that the very first letter is also capitalized in the Pascal case.

In other words, in the Pascal case, all compound words start with a capital letter. This helps distinguish words from one another in name literals of multiple words.

Common Use Cases

Pascal case originates from the Pascal programming language. But it has spread out to be a popular naming convention in other programming languages too.

The most common use case for the pascal case is for naming classes.

For example:

class MainViewController: UIViewController { ... } 3. Snake Case (snake_case)

In the snake case, words are separated by underscores.

Snake case is a case style where each compound word is separated by an underscore. This greatly improves the readability of values with long multi-word names.

Common Use Cases

Snake case is a really common naming convention in Python programming language.

my_age = 26 date_today = "2024-09-15"

It’s also common to see database fields labeled with snake-cased names.

As an example:

{ first_seen: "2024-07-02", last_modified: "2024-09-15" }

Sometimes, when declaring constant values, you might use capitalized snake case where each letter is capitalized.

DISTANCE_TO_MOON = 3.884e8

This variation of snake case is sometimes called the macro case or screaming snake case. But more often than not developers call it the capital snake case or just the snake case.

4. Kebab Case (kebab-case)

In the kebab case, words are separated by a dash.

In the kebab case, you separate words with a dash. This is reminiscent of the snake case where you separate words with an underscore.

But the kebab case is not commonly used in programming languages. This is because your typical coding language doesn’t allow adding dashes between words that make up the names of the objects.

Common Use Cases

You typically use a kebab case when creating URLs.

For example:

In URLs, you typically don’t see capital letters. This is because the URLs shouldn’t look like they are yelling at you. Thus, the Pascal case and camel case are not good options for visually separating compound words in a URL slug. This is why the kebab case is commonly used. Instead of capitalizing the letters, they are separated by dashes.

What Is the Best Case Style?

When it comes to case styles, there is no agreed answer as to what is the best one for them. Each case style serves the same purpose—to improve the readability of compound words.

To choose a case style, you need to keep in mind:

Language-specific best practices.

Team-level conventions.

Your personal preferences.

In many languages, the case style you “should” use depends on the type of object you are naming. It’s typical to name variables, functions, and class definitions all using different case styles!

Let me show you a demonstrative example in Swift, the iOS development language.

Example: Case Styles in Swift

In Swift, you commonly see the following case styling best practices in use:

Name variables, constants, functions, and methods using camel case.

Name class definitions using the Pascal case.

class MainViewController { ... } let allowedConnections = 10 var numberOfStudents = 100

Also, sometimes you see developers naming constants in snake case with all characters in upper case.

let ALLOWED_CONNECTIONS = 10 Mind Your Team Preferences

Using a “wrong” case style convention doesn’t crash your code. But you need to mind your teammates when writing code. After all, the case style must be consistent across the different code files of the project.

If (and when) your development team has specified team-specific case-styling guidelines, you should follow them. Usually, these best practices follow language-specific conventions. But this is not always the case. For example, if you are part of the math-heavy code base, you will probably use snake cases more often than not.

Wrap Up

Today you learned about the case styles of coding languages.

The case styles are used to make code more readable and understandable. The reason why case styles are needed is that you cannot use blank spaces when separating words in object names. To help make the distinction between words, case styles, such as the camel case can help.

In coding, there are three case styles that you see frequently:

Camel case

Snake case

Pascal case

In web development, you see paths and URLs using the kebab case. In the kebab case, compound words are separated by dashes.

There is no right or wrong case style. To choose the case style, check the language-specific best practices and common conventions. Also, don’t forget to check your team-specific guidelines if you are coding in a team.

Thanks for reading. Happy coding!

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How To Install Styles In Phpbb Forum? – Webnots

Almost 30% of the forum sites on the web are powered by a simple package called phpBB. This is a free and open source platform for anyone to download and start building a community based forum sites in minutes. If you are familiar with themes in WordPress, that’s the same stuff being called as styles in phpBB forum. The latest version 3.2.1 downloaded from the official site will have a default style called prosilver. This is the popular style you can see all over the internet like below.

