You are reading the article 10 Ways To Kill Apps And Background Processes On Mac updated in February 2024 on the website Tai-facebook.edu.vn. We hope that the information we have shared is helpful to you. If you find the content interesting and meaningful, please share it with your friends and continue to follow and support us for the latest updates. Suggested March 2024 10 Ways To Kill Apps And Background Processes On Mac
While people generally rely on the Force Quit tool to force stop apps, below are nine different ways you can do it on your Mac computer.
1. Press the Command + Option + Escape keys to launch the Force Quit tool on your Mac.
2. Select the app or service you want to stop.
Doing so will end the app instantly.
You can normally press and hold Command + Q to quit or exit apps on your Mac. To force close an app, press Command + Option + Shift + Escape for a second or two.
Present as a small panel on the bottom edge, the Dock is where you keep your frequently used apps and features, including Launchpad, Finder, and Trash. Besides, it also accommodates the currently opened apps on your Mac.
To force quit apps directly from the Dock, follow the steps below.
2. Once the menu opens, press and hold the Option button.
3. Tap the Force Quit button.
Apple also lets you force quit an app directly from the Apple Menu, as shown below.
1. Press and hold the Shift key on your Mac keyboard.
2. Then, tap the Apple icon at the top left corner.
1. Launch the Activity Monitor on your Mac. Here’s how to open it:
Open Launchpad, tap the Other folder and select Activity Monitor.
OR Open Finder and go to Applications. Tap Utilities to see Activity Monitor.app.
OR press Command + Space to open Spotlight Search. Type “activity” and tap the Activity chúng tôi from the results.
2. Once it opens, select the app, service, or activity you wish to kill. You can select multiple services by holding the Shift button.
The Activity Monitor not only shows you resources consumed by apps and processes in real-time but also lets you quit or force quit them in bulk.
That being said, do not kill services you’re unfamiliar with. Killing essential services for macOS may affect its functioning or may even cause the machine to freeze.
Similarly, you can use QuitAll, which is a handy tool to kill apps that work in the background. Just open the app from the menu bar, tap Quit All or View background apps, and tap Quit All.
The other way to kill or force close processes on Mac is using commands in the Terminal. Here’s how it works:
1. Launch Terminal on your Mac. You can open it in the following ways:
OR open Launchpad, tap the Other folder, and select Terminal.
OR press Command + Space and search “terminal.”
3. Find the app you want to kill. Note down the PID next to it.
For instance, here PID for Spotify is 2590. Once we type and enter kill 2590, the Terminal will instantly kill the Spotify app.
Alternatively, you can use the killall command to kill an app by name and other processes containing its name. For example, killall Spotify will close all processes with Spotify in their name.
Logging out and logging in to your account is an easy way to reset and kill apps on your Mac.
You can use the reboot method to clear out any unresponsive or hung applications on your Mac computer.
4. Select the login items and tap – to remove them from starting automatically on startup.
You can also follow us for instant tech news at Google News or for tips and tricks, smartphones & gadgets reviews, join GadgetsToUse Telegram Group or for the latest review videos subscribe GadgetsToUse Youtube Channel.
You're reading 10 Ways To Kill Apps And Background Processes On Mac
If your Mac is running slow or freezing, a troublesome process could be to blame. Shutting down these processes can speed up your Mac and resolve potential problems. But how can you view and kill processes on Mac?
My name is Tyler, and I am a Mac technician with over 10 years of experience. I’ve seen and fixed countless problems on Macs. The greatest satisfaction of this job is helping Mac users fix their problems and get the most out of their computers.
In this post, I’ll show you how to view and kill processes on Mac. There are a few ways you can do this, each with its own pros and cons. By the end of this article, you should be able to get your Mac back up to speed by cutting out troublesome processes.
Let’s get started!
What Are Processes on Mac?
If your Mac is running slowly or freezes, a rogue application could be to blame. Malfunctioning applications can run processes in the background without you even knowing it. Being able to find and shut down these processes can get your Mac running again.
Macs organize processes based on a few factors. Different processes are sorted based on their function and meaning to the system. Let’s review a few types of processes.
System Processes – These are processes owned by macOS. These rarely cause issues, but they can be controlled much like other processes.
My Processes – These are processes managed by the user account. This could be a web browser, music player, office program, or any application that you run.
