Trending December 2023 # 8 Common Apple Scam Emails And How To Spot Them # Suggested January 2024 # Top 13 Popular

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Apple devices are known for their unparalleled security but you might come across scams, phishing emails and messages from time to time. As scammers find newer ways to target and dupe users into revealing their personal and sensitive information, you should be aware of the data you share with others online and protect it from any fraudulent activity. 

In this post, we’ve compiled a list of common scam emails and messages that pretend to be from Apple so that you can stay away from them and know how to spot them. 

Common Apple Scam Emails:

When it comes to scams concerning Apple scam emails, almost all of them find one way or the other to pretend that they’re from Apple and script a message that might ‘almost’ sound like it’s from the Cupertino company. Here are a bunch of ways that scammers follow to fool you into thinking they’re from Apple so that they can gain your trust quickly. 

Related: How to Check Balance on an Apple Gift Card

1. Apple ID Payment or Order Receipt scam

Related: How to Track an iPhone: Best 5 Ways To Use

2. “Apple Notice” or “Apple ID is Locked, Disabled, or Expired” scam

Unsuspecting users might end up giving all of their sensitive details without thinking twice which might result in hackers exploiting your whereabouts, money, and all of your personal data. For those of you who don’t know, your Apple ID once created stays for a lifetime and doesn’t expire on its own.

While Apple does lock your account when it detects suspicious activity, it’s important to know that you won’t be asked to enter your personal information on a webpage. Instead, you will be asked to call Apple Support to regain access to your account quickly.

Related: How To Change Your iCloud Email Address

3. Apple Support or Phone Calls scam

Yes, scammers can also pretend to be officials from Apple Support, and in this type of scam, they contact you in the form of multiple phone calls from something that resembles that of Apple Support’s number. When you pick up this call, the scammers will identify themselves as Apple Support officials and will tell you that there has been suspicious activity going on with your Apple account. 

In some cases, you may hear an automated message from the scammers asking you to contact another phone number for fixing your account security. When you connect with them, they will ask you for information regarding your Apple ID, password, contact info, payment details, address, and even security questions (that you may have enabled when creating your Apple account). You should avoid entertaining such phone calls at all costs because Apple never calls you to notify security concerns. You will only receive calls from Apple Support if you had requested one by yourself. 

Related: How To Delete Things From iCloud on Web, Windows, macOS, iPhone and iPad

4. Your iPhone is locked scam

If you’re seeing something like this shown on your iPhone screen, then chances are that you have fallen prey to one of the other scams listed above and hackers have somehow gained made it to your iCloud account. This situation arises when scammers use the “Find My iPhone” feature on iCloud and mark your iPhone as “lost”.

The best way to resolve this scenario is to take your device to the nearest Apple service center as this type of scam may involve a hacker trying to exploit for a ransom.  

5. iCloud calendar invite scam

Related: How To Upload Photos From iPhone on a Webpage or in an App

6. Apple fake message scam

Scammers are now trying smarter ways to gain access to your Apple ID and password. To exploit your Apple account, some scams can create password popups that look pretty similar to the ones that you may have come across on the App Store or any other Apple app. By way of habit, users won’t be suspicious of any fraudulent activity when a popup appears and might quickly enter the password when prompted to. 

This is what the scammers are trying to accomplish as this way you might easily end up revealing your Apple account login information to them. To prevent this, you can try going to the Home Screen whenever you’re presented with the Apple password popup and check whether the popup disappears when you go to the Home Screen. If it does, it means you were hit with the scam. If this was actually from Apple, the popup will continue to appear even when you have gone to the iOS home screen since it will be a system-based prompt. 

8. Apple Gift card scam

This scam starts off the same way as the Apple Support scam where you will get an incoming call from a number that will claim to be from Apple Support complete with an Apple logo. When you pick up the call, you will be greeted with someone or a prerecorded message that claims that your Apple account is under threat and you need to take measures to secure it. 

To help you solve the issue, these scammers will ask you to purchase gift cards from a verified Apple store or affiliate and then request you to reveal the activation codes for them. If you fall prey to such antics, they will try to trick you into giving them more money through gift cards. None of these purchases will show up on Apple even if they claim so. 