Default Prosilver Style for phpBB Forum

Nevertheless, you can easily change the style or theme of your forum which we will discuss in this article.

Related: How to reduce registration spam in phpBB forum?

Download Free Styles

The demo tab will take you to the phpBB demo styles page where you can view different styles and download the required one.

Viewing Demo of phpBB Forum Styles

Remember, not all styles are compatible with all phpBB forum version. Download the style which is compatible with your phpBB forum version.

Purchasing Premium Styles

Most of the free styles available in the official phpBB customization database repository looks similar. They are basically a variation of the default prosilver style. If you are looking for custom style for your forum then look for premium styles. One of the best place to look for is themeforest. Go to themeforest site and search for “phpBB theme”. You will find many themes like Milk and Flatboots.

Buying Theme from Themeforest

Again, remember that you are not looking for a WordPress theme to get hundreds of results. You will only see handful of premium themes to choose from. Check out the live preview of each theme and buy the one you like.

Installing Styles Through FTP

Any customization to your phpBB forum site needs to be done through FTP account and Administrator Control Panel (ACP). Login to your FTP account using software like FileZilla. Unzip the free or purchased theme and upload the theme under “forum root/styles/” directory.

Upload Extracted Folder in Styles Directory

Don’t upload the zip file, only upload the extracted folder instead.

Installing Styles Through ACP

Installing Style in phpBB Forum

You should see the success message like below, if the installation is successful. If you have any problem with style installation, post your query in the support forums for free styles and get in touch with the author for premium style.

Style Installed Successfully

Activating the Style

After successful installation, go to “Styles” section to see all installed styles. In the below screenshot, you can see two installed styles. One is a premium flatboots theme from themeforest and the second is a default prosilver style.

Activating Style in phpBB Forum

Note:

In phpBB, it is possible to have multiple styles activated at the same time. In order to choose a theme for your forum, you should either choose “Make default style” for one style or deactivate all other styles.

Uninstalling styles will not delete the style from your site. You can simply install it back right from the ACP under “Install Styles” section.

Changing Back to Default Prosilver Style

At any point of time, you can change the style back to default prosilver style by making it default and active. If you have deleted the default prosilve style, download the prosilver special edition for version 3.2.1 from the official site. Or you can download the subsilver2 for version 3.1x or prosilver for version 3.2.x here. Follow the same steps as explained above to install and activate the default style

Making The Case For Going Case

I decided to go completely case-less. Most of you guys probably think I already do that, since I never have a case on my devices when I’m filming a new video.

But that, as it turns out, hasn’t been so. I used to only keep my iPhone nude for aesthetic purposes on film. As soon as I hit the shutter release on my camera to stop filming, back in the case she went.

Then I read something that changed my perspective on things. After seeing this post by John Gruber, I started thinking. Why are we so obsessed with encapsulating our devices in protective covering? Aren’t we ridding ourselves of the pleasure of using it as it was intended and designed to be used?

I decided to embark on an experiment. One that could prove costly, but at the same time provide me with a since of liberation. I was going to go case-less…

That was two months ago, and I’ve never looked back. It’s hard for me to imagine ever going back to using a case after using my iPhone 5 without one for the last two months.

I will admit that I have yet to throw caution completely to the wind, not yet at least. I purchased AppleCare+ just in case my phone is cosmetically damaged to the point where it bothers me. I’ve also placed a thin square patch of film on the back on my slate iPhone 5, because the anodized aluminum is so prone to scratches. That being said, it’s barely even there, and it’s certainly not providing me with any real protection in the event of a catastrophic drop.

I’ve received some pretty funny responses from friends, family, and even random strangers upon them seeing my case-less iPhone 5.

“You must be pretty brave to do that,” noted one stranger in a local Starbucks.

“That’s insane!” proclaimed an OtterBox obsessed friend.

Just a few months ago, I would have at least sympathized with them, but now I think they’re downright ridiculous for covering up such a fine piece of hardware. They pay all of this money for a device, and they don’t even get to touch it, can’t even feel it, and can barely see it. It all seems silly to me now.