Active Processes – These are currently active processes.
Inactive Processes – These are processes that are typically running, but may be in sleep or hibernation for the time.
GPU Processes – These are processes owned by the GPU.
Windowed Processes – These are processes that are responsible for creating a Windowed application. Most applications are also Windowed Processes.
Macs can run many processes simultaneously, so it is not uncommon to see a system running dozens of processes. However, if your system is running slow or freezing, specific processes could be causing slowdowns and problems.
How can you effectively view and kill processes so you can get your Mac back to normal?
Method 1: View and Kill Processes Using Activity Monitor
The easiest way to check out what processes are running on your Mac is by using the Activity Monitor. This built-in application allows you to view, sort, and end any running processes.
To start, open your Applications folder and look for the Activity Monitor. You can also find it by searching “activity monitor” in the Spotlight.
Once opened, you can see all running applications and processes on your Mac. These are sorted by CPU, Memory, Energy, Disk, and Network, depending on which resource they are using most.
To locate processes that may be causing issues, you can sort by CPU usage. Typically, problematic processes will consume a lot of CPU resources, so this is a good place to start.
Method 2: View and Kill Processes Using Terminal
To get started, launch Terminal from the Applications folder or by searching for it in Spotlight.
Once Terminal is open, type “top” and hit Enter. The Terminal window will populate with all of your running services and processes. Pay special attention to the PID of each process. You will use this number to identify which process to kill.
A problematic process will frequently use more than its fair share of CPU resources. Once you have identified the troublesome process you would like to end, type “kill -9” along with the PID of the process and hit Enter.
Method 3: View and Kill Processes Using Third-Party Apps
If the above two methods don’t work, you can always try a third-party application such as CleanMyMac X. An application like this streamlines the process and makes it much more beginner-friendly.
Locate the section labeled Top Consumers and you will be presented with the applications that are currently running.
Simply hover over an app and select Quit to close it immediately. Voila! You have successfully closed the application!
You can download CleanMyMac now or read our detailed review here.
By now, you should have all the information you need to effectively manage processes on your Mac. If you run into slow performance or freezing, you can quickly view and kill processes on Mac using one of these methods.
Do you know those endless iOS updates that seem to change generally nothing much except take up more space in your iPhone? Well, one of the subtle changes they did make is the way photo files are stored on your phone.
After updating your iPhone to iOS 11 or later, the majority of us will find that photos taken on the iPhone are saved in the HEIC format instead of the standard JPG format.
What is a HEIC File?
HEIC stands for High Efficiency Image Coding, which is Apple’s version of the HEIF image format. The reason why Apple started to use this new file format is that it has a high-compression rate while retaining the original quality of the images.
Basically, when a JPEG image takes 4 MB of your phone’s memory, a HEIC image will only take about half of that. That will save a load of memory space on your Apple devices.
Another feature of HEIC is that it also supports 16-bit deep color images, which is a game-changer for iPhone photographers.
It means that any sunset photos taken now will retain their original vividness, unlike the old JPEG format which reduces the quality of the image due to the 8-bit capacity.
However, a downside of this new photo format is that many programs, along with any Windows operating system, does not support this file format yet.
What is a JPG File?
JPG (or JPEG) is one of the original standardized image formats. It’s commonly used as a method for image compression, especially for digital photography. Because this file format is compatible with almost every device, converting your images to JPG would mean that you can use your photographs with any software as you typically do.
The degree of compression can be adjusted, allowing a selectable tradeoff between storage size and image quality. However, sometimes your image quality and file size might be compromised, making it a hassle for graphic designers and artists.
How to Convert HEIC to JPG on Mac
Method 1: Export via Preview App
Pros: no need to download or use any third-party apps/tools.
Cons: you can only convert one image at a time.
Don’t forget Preview, another amazing app that you can use to convert pretty much any image format to JPG, including HEIC. Here’s how to do it:
Step 2: In the new window, choose a destination folder to save your file, then change the output Format to be “JPEG” (by default, it’s HEIC). Hit the Save button to continue.
That’s it. You may define the output Quality as well as preview the file size in the same window.
Method 2: Use an Online Conversion Tool
Pros: No need to download or open any apps, just upload your image files and you’re good to go. And it supports converting up to 50 photos at one time.