To help you understand this, you should know that Apple will NEVER call you, and in no way would it ask you to purchase gift cards. If you receive such a call, you should report it as spam instantly so that you can block them in the future and all help others identify the call as spam in the future. 

Related: How To Transfer Music From Android To iPhone

What can these scams steal from you?

The main purpose of most of the scams listed above is to get access to your Apple ID. That’s because your Apple ID is the one thing that connects all of your personal information and the devices you use. If someone you don’t know has access to your Apple ID, they can:

Log in to any of your Apple devices including your iPhone, iPad, Mac, Apple TV, Apple Watch, iPod, and other devices. 

Access your personal information like your name, address, contact info, and other sensitive details. 

Exploit your payment and shipping information, purchase history, subscriptions with ease. 

View and share your personal photos, videos, and files you might not otherwise share with others. 

How do you spot Apple Scam Emails?

If you doubt that you’ve received scam emails in the disguise of Apple sometime in the past, you can spot them by following the instructions we’ve shared below:

Your web browser shows random alerts or popups regarding a problem on your phone or a free prize. 

You’re asked to download additional software for running your phone or Mac properly.

You receive phone calls and the person asks you to reveal personal, shipping, or payment info or send them gift cards to help solve your problem.

You got a junk or suspicious calendar invite on your iCloud. 

If emails you think are suspicious have the sender’s email address as a bunch of alphabets and numbers or something too obvious. 

If those emails claim to be from Apple and address you vaguely like “Dear” or “Dear friend” instead of your full name. 

The messages you received via email or iMessages from who claims to represent Apple is contracted with poor grammar, and have a bunch of typos. 

The links mentioned in scam emails will most definitely be shortened URLs or from websites, you might not know much of. 

The overall design of the email doesn’t look right and puts you off. 

The scam message wants you to act quickly and manipulates you into a sense of urgency. 

How to protect yourself from Apple Scam Emails

To make sure you don’t receive scam emails from anyone and secure your data, you can follow the protocols below:

Keep your iOS and macOS updated to their latest versions.

Use only established browsers, preferably Safari, for its inbuilt tracking prevention tool.

If you primarily use Chrome, Firefox, or Brave, update them frequently to avoid phishing and scam.

Don’t share your Apple ID or password with anyone and only input them when your system asks you to. Genuine Apple Support staff will never ask you for your Apple account credentials. 

Make sure the websites you visit are hosted in HTTPS (not HTTP, as the “s” in “HTTPS” stands for secure). You should stick to HTTPS websites when entering sensitive information. 

Don’t use the same password for multiple sites, apps, and services as all of your accounts can be breached with just one of your passwords. 

Don’t use gift cards from App Store, iTunes, and Apple Store for payments outside those three platforms. 

Report a scam!

If you end up receiving a scam email or message after following all of the protocols we mentioned above, then you can follow the steps below to secure all of your accounts and personal info:

Forward suspicious scam emails pretending to be from Apple to [email protected]. If you’re receiving unwanted emails on your chúng tôi chúng tôi or chúng tôi Inboxes, forward them to [email protected] to report them. 

When you get a suspicious message on your iMessage inbox, report it by tapping the ‘Report Junk‘ option under the message box.

Check for malware on your computer if you think you might have installed incessant programs on your system. 

If you think you might have fallen prey to any of the scams we covered in this post, you should most definitely secure your Apple account by changing your Apple ID password to something more secure. 


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10 Common Computer Problems & How To Properly Fix Them

10 Common Computer Problems & How to Properly Fix Them Resolve the most common computer problems




You will get the most common PC errors and their solutions in this guide to resolve the problem quickly.



To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

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When using a computer, you will come across multiple common problems that we have covered extensively on our website. However, some common issues are quickly fixable.

This guide will give you a list of solutions that will help you with your query about a computer not working properly. Let us get right through the solutions.

What kind of problems I could encounter with my PC?

You will come across multiple issues on your computer while using it. Some of the most common problems where your computer will not work properly are listed below:

The computer won’t start – Some underlying glitch or corrupt system file could cause the computer to not start.

PC overheating – If multiple apps or services are running in the background, then your PC will start overheating.