Of course, going case-less has its downsides. For one, it’s inevitable that you phone will suffer from a few scratches here and there. These scratches are largely unnoticeable without a thorough examination of the device, or without the sun hitting it at just the right angle, but they’re there.

The slate iPhone 5, as you know, is prone to scuffs due to the anodized aluminum coating. I’m a victim of “scuffgate“, and I do notice more than a few areas on my iPhone where the bare metal is showing beneath the coating. Again, it’s not something that’s immediately discernible, but a close up view will reveal the imperfections.

I have to admit, at first, I was kind of annoyed with the hairline scratches on the screen, or the scuffs on the aluminum housing. I began to second guess the rightness of my decision to go without a case. But then I got to thinking, I really use my iPhone. I mean I really use it. As someone who blogs about iOS devices for a living, I put my iPhone through more stress than the average iPhone owner. It truly is a testament to the design of the device, that I only have the few scratches and scuffs that I do.

I’ve dropped my iPhone on a hardwood floor multiple times. I lay it face down or face up on virtually any surface. I’m always placing it in my pocket with keys and other potentially dangerous objects, and yet, it still looks virtually brand new.

All things considered, I do not regret my decision to go case-less one bit; not one iota. It’s such a liberating feeling to be able to directly interface with your device without any barriers. You don’t have to worry about cases interfering with the camera, or being too bulky. You get to truly enjoy an item, which by its very nature, is truly meant to uninhibitedly touched.

Seo Title Preview:midjourney Styles Prompts

Midjourney is an amazing AI tool that lets artists and enthusiasts unleash their creativity by creating art inspired by text prompts. With its cutting-edge algorithms and wide range of artistic styles, Midjourney provides a one-of-a-kind platform for making breathtaking and diverse artworks. In this article, we’ll dive into the realm of Midjourney style prompts, exploring different artistic genres and prompts that can unlock endless creative potential.

See More: 50 midjourney Prompts List: Crafting Winning Prompts

Midjourney styles prompts offer an extensive range of artistic styles, each with its own unique characteristics and visual aesthetics. By utilizing these prompts, users can guide Midjourney to generate AI art in their preferred style. Let’s explore some of the most captivating Midjourney styles prompts:

A photo-realistic portrait of an astronaut floating in space with the Earth in the background.

Create a realistic landscape of a cherry blossom tree near a tranquil pond in springtime.

A cute cartoon fox wearing a detective hat and coat, holding a magnifying glass.

An animated scene of a cat warrior fighting with swords on a battlefield.

A beautiful anime princess with long pink hair, blue eyes, in a flowing gown, delicate features.

An intense scene of two anime samurai about to battle with katanas drawn.

An 8-bit pixel art landscape of a castle surrounded by pixel trees and mountains.

A retro pixel art astronaut exploring pixel planets and stars in space.

An Andy Warhol inspired pop art portrait of Marilyn Monroe in vivid neon colors.

A Roy Lichtenstein inspired pop art scene of a plane shooting missiles.

A Jackson Pollock inspired abstract expressionist splatter paint artwork.

An abstract geometric sculpture in the style of Pablo Picasso.

A surreal landscape with floating islands in the sky painted by Salvador Dali.

Melting clocks hanging from a tree in an eerie surrealist dreamscape.

A cubist portrait of a woman’s face fragmented into geometric shapes.

A Pablo Picasso inspired cubist painting of a guitar player.

An ornate baroque frame surrounding a portrait of Queen Elizabeth.

Angels and clouds in a baroque ceiling mural painted by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.

An impressionist landscape of water lilies in a pond painted by Claude Monet.

A scene of people drinking coffee in a cafe painted in impressionist style.

By leveraging these diverse styles, artists and enthusiasts can harness the power of Midjourney to create art that truly reflects their imagination and artistic vision.

Yes, you can combine different styles in a single prompt to create unique and hybrid artworks. Experimentation with styles allows for the exploration of new artistic territories.

Absolutely! Midjourney caters to artists and enthusiasts of all skill levels. Its user-friendly interface and diverse prompt options make it accessible and engaging for both professionals and beginners.