Cons: mainly privacy concerns. Also, it requires a good internet connection for uploading and downloading images.
Much like online image conversion tools that allow you to convert PNG to JPEG, there are also such tools available for changing HEIC to JPG as well.
HEICtoJPEG is as straightforward as the site name sounds. When you enter the website on your Mac, simply drag the HEIC files that you want to be converted to the box. It will then process your HEIC photos and convert them into JPEG images.
You will be able to view and save your photos as you normally do after converting them to JPG on your Mac again.
This web tool allows uploading up to 50 photos at one time.
Method 3: iMazing HEIC Converter
Pros: convert a batch of files at one time, good JPG quality.
Cons: need to download and install it on your Mac, the output process can be a bit time-consuming.
iMazing (review) is the first yet free desktop app for Mac that allows you to convert photos from HEIC to JPG or PNG.
Step 1: Download the app on your Mac, you will be directed to this page when you launch it.
Step 2: Drag any HEIC files (or folders containing HEIC photos) that you want to convert into this page. Then select the output format at the bottom left.
Step 3: Select Convert and choose a location where you want to save the new JPEG files. It might take a while if you are converting a lot of files at one time.
Step 4: Once the process is completed, you will receive your files in the compatible JPEG format. In the meanwhile, you can also adjust Preferences within the iMazing app to define output file quality.
Bottom line: if you are looking to convert many HEIC files into JPEG, iMazing is the best solution.
While it’s kind of surprising for us to get to know this new image format — HEIC after Apple “quietly” changed the default image format in the iOS 12 update, users don’t have many choices over the image types we want to save as. A HEIC file has its pros but its cons are also a bit annoying, especially if you have the need to deal with iPhone photos on a Mac machine.
Luckily, there are several ways to convert HEIC to JPG depending on how many photos you want to convert at one time. Preview is a built-in app that allows you to convert several images in seconds, online conversion tools are handy to use, and iMazing is also a nice choice if you want to convert a batch of files.
Apple’s MacBook lineup is known for its reliability and smooth performance. However, it’s a known fact that every great device slows down a tad when it’s on its last legs.
Over time, you may notice your Mac slowing down due to unnecessary cache files, unused apps, malware, etc. You could always take care of that on a daily basis… but we have better solutions for you. We’ve compiled a list of macOS apps to optimize your Mac.
The list below isn’t limited to Mac cleaner apps. Instead, we discuss apps that tune your mac storage, menu bar, battery health, display, and even protect you from ransomware attacks. Sounds interesting? Let’s get started.
1. CleanMyMac X – Clean & protect Mac
This app claims to replace several optimization tools for Mac. Among them, Application manager is my favorite add-on. From a single interface, you can remove unwanted apps and update those with updates waiting. CleanMyMac X is a boon for those living with a built-in 128GB or 256GB of storage.
CleanMyMac X’s free trial is limited to removing junk files up to 500MB. After that, you’ll need to pay for a yearly subscription or buy the software as a one-time purchase. There are multiple plans available. Be sure to check them out from the link below.
2. MacBooster 8 – Best for Mac maintenance
Not sure about CleanMyMac X? Well, we have another contender for you that goes a step ahead to maintain your Mac. The software isn’t limited to removing junk files from your Mac. It’s also your perfect companion to fix common Mac-related issues.
The software helps you optimize your Mac hard disk, fix disk permission issues, and clean your Mac memory to boost performance. Other head-turning features include protection from, viruses, online threats, adware, and more.
The software also helps you trace your lost Mac. If your Mac is slowing down then power-up MacBooster’s Memory Clean function that frees up inactive memory for other tasks. This is particularly helpful for those living with solidated 8GB of RAM.
As for pricing, the Lite version is limited to a couple of functions and it costs $39.95. The Standard pack is a better buy at $59.95 because it comes with a rich list of features and Mac support.
3. AdLock – Native Ad Blocker
No, it’s not another ad-blocker for Safari or Chrome. AdLock is a native Mac app that protects your Mac at the system level. Meaning, it will work outside your browser and among other installed apps as well.
AdLock also applies breaks to your data usage without compromising overall performance. The software helps you save mobile data by fine-tuning your preferred rules of internet usage. You’ll have peace of mind with default DNS and HTTPS filtering, autorun, and live monitoring.