No network – Wi-Fi drivers if not updated then it could cause your PC to not connect to the internet and you won’t able to download or do anything on the internet.

The computer is slow – Virus infection, storage full, and corrupt registry files can slow down your computer and it won’t operate normally.

The screen is frozen or apps freeze – Corrupt system or program files can cause this type of problem and freeze your screen or the app that you are using.

Strange noises – If you are hearing strange noises on your PC, then it is a sign of hardware malfunction or some broken parts.

These are some of the common problems that will prevent your computer from working normally. Let us now take a look at the other common problems and their solutions to fix them.

How can I fix my computer if it is not working properly? 1. PC overheating

Terminating the processes that are consuming your CPU resources could help prevent overheating issues on your PC. You might as well go ahead and uninstall the program from your PC and download an alternate app.

However, this is just one of the different solutions that you can try to fix the PC overheating issue. For more solutions, you should check out our guide on how to fix overheating issues on Windows 11.

2. Restarting issues

One of the most common problems reported by our readers is that their PCs keep rebooting after installing Windows OS or any program. The main reason this could happen is because your PC doesn’t have enough RAM or there are some driver compatibility issues.

You can also fix this issue by updating drivers on your PC or uninstall the programs that you think are causing problems.

Another popular solution is to restart your PC in Safe Mode and load only essential services and drivers. Finally, if nothing works, then you may have to reset your PC.

3. Network issues

One of the common problems in our list of solutions for a computer not working properly is network or Wi-Fi connectivity issues.

To fix this issue, you can first try restarting your PC, as this could be a temporary glitch. Second, you should try out restarting the router, re-plugging the ethernet cable, or disabling the Firewall to check if that was blocking your connection.

4. BSoD error

The Blue Screen of Death error is a very common and frustrating error. This could pop up randomly and it may take a lot of time to resolve.

The BSoD error usually happens when a driver stops responding, there are driver compatibility issues, application crashes, etc.

BSoD errorMeaning0x0000004EThe system files are corruptWdfilter.sysSome underlying issues with the Windows Defender Firewall0xc0000001There is a problem with the boot sector0x0000011AFaulty or incompatible drivers

BSoD errors usually are sorted out by restarting your computer. However, some types of errors require you to tweak your PC at the system level, and for that, we have a lot of resources on how you can fix different BSoD errors. You should definitely check it out.

Windows update lets you get the latest features and bug fixes on your PC so that you do not come across any other issues.

However, there are times when you won’t be able to update your PC. Often Windows Update fails to work properly and leaves you with an outdated version. This could cause multiple issues, as your security patches are the latest, or you could face driver compatibility issues.

You can resolve some of the Windows update errors by simply running the Windows update troubleshooter.

Some of the popular Windows update issues are listed below:

Windows Update errorMeaning0x80072EE4Important services aren’t running0x800703e6Some issues with the server or the update client is faulty0x800f0986Presence of corrupt system files0x80080008Corrupt system files are preventing the Windows update0x80242ffThe software is conflicting0x80096002Program compatibility issue0x800f0823Corrupt Windows update components

6. USB port not working

Often you will find the USB port on your PC not working, and you might be wondering if the USB port is fried. However, Windows OS is smart and there is a power-saving feature known as USB selective suspend setting.

This setting basically suspends unused or idle USB ports on your PC to conserve power. Simply disable it as shown above and your USB ports will run back again. For some other solutions, we would suggest you check out our guide on how to fix USB ports.

7. Bluetooth not working

Bluetooth is one of the most used features, at least today since it not only lets you transfer files to and fro, but you can connect your wireless devices to your computer.

Expert tip:

There are plenty of reasons why your Bluetooth isn’t working fine. Most of these Bluetooth issues can be resolved by running the troubleshooter or by updating your Bluetooth drivers.

Often these simple solutions won’t help resolve the problem. Sometimes you are required to fix the corrupt system files or even get the Windows OS reinstalled.

Some of the most common Bluetooth errors are:

8. PC beeps or makes strange noises

You will hear static noise or beep from your PC if the drivers are outdated or there is a hardware malfunction. Problematic hardware if used for a long time can prove to be fatal as it can destroy other associated parts on your PC.

