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Biography of Helen Richardson Khan

Helen Richardson, also known as just Helen, is an Indian dancer and actress of Burmese descent who works in Hindi cinema. She was born Helen Anne Richardson on November 21, 1938. She has appeared in over 700 films, received two Filmfare Awards, and is the most well-known nautch dancer. She served as the model for four motion pictures and a book. She is Salim Khan’s second wife, a seasoned writer, and a producer.

Early Life

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WWII saw the death of their father. The family then made the journey by foot to Mumbai in 1943 to flee the Japanese takeover of Burma. She dropped out of school to support her parents because her mother’s nursing wage was insufficient to cater to a family of four. Helen stated that she was 19 in 1957 and received her first significant break in Howrah Bridge in the documentary Queen of the Nautch Girls.

Career of Helen Richardson

A family friend named Cukoo, an actress, introduced Helen to Bollywood by helping her land roles as a backup dancer in the movie Shabistan as well as Awara (1951). She soon had a regular job and appeared as a soloist dancer in films like Hoor-e-Arab and Alif Laila (1955).

When she was 19, Geeta Dutt’s single “Mera Naam Chin Chin Chu” from Shakti Samanta’s movie Howrah Bridge gave her a big break. After that, during the 1960s and 1970s, offers began to flood. Geeta Dutt performed many songs for her at the beginning of her career.

She appeared as a supporting actress in Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar’s films Imaan Dharam, Don, Dostana, and Sholay. She then starred in Mahesh Bhatt’s 1979 film Lahu Ke Do Rang, earning a Filmfare nomination for Best Supporting Actress. Helen received the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 1999.

Despite her 1983 declaration of retirement from acting, Helen has since made a few guest appearances in films, including Khamoshi: The Musical (1996) and Mohabbatein (2000). In the movie Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam, she additionally made a memorable cameo as the mother of Salman Khan’s fictional stepson. In 2006, she also made an appearance in Humko Deewana Kar Gaye. Helen has opted for the 2009 Padma Shri award alongside Aishwarya Rai and Akshay Kumar.

Personal Life

Helen wed Salim Khan, a well-known Bollywood screenwriter, in 1981. Khan had four children and was already married. Helen embraced the Khan home and played a significant part in maintaining the family’s stability alongside Khan and his previous wife, Salma. Helen’s stepchildren have formed close relationships with her, and Salma Khan, Salim’s first wife, nearly always joins Helen for public events. Christian is Helen.

When Khan stumbled across this infant and noticed her in tears, he took her home to care for her. Arpita grew up alongside her three parents, three brothers, and one older sister in the Khan family. After completing her education at the London School of Fashion, she returned to Mumbai to work for an interior design company.

Arpita wed Delhi-based businessman Aayush Sharma on November 18, 2014; he is the grandson of former government cabinet minister Sukh Ram and the child of Anil Sharma, a minister in the Himachal Pradesh government. The wedding date coincides with the 50th wedding anniversary of Salim Khan and his previous wife, Salma.

Non-Acting Career

She gave theatre performances in Hong Kong, Paris, and London. A 30-minute documentary film, Helen, Queen of the Nautch Girls from Merchant Ivory Films, was released in 1973. The movie’s director and narrator were Anthony Korner. Jerry Pinto released a book on Helen in 2006 entitled. The Life and Times of an H-Bomb, winning the National Film Award for Best Book on Movies in 2007.

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Biography, Early Life, Career, Movies, Facts, Awards

About Keira Knightley Personal Biography

Full Name Keira Christina Knightley

Birth Date 26th March 1985

Birth Place London

Marital Status Married

Partner James Righton (2013)

Children 2

Parents Sharman Macdonald & Will Knightley

Occupation Actress

First Movie Innocent Lies (1995)

Last Movie Silent Night

Net Worth $80 Million

Height 5′ 7″

Weight 119 lbs.