Go ahead, give it a try from the link below. AdLock costs $3.5 per month or $19.74 per year for 5 devices.
4. Bartender 4 – Mac menu bar organizer
The only issue? Before you know it, the bar is cluttered. A third-party app called Bartender is here to rescue us, though! The service allows you to group menu bar items, hide them, or place them in a small search box.
Bartender 4 also supports keyboard shortcuts. You can call-out apps directly using keys. Bartender 4 comes with macOS Big Sur support, the ability to change the menu bar layout, auto-triggers, quick search, and more.
Bartender 3 is no longer on sale. You can purchase Bartender 4 at a one-time fee of $15.
5. Alfred 4 – Best Spotlight Search alternative
Alfred 4 is basically Spotlight Search on steroids. While the Spotlight Search is good enough for the majority out there, Alfred takes the experience to the next level with deep third-party integration and smart add-on.
Allow me to explain.
Powerpacks is another interesting add-on. Users can trim down repetitive manual tasks by creating automated workflows to open apps, search the web, run terminal commands, and more. Pretty cool, isn’t it?
I like the theme options as well; I bet you’ll stumble upon something in the Themes menu that catches your eye.
Alfred is free to download and use. But believe me, you want to get the hang of Powerpacks which costs 29GBP for a single license or 49GBP for a lifetime license.
6. Magnet – Best window manager
This is one of the best work from home tools to improve your workflow and optimize your Mac’s display to its highest potential.
Not everyone has multiple monitor setups to view data side by side or watch Netflix while browsing iGeeksBlog on another screen. With Magnet, you can turn your current setup into a multitasking workstation.
Magnet allows you to drag and align opened apps into a single screen. Meaning you can start watching YouTube videos and draft your blog post on another screen. Here’s how I use it:
While learning a new skill in Udemy, I open the course on one screen and start messing with said software in another tab side by side. No need to continuously switch between them.
Magnet works like a charm on ultrawide displays. This app to optimize your Mac supports keyboard shortcuts for every command it offers. The software costs $10 as a one-time payment from the Mac App Store.
7. coconutBattery 3 – Best battery health tracker for Mac
Keeping track of your Mac’s battery health is a great idea to monitor the status of your device and prolong its longevity.
While macOS’s default System information menu does a decent job of showcasing battery information, CoconutBattery 3 is leagues ahead with various battery-related information, and it comes in a compact menu.
coconutBattery 3 is free to download and use. You can download the Plus version from the official website to unlock premium features such as Wi-Fi support, iOS Battery Analyzer, Mac Advanced Viewer, Custom printing templates, notifications, and more.
DownloadOther tips and tricks to spruce up your Mac 1. Keep your desktop clean 2. Empty the trash
Similar to the Recycle Bin on Windows 10, macOS offers Trash to whisk away files you no longer need. If you have a bunch of junk stored in Trash, empty it to see a possible boost in performance.3. Disable Safari add-ons
Many users stick with the default Safari browser on Mac, and Safari does come with a dedicated add-on store. However, you shouldn’t go overboard with extensions for the Safari browser. Install the ones that you wish to use and remove any unnecessary ones.FAQs related to Mac optimization
Parth previously worked at chúng tôi covering tech news. He is currently freelancing at iGeeksBlog, Guiding Tech, iPhonehacks, and TechWiser writing about apps comparisons, tutorials, software tips and tricks, and diving deep into iOS, Android, macOS, and Windows platforms.
Do you need to force quit an unresponsive Mac app? Is your Mac seeing the infamously dreaded spinning beachball of death? Is an app failing to respond to any input? Maybe you have an errant process or two? When any of the above happens, you’ll probably want to forcibly quit the application in question, and that’s what we’ll cover with this walkthrough, showing you
Whatever your skill level with Mac, you’ll find a way to forcibly exit out of an app. Read on to learn more!