Such strange noises can also occur if your PC has the wrong power settings, or the CPU isn’t getting enough resources to do its job.

You can also check out our dedicated guide on how to get rid of background noises on PC and apply the other solutions to resolve the problem.

In case the solutions did not help, you should get your PC checked at an authorized service center and get the parts replaced to fix your PC or probably it is time for you to switch over to a new PC.

9. Slow performance

Over a period of time, your PC performance will not feel as it was when you got it brand new. This could be because of various reasons such as storage fill, virus attacks, system files missing, outdated operating systems, etc.

The slow performance issue isn’t associated with a particular version of Windows, but even with the latest and upgraded Windows 11 as well. But you should avoid using an older version of the OS, as program compatibility issues can creep in and slow down the system performance.

In order to fix the slow performance issue on your Windows PC and fix the computer not working properly problem, you should apply the solutions in our guide and get your PC fixed.

10. High CPU usage issue

One of the most common issues that people come across is the high CPU usage issue. Because of this problem, your PC won’t perform optimally and several programs will crash because of inadequate resources.

Disabling background apps will surely help as it terminates all the applications from running right after your PC boots up, which could consume more of your CPU resources.

However, there are other solutions that can help you resolve the problem and for that, you should check out our guide on how to stop or fix Windows 11 high CPU usage.

11. Battery life issues (Bonus)

Windows 11 users have complained that after upgrading their PCs, the battery life of their computers has fallen down drastically.

While this is a specific issue, other versions of Windows are also susceptible to battery life issues. So, if you are experiencing battery life issues with your version of Windows, it could be because some important system files might be missing, or there could be some issues with your battery itself.

A newer version of the Windows update could also be the reason because a bug could also cause battery drain. Moreover, you should check the battery’s health to check the main cause of the problem.

That is it from us in this guide. Of course, this list isn’t complete and there are other common problems that could be a part of our computer not working properly list, but the above are some of the main issues that people encounter on their PCs.

If the icons are no longer showing in the taskbar, then you can apply the solutions in our guide and also restore the missing desktop icons.

For users experiencing log-in issues, you should read our guide on how you can fix corrupt user-profiles and fix damaged registry keys that will fix the log-in issues.

You will also come across stuttering in games, low FPS issues, and some gaming features unavailable while playing games. This can be easily resolved by applying the solutions in our guide.

Still experiencing issues?

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How To Screenshot On Snapchat Without Them Knowing (8 Methods)

Most social media apps allow you to take a screenshot of memorable photos without the sender knowing. Snapchat is not as simple as this popular social media app provides a ten-second view of snippets or messages. If you take private screenshots, Snapchat gives the sender a notification to let them know you did so.

Method 1: Use Parental Control App/mSpy to screenshot a snap

Our first way to screenshot snaps without the sender knowing is to use monitoring apps, such as mSpy. It is one of the best mobile spy apps which helps parents as a way for them to keep an eye on their child’s internet activity. It can be used to retrieve information without the owner of the phone knowing. With mSpy, you can remotely access Snaps and other user data at any time of the day.

Here are steps for how to take screenshots of Snapchat without knowing:

Step 1) Goto chúng tôi Enter your email address and purchase a suitable plan. Login credentials are sent to your email.

Step 2) Choose the kind of mobile phone you wish to monitor (Android or iOS devices). For this example, we have opted for an Android device.

Step 3) Download the app on the mobile phone of your target. Follow on-screen instructions and configure mSpy.

Important Note: There is a catch: you’ll need to have access to the opposite person’s phone to set up mSpy. Though you need the phone only once for approximately 10 minutes during the setup.

Step 4) Once installation is done, go to the online mSpy dashboard. Allow (2-3 hours) for mSpy to capture the activities from the phone and transmit them to the server. The duration may also vary based on the internet speed of the target device.

Step 5) Next

Select the person whose snap you want to capture

Take screenshot of the Snap. The other person will NOT be notified.

Method 2: Use Airplane Mode

Just like other social media apps, Snapchat needs internet service to work. However, you can screenshot a downloaded Snap without the sender getting a screenshot notification from Snapchat.

You can access downloaded snaps offline without being detected by the sender by putting your phone in airplane mode.