Hair Color Dark Brown

Eye Color Brown

Favourite Book Pride & Prejudice

Early Life

Keira was determined to act as a career, and at the mere age of 3, she demanded her agent and got one when she was 6! It gave her acting jobs in various TV dramas. Sharman’s friends encouraged Keira to pursue drama school, but for financial reasons, she chose not to.

Career Timeline

At 6, Keira Knightley had an agent, which shows her passion for art. She appeared in several TV movies before bagging a role in Star Wars: Episode I as Sabe. At that time, Natalie Portman dubbed Keira’s dialogues. She was cast for the role because she looked pretty like Natalie.

Her first significant role was in Princess of Thieves, where the beautiful actress played Robin Hood’s daughter. After that, her breakthrough performance was in Bend It Like Beckham, a comedy movie by Gurinder Chadha. In that movie, she played the role of a tomboy who played football and convinced her friend to do the same.

In 2003, Keira Knightley acted in Pirates of the Caribbean and portrayed the role of Elizabeth Swann. She simultaneously worked in Love Actually and received praise from around the world.

Keira’s role in Pride & Prejudice is one of the most successful characters throughout her journey. The movie was a commercial blockbuster.

Movies of Keira Knightley

Year Movie Character

1995 Innocent Lies Young Celia

2002 Bend It Like Beckham Jules Paxton

2002 New Year’s Eve Leah

2003 Love Actually Juliet

2003 Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl Elizabeth Swann

2004 King Arthur Guinevere

2005 Pride & Prejudice Elizabeth Bennet

2007 Atonement Cecilia Tallis

2008 The Duchess Georgiana Cavendish

2014 Jack Ryan: Shadow Recruit Cathy Muller

2024 The Aftermath Rachael Morgan

Fun Facts about Keira Knightley

Keira Knightley once told in an interview that she took a girl as her prom date in school. She said that no boy wanted to take her to the prom.

She had dyslexia as a child, but with constant practice and support around her, she subsided it. Till now, she cannot focus on reading properly and takes time to read anything.

While casting Keira Knightley for the role in Pride & Prejudice, Joe Wright said that he found the actress too beautiful. But he noticed what he was looking for when he met Keira.

Since the British actress is so pretty, people often overlook her personality. Those who have given time to understand her have said she has a great sense of humour.

She was one of the noteworthy cast of the Pirates of the Caribbean, but she almost missed the auditions! Thank god she reached on time.

Awards & Nominations

Keira Knightley has received several nominations and awards for her theatrical and movie performances. The leading nominations include Laurence Olivier Award, Guild Award, Golden Globe Award, British Academy Award, and Academy Awards.

Her fantastic performance in Bend It Like Beckham won her the title of Best Newcomer in the London Film Critics’ Awards.

Keira’s first BAFTA award nomination was for her role in Atonement, where she acted with James McAvoy.

Her total award wins till now are 24, and nominations stand at 94! It indeed proves that Keira Knightley is a stick of acting dynamite.

Personal Statistics, Early Life, Timeline, Best Movies

Film Actor/Model

Aditya Seal is an Indian actor known for his roles in films such as Student of the Year 2, Tum Bin 2, and Pyaar Ka Punchnama 2. He has also appeared in various television shows such as Fear Factor: Khatron Ke Khiladi and The Trip web series. He gained recognition after his role in the film Student of the Year 2. He is known for his good looks and is considered a heartthrob by many.

Personal Statistics

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Date of Birth

5th March 1995

Age 25 years

Height 5 feet 8 inches

Weight 65 kg

Zodiac Sign Pisces

Eye Color Black

Hair Color Black

Early Life of Aditya Seal

Aditya Seal was born on 22 March 1988 in Mumbai, India. He is the son of Pravin Seal and Sulbha Seal. He attended St. Joseph High School in Mumbai and later attended H.R. College of Commerce and Economics for his further studies. He initially wanted to become an actor and was inspired by Shah Rukh Khan’s and Aamir Khan’s films. He started acting at 16 and worked in numerous plays and T.V. serials. He made his debut in a Bollywood film, Tum Bin 2, in 2024.