While Midjourney offers a wide range of predefined prompts, it also allows users to create their own custom prompts. This flexibility enables artists to generate art based on their specific preferences and ideas.

The artworks generated by Midjourney are unique and original in the sense that they are created based on the text prompts provided. However, it’s important to note that the AI algorithms analyze vast amounts of existing artworks, which may influence the style and composition of the generated pieces.

Midjourney styles prompts open up a world of artistic possibilities, allowing users to explore various genres, styles, and creative ideas. Whether you prefer realistic portrayals, vibrant cartoons, or abstract expressions, Midjourney empowers artists and enthusiasts to bring their imagination to life. So why wait? Dive into the realm of Midjourney and unlock your creative potential today!

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Top 4 Coding Mistakes Data Scientists Make In Beginning

A person who is better at statistics than any software engineer and better at software engineering than any statistician is an ideal definition of a data scientist. Many data scientists come from a statistics background with a little bit of experience in software engineering (and vice versa). Data science is one of the fastest-growing fields and competition to be the best is constantly increasing. Here are the top 4 coding mistakes data scientists make at beginning of their career and solutions to avoid them:  

Writing Unit Tests

Sometimes, even without you noticing, parameters or user input change, and your code might break in data. That can prompt terrible output and on the off chance that somebody settles on choices dependent on your output, and bad data will result in a bad decision. To avoid such mistakes, use affirms articulations to check for data quality. Pandas have equality tests, d6tstack has checked for information ingestion and d6tjoin for data joins.  

Doing Document Coding

There might be a situation where you will be in hurry to produce some analysis. But this often results in making changes and updates later and this time you look at your code and cannot remember why you did what you did. When this sounds confusing to you imagine someone else who has to run it. To avoid such a situation, take the extra time for your work, regardless of whether it’s after you have conveyed the analysis, to record what you did. You will say thanks to yourself and others will do such much more.  

CSVs or Pickle Records

Just like capacities and for circles, CSVs and pickle files are generally utilized however they are not an excellent choice. CSVs do exclude a mapping so everybody needs to parse numbers and dates again. Pickles settle that, however only work in python and are not packed. Both are ideal options to store large datasets. You can utilize parquet or other binary data formats with information patterns, in perfect world ones that compress data. d6tflow naturally saves data output of undertakings as parquet so you don’t need to manage it.  

Data Referenced in Code

Code and data are the basics of data science. So for another person to have the option to recreate your outcomes, they need to approach the data. Appears to be essential however a many individuals neglect to impart the data to their code.

A person who is better at statistics than any software engineer and better at software engineering than any statistician is an ideal definition of a data scientist. Many data scientists come from a statistics background with a little bit of experience in software engineering (and vice versa). Data science is one of the fastest-growing fields and competition to be the best is constantly increasing. Here are the top 4 coding mistakes data scientists make at beginning of their career and solutions to avoid them:Sometimes, even without you noticing, parameters or user input change, and your code might break in data. That can prompt terrible output and on the off chance that somebody settles on choices dependent on your output, and bad data will result in a bad decision. To avoid such mistakes, use affirms articulations to check for data quality. Pandas have equality tests, d6tstack has checked for information ingestion and d6tjoin for data joins.There might be a situation where you will be in hurry to produce some analysis. But this often results in making changes and updates later and this time you look at your code and cannot remember why you did what you did. When this sounds confusing to you imagine someone else who has to run it. To avoid such a situation, take the extra time for your work, regardless of whether it’s after you have conveyed the analysis, to record what you did. You will say thanks to yourself and others will do such much chúng tôi like capacities and for circles, CSVs and pickle files are generally utilized however they are not an excellent choice. CSVs do exclude a mapping so everybody needs to parse numbers and dates again. Pickles settle that, however only work in python and are not packed. Both are ideal options to store large datasets. You can utilize parquet or other binary data formats with information patterns, in perfect world ones that compress data. d6tflow naturally saves data output of undertakings as parquet so you don’t need to manage chúng tôi and data are the basics of data science. So for another person to have the option to recreate your outcomes, they need to approach the data. Appears to be essential however a many individuals neglect to impart the data to their code. To avoid this, utilization of d6tpipe to share information records with your code or transfer to S3/web/Google drive and so forth or save to a data set so the beneficiary can recover documents.