Here are the steps needed to access Snapchat in airplane mode:

Step 1) Open Snapchat

Open Snapchat to ensure your snaps download, but do not open Snaps yet.

Step 2) Turn on Airplane Mode

Turn off WiFi and data and put your phone in airplane mode.

Step 3) Access your downloaded snaps

Once your phone is in airplane mode, you can access your snaps.

Step 4) Take screenshots.

In airplane mode, it is safe to take screenshots without anyone knowing. Wait at least 30 seconds after taking screenshots to turn airplane mode off.

Method 3: Use Google Assistant to screenshot a story without them knowing

Google Assist is another method to screenshot Snapchat without them knowing. Snapchat notifies its users about a screenshot being taken when a screenshot is taken manually- for example, on the iPhone, you must press the home and power buttons simultaneously to take a screenshot, and it’s that motion that triggers Snapchat to know you’ve done so.

However, Google Assistant is voice-activated, and if you tell it to take a screenshot, the button tapping Snapchat was made to recognize will not be triggered.

Follow these three simple steps to find out how to use Google Assistant to take screenshots of Snapchats.

Step 1) Open Snapchat

First, open your Snapchat application and access your Snaps.

Step 2) Command Google Assist

When you come to a Snap you want to screenshot, summon your Google Assistant to take a screenshot through either a verbal or typed command.

Step 3) Save the Screenshot

Save your screenshot. The only downfall with this method of secretly taking screenshots is that Google Assistant cannot save your Snapchat screenshots to your phone. Instead, you must send them to your email, Bluetooth, or messages, then download them to your phone.

Method 4: Take a Screenshot on Snapchat Using the Built-in Screen Recorder on iPhone

Built-In screen recorders are another reliable tool for capturing mobile screen activities, such as videos and Snapchat screenshots. Many cell phones on the market today have exceptional capabilities for taking high-resolution screenshots.

Other attractive features of built-in screen recorders include editing, cropping, trimming screenshots and videos, and removing unwanted parts.

Here are steps to use screen recording on an iPhone:

Step 1) Go to your control center and select screen recording

Step 3) Open the Snap you want to screenshot and tap the recorder icon.

Step 4) The screen recorder will save the Snap in your device photos.

Method 5: Use an Apple Mac

If you have a MacBook, you can screenshot Snapchat to the QuickTime Player app by synching your iPhone and MacBook.

QuickTime player is a screen recording software. Rather than a picture, you’ll be able to capture the Snap you want to keep in a video.

Step 1) Open the QuickTime player

Step 2) Select and Record

To capture video of your Snap, select your iPhone from the dropdown menu and then hit the record button in QuickTime.

Step 3) Open Snap

Open Snapchat and pick your desired Snaps. QuickTime will take a recording as you go through your messages.

Step 4) Take Screenshots on your Mac

Press the command, shift, and the number 4 buttons on your Mac keyboard to screenshot the Snap.

Method 6: Mirror Your Phone to Other Devices

Screen mirroring is a built-in app to mirror devices on a laptop or television. This application allows you to take screenshots without alerting the poster by connecting your device to laptops or televisions via an HDMI cord or using the mirroring feature on your cell phone.

To screenshot a Snapchat photo using screen mirroring, open Snapchat and tap screen mirroring. Snapchat photos and videos will appear on your laptop or television screen. If on your TV, you can take a picture of the screen with your phone camera. In case, if their phone is connected to your laptop, follow the manufacturer’s steps to take a screenshot.

This method isn’t fully reliable as it depends on your target not realizing your phone is connected to an HDMI cord. Moreover, you’ll need access to their phone in order to enable screen mirroring on their end.

Method 7: Clear Cache & Storage (Android & iOS)

Clear Cache & Storage is another method that takes discrete Snapshot screenshots, turns your phone to airplane mode, and clears the cache for the Snapchat app.

When your phone is in airplane mode, snap a screenshot and then clear your cache. This method will leave no records of your activity.

However, this method only works on Android and iOS devices. To clear the cache, go to your profile setting, and press “clear cache.”

Method 8: Recording the phone on PC

Our last method for taking a Snapchat screenshot with no one knowing is by using your PC to record your Snaps captured on your phone.