Born on 22 March 1995 in Mumbai, India

Grew up in Mumbai

Attended Jamnabai Narsee School

Took part in various stage plays during school

At the age of 8, he started his acting career

Timeline Early Childhood (1997-2008)

Aditya Seal was born in Mumbai, India, on 22 March 1997. From a formative stage, he demonstrated a keen interest in the performing arts and actively participated in various school-based productions and competitions.

High School (2008-2011) College (2011-2014)

Aditya Seal studied mass media at St. Xavier’s College in Mumbai. He actively pursued his passion for acting during this period and participated in various plays and theater festivals.

Film Debut (2014)

In 2014, Aditya Seal made his film debut with the Tamil movie Sigaram Thodu. He played the character of a young man struggling to make ends meet.

Breakthrough Performance (2024)

Aditya Seal’s breakthrough performance came in 2024 with his role in the Bollywood movie Student of the Year. He played the role of Manav, the famous school bully, and earned praise for his performance.

Successful Movies (2024-2024) Present (2024-present)

Aditya Seal is currently engaged in several upcoming film projects, one of which is the highly anticipated “Coolie No.1,” set for release in 2023. Additionally, he can be seen in the web series “Crash,” currently available on Zee5.

Career 5 Best Movies of Aditya Seal

Year Movie Name Character Name Box Office Collection Result 

2024 Student of the Year 2 Rohan Sachdev ₹86.09 crore Flop

2024 Malang Advait Thakur ₹69.25 crore Flop

2024 Kabir Singh Kabir Singh ₹377.91 crore Blockbuster

2024 Sadak 2 Ravi ₹14.10 crore Flop

2024 Namaste England Shravan ₹7.25 crore Flop

Surprising Facts About Aditya Seal

Aditya Seal made his acting debut at 11 in the 2002 film Ek Chhotisi Love Story.

He was part of the MTV reality show Splitsvilla 5 in 2012.

Aditya is a drummer and has performed with several famous bands.

He enjoys playing football and cricket in his free time.

Aditya Seal is an animal lover and has two pet cats.


Aditya Seal is a highly accomplished Indian actor and model who has established a successful career in the entertainment industry since 2005. He is recognized for his dynamic and versatile performances in notable films such as Student of the Year 2, Pyaar Ka Punchnama 2, and Namaste England. Throughout his career, he has garnered critical acclaim and recognition for his exceptional talent, earning multiple awards and accolades, including two SIIMA Awards and two Lions Gold Awards.


Aditya Seal is an Indian actor known for leading roles in various films and television shows. He has also won multiple awards for his work in film and television, including two Filmfare Awards and two Star Screen Awards. He has also been in nomination for several other awards, including a National Film Award. Seal’s acting career began in 2006 with the television show Karishma – The Miracle of Destiny, which also got nominated for a Best Child Actor Award. He has since starred in numerous films and television shows, including Student of the Year 2, Namaste England, and Ek Duje Ke Vaaste. In addition to his acting career, Seal is also an accomplished singer, having released several songs.


Aditya Seal has established himself as a prominent actor in the Indian film industry. His notable performances in films such as Student of the Year 2, Name No. 1, and Tum Bin 2 have garnered widespread acclaim from audiences and critics. He is also known for his ability to take up challenging roles and deliver outstanding performances. With his hard work and dedication, Aditya Seal has demonstrated exceptional talent and commitment, effectively establishing a distinct presence within the entertainment industry. He is poised to become a highly sought-after performer, evidenced by his rapidly expanding portfolio of notable roles and accolades.

Variable Universal Life (Vul) Insurance

Variable Universal Life (VUL) Insurance

A life insurance policy that builds cash value

Written by

CFI Team

Published April 28, 2023

Updated June 28, 2023

What Is Variable Universal Life (VUL) Insurance?