How to Force Quit Mac Apps: 7 Different Ways
Take a moment to review the tricks below, and then remember a few keyboard shortcuts or sequences now to save yourself a hassle later if you find yourself in a situation where you need to force quit a Mac app. And yes, these tricks work in all versions of Mac OS and Mac OS X.1) Use a Keyboard Shortcut for “Force Quit Applications” on Mac
Think of this as a simplified version of Activity Monitor, and it’s also a great keystroke to remember to use since it allows for quickly ceasing multiple apps. If you’re going to remember nothing else for force quitting apps in Mac OS X, remember this keystroke: Command + Option + Escape
That Force Quit keyboard shortcut is probably the best combination of easy and power when force quitting apps in Mac OS X, since you can access it with a keystroke, select and force quit multiple apps if necessary, and summon it from anywhere.2) Force Quit Currently Active Mac App with the Keyboard
Hold down Command+Option+Shift+Escape for a second or two until the app forcibly closes. Be sure to do this while the app you want to force quit is the foremost application on the Mac, as it will force quit whatever is active when held down.
This is not well known, but offers perhaps the quickest way to force quit the foreground application in Mac OS X and a very good keyboard shortcut to remember.3) Force Quitting Apps from the Dock 4) Force Quit an App from the Apple Menu
This is easy to remember but not necessarily the most powerful method, since sometimes an application is completely unresponsive and the menus are inaccessible.5) Use Activity Monitor to Force Quit Apps
Activity Monitor is a powerful way to forcibly quit any app, task, daemon, or process running on Mac OS X. You can find it in /Applications/Utilities/ or open it from Spotlight with Command+Space and then type ‘Activity Monitor’ and the return key. Using Activity Monitor is very easy: Select the process name or ID you wish to kill (unresponsive apps will usually appear as red), and hit the red “Quit Process” button.
You can think of this as the Mac equivalent to a task manager from the Windows world and a more complex version of the second tips Force Quit window. If one of the previous methods fails, this will almost certainly work.6) Using the Terminal & kill Command
If all else fails, using the command line is a surefire way to force an app or process to quit by issuing the low-level kill command. Launch the Terminal and type one of the following commands:
For example, “killall Safari” would kill all instances of the Safari process. If you know the process id, which you can find with the ps or ‘ps aux’ command. Aim kill at that process specifically:
kill -9 [pid]
The kill commands will take out just about anything, and sometimes have the side effect of not honoring Versions, Window Restore, and Auto-Save, so be cautious of potential data loss.7) Use the command line pkill command
Another option for command line users is the pkill command, which works similar to the kill command to forcibly exit and close applications and processes.
pkill is nice because, similar to ‘killall’, you can specify an application name or process name. For example:
Will forcibly quit out of Safari on the Mac.
pkill can be used for both GUI apps and command line processes.
What’s your preferred method of forcibly quitting an app? Mine is the Command+Option+Escape trick, or by using Activity Monitor, but I often turn to the command line for more complex situations.
Remember, when you force quit an app, you will lose any unsaved data in that application. Don’t forget that.Bonus Force Quit Tips
You can also force quit several Mac apps at the same time if you find yourself in a situation requiring that.
Mac users without an ESC key will instead need to get accustomed to force quitting with Touch Bar, which can sometimes be a few extra steps to access the escape option.
Rebooting a Mac will also initiate soft quit, but if you force reboot a Mac or turn it off, then it will basically force quit out of apps as well – that’s pretty extreme though so it’s best to avoid that method for quitting any app as it’s not intended for really anything other than a totally frozen Mac.
This obviously covers the Mac, but from the iOS side of things, you can force quit apps on iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch, as well, depending on the version of iOS and the iOS device itself. Swiping up from the bottom of the screen on a new device and then swiping up to discard the app will force quit on any new iPhone or iPad, and older models can force quit by double-pressing Home button to then initiate the quit app process. And finally, much older iOS versions can accomplish this by holding down the Power button until the slide to power option appears, and then hold the Home button until the app closes.
Many argue that Chromebook is not a complete machine, and it panders to users who have limited use-case. Frankly, that’s true to some extent. However, with the support of Android and Linux apps, the gap has closed significantly. Having said that, the lack of Windows app support is still the bottleneck for many users who want to move from a Windows PC to Chromebook. But that is also changing. Now, you can run Windows 10 and 11 apps on Chromebook, thanks to native Linux support. In this article, we will show you how to install and use Windows apps on Chrome OS using Wine. So, let’s get started.Use Windows Apps on Your Chromebook (2024)
We have added comprehensive instructions right from setting up Wine to installing Windows apps on Chromebooks. Then, we also teach you how to create a shortcut to those Windows apps for convenient access.How to Install Wine 7.0 on Your Chromebook
Here, we will begin by installing the latest version of Wine (7.0) on our Chromebook. In case you are wondering what is Wine, well, it’s a compatibility layer that allows you to use Windows apps in a Linux environment without going through the emulation route.