This easy-to-use method is perfect for people who are not very tech-savvy but still want to save Snapchat images or videos. Your laptop won’t be able to do this independently, and you will need to download additional apps. Some of the apps you can try are:


Adobe Captivate – Here is a complete list of best screen capture apps.


Even though it is regarded as unethical, it’s not illegal to take a screenshot of a Snapchat you are sent. The sender knows you will be viewing the content. However, they have a right to know if you save and store the content for later use.

Yes. Snapchat will notify users whenever a screenshot of their Snaps is taken, whether it be a private Snap, on their Story, or in a Highlight.

A screenshot notification lasts for twenty-four hours within the app. It will remain in the chat box as a message until the chat disappears per Snapchat guidelines. The notification that a screenshot was taken on the phone will stay until the user dismisses it.

No. Screenshot notification is a built-in privacy feature Snapchat has created to build trust between itself and its users. While you can turn off notifications of receiving Snaps, you won’t be able to disable screenshot notifications.


There are a few ways to take a screenshot of someone’s Snapchat without them knowing. Some methods are relatively simple, and others are more complex, involving additional equipment like laptops or TVs. It is not illegal to take a screenshot of someone else’s chat, but it may be illegal to share it with others depending on your jurisdiction and the content in the screenshot message.

Powershell Arrays: How To Create And Use Them

Variables are the most basic data structure in any type of coding. But single variables are hardly sufficient for most purposes, especially when dealing with more complex algorithms.

That’s where arrays come in. Be it C++ or Python, arrays are present in every programming language in some form. But what about Windows PowerShell? How do PowerShell arrays work? How do you use them? What is their syntax? Let’s find out.

Table of Contents

PowerShell Arrays 101

Simply speaking, an array is just a structured collection of variables. The idea is to eliminate the hassle of keeping track of dozens of names by collapsing related variables into a numbered set.

In PowerShell, you can create a variable by prepending the $ symbol to a variable name. For example:

$prime = 13

$name = “Levin”

Now to create a new array, simply assign multiple values to the same variable, separated by commas. Like this:

$week = “Monday”, “Tuesday”, “Wednesday”, “Thursday”, “Friday”, “Saturday”, “Sunday”

Some people prefer to explicitly cast a variable into an array to avoid confusion, though that isn’t necessary. To do this, put the values into parentheses prefaced with the @ symbol.

$week = @(“Monday”, “Tuesday”, “Wednesday”, “Thursday”, “Friday”, “Saturday”, “Sunday”)

This usually comes in handy when trying to put the output of other commands into an array, where you cannot manually write them in the correct format.

Creating an Array

We’ve already seen the most common method of creating an array. But depending on the situation, there are other ways that might be more suitable. For example, if you want to create an array that contains a range of numbers, you can use the range operator:

$digits = (0..9)

This will create an array of all the ten digits from zero to nine. You can also initialize an empty array, in case you just want a place to store values later.

$values = @()

Multiple arrays can even be nested into one another, though this type of usage can get confusing very fast.

By default an array can store any variable type, be it numbers, strings, or a mix of both. But you can explicitly define a type in case you want to limit the values put in it. For example:

[int[]] $numbers = 2,3,4,5

This way, the array can only hold integers. Attempting to assign any other type of value to it will return an error. This can be useful to prevent simple errors for arrays exclusively working with numeric values, since entering a string into a variable to be used in calculations will create issues.

Accessing Arrays

So far we have seen multiple methods for creating arrays containing various types of data. But how do you go about accessing this data?

PowerShell arrays use the same format used by other programming languages. Each array variable can be accessed by its index number. For example:

$var = $numbers[5]

This will copy the value stored in the index five of the $numbers array in the $var variable. Note that array indices start counting from 0, so the first item is accessed with zero.

If we were to output this, for example:


We will get Wednesday, not Tuesday.

You can use this same method to modify these values as well. For example, the following command will change the second element of the array to zero:

$numbers[1] = 0

You can also add more elements to an existing array instead of changing the values of current entries just by adding them like an arithmetic expression.

$names += “Johny”

This method can be used to add multiple entries at once too, or even entire arrays.