Variable Universal Life Insurance is a life insurance policy that builds cash value. The accumulated cash in the policy can be invested in a number of different ways. The investments are chosen by the policyholder, in accordance with their financial goals and risk tolerance.

Variable universal policies differ from whole life policies because there is no “endowment” age. The endowment age – typically pegged at 100 – is the age of the policyholder at which the policy’s cash value will be exactly equal to the stated death benefit amount.


Variable universal life (VUL) insurance is a type of policy that builds cash value.

VUL premiums are very flexible, ranging from minimum monthly payments to maximum allowable monthly payments.

How Does Variable Universal Life Insurance Work?

The “universal” component means that the policyholder can flexibly make payments, with premiums that may range all the way up to the maximum allowed by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service. The only requirement for monthly premiums is that they meet a specified minimum amount required to keep the policy in force.

If there is sufficient cash value existing in the policy to cover the required minimum monthly premium amount, the insured is not required to make any payment at all. The minimum payment will simply be drawn from the policy’s existing cash value. (This directly contrasts with whole life insurance, which comes with fixed premium payments that need to be paid so that the policy doesn’t lapse.)

The “variable” component of the name is a reference to the fact that the policyholder can invest in a choice of instruments, such as stocks and bonds, and, therefore, the investment returns can, and will, vary. Some policies offer more than 30 separate sub-accounts for investing in virtually any type of asset class.

Structure of VUL Insurance

To make it more simple, variable universal life insurance is a combination of both a savings element and a death benefit. The VUL policy allows for more flexibility so it can be managed easier. Premiums are paid into the savings component. The savings component, itself, is further broken down into sub-accounts, which can be invested in a wide range of assets, as noted above.

Tax Advantages of VUL Insurance

The insured can withdraw money from the policy, tax-free, in the form of policy loans (up to the total amount of the policy’s accumulated cash value).

Taxes on the gains from policy investments are deferred until the policyholder takes withdrawals of the policy’s cash value in retirement.

Death benefits paid out to the insured’s beneficiaries are not subject to income tax (although they may be subject to estate taxes in some states).

The Downside of VUL Insurance

While variable universal life insurance policies offer flexibility and significant tax benefits, they typically include very high administrative costs (up to several thousand dollars). VUL policies are high commission sales products for insurance agents. The generous commissions must be covered by the administrative costs for the policy.

More Resources

CFI offers the Financial Modeling & Valuation Analyst (FMVA)™ certification program for those looking to take their careers to the next level. To keep learning and developing your knowledge base, please explore the additional relevant CFI resources below:

12 Months Of Pandemic Life In 12 Photographs

There are certain sights that people have grown habituated—and even numb—to in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. We may have forgotten what it’s like to read someone’s facial expressions now that we’re always masked up in public. And we’ve probably grown accustomed to sanitizer dispensers greeting us in every school, store, and office.

Point is, the status quo has changed dramatically from last March to this March. Even if life slips back to normal with vaccinations, some scenes and symbols will always be inseparable from this global health disaster we’ve been fighting. Let’s take a look at 12 from around the US.

The Minnesota National Guard conducts a nasal swab test on a potential COVID-19 patient. Sgt. Linsey Williams/Minnesota National Guard

The extra-long swab used in early COVID-19 tests became somewhat of a meme in the first months of the pandemic. People described a tickling sensation in their brain, or even a stabbing pain, after getting brushed by a health care worker. But the intimidating length of the swab was important: Because the virus attacked the respiratory system, it could leave an imprint anywhere between the nasal passage and the back of the throat. Today, most tests use a simple saliva strip to collect a cell sample, albeit with weaker results.

Spiky Sars-CoV-2 particles emerge from a lab cell culture. NIAID

Most folks are familiar with the pom-pom-like illustration of the coronavirus shared by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But what does the pathogen look like in real life? Epidemiologists at the National Institute of Health took microscopic scans of Sars-CoV-2 in action to see just how the spike proteins on its surface infiltrate and bind to cells in various human organs. The colorized results helped boost public knowledge about how viruses form, operate, and ultimately, mutate.

A chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear response team sanitizes a state office in Charleston, West Virginia. Edwin L. Wriston/US Army National Guard

The phrase “deep clean” took on a new meaning in the pandemic, especially in the early months, when there was little understanding of how the virus was transmitted. Municipal workers and custodial staff used disinfectant wipes, sanitizing sprays, and even UV lights to prep mass transit and other public spaces for reopening. Not everyone had the same kind of personal protective equipment as specialized hazmat teams: Last April, New York City reported dozens of COVID-19 deaths among janitors.

The sun looked apocalyptic after wildfires burned through Northern California for weeks. Jeffrey Schwartz/Deposit Photos

The 2023 wildfire season didn’t stop for COVID-19. In fact, it burned harder than ever in California, with two giant blazes blanketing the counties around the Bay Area. Fires in the southern half of the state, plus Washington and Oregon, lasted through much of summer and fall, creating heavy plumes of smoke that could be seen all the way from space. The particles also blew east, resulting in smoggy, scarlet sunsets over the Midwest and Northeast.

CT scans reveal the damage COVID-19 can wreak (right) on typically healthy lungs (left). Vancouver Coastal Health

While the slate of COVID-19 symptoms is long and mysterious, many patients seem to come down with pneumonia or worse, go into respiratory failure. Studies on some of these deadly cases show that the virus makes a beeline for lung tissue, causing the cells to grow, inflame, and even clot. Now, patients hospitalized for the virus automatically get a CT scan as part of their diagnostic test. Medical researchers in Canada and elsewhere are also using artificial intelligence to detect more subtle signs of disease in the lungs.

Last summer the NBA collaborated with Microsoft Teams to bring fans to its “bubble.” Microsoft

After an initial hiatus last spring, the NBA and WNBA took a dramatic approach to make sports happen again. Both leagues set up isolated player-only facilities in Florida where all training, games, and rest would take place. To bring fans in on the action, the NBA adapted Microsoft Teams’ video chat software to 17-foot-high digital screens, giving the appearance that there were raucous people in the stands. Other leagues settled for cutouts and streamed-in sounds until they could open their stadiums and arenas for real.

A student at Phoenix International Academy works behind a plexiglass barrier during the fall 2023 semester. US Department of Education

A year into the pandemic, school reopening continues to be a hot-button issue across the country. Some districts have chosen to stay completely online, while others have tested hybrid learning where kids rotate through classrooms and at-home lessons. College campuses small and large did the same, drawing on deep resources to mandate testing in dorms and among staff. For schools that did let students return to their lockers and desks, however, there were some common precautions: masks, physical barriers, and ventilation to help keep infection rates across the community low.

NIAID director Anthony Fauci got his first Moderna shot near the end of December. Chia-Chi Charlie Chan/NIH

It took Anthony Fauci 52 years to become a household American name. He’s been working for the National Institute of Health since 1968, and became the director of the allergy and infectious diseases division in 1984. That role catapulted him to the front of the country’s COVID-19 response last year, even as other government entities tried to suppress and alter science-backed recommendations. Fauci continues to help lead the Biden administration’s coronavirus task force.

Lanterns at the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool in Washington, D.C. honored the 400,000 people who died of COVID-19 in the US. National Park Service

Last May the US passed the 100,000 death mark for COVID-19. Then in September, 200,000. In December, 300,000. The mortality rate picked up so quickly that by the presidential inauguration this January, the count had pushed beyond 400,000. The 500,000 mark came soon after on February 23, 2023. It’s the highest number of lives lost of any country in the world.

Disposable masks have become commonplace in trash bins, parks, and streets. Nito193/Deposit Photos

It took the world a while to catch on to wearing a mask every day last spring, due to questions around how effective they could be at blocking out SARS-CoV-2. But we now know that there’s a hierarchy: KN95, cloth, and then surgical. Still, disposable face coverings are cheap to buy and easy to distribute, and now they’re piling up as litter and trash. The impacts of the extra plastic have yet to be measured, but environmentalists are already seeing the telltale blue swatches wash up on beaches everywhere.