To cut things short, you will basically use Windows applications through a compatibility layer called Wine, which will run inside the Linux container. I know that seems a mouthful, but don’t worry the performance is good and more than usable for light applications. Now, having said that, let’s begin with the installation of Wine 7.0 to run Windows 10 and 11 apps on your Chromebook.
2. After Linux is installed, open Terminal from the app drawer and run the below command to add support for 32-bit apps.sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
3. Next, run the below commands one by one to download and add the repository key.sudo mkdir -pm755 /etc/apt/keyrings
4. Once you have done that, run the below command to download the WineHQ sources file.
5. Next, run this command to update the packages.sudo apt update sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable
8. Finally, to test if you have installed Wine 7.0 successfully, run winecfg again and move to the “About” tab. There you have it! Wine 7.0 running on your Chromebook without any issues.winecfg
9. If the window resolution is too small for you, move to the “Graphics” tab and change the screen resolution to 120 dpi or whatever looks best to you.How to Install Windows Programs on Your Chromebook
Now that you have successfully set up Wine 7.0, it is time to install and run a Windows 10 or Windows 11 application on your Chromebook. Here, for example, I am going to show you how to install IrfanView– a popular image viewer– on Chrome OS. Let’s look at the steps:
Note: As a thumb rule on Linux, rename files and folders to one word, which you can then easily type in the Terminal. It will immensely help you while dealing with files in the Linux Terminal.
2. Now, open the Terminal and type the below command. Make sure to replace irfanview.exe with the filename of your chosen app, in case you are installing a different application. Instantly, a setup wizard will open up, and you will be able to install the application just like Windows programs.wine irfanview.exe Create Shortcuts for Windows Apps on Chrome OS
After you have installed the program, the next part is to run it. While Wine creates a shortcut for your Windows program in the App Drawer (under the Linux folder) on your Chromebook, the shortcut doesn’t work because of the incorrect file path. To fix it, you will have to find the correct path and use a program called Menulibre to create a custom shortcut. Here is how you can do it.
3. After that, open the Terminal and note down whatever is written before @penguin. That’s your username. For example, mine is arjun.
4. Now, this is how your file path will look like. Here, you will have to change yourusername to the username you noted above. Similarly, change Program Files/IrfanView/i_view64.exe to the file path shown in your File Manager./home/yourusername/.wine/drive_c/Program Files/IrfanView/i_view64.exe
5. Finally, this is how your complete file path will look like. Now, add wine at the beginning and a space thereafter, followed by the file path within quotes. You can also run the below command in the Terminal to check if your file path is correct or not. If right, the Windows application will open up. Now, copy the whole file path as you will need to use it in the next step.wine "/home/yourusername/.wine/drive_c/Program Files/IrfanView/i_view64.exe"
6. You have finally created the file path and tested it via Terminal, so let’s create a custom shortcut. Open the Terminal and run the below commands one by one to install and open MenuLibre.sudo apt install menulibre -y menulibre
8. After that, under the “Application Details” section in the right pane, next to “Command”, paste the final file path of the Windows app you copied on your Chromebook in step #5.
10. Close the MenuLibre window and open the App Drawer. Further, open the “Linux apps” folder, and here you will find the newly created shortcut. If it does not appear, wait for 5 to 10 seconds.
13. Here is another Windows application, IDM (or you can use any of its alternatives) running on Chrome OS. We have mentioned the file path below to take note of. Once you learn how to create the file path, running a Windows app becomes a breeze on Chromebooks.wine "/home/yourusername/.wine/drive_c/Program Files (x86)/Internet Download Manager/IDMan.exe"
14. To remove non-functional Linux shortcuts from the app drawer, open the Files app, enable hidden files, navigate to the below path, and open the program folder. Here, delete the .desktop files to remove shortcuts..local folder/share/applications/wine/Programs Enjoy Installing and Using Windows Apps on Chromebook
Update the detailed information about 10 Ways To Kill Apps And Background Processes On Mac on the Tai-facebook.edu.vn website. We hope the article's content will meet your needs, and we will regularly update the information to provide you with the fastest and most accurate information. Have a great day!