$names += “Charlie, Liam, Teresa”

$names += $surnames

The comma-separated method holds for accessing multiple array elements too. Entering this, for example, stores the first five elements of $days in $weekdays.

$weekdays = $days[0,1,2,3,4]

Iterating Through Arrays

Manually accessing particular elements of an array is well and good, but if you want to perform actions on the entire contents of an array, it can get tedious. A more elegant approach is to use a For loop.

For loops can systematically go through all the elements of an array, processing each value according to instructions. This is how you can construct such a loop:

The array.Length function returns the size of the array, which is basically the number of elements in it. This can be plugged into a For loop’s test expression parameter to comprehensively iterate over all the elements.

The Foreach loop and the Foreach-object loop can do the same with an even leaner PowerShell script.

This saves you the effort of determining the array’s size, leaving the details for PowerShell to handle.

When Should You Use PowerShell Arrays

The biggest source of bugs in a complex script is incorrectly referenced variables. This happens due to the presence of a large number of uniquely named variables, which makes it difficult to remember their purpose.

The simplest fix for this issue is to use arrays extensively. All variables related in some manner can be assigned to a single array and accessed through their index numbers.

Five Printer Nightmares And How To Avoid Them

The printer ate your TPS reports, but no excuse matters when you’re rushing off to meet clients empty-handed. No wonder everybody loves to hate printers. When you need them most, they’ll display a stupefying error message and create a hot mess of jammed paper and spilled ink.

1. Paper Jams

Printer jams occur when the paper feeding through the printer goes awry. Sometimes the printer ignores the problem, soldiers onward, and extrudes a crumpled mess into the output tray; on other occasions, the printer stops in midjob, and the crumpled mess–or part of it–remains trapped somewhere inside the machine.

Turn off the printer. If you’re going to be working inside the printer, you don’t want any trouble with electricity or moving parts. And if you’re dealing with a laser printer, you also don’t want the fuser to generate additional heat. If the paper is jammed in or near the fuser unit (you’ll feel the heat as you come near it), you’ll have to wait for the fuser to cool off before clearing the jam.

Carefully pull out paper sheets and scraps. Check for paper sheets that are stuck or askew, as well as for paper scraps. Pull paper out of the path firmly but very carefully and slowly. When possible, pull paper in the direction it is supposed to go in under normal conditions–not backward, which could strain the printer’s chúng tôi care to remove all of the paper: As any scraps that remain could cause further jamming. If you have the misfortune of breaking a mechanical piece in the printer, stop what you’re doing and call for service.

How do I avoid this next time? As in most relationships, good communication and kind treatment will help your interaction with your printer go smoothly. Use only one kind of paper at a time in your input tray. Whether you have a single input tray in your printer’s driver or many input trays, tell the printer what kind of paper you have in the tray: Most printer controls include a section or drop-down list where you can pick a paper by name, type, thickness, or other quality. If you aren’t sure whether your printer takes a certain kind of paper, check its documentation. When you reload your input tray, pay attention to the tray’s needs, such as how the paper should be loaded and whether the length or width guides need adjusting.

2. Stuck in the Print Queue

If your printer is not networked: If your computer has a dedicated printer associated with it, you can get to the print queue directly. On Windows, access is through the Control Panel’s Printers program item; on a Mac, it’s through the Utilities’ Print & Fax program item. Any stuck jobs will be listed there, and you can easily cancel them.

If your printer is on a network: On a networked queue, you have control only over the jobs that you send from your own PC. If another person’s job is the problem, you must either contact them for help or ask your IS department to intervene.

How do I avoid this next time? If the print queue clogs up regularly, your IT staff needs to figure out why it’s happening and then address the root cause. Common problems include trying to print a job whose file size is so large that it chokes the network or your printer’s memory; trying to print to a special kind of paper–such as letterhead–without loading the paper or specifying the tray in which it’s loaded; and requesting a print job that requires you (or some other user) to feed the paper manually, but failing to perform this step.

How To Use Icloud Keychain And Common Concerns

First time checking out the Tech Savvy series? You’ll get the most value by starting at the beginning and checking out the series overview.

Note for regular readers, the already tech savvy, and IT professionals: this series is designed as a resource you can share with those you are helping or for those looking to become tech savvy on their own.