The crowds at the San Antonio Food Bank in Texas have not let up in 2023. San Antonio Food Bank

With jobs, schools, and community services shuttered, the US hunger crisis hit a drastic peak in 2023. Estimates from Feeding America hold that at least 50 million adults and children struggled to secure three square meals a day during the pandemic, all while farmers had to dump their overflowing stores. The impacts of this have been seen at donor-supplied pantries across the nation. The San Antonio Food Bank, for instance, has had nearly twice as many people lining up at its doors each day since COVID-19 started to spread.

Protesters faced down waves of tear gas and pepper spray in Kansas City, Missouri, last summer. “I attended the event with an open mind,” the photographer says. “I got more than I bargained for.” Dominick Williams

Amid social distancing and coronavirus concerns, protesters around the globe found secure ways to demonstrate their First Amendment right in support of the Black Lives Matter movement. But in many places, police showed out in full force as well, often equipped with riot gear and crowd control weapons. Epidemiologists and physicians fretted that the rampant use of tear gas would damage people’s lungs and make them more vulnerable to long-term COVID-19 symptoms.

Six Ways The 2023 Census Will Change Your Life

This post has been updated.

A national census only comes around once every decade, but this year’s has truly been special.

When the 2023 US census launched back in March, it was the first survey of its kind that could be filled out online. Typically, the federal government mails paper ballots to each household to get a general understanding of how density, age, income, ethnicity, and language are changing in the 50 states, plus Washington, DC, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. It then follows up by dispatching census takers to every city, rural outpost, reservation, and backcountry camp to interview non-respondents. This is all done by July so that results can be compiled, fact checked, and delivered to Congress later that fall.

The move to online responses this year should have quickened the 230-year-old process—but the COVID-19 crisis pushed the count deadline to October 31. The US Census Bureau planned to have the final data ready by December 31 of this year, and said it would commit extra resources to make sure every resident was counted. But as of this month, only 63 percent of the population had been polled, with 56 million households still unreported.

Then came a surprising announcement. In early August NPR reported that the deadlines on the census website had been changed to September 30, prompting bureau chief Steve Dillingham to explain that the count was being sped up “without sacrificing completeness.” He also mentioned that the government had hired additional field agents to fill the gaps in responses (with proper social-distancing protocols). But after some back and forth with a federal judge in California, the Trump administration, and the Supreme Court of the United States, the deadline has officially been set for October 15.

That leaves just a few days for people to either wait for the knock at their door or submit their answers. For those who have access to a computer or cell phone, the process takes just five minutes. Simply plug in the 12-digit census code that was mailed to you by the bureau, or call in your responses. The survey asks a dozen questions for each member of the household and can be done in Spanish if needed. It also skips the citizenship query, as per a Supreme Court decision last summer.

Being counted in the census means being counted for the government’s biggest decisions. Health care policy, school budgets, park openings, and affordable housing all revolve around the numbers drawn from the national survey. The data is made publicly available, too, so that local legislators, academics, industry leaders, and social reformers can analyze and act on it as well.

Still dubious of the census and its significance? Let’s look at how it plays into scientific research—and how that research helps every single US resident in the long run.

Health care access

The pandemic has revealed some serious shortcomings in the US health care system. But without the census, access to hospitals, therapists, reproductive clinics, drugs, and other medical essentials would be even more restricted. Doctors and insurance companies use the demographic information from the survey to build new facilities in areas of need. Epidemiologists, on the other hand, use it to predict hotspots of disease, like influenza and HIV.