Top 10 Coding Bootcamps That Kids Can Join In 2023

Here the article enlists some highly-rated top 10 coding bootcamps for kids in 2023

Finding the best coding bootcamps for kids can be a devastating task. There are lots of options available which create confusion and it becomes hard to figure out where to start and what works best for your child. Today we have drafted some of the best coding bootcamps for kids and teens to guide you find a path of study for your children to boost these essential coding skills while exploring their creative curiosity and working their brains, regardless of age or previous coding experience. Today online education, gaming, and business are gaining popularity and this scenario has widely increased the need for experienced coders in the present job market and the number is going to increase more in coming years. Therefore, keeping this in mind some cutting-edge companies such as Create & Learn and ABC Mouse provides coding bootcamps for younger developers. Here in this article, we have pulled together a list of highly-rated top 10 coding bootcamps for kids in 2023.

Scratch Ninja

Scratch is one of the best ways to begin coding because it is a user-friendly language plotted by MIT. It helps youngsters focus on learning logic without getting involved in messy typing because it is block-based. It makes kids capable to create interactive stories, games, and animations within their first session. This particular Scratch Bootcamp is very interesting because students make a cool game in every session. It is among the top coding bootcamps for kids.

Ages: Grades 2+

Minecraft Redstone Engineering

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Minecraft Modding Quest

Minecraft Modding Quest is listed among the top bootcamp for kids in 2023.  In this cool coding bootcamp, teenagers will control agents to solve puzzles while interacting with different in-game characters. They will understand core coding concepts for example loop, operations, conditional, events, function, variables, and more. As students get more comfortable with these coding skills, they will also start developing more complex structures as well as their own mini-games.

Ages: Grades 2-5

Junior Robotics

This Vex robotics virtual world-class upskill students on how coding is applied in robotics through fun, hands-on projects. Students will develop skills how to navigate robots through in a virtual environment and 

acquire a deeper understanding of how robots can be used to solve problems through many real-world examples. It is listed among the top coding bootcamps for kids in 2023.

Ages: Grades 2-4

Internet Safety for Kids

Do your children understand what information they should or should not show on social media or video games? Teenagers are online more than ever before, but do they know how to use the Internet safely and protect their privacy? When students join this class, they’ll explore a wide range of topics related to computer security, modern computers, and the Internet. They’ll enjoy fun videos, games, and security tools, as well as building projects of their own.

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Java Primer with Android Class

Java class is focused on building the type of skills that will enable further exploration in Java. Each session actively engages students in creating real-world mobile programs on Android platforms using Java. Students will not only be learning about Java, and Moblie development concepts but also using them for actual solutions. Its small class size means that students will receive the kind of individualized attention and support that is so critical to success in computer science. 

Ages: Grades 6-12

Unity Game Development

Have you ever wondered how professionals design games that have such sophisticated features and looks? They apply game engines – and Unity is the top one! This series of Unity classes acknowledge students about the core techniques of developing both 2D and 3D games in Unity. It covers an extensive range of topics from character control, and coding (in C#), to asset management.

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Python for AI

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Website Coding Class

Get started developing your first website from scratch! It will provide you with all the necessary learning about the inner workings of the Internet and the world wide web. This live online class covers everything from building web pages and understanding how the Internet works, to learn more about the layers of business players around the Internet economy. Students master JavaScript and build websites with dynamic content that can respond to interactions from viewers.

Ages: Grades 5-9

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Have you ever thought to understand how computers work exactly? How does a computer understand the code we write? How do computers talk to each other? How to keep our data secure? In this Computer Science Principles class, students will get a chance to learn a broad range of important fundamental topics in computer science such as binary, encryption, networking, and more. It is a great step for learning more about the system and architectural aspects of computers.

Ages: Grades 6-12

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