In our previous article we took a look at how to get started with password management using 1Password. Today we’ll look at using Apple’s iCloud Keychain, and answering some of your common password management concerns.

Background, Expectations, & Best Practices

One of the more common questions we have been asked with our password management series thus far is using iCloud Keychain. For the uninitiated, iCloud Keychain is a system of syncing your Safari website usernames and passwords, credit card data, and network information. Apple introduced the tool with iOS 7.0.3 and OS X Mavericks 10.9 and has been making slow improvements ever since.

Getting Started with iCloud Keychain

Let’s take a look at getting started with iCloud Keychain. More likely than not, you may already have iCloud Keychain enabled on your Mac or iPhone, but let’s go ahead and double-check.

On macOS, head to the Apple () menu at the top left of your screen, and select System Preferences. From here, select iCloud and scroll down in the list of items to find Keychain. Toggle it on if it’s not already enabled.

All done!

Now that you’ve enabled iCloud Keychain on both systems, Safari will ask to save your passwords when logging into a website where the credentials were not previously saved. If you chose to save them, the next time you go to login, Safari will have the fields pre-populated with your credentials.

If you’re signing up for a new account on a website, Safari will even suggest a password for you. If you choose to use that suggested password, Safari will autosave it into your iCloud Keychain and use that to pre-populate the username and password fields next time you login!

From both of these sections you can even add new credentials, or remove them if you’d like.

Common Password Management Question and Concerns

1. Why use a password manager over iCloud Keychain?

While password managers may be a much more involved process, they usually contain more options than iCloud Keychain. For example in 1Password you can store software licenses, driver licenses, website password, database passwords, and plenty more. Each of those categories are neatly organized within 1Password to making finding what you need faster.

Password managers also work across various systems. iCloud Keychain only works within the Apple ecosystem. Even though you may use Google Chrome on your Mac, you won’t be able to use your iCloud Keychain in that browser. If you use Google Chrome as your default web browser, saving your user credentials there will most likely default to its password manager (unless you have a third party one configured). Because of this, your credentials aren’t saved into Apple’s iCloud Keychain and thus won’t sync over to your other devices like your iPhone and iPad. It can be potentially confusing when you go to your phone and realize none of your iCloud Keychain passwords are there as expected.

2. Isn’t using a password manager just “putting all your eggs into one basket”?

Short answer: Yes. This is a challenge with maintaining large sets of sensitive data. While you are putting all your eggs in one basket, you’ve also got to make sure that basket is rock-solid, secure, and is less likely to be hacked. Michael discussed some ideologies behind password management a few weeks back.

A concerns some have shared is that you should just remember all of your passwords for increased security, but the simple fact is that for some people the convenience a password manager brings is unparalleled. Personally, I have over 600+ pieces of information saved within 1Password. While I could try to remember all of them, I decided that the convenience 1Password brought was well worth it. To increase my security while keeping all my eggs in this proverbial basket, I also went ahead and started with a strong Master Password.

3. If someone steals my password manager’s password won’t I lose everything?

Short answer: not necessarily.

Different password managers use different ways of separating your password manager’s password and the information contained within. In the case of 1Password, if someone were to guess your Master Password they still wouldn’t be able to get into your password vault without your Account Key as well. That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t  with a secure password already. If someone were to take your computer system’s password and iCloud password, they would be able to get into your iCloud Keychain as well. No matter what you do with your passwords, you need to start securely.

Don’t make the front door to your password management your weakest link. 

4. Can someone hack into these password managers?

Short answer: Yes. Long answer: The time they do spend trying to do so is often used attempting to hack you in other areas.

Software, even on macOS, is vulnerable to malware and hacking attempts daily. Updating your software can help increase it’s security.

In the case of hacking into your password manager with all your passwords (“all your eggs in one basket”), it is possible and has happened. LastPass was hacked in 2023, but because of the multiple levels of security they use they don’t believe that customer’s data was actually compromised.

Do This

Password management and password managers are a topic of discussion that can span for several posts. It is a topsy-turvy and twisted web of security that we’re all just trying to get a grasp on. At the end of the day it only matters if you’ve gotten to method where you feel comfortable with the way your information is stored and secured.

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