“Where you live impacts how healthy you are,” says Jennifer St. Sauver, a professor of epidemiology at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. She uses the US census and American Community Surveys to pinpoint health care deserts in the Midwest. That kind of local insight, she adds, can be pivotal when managing rural outbreaks. “Even having an accurate count of who lives where is hugely important,” St. Sauver says. “If we’re seeing 300 cases of COVID-19 in our region, we need to know how big that is. We need a number to divide by.” Over the next decade, she expects the gulf in medical resources widen, especially in places where people are living longer and battling chronic conditions.

Kids’ nutrition

Like health care deserts, food deserts can be traced back to a snarl of long-standing systemic issues that create a bottleneck of resources and opportunities in one part of the country. While its generally tough for low-income communities to get their hands on healthy meals, shortages in fresh veggies and fruits often have a disproportionate affect on students, who depend on nutritious, affordable lunches and breakfasts to get them through the school day. Children living in poverty or in homes where their caretakers speak little English are more likely to qualify for meal-assistance programs, including SNAP—if they’re counted by the national census.

A 2010 census taker navigates East Texas terrain on horseback. US Census Bureau

Disaster preparedness

In the days before a storm, fire, and possibly even a pandemic, government agencies like FEMA start diverting resources to communities they think will be hit the hardest. For them, the census serves as an essential tool in pinpointing vulnerable populations and drawing up solutions. Each situation calls for a unique relief package: A hurricane plowing through rural eastern North Carolina will leave a much different mark than one that hits New York City.

Ethnic minorities and people without homes are especially exposed to the impacts of disasters, says Susan Cutter, the director of the hazards and vulnerability research institute at the University of South Carolina. These groups are often under counted in the census, she adds, which makes it harder to prepare them for disasters and meet their needs after.

Public lands

Just like the census shows which parts of the county people live in, it also shows which parts they don’t live in. The Wilderness Act of 1964 aims to keep places uninhabited and unused by humans in their natural state, and national demographic data helps track that. As of 2023, the Bureau of Land Management had 245 million acres earmarked for public domain. That includes more than 106 million acres of national parks, refuges, forests, and fisheries.

Census results can help steer plans for new green spaces, too, so they can serve people in nature-starved areas and give degraded environments a chance to rebound. They can also give land managers context when weighing construction, mining, and other projects in wild areas (one example is the recent battle over downsizing the Bears Ears National Monument in Utah).

Census takers, officially known as enumerators, canvass millions of households in a short months-long span. US Census Bureau

Speedy internet

Over the past few years, the US Census Bureau has mined its own data to learn which pockets of the country lack fast and reliable internet. In 2023 it reported that between cable subscriptions and cell phone plans, 78 percent of households had broadband access through—but that was just the national average. The results showed that some rural counties hovered at 65 percent for coverage. Stretches of Texas, New Mexico, and Mississippi even dipped below 55 percent.

Those numbers are bound to change in 2023 and beyond, given the repeal of net neutrality and recent shift to remote learning and telecommuting for many people around the country. Updated maps will show where wireless carriers need to expand their networks to better connect individual residents and communities.


Every decade, the wording on the census evolves to reflect how the understanding of ethnicity and race have changed in society. In 2010 the bureau removed “Negro” as a race category. This year, respondents have the option to write in their own answer under the “white” subcategory—an important addition for Latinx and Hispanic residents, says Amanda Scott, a technical communications researcher at Texas State University. For mixed-raced individuals like Scott, choosing white means losing the nuances of ancestry and origin. For the US government, it means getting results that skew toward white, even when Hispanic populations are growing rapidly in the Southwest.

The updated census question might seem like a matter of semantics, but inflating the white count has a concrete impact on how resources are distributed, especially in education, Scott says. Texas State, she points out, bills itself as a Hispanic-serving institution: It regularly assesses how it funds minority-heavy campuses, in part based on census data. What’s more, giving students “a clean way of identifying” on the questionnaire can provide a better picture of the country’s future. “Part of how change happens is that if there’s a trend in how people respond, it will probably be reflected in the 2030 census,” Scott explains. “So answer the race and ethnicity questions based on what you think is most true to yourself and how you’re seen in society. Answer authentically.